|Founded by||Madhabdas Narendra Mohapatra|
|Named for||Bamanghaty (Rairangpur Garh)|
|• Chairperson||Mr. Abhishek Pattanaik (BJD)|
|Elevation||248 m (814 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||ORM-XXXX / OR 11-X-XXXX / OD 11-XXXX|
Rairangpur (Odia pronunciation (help·info)) is a city and a tehsil of Mayurbhanj district of the state of Odisha, India. It is 287 Kilometers from the state capital Bhubaneswar, 82 kilometers from the district headquarters of Baripada, and about 73 kilometers from Jamshedpur. The Kharkhai (Suleipat) Dam and the Simlipal Tiger Reserve are the nearby local attractions at an approachable distance, attracting many foreign tourists. Rairangpur is a notable mining area of Odisha, comprising iron-ore from the Gorumahisani, Badampahar, and Suleipat mines. It is Mayurbhanj's second largest city after Baripada.
Rairangpur is located at  It has an average elevation of 248 m (814 ft)..
Later in the year 1918, Rairangpur was officially named after Rairangpur Garh.
On 24 April 1960 Rairangpur Notified Area of Council (NAC) was formed with 15 wards.
And on 1 May 2014, Rairangpur Municipality was formed under the laws as per the Municipalities Act.1950 notification released by Government of Odisha.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Rairangpur had a population of 47,294. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Rairangpur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. In Rairangpur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Rairangpur acts as a liaison centre between Jamshedpur in Jharkhand, Durgapur in West Bengal and the Iron Ore Mines in Gorumahisani, Badampahar and Suleipat. The steel factories of Tata and the surrounding area rely partly on the iron ores extracted from these mines. In addition to freight trains there is also a passenger train from Jamshedpur to Badampahar via Rairangpur.
Rairangpur is surrounded by hills which are rich in iron ore mineral. The first iron ore mines of Asia were in Gorumahisani, Suleipat and Badampahar (mother mines of Tata Steel) are located here. The first ever trial for setting up of a "Ferro Vanadium Plant" was made by Mayurbhanj Maharaja during pre-independence days. Currently, thousands of tonnes of iron ore are exported out of the state on daily basis.
The majority of the population is dependent on the paddy harvesting (farming) as either their main source or as an alternate source of income. The direct and indirect dependency of the economy of this place is largely influenced by the paddy harvesting. The same is again largely dependent on the annual rain fall during May–September. The Kharkhai (Suleipat) Dam and Bankbal Dam irrigate some of the cultivating lands and helps for the kharif harvesting.
Rairangpur has the oldest and the largest "Sal Oil Extraction Plant" which has been closed since years. Sal seed is locally collected from the forest. The area suffers due to less attention in the political environment with few resources and funds allocated to it from government or private sources.
|Climate data for Rairangpur, Odisha|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.0
|Average low °C (°F)||13.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||0
|Source: World Weather online |
Rairangpur lies on the Tatanagar-Badampahar branch line of Indian Railways. Air conditioned luxurious buses to Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Keonjhar, Rourkela, Tatanagar, Kolkata are available. Local buses and jeeps are there in every fifteen to thirty minutes to all small villages and towns. Important traffic points of the city:
- Bazar Golei Chhak
- Biju Pattanaik Chhak (Durga Mandap)
- Raghunath Murmu Chhak
Rairangpur has its local airstrip namely Dandbose Aerodrome (Rairangpur Airport) .In most cases celebrities land here by their chopper.
Makar Parba is the most popular festival celebrated here. In this festival people make Pitha (Rice Cake) in their homes, They eat and distribute to their relatives. Also Village people make Tusu (Cosmic Goddess) represent and them in the nearby Tusu Mela where large number of people get gathered to witness those idols of Tusu.
During Rath Yatra (Car Festival), people from all sections of the society pull the Ratha (Chariot) of Lord Jagannath, his brother Lord Balabhadra and sister goddess Subhadra to their Mausibadi (Aunt's place) from the temple.
Most commonly Deepawali, Durga Puja, Ganesh Puja and Saraswati Puja in celebrated all over Rairangpur locality .Popular idols belongs to Ichinda, Bazar, Kucheibudhi, Anladuba, Sakiladihi, Purnaghaty area.
Places of interest
- Jagannath Temple
- Hanuman Vatika, Bazar
- Indira Gandhi Children's Park
- Mind Shift- Odisha's first VR center
- Suleipat Dam (Kharkhai Dam)
- Brundavan Garden (now closed for public)
- Bankbal Dam
- Simlipal National Park
- Purunia Shivsambhu Temple
- Raghu Nath Jiu Math, Anladuba
- Badampahar Mines
- Gorumahisani Mines
Sports and entertainment
Cricket is the most widely played sport in the city. "Deepak Kumar Memorial(DKM)", Mahuldiha organizes a cricket tournament every year. Being the most popular cricket tournament here, teams of different parts of the state and nearby participate and perform their talent. Likewise, "Rairangpur Premier League (RPL)" is also organized at Kacheri Stadium (Rairangpur Stadium).
Sports organised by various village youth associations just after Makar Sankranti is one of the age old sports activity promoting youth athletes with very colorful and festive events during January & February every year.
Children's Park, Kacheri Road- A heavenly play destination for kids. Famous amusement park Brundaban Garden located at Routhkhamar is now closed for general public due to some issues.
- VR Center
Odisha has now got its first VR center at Mind Shift, Rairangpur. It's one of the most liked places. People here belonging to all age groups loves this amazing technology. Mostly Children find it as their favourite place for having all the fun and playing games in a unique way. Virtual Reality (VR) is what attracts them all. This reflects the developing scenario of Rairangpur.
Lifestyle and language
Rairangpurians follow a moderate lifestyle and they live in peace and harmony. They do celebrate various religious festival together.
Most populated areas belong to:
- Bazar Area
- Bikash Nagar
- Axis Bank
- Bandhan Bank
- Bank of India
- Canara Bank
- HDFC Bank
- ICICI Bank
- IDBI Bank
- Oriental Bank of Commerce
- Punjab National Bank
- State Bank of India
- Syndicate Bank
- UCO Bank
- Union Bank of India
This place is rapidly growing in the educational infrastructure. Some of the Government & Private funded educational institutes are :
- Government Boys High School
- Government Girls High School
- Raghu Nath Jiu High School
- SSDD Girls' High School (Kanya Aashram), Rairangpur
- Pichlighaty High School
- Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir
- Rairangpur College (North Orissa University)
- Mahila Mahavidyalaya
- Rairangpur ITI (Technical)
- Kerala Public School
- Little Flower School
- Sparsh Public School
- Sunshine English Medium School
- Madina Public School
- Kalinga English Medium School
- Venketeswar Public School
- Fact Computer Education
- Kendriya Vidyalaya
- Technoworld +2 Sc. College
- Odisha Adarsha Vidyalaya, Sanmouda
- Cosmos International School
- Richards Mission Primary School
Before it was Mr. Saiba Sushil Kumar Hansdah of Biju Janata Dal (BJD) in 2014. Previous MLAs from this seat were Mr. Shyam Charan Hansdah of Indian National Congress (INC) in 2009, Mrs. Draupadi Murmu of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 2000, Laxman Majhi of INC in 1995, Chaitanya Prasad Majhi of Janata Dal (JD) in 1990, Bhabendra Nath Majhi of INC in 1985, Sidhalal Murmu of INC(I) in 1980, and Arjun Majhi of Janata Party (JNP) in 1977. 
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rairangpur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 4-Rairangpur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2005. Retrieved 17 September 2008.