André Carson

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André Carson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 7th district
Assumed office
March 11, 2008
Preceded byJulia Carson
Member of the
Indianapolis City-County Council
from the 15th district
In office
October 2007 – March 13, 2008
Preceded byPatrice Abduallah
Succeeded byDoris Minton-McNeill
Personal details
Born (1974-10-16) October 16, 1974 (age 49)
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseMariama Shaheed (divorced)[1]
EducationConcordia University Wisconsin (BA)
Indiana Wesleyan University (MS)
WebsiteHouse website

André D. Carson (born October 16, 1974) is an American politician serving as the U.S. representative for Indiana's 7th congressional district since 2008. A member of the Democratic Party, his district includes the northern four-fifths of Indianapolis, including Downtown Indianapolis. He became the dean of Indiana's congressional delegation after Representative Pete Visclosky retired in 2021.

Carson is the grandson of his predecessor, U.S. Representative Julia Carson (1938–2007), whose death in office triggered a special election.[2][3] He was the second Muslim to be elected to Congress, after Keith Ellison of Minnesota.

Personal life and early career

André Carson was born and raised in Indianapolis.[4] He graduated from Arsenal Technical High School in Indianapolis[4] and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in criminal justice and management from Concordia University Wisconsin (2003),[4] and a Master of Science degree in business management from Indiana Wesleyan University in Marion, Indiana (2005).[4] At a young age, Carson's interest in public service was shaped by his grandmother, the late Congresswoman Julia Carson. Carson grew up in a rough neighborhood, and he credits that experience for shaping his policy views on issues like education, public safety and economic opportunity.[4]

From 1996 to 2005, Carson worked as a compliance officer for the Indiana State Excise Police, the law enforcement arm of the Indiana Alcohol and Tobacco Commission.[4] He was later employed in the anti-terrorism division of Indiana's Department of Homeland Security[4] and then as a marketing specialist for Cripe Architects + Engineers in Indianapolis.[4] He served as a member of the Indianapolis/Marion city-county council from 2007 to 2008.[4]

In December 2007, Julia Carson, who had represented Indiana's 7th district in Congress since 1997, died of lung cancer.[5] Three months later, Carson won a special election for his grandmother's vacant House seat. Carson has retained the seat ever since.[6]

Before being elected to public office, Carson was a Democratic Party Committeeperson in Indianapolis. In 2007, he won a special caucus of the Marion County Democratic Party to become the City-County Councilor for the 15th Council district of Indianapolis-Marion County.[4]

U.S. House of Representatives

Carson (2nd from right) in a meeting with President Barack Obama and members of the Congressional Black Caucus Executive Committee at the Oval Office, March 30, 2011

Committee assignments

For the 118th Congress:[7]

Caucus memberships

He also serves as the Congressional Black Caucus liaison to the Sustainable Energy and Environment Coalition (CBC Liaison).[15]

In the 2008 presidential election, Carson endorsed Barack Obama in April 2008, and later won Obama's endorsement in his own May 2008 Democratic primary. Carson was the first member of Indiana's Congressional delegation to announce his support for Obama.[16]


On March 20, 2010, Carson told reporters that health care protesters outside the Capitol hurled racial slurs at fellow Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) member John Lewis. Carson came off the House floor and told reporters his story about health care protesters hurling racial slurs during their walk from the Cannon House Office Building to the chambers.[17] Although audio and video recordings of the protest have been posted online, no proof of the racial slurs has yet been provided, and the reward remains unclaimed.[18]

On August 28, 2011, Carson addressed a gathering of supporters and mentioned the Tea Party movement during his speech. "This is the effort that we're seeing of Jim Crow," Carson said. "Some of these folks in Congress right now would love to see us as second-class citizens. Some of them in Congress right now of this Tea Party movement would love to see you and me... hanging on a tree."[19] Carson declined calls to resign, reaffirming, "I stand on the truth of what I spoke", and clarified that his comments were directed at certain Tea Party leaders and not the movement as a whole.[20]

As of 2022, Carson had voted with President Joe Biden's stated position 100% of the time, according to FiveThirtyEight.[21]

Political positions

Afghanistan and Iraq

Carson believes that "American efforts to capture and kill al Qaeda terrorists have greatly diminished" because of the Iraq War. During the War in Afghanistan, Carson often stated his belief that al Qaeda and the Taliban posed the most imminent threat to the United States. Accordingly, he pushed for a reduction of troops in Iraq to cover the needs of the War in Afghanistan.[22]

