Draupadi Murmu

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Draupadi Murmu
Governor of Jharkhand Draupadi Murmu in December 2016.jpg
Murmu in December 2016
9th Governor of Jharkhand
In office
18 May 2015 – 12 July 2021
Chief MinisterRaghubar Das
Hemant Soren
Preceded bySyed Ahmed
Succeeded byRamesh Bais
Odisha Minister of Fisheries and Animal Resources Development
In office
6 August 2002 – 16 May 2004
Chief MinisterNaveen Patnaik
Odisha Minister of Commerce and Transport
In office
6 March 2000 – 6 August 2002
Chief MinisterNaveen Patnaik
Member of Odisha Legislative Assembly
In office
2000–2009
Preceded byLaxman Majhi
Succeeded byShyam Charan Hansdah
ConstituencyRairangpur
Personal details
Born (1958-06-20) 20 June 1958 (age 64)
Baidaposi, Mayurbhanj, Odisha, India
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)Shyam Charan Murmu (deceased)
Children3
Alma materRama Devi Women's University
Profession
  • Teacher
  • Politician

Draupadi Murmu (born 20 June 1958) is an Indian politician. She is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. She is the official nominee of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance for the 2022 presidential election.[1][2] She previously served as the ninth Governor of Jharkhand from 2015 to 2021. Coming from the state of Odisha, Murmu is the first governor of Jharkhand to complete the five year term, and the first person, belonging to a scheduled tribe, to be nominated to the post of President of India.

Personal life

Draupadi Murmu was born in a Santali tribal family on June 20, 1958, in Baidaposi village of Mayurbhanj district in Odisha, to Biranchi Narayan Tudu.[3] [4] Both her father and grandfather were village heads under the Panchayati Raj system.[5]

Draupadi Murmu married Shyam Charan Murmu. The couple had two sons, both of whom died, and a daughter.[6]

Early Career

Teaching career

Murmu started out as a school teacher before entering state politics. She worked as an assistant professor at the Shri Aurobindo Integral Education and Research, Rairangpur and as a Junior Assistant at the irrigation department of the Government of Odisha.[7]

State politics

Murmu joined the Bharatiya Janata Party in 1997 and was elected as the councillor of the Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat. She also served as the national vice-president of Bharathiya Janata Party Scheduled Tribes Morcha.

During the Bharatiya Janata Party and Biju Janata Dal coalition government in Odisha, she was the Minister of State with Independent Charge for Commerce and Transport from March 6, 2000 to August 6, 2002 and Fisheries and Animal Resources Development from August 6, 2002 to May 16, 2004.[8] She is former Odisha Minister and an MLA from Rairangpur Assembly constituency in the years 2000 and 2004.[9] She was conferred Nilkantha Award for best MLA by Odisha Legislative Assembly in 2007.

Governor of Jharkhand (2015-2021)

Murmu took oath as the Governor of Jharkhand on 18 May 2015, becoming the first woman Governor of Jharkhand.[10][11] She was the first female adivasi leader from Odisha to get appointed as a governor of an Indian state.

As Governor in 2017, Murmu had refused to give assent to a bill approved by the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly seeking amendments to the Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act, 1908, and the Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act, 1949. The bill sought to give rights to tribals to make commercial use of their land, while ensuring that the ownership of land does not change. Murmu remained firm on her decision as governor and sought an explanation from the Raghubar Das-led Bharatiya Janata Party- government about the changes it would bring for the well-being of tribals.[12]

2022 presidential campaign

In June 2022, the BJP nominated Murmu as the National Democratic Alliance's candidate for President of India for the 2022 election the following month.[13]

All National Democratic Alliance partners pledged their support. Opposition parties like Biju Janata Dal, YSR Congress, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, Janata Dal (Secular) and Bahujan Samaj Party pledged their support to Murmu.

References

  1. ^ "Draupadi Murmu, Former Jharkhand Governor, Is BJP's Choice For President". NDTV.com. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  2. ^ "BJP-led NDA names Draupadi Murmu, former governor of Jharkhand as candidate for presidential polls". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  3. ^ "Smt. Droupadi Murmu". Odisha Helpline. Archived from the original on 8 October 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Draupadi Murmu may soon be the President of India: Know all about her". indiatoday.
  5. ^ "Governor reaches out". Hindustan. Ranchi. 4 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Who is Draupadi Murmu?". The Indian Express. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  7. ^ "Profile:The importance of being Droupadi Murmu". The Hindu.
  8. ^ "Draupadi Murmu Jharkhand Guv". New Indian Express. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Narendra Modi government appoints four Governors". IBN Live. Archived from the original on 15 May 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Draupadi Murmu sworn in as first woman Governor of Jharkhand-I News – IBNLive Mobile". IBN Live. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Modi government names new governors for Jharkhand, five NE states". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Droupadi Murmu: NDA presidential pick is ex-teacher, took BJP head on as Jharkhand governor". The Print.
  13. ^ "Draupadi Murmu to be NDA's candidate for presidential polls". The Times of India. 21 June 2022. Retrieved 21 June 2022.

External links

Government offices
Preceded by Governor of Jharkhand
May 2015 – July 2021
Succeeded by
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