Maha Vikas Aghadi

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Maha Vikas Aghadi
AbbreviationMVA
PresidentUddhav Thackeray (SS)
ChairpersonSharad Pawar
(MP of RajyaSabha MH)
(NCP)
SecretaryBalasaheb Thorat
(INC)
Founded26 November 2019
Split fromDemocratic Front (India)
IdeologyBig tent
Factions:
Right-wing populism[1]
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Thought[2]
Nationalism[3]
Gandhism[4]
Liberalism[5]
Secularism[6]
Minority Rights[7]
Social democracy[8]
AllianceUPA
Seats in Lok Sabha
23 / 48
Seats in Rajya Sabha
10 / 19
Seats in Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
120 / 288
Seats in Maharashtra Legislative Council
37 / 78
Number of states and union territories in government
0 / 31

The Maha Vikas Aghadi or Maharashtra Vikas Aghadi (English: Maharashtra Development Front), abbreviated as MVA, is[9] a state-level political coalition formed after the 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election under the leadership of Uddhav Thackeray of Shiv Sena, Sharad Pawar of the NCP and Sonia Gandhi of the INC, along with the support from the Samajwadi Party, PWPI, Prahar Janshakti Party and several other political parties including Independent MLAs.[10]

Uddhav Thackeray was elected as the president of the MVA after a meeting on 26 November 2019. He took oath of the office and secrecy on 28 November 2019 as the 19th Chief Minister of Maharashtra state.[11][12]

Formation

The alliance was formed by non-NDA political parties in Maharashtra as a result of 2019 Maharashtra political crisis where the Shiv Sena left the NDA post-polls over differences with the BJP in their preferred candidates for Chief Minister and other important portfolio positions after the 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election. Sharad Pawar, Sanjay Raut, Ahmed Patel and other leaders across the NCP, INC and Shiv Sena worked to realise a new alliance after Shiv Sena and BJP parted ways and Shiv Sena's lone Union Minister in Modi's cabinet, Arvind Sawant, tendered his resignation.[13]

In 2022, during a party meeting, Uddhav Thackeray explained his move to pull out of NDA to join UPA. He said, "We supported the BJP wholeheartedly to enable them to fulfill their national ambitions. The understanding was they will go national while we will lead in Maharashtra. But we were betrayed and attempts were made to destroy us in our home. So we had to hit back". Thackeray accused BJP of dumping its allies according to its political convenience. He said, "BJP doesn't mean Hindutva. I stand by my comment that Shiv Sena had wasted 25 years in alliance with BJP"[14]

Working

Given the varied ideologies among the partner parties, there was a plan to form two committees for guidance of the coalition. A co-ordination committee for implementation of common minimum programme and other higher decision making committee that will include party chiefs. The current MVA government includes Shiv Sena leaders Eknath Shinde & Subhash Desai, NCP leaders Chhagan Bhujbal & Jayant Patil and Congress leaders Balasaheb Thorat and Nitin Raut.[15]

Current alliance members

Party Symbol Flag MLAs in Maharashtra Assembly
(As of 7 June 2021)
MLCs in Maharashtra Council
(As of 7 June 2021)
MPs in Lok Sabha

(As of 7 June 2021)

MPs in Rajya Sabha
(As of 21 May 2021)
Shiv Sena Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png Shiv Sena-1575560401.jpg 56 16 18 3
Nationalist Congress Party Clock symbol of NCP.png NCP-flag.svg 53 11 4 4
Indian National Congress Hand INC.svg INC Flag Official.jpg 44 10 1 3
Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi Pea Whistle.jpg Bahujan vikas Aghadi.jpg 3 - - -
Samajwadi Party Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png Samajwadi Party Flag.jpg 2 0 0 0
Prahar Janshakti Party Election Symbol Cup & Saucer.png 2 - - -
Peasants and Workers Party of India Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png 1 2 - -
Independent 8 2 - -
Total 169/288 41/78 23/48 10/19

Political Parties

Party Symbol Flag
Shiv Sena Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png Logo of Shiv Sena.svg
Nationalist Congress Party Clock symbol of NCP.png Flag of Nationalist Congress Party.svg
Indian National Congress Hand INC.svg INC Flag Official.jpg
Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi Pea Whistle.jpg Bahujan vikas Aghadi.jpg
Samajwadi Party Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png Samajwadi Party Flag.jpg
Prahar Janshakti Party - -
Peasants and Workers Party of India -