Consumer protection

On June 26, 2009, Carson introduced the Jeremy Warriner Consumer Protection Act (H.R. 3088), which would require GM and Chrysler to carry liability insurance that would cover vehicles produced before they filed for bankruptcy in early 2009. The bill is named for Jeremy Warriner, an Indianapolis resident who lost his legs when his defective Chrysler vehicle caught fire during a car accident.[23]

Disease prevention

On July 24, 2008, Carson voted to pass the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act (H.R. 5501) which provided aid to developing countries fighting high rates of HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis. He successfully amended the bill to create "a transatlantic, technological medium of exchange that allows African scientists and American medical professionals to collaborate on the best methods for treating and preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS on the African continent."[24]

Economic recovery

On February 13, 2009, Carson voted to pass the H.R. 1, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, a $787 billion economic stimulus package aimed at helping the economy recover from a deepening worldwide recession. This act included increased federal spending for health care, infrastructure, education, various tax breaks and incentives, and direct assistance to individuals.[25]

The ARRA has led to billions of dollars in investment in Carson's district, including grants to hire more police officers and save teaching jobs, and landmark investments in green technology that will create hundreds of new jobs.[26]


Carson has stated his support for programs that improve teacher education and training, improve aging school infrastructure and increase access to affordable, secondary education.[27]

Carson is the author of H.R. 3147, the Young Adults Financial Literacy Act, which was introduced on July 9, 2009. This legislation would establish a grant program to fund partnerships between educational institutions aimed at providing financial literacy education to young adults and families.[28]

On September 17, 2009, Carson voted to pass H.R. 3221, the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act, which will invest in the Pell Grant program and other student financial aid programs to make college more affordable.[25]

Carson made a speech to an Islamic group that resulted in criticism from groups when he stated that American public schools should be modeled on Islamic madrassas. He granted an interview to reporter Mary Beth Schneider of The Indianapolis Star in which he maintained his remarks had been taken out of context.[29] On the same date, he issued a press release clarifying his position that no "particular faith should be the foundation of our public schools."[30]

Energy and environment

Carson has supported investment in the development of new technologies to reduce American dependence on foreign oil, create new jobs and begin to mitigate fossil fuels' adverse environmental effects. He has opposed legislation to increase offshore drilling for oil or natural gas, instead promoting use of solar, wind, biofuel, biomass, and other renewable fuels.[31]

On June 26, 2009, Carson voted to pass H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act, which seeks to comprehensively address the effects of climate change by funding development of alternative energy technologies and implementing a cap and trade system.[25]

Financial services

Carson has been a member of the House Committee on Financial Services since taking office in 2008.[citation needed]

Carson voted to pass legislation enacting the Troubled Asset Relief Program on October 3, 2008. He has also voted to pass legislation increasing oversight over the Troubled Asset Relief Program, limiting executive pay, reforming subprime mortgage markets and regulating the financial industry.[32]

Carson co-sponsored H.R. 627, the Credit Cardholders Bill of Rights, which sought to increase transparency and regulation in the credit card industry. President Obama signed the legislation into law on May 22, 2009.[25]

Carson has voiced his support for legislation creating the Consumer Finance Protection Agency and monitoring systemic risk in the financial sector.[33]

Health care reform

Carson is a strong supporter of health care reform legislation that increases access to medical care for millions of uninsured Americans and provides a more stable system for those at risk of losing their health insurance. On July 30, 2009, he signed a letter from the Congressional Progressive Caucus to House leadership, calling for a robust public option to be included in any health care reform bill.[34]

He has opposed taxes both on the medical device industry and employer-provided health insurance plans as a means to pay for health care reform. Instead, he has called for finding savings in the current health system by reducing waste, fraud and abuse in the Medicare system, as well as implementing a surcharge on the wealthiest Americans as a means to cover the costs of reform. He has also voiced his opposition for health care reform legislation that increases the deficit.[35]

On November 7, 2009, Carson voted to pass H.R. 3962, the Affordable Health Care for America Act, the House version of legislation designed to reform the American health insurance industry.[25]


Citing a high foreclosure rate in Indianapolis, Carson has named foreclosure prevention and increased affordable housing among his top priorities.[36]

On May 7, 2009, Carson voted to pass the Mortgage Reform and Anti-Predatory Lending Act of 2009 (H.R. 1728), which regulates the mortgage lending industry by setting limits on types of loans offered to potential borrowers. He authored an amendment to the legislation that funded the distribution of information about foreclosure rescue scams through targeted mailings.[25]

