William W. Wick
William W. Wick
|2nd Secretary of State of Indiana|
January 14, 1825 – January 14, 1829
James B. Ray
|Preceded by||Robert A. New|
|Succeeded by||James Morrison|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Indiana's 6th district
March 4, 1839 – March 4, 1841
|Preceded by||William Herod|
|Succeeded by||David Wallace|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Indiana's 5th district
March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849
|Preceded by||William J. Brown|
|Succeeded by||William J. Brown|
|Born||February 23, 1796|
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, United States
|Died||May 19, 1868 (aged 72)|
Franklin, Indiana, United States
|Resting place||Greenlawn Cemetery, Franklin, Indiana, United States|
William W. Wick (February 23, 1796 – May 19, 1868) was a U.S. Representative from Indiana and Secretary of State of Indiana. He was a lawyer and over his career he was a judge for 15 years. President Franklin Pierce appointed him Postmaster of Indianapolis, Indiana.
Wick proposed an amendment to extend the Missouri Compromise line west to the Pacific coast with the Wilmot Proviso (1846). The provision that would make slave states of the American southwest was passed in the House, but defeated in the Senate. Wick supported the colonization of blacks to Liberia. He campaigned for Stephen A. Douglas in 1860.
Early life and education
William Watson Wick was born on February 23, 1796, in Canonsburg, Washington County, Pennsylvania. He was the son of the Presbyterian Minister Rev. William Wick, Sr. and his wife Elizabeth McFarland.[a]
William completed preparatory studies, and after his father's death in 1815, he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he taught school and studied medicine until 1818. He then studied law and was admitted to the bar at Franklin, Indiana, in 1819.
After practicing law in Connersville, Indiana, Wick served as Clerk of the Indiana House of Representatives in 1820 and Assistant Clerk for the Indiana Senate in 1821. Appointed to a state judgeship, he served as President Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit from 1822 to 1825, presiding over the first court in Morgan County, Indiana. He moved to Indianapolis in 1822. He was the Quartermaster General in 1826.
He was then Indiana's Secretary of State until 1829. He returned to the Fifth Judicial Circuit, first as a Prosecutor until 1831, and from 1834 to 1837 he was again a President Judge. He presided over the trial about the Fall Creek massacre, which resulted in the first recorded case of a white man being sentenced to death for crimes against Native Americans.
In 1838, Wick was elected to the Twenty-sixth Congress as a Democrat, and began his first term in March 4, 1839. Having failed in his bid for reelection, he resumed his private law practice in Indianapolis.
He was elected to the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth Congress, and served from March 4, 1845 to March 3, 1849. In 1846, during the debates about the Wilmot Proviso, he proposed an amendment to extend the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific coast. Wick feared that free blacks would flood the urban northeast. The proposal was defeated 89–54. The Wilmot Proviso passed the House and was defeated in the Senate.
Wick was a leading opponent of racial mixing and integration, and famous for his opposition to the annexation of Mexican territory. He stated: "I do not want any mixed races in our Union, nor men of any color except white, unless they be slaves. Certainly not as voters or legislators." He also served as Secretary of the Indiana Colonization Society (affiliated with the American Colonization Society), which helped to establish Liberia as a homeland for free blacks.
He sat as a judge of the Circuit Court for a third time from 1850 to 1853. In 1853, President Franklin Pierce appointed him Postmaster of Indianapolis, in which capacity he served until April 6, 1857. Later he served as Adjutant General in the State Militia. He moved to Franklin, Indiana, in 1857, where he continued his law practice. He sat as a judge of the Circuit Court for a fourth time until the Autumn of 1859, for a total of 15 years on the bench. In 1860, he supported Stephen A. Douglas's campaign for president by giving speeches throughout Indiana.
Wick was married on August 20, 1820, to Laura or Lora Finch, the sister of the esteemed lawyer Fabius M, Finch, in Fayette County, Indiana.[b] They had two sons and a daughter. His wife died in 1832. He married Isabella Graham Barbee (or Barber) on November 7, 1839, in Washington, Indiana. Isabella was the daughter of Alice Bickerton Winston and Thomas Barbee. The Wicks had a daughter, Alice Barbee Wick.
Around 1860, Wick moved to Franklin, Indiana, to live with his daughter, Laura W. Overstreet (Mrs. William H. Overstreet), who was born about 1824. The Overstreets had four children by 1850 and the same year 20-year-old Cyrus Wick lived with them. He died at his daughter's house in Franklin on May 19, 1868. He was interred in Greenlawn Cemetery. He was described as "warm-hearted, humorous and improvident… and he took no thought for the morrow." Isabella, his second wife, lived until 1875.
- Most mentions of Wick's parents describe a high level biography (father a Presbyterian minister who was an early settler in Connecticut Western Reserve from Washington County, Pennsylvania, etc), but not their names. Woollen states that William's father is Rev. William Wick, and Butler states that Rev. William Wick was married to Elizabeth McFarland.
- His wife is also stated to have been Alice Finch, the daughter of Judge J. Finch. The marriage records state that his wife was Lora Finch.
- United States Congress. "William W. Wick (id: W000436)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- Woollen, William Wesley (1883). Biographical and Historical Sketches of Early Indiana. Hammond & Company. pp. 253–257.
- Butler (Jr.), Joseph Green (1921). History of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley, Ohio. American Historical Society. p. 302.
- Butler (Jr.), Joseph Green (1921). History of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley, Ohio. American Historical Society. p. 303.
- "Morgan County Firsts - William W. Wick". The Reporter-Times. 1994-11-17. p. 9. Retrieved 2021-06-12.
- History of Fayette County, Indiana: Her People, Industries and Institutions. B.F. Bowen. 1917. p. 588.
- Funk, Arville L. (1983) . A Sketchbook of Indiana History (Revised ed.). Rochester, Indiana: Christian Book Press. p. 38.
- López, Ian F. Haney; Haney-López, Ian (2004-09-01). Racism on Trial: The Chicano Fight for Justice. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-26427-4.
- Indiana (1864). Documents of the General Assembly of Indiana. State Printer. pp. 493–496.
- Banta, David Demaree (1881). "A Historical Sketch of Johnson County, Indiana". Articles by Maurer Law Faculty, Indiana University. pp. 83–84.
- "William W. Wick and Laura Finch marriage August 20, 1820", Indiana, U.S., Select Marriages Index, 1748-1993 Salt Lake City, Utah
- "William W. Wick and Isabella G. Barbee marriage November 7, 1939", Indiana, U.S., Select Marriages Index, 1748-1993 Salt Lake City, Utah
- Mary Jane Seymour, Historian General, ed. (1899). "Miss Alice Barbee Wick, record 9035". Lineage Book, National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1895. Vol. X. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Harrisburg Publishing Company. p. 14.
- "Laura W. Overstreet and William H. Overstreet, Franklin, Johnson, Indiana", Seventh Census of the United States, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1850