John Baker (Indiana politician)

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John Baker
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Indiana
In office
March 29, 1892 – December 8, 1902
Appointed byBenjamin Harrison
Preceded byWilliam Allen Woods
Succeeded byAlbert B. Anderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 13th district
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1881
Preceded byDistrict established
Succeeded byWilliam H. Calkins
Personal details
John Harris Baker

(1832-02-28)February 28, 1832
Parma, New York
DiedOctober 21, 1915(1915-10-21) (aged 83)
Goshen, Indiana
Resting placeOakridge Cemetery
Goshen, Indiana
Political partyRepublican
RelativesLucien Baker
Residence(s)Goshen, Indiana
EducationWesleyan University (A.M.)
read law

John Harris Baker (February 28, 1832 – October 21, 1915) was a three-term United States representative from Indiana (1875 to 1881) and a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of Indiana.

Education and career

Born on February 28, 1832, in Parma, Monroe County, New York,[1] Baker moved with his parents to what is now Fulton County, Ohio, where he attended and later taught in the common schools.[2] He received an Artium Magister degree in 1879 from Wesleyan University in Delaware, Ohio.[3][1] He read law in Adrian, Michigan and was admitted to the bar in 1857.[2] He entered private practice in Goshen, Indiana from 1857 to 1875.[1] He unsuccessfully challenged the election of Charles Lefferts Murray to the Indiana Senate in 1863, but his challenge failed and he was never seated, although he was paid as if he had been a state senator.[4]

Congressional service

Baker was elected as a Republican from Indiana's 13th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 44th, 45th and 46th United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881.[2]

After Congress

He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1880.[2] Baker resumed private practice in Goshen from 1881 to 1892.[1] He was a delegate to the 1888 Republican National Convention.[2]

Federal judicial service

Baker was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison on March 24, 1892, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Indiana vacated by Judge William Allen Woods.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 29, 1892, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on December 8, 1902, due to his retirement.[1]

Retirement and death

Following his retirement, Baker resided in Goshen.[2] He died on October 21, 1915, in Goshen.[1] He is interred in Oakridge Cemetery in Goshen.[2]


Baker was the brother of Lucien Baker, a United States senator from Kansas.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h John Harris Baker at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h United States Congress. "John Baker (id: B000068)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ Monks, Leander John (20 April 2019). "Courts and Lawyers of Indiana". Federal Publishing Company – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "John Harris Baker". Indiana Legislator Database. Retrieved 2020-05-26.


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
District established
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 13th congressional district

Succeeded by
Legal offices
Preceded by Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Indiana
Succeeded by