Impeachment of Donald Trump

On December 18, 2019, Carson voted for both articles of impeachment against President Donald Trump and was one of only two House members from Indiana to do so, along with Pete Visclosky.[37]

Israel and Palestine

Carson is opposed to Israeli settlements in Palestinian territory — which are considered illegal under international human rights law and Article 49 of the Geneva Convention — calling them "illegitimate and a major barrier to peace".[38] In July 2019, Carson supported the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel by voting against a House resolution condemning it. The resolution passed 398–17.[39]

In September 2021, Carson was one of nine House members to vote against funding Israel's Iron Dome missile defense program.[40]

In 2021, he stated in an interview with Haaretz, "I will always speak out in defense of the Jewish community but will also unapologetically speak out for my Palestinian brothers."[41]

In 2022, Carson introduced the Justice For Shireen Act, in response to the killing of American journalist, Shireen Abu Akleh by the IDF.[42] That same year, he criticized the Israeli criminalization of human rights organizations, stating on Twitter, "I am upset by the latest attacks by the Israeli army on Palestinian human rights groups. Silencing human rights defenders is an attempt to avoid accountability. I reiterate calls from myself and my colleagues that the Biden administration immediately condemn this repression."[43]

On July 18, 2023, he voted against, along with eight other Progressive Democrats (Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Cori Bush, Jamaal Bowman, Summer Lee, Ilhan Omar, Ayanna Pressley, Delia Ramirez, and Rashida Tlaib), a congressional non-binding resolution proposed by August Pfluger which states that “the State of Israel is not a racist or apartheid state", that Congress rejects "all forms of antisemitism and xenophobia" and that “the United States will always be a staunch partner and supporter of Israel."[44]

On October 25, 2023, Carson and eight other progressive Democrats (Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Jamaal Bowman, Cori Bush, Al Green, Summer Lee, Ilhan Omar, Delia Ramirez, and Rashida Tlaib), along with Republican Thomas Massie, voted against congressional bi-partisan non-binding resolution H. Res. 771 supporting Israel in the wake of the 2023 Hamas attack on Israel. The resolution stated that the House of Representatives: "stands with Israel as it defends itself against the barbaric war launched by Hamas and other terrorists" and "reaffirms the United States' commitment to Israel's security"; the resolution passed by an overwhelming 412-10-6 margin.[45][46]

National security

André Carson speaking at the "No Muslim Ban Ever" rally outside the Supreme Court, April 2018

Carson is the only member of Congress to have served in a Department of Homeland Security Fusion Center. He has voted to increase appropriations funding for the Department of Homeland Security.[25] In 2017, Carson attended a protest at Indianapolis International Airport against President Trump's executive order to temporarily place limits on immigration until better screening methods are devised. Carson decried the executive order as part of a "bigotry campaign", saying: "For those who want to make America great again, we have to remind them that the first article of the constitution says Congress shall make no law respecting [the] establishment of religion. Make no mistake about it: This is a Muslim ban."[47]


In 2023, Carson was among 56 Democrats to vote in favor of H.Con.Res. 21, which directed President Joe Biden to remove U.S. troops from Syria within 180 days.[48][49]

Public safety

In 2009, Carson introduced two pieces of legislation aimed at reducing recidivism. The Recidivism Reduction Act (H.R. 2829) aims to attack the cycle of recidivism by ensuring prompt access to federal supplemental security income and Medicaid benefits for ex-offenders reentering society and addressing the gap in mental health services. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act would repeal federal laws that prevent drug felons from receiving TANF benefits.[50]

In 2008, Carson helped the City of Indianapolis secure a federal COPS grant to hire more police officers. The grant was awarded as part of the ARRA.[51]

Political campaigns


Special election

In 2008, Carson won the nominating caucus of the Marion County Democratic Party, giving him the Democratic nomination for the special election to succeed his late grandmother, Julia Carson. During this election, he was endorsed by U.S. Senator Evan Bayh,[52] then-Senator Barack Obama, former Indianapolis Mayor Bart Peterson, Marion County Sheriff Frank J. Anderson, then-Representative from Indiana's 8th district Brad Ellsworth,[53] and retired U.S. Representative Andy Jacobs, Jr. House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi contributed $4,000 each from their own campaign funds and $10,000 each from their political action committees to the Carson campaign.[54]

Carson defeated Republican State Representative Jon Elrod and Libertarian Sean Shepard in the special election on March 11, 2008, securing 53% of the vote.[55]

