List of chief ministers of Jharkhand

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Chief Minister of Jharkhand
Jharkhand Rajakiya Chihna.svg
Chief Minister of Jharkhand Shri Hemant Soren.jpg
Incumbent
Hemant Soren

since 29 December 2019
Chief Minister's Office
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member of
Reports toGovernor of Jharkhand
SeatChief Minister Secretariat (CMO), Ranchi, Jharkhand
AppointerGovernor of Jharkhand
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Inaugural holderBabulal Marandi
Formation15 November 2000
(21 years ago)
 (2000-11-15)

The chief minister of Jharkhand is the chief executive of the Indian state of Jharkhand. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the legislative assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Six people have served as the state's chief minister since Jharkhand's formation on 15 November 2000.[2] Half of them, including the inaugural officeholder Babulal Marandi, represented the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). His successor Arjun Munda, also from the BJP, is the longest-serving chief minister; he served for over five years, across three terms but never completed a full term. Two chief ministers, Shibu Soren and his son Hemant Soren, represented the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM). Shibu Soren's first term ended in just ten days, as he could not prove that he had the support of a majority of the house and was forced to resign. The state has also been governed by Madhu Koda, one of the few independents to become the chief minister of any state.[3] In between their reigns, the state has also been under President's rule three times. Raghubar Das, of the BJP, was the first chief minister to complete a full term in the state. Hemant Soren of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha is the incumbent chief minister.

Chief ministers of Jharkhand

Colour key for parties

  Bharatiya Janata Party   Jharkhand Mukti Morcha   Independent politician   N/A (President's rule)

No.[a] Portrait Name Constituency Term Assembly
(election)
Party[b]
1

Shri Babulal Marandi.jpg

Babulal Marandi Ramgarh 15 November 2000 18 March 2003 2 years, 123 days 1st/Interim[c]
(2000 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
2 A photograph of Arjun Munda Arjun Munda Kharsawan 18 March 2003 2 March 2005 1 year, 349 days
3 A photograph of Shibu Soren Shibu Soren Did not contest 2 March 2005 12 March 2005 10 days 2nd
(2005 election)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
(2) A photograph of Arjun Munda Arjun Munda Kharsawan 12 March 2005 19 September 2006 1 year, 191 days Bharatiya Janata Party
4 A photograph of Madhu Koda Madhu Koda Jaganathpur 19 September 2006 27 August 2008 1 year, 343 days Independent
(3) A photograph of Shibu Soren Shibu Soren Did not contest[4] 27 August 2008 19 January 2009 145 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
State Emblem of India Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
N/A 19 January 2009 30 December 2009 345 days N/A
(3) A photograph of Shibu Soren Shibu Soren Jamtara 30 December 2009 1 June 2010 153 days 3rd
(2009 election)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
State Emblem of India Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
N/A 1 June 2010 11 September 2010 102 days N/A
(2) A photograph of Arjun Munda Arjun Munda Kharsawan 11 September 2010 18 January 2013 2 years, 129 days Bharatiya Janata Party
State Emblem of India Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
N/A 18 January 2013 13 July 2013 176 days N/A
5 A photograph of Hemant Soren Hemant Soren Dumka 13 July 2013 28 December 2014 1 year, 168 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
6 A photograph of Raghubar Das Raghubar Das Jamshedpur East 28 December 2014 29 December 2019 5 years, 1 day 4th
(2014 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
(5) A photograph of Hemant Soren Hemant Soren Barhait 29 December 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 184 days 5th
(2019 election)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha

Timeline

Raghubar DasHemant SorenMadhu KodaShibu SorenArjun MundaBabulal Marandi

Notes

  1. ^ A number in parentheses indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ The first Legislative Assembly of Jharkhand was constituted by the MLAs elected in the 2000 Bihar Legislative Assembly election, whose constituencies were in the newly formed Jharkhand.[2]
  4. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Jharkhand as well.
  2. ^ a b Chaudhuri, Kalyan (1 September 2000). "Jharkhand, at last". Frontline. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  3. ^ Ramanujam, P.V. (14 September 2006). "Madhu Koda to be next Jharkhand CM". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  4. ^ Shibu Soren lost the Tamar assembly by-election to Gopal Krishna Patar of the Jharkhand Party.
  5. ^ Diwanji, Amberish K. (15 March 2005). "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 19 May 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2019.