Status in Municipal Corporations

Alliance wise status
Municipal Corporation Seats Ruling Party Last election
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
137 / 227
Shiv Sena 2017
Pune Municipal Corporation
64 / 162
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Nagpur Municipal Corporation
32 / 151
2017
Thane Municipal Corporation
44 / 131
Shiv Sena 2017
Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, Pune
45 / 128
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Nashik Municipal Corporation
47 / 122
2017
Solapur Municipal Corporation
39 / 102
2017
Amravati Municipal Corporation
22 / 87
2017
Ulhasnagar Municipal Corporation
54 / 78
Shiv Sena 2017
Akola Municipal Corporation
26 / 80
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Jalgaon Municipal Corporation
60 / 75
Shiv Sena
Ahmednagar Municipal Corporation
42 / 68
Kalyan-Dombivli Municipal Corporation
88 / 122
Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation
51 / 111
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Sangali-Miraj-Kupwad Municipal Corporation
40 / 78
Nationalist Congress Party
Panvel Municipal Corporation
27 / 78
Bharatiya Janata Party
Parbhani Municipal Corporation
54 / 65
Indian National Congress
Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation
74 / 81
Malegaon Municipal Corporation
60 / 84
Nationalist Congress Party
Dhule Municipal Corporation
15 / 74
Bharatiya Janata Party
Latur Municipal Corporation
37 / 70
Indian National Congress
Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Corporation
33 / 95
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Vasai-Virar City Municipal Corporation
6 / 115
Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi
Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation
65 / 90
Indian National Congress
Kolhapur Municipal Corporation
63 / 81
Chandrapur Municipal Corporation
36 / 66
Bharatiya Janata Party
Region Total seats Current Seats of Maha Vikas Aghadi
Shiv Sena Nationalist Congress Party Indian National Congress Others
Western Maharashtra 70 05 26 12 03
Vidarbha 62 04 06 15 03
Marathwada 46 12 08 07 04
Thane+Konkan 39 15 05 00 04
Mumbai 36 14 01 04 01
North Maharashtra 35 07 08 04 03
Total[16] 288 57 53 43 18

References

  1. ^ "Shiv Sena likely to adopt 'soft-Hindutva' approach in coalition government, in line with Congress-NCP's demands: Sources".
  2. ^ "MVA Govt condemns desecration of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's statue".
  3. ^ "About Nationalist Congress Party".
  4. ^ India, Press Trust of (10 September 2021). "Pawar praises Uddhav; says NCP committed to Gandhi-Nehru ideology". Business Standard India.
  5. ^ Jha, Giridhar (25 November 2019). "Maharashtra Govt Formation: BJP's Return Into Ring Makes Scene Murkier". Outlook. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  6. ^ Soper, J. Christopher; Fetzer, Joel S. (2018). Religion and Nationalism in Global Perspective. Cambridge University Press. pp. 200–210. ISBN 978-1-107-18943-0.
  7. ^ "Bahujan Vikas Aghadi demands use of Urdu in public places". The Times of India.
  8. ^ Singh, Mahendra Prasad; Saxena, Rekha (2003). India at the Polls: Parliamentary Elections in the Federal Phase. Orient Blackswan. p. 78. ISBN 978-8-125-02328-9.
  9. ^ Maharashtra: Uddhav bid to safeguard coalition for future fight
  10. ^ "Sena NCP Congress alliance could be named Maha Vasooli Aghadi". Clipper28.com. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Udhav Thackeray named as CM candidate of Maha Vikas Aghadi". First Post. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Udhav Thackeray swearing in as CM". Times of India. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Shiv Sena's MP Arvind Sawant resigns from Modi cabinet". Scroll.in. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  14. ^ ""Wasted 25 Years In Alliance With BJP...," Says Uddhav Thackeray". NDTV.com. 23 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  15. ^ "Two panels to guide maha Vikas Aghadi". Deccan Herald. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  16. ^ "Spoils of five-point duel". Retrieved 26 September 2017.
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