Carson won the primary election with 46%, while Woody Myers received 24%, David Orentlicher received 21%, and Carolene Mays received 8%.[56] Carson was set to face Elrod in the general election, but Elrod dropped out.[57] Gabrielle Campo was selected by a party caucus to replace Elrod.[58]

Carson was reelected in November 2008 to his first full term in Congress with 65% of the vote. His hometown newspaper, The Indianapolis Star, has praised him for "going strong" in his first year in office, writing that Carson had proved "himself to be relentlessly positive and seriously hardworking."[59]

Indiana's 7th Congressional District Special Election (March 11, 2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson 45,668 54.04
Republican Jonathan Elrod 36,415 43.09
Libertarian Sean Sheppard 2,430 2.88
Total votes 84,513 100.00
Democratic hold
Indiana's 7th Congressional District General Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson* 172,650 65.08
Republican Gabrielle Campo 92,645 34.92
Total votes 265,295 100.00
Democratic hold


In 2010, Carson again faced perennial Republican candidate Marvin Scott, who took issue with Carson's Muslim faith during the general election.[60] Carson handily defeated Scott.[61]

Indiana's 7th Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson* 86,011 58.90
Republican Marvin B. Scott 55,213 37.81
Libertarian Dav Wilson 4,815 3.30
Total votes 146,039 100.00
Democratic hold


Indiana's 7th Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson* 162,122 62.85
Republican Carlos May 95,828 37.15
Total votes 257,950 100.00
Democratic hold


Indiana's 7th Congressional District Election, (2014)[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson* 61,443 54.73
Republican Catherine Ping 46,887 41.77
Libertarian Chris Mayo 3,931 3.50
Total votes 112,261 100.00
Democratic hold


Indiana's 7th Congressional District Election (2016)[63]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson* 158,739 60.00
Republican Catherine Ping 94,456 35.70
Libertarian Drew Thompson 11,475 4.30
Total votes 264,670 100.00
Turnout   52
Democratic hold


Indiana's 7th Congressional District Election (2018)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson* 141,139 64.9
Republican Wayne Harmon 76,457 35.1
Total votes 217,596 100.0
Democratic hold


Indiana's 7th Congressional District Election (2020)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson* 176,422 62.4%
Republican Susan Marie Smith 106,146 37.6%
Total votes 282,568 100.0%
Democratic hold


Indiana's 7th Congressional District Election (2022)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic André Carson* 116,870 66.9%
Republican Angela Grabovsky 53,487 30.6%
Libertarian Gavin Maple 4,227 2.4%
Total votes 174,584 100.0%
Democratic hold

See also


  1. ^ "Congressman Carson and wife announce divorce". Indianapolis Recorder. October 5, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "Carson sworn in as congressman for 7th District". Associated Press. March 13, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  3. ^ "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representative: 13 March 2008 Official lists were updated to reflect the addition of Rep. Carson, IN-07, to the rolls". Archived from the original on June 20, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "About Congressman Andre Carson". December 11, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  5. ^ Office, Statehouse Tour (November 19, 2020). "Julia May Porter Carson". Statehouse Tour Office. Retrieved March 11, 2024.
  6. ^ "Carson wins seat in 7th District race |". March 14, 2008. Archived from the original on March 14, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2024.
  7. ^ "André Carson". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved June 14, 2023.
  8. ^ "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  9. ^ "Members". New Democrat Coalition. Archived from the original on February 8, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  10. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  11. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  12. ^ "Membership". Congressional Black Caucus. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
  13. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on August 1, 2018. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  14. ^ "Congressional Coalition on Adoption Institute".
  15. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Caucus, Coalition and Taskforce Memberships". Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  16. ^ "On the Aisle with Tom Alvarez has New Year news". January 1, 2015. Archived from the original on May 8, 2008. Retrieved April 17, 2008.
  17. ^ Pickett, Kerry (April 6, 2010). "Audio: Origin of Rep. Carson's racism accusation toward health care protesters". The Washington Times. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  18. ^ Pickett, Kerry (March 20, 2010). "Video appears to dispute lawmaker's claim of protesters' racial slurs". The Washington Times. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  19. ^ Bendery, Jennifer (August 30, 2011). "Democratic Rep: Tea Party Would Love To See Black People 'Hanging On A Tree' (Video)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  20. ^ Wilson, Stan (August 31, 2011). "Rep. Carson defends controversial tea party slam". Cable News Network. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
  21. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron; Wiederkehr, Anna (April 22, 2021). "Does Your Member Of Congress Vote With Or Against Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  22. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Iraq and Afghanistan". Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  23. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Nation Benefits From a Stronger GM, But Consumers Must be Protected in Process". July 6, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  24. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Foreign Affairs". June 26, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g "U.S. House of Representatives Roll Call Votes 111th Congress, 1st Session (2009)". September 30, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  26. ^ Where is the Money Going? Archived November 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Education". August 10, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  28. ^ "H.R.3147". July 9, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2021.
  29. ^ Schneider, Mary Beth (July 6, 2012). "Carson says speech remarks taken out of context". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on January 26, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  30. ^ Hibbard, Laura (July 6, 2012). "André Carson, Indiana Congressman, Says U.S. Public Schools Should Be Modeled After Islamic Schools, (Video) (Update)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  31. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Energy". Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  32. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives Roll Call Votes 110th Congress, 2nd Session (2008)". Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  33. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Carson Votes to Establish Consumer Financial Protection Agency". October 22, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  34. ^ Nichols, John (July 31, 2009). "Blue-Dog "Fix" Makes Health Reform "Cure" Worse Than Disease". ISSN 0027-8378. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  35. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Online Health Care Forum". Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  36. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Housing". Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  37. ^ Panetta, Grace. "WHIP COUNT: Here's which members of the House voted for and against impeaching Trump". Business Insider.
  38. ^ "Congressman André Carson Statement on UN Security Council Resolution on Israeli Settlements". January 5, 2017.
  39. ^ "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 497". July 23, 2019. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  40. ^ Olson, Tyler (September 23, 2021). "9 House members vote against Israel Iron Dome funding as Tlaib accused of anti-Semitism". Fox News. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  41. ^ Samuels, Ben. "For This Congressman, Support for the Palestinians Is Rooted in His Blackness". Haaretz. Retrieved July 19, 2023.
  42. ^ "Rep. Carson Announces Justice For Shireen Act". Office of Congressman Carson. July 28, 2022. Retrieved July 19, 2023.
  43. ^ "Statement by Representative Andre Carson". Twitter.
  44. ^ Wong, Scott; Kaplan, Rebecca; Stewart, Kyle (July 18, 2023). "House overwhelmingly passes resolution backing Israel after Rep. Jayapal calls it a 'racist state'". NBC News. Archived from the original on July 19, 2023. Retrieved July 18, 2023.
  45. ^ Metzger, Bryan. "These 16 lawmakers did not vote for a House resolution supporting Israel after the Hamas attacks". Business Insider.
  46. ^ [1]
  47. ^ Bartner, Amy. "Indy airport protestors decry immigration order". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  48. ^ "H.Con.Res. 21: Directing the President, pursuant to section 5(c) of … -- House Vote #136 -- Mar 8, 2023". March 8, 2023. Retrieved April 3, 2023.
  49. ^ "House Votes Down Bill Directing Removal of Troops From Syria". US News & World Report. March 8, 2023. Retrieved April 3, 2023.
  50. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Keeping Communities Safe Means Stopping the Revolving Door of Prison". June 12, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  51. ^ "Congressman André Carson: Indy Secures COPS Grant Worth $11 Million". July 29, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  52. ^ "Sen. Bayh lends support to Andre Carson". Archived from the original on February 27, 2008.
  53. ^ WTHR, Dateline:Indianapolis (March 3, 2008). "Carson gets two endorsements". WTHR-TV Indianapolis, Indiana. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  54. ^ "Carson Leading Elrod in Cash". The Indianapolis Star. March 1, 2008.
  55. ^ Scheider, Mary Beth (March 12, 2008). "Carson wins seat in 7th District race". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on March 14, 2008.
  56. ^ Staff, The Hill (May 7, 2008). "State by State". TheHill.
  57. ^ "Elrod drops race against Andre Carson". The Indianapolis Star.
  58. ^ "GOP selects a newcomer to face Carson". The Indianapolis Star.
  59. ^ Tully, Matthew (March 8, 2009). "A Year Into Office Congressman Carson is Going Strong". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on March 29, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  60. ^ Tully, Matthew (September 15, 2010). "Marvin Scott's tactics are ugly, shameless, par for the course". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on January 27, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
  61. ^ King, Mason (December 22, 2010). "Leading Questions: Carson talks Congress, whips, soft rock". Indianapolis Business Journal. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
  62. ^ "Secretary of State : Election Division: Election Results". Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  63. ^ "Secretary of State: Election Division: Election Results". Retrieved August 6, 2017.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 7th congressional district

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by United States representatives by seniority
Succeeded by