Princess of Wales

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Princess of Wales
Tywysoges Cymru
The Duke and Duchess Cambridge at Commonwealth Big Lunch on 22 March 2018 - 120 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Catherine

since 9 September 2022
StyleHer Royal Highness
Member ofBritish royal family
Residence
First holderJoan of Kent
Websiteroyal.uk

Princess of Wales (Welsh: Tywysoges Cymru) is a courtesy title used since the 14th century by the wife of the heir apparent to the English and later British throne. The current title-holder is Catherine, wife of William, Prince of Wales.[1]

Native princesses of Wales

Princess of Wales
Tywysoges Cymru
Eleanor de Montfort.png
Inaugural holderEleanor de Montfort

The only wife of a Welsh prince definitively shown to have used the title is Eleanor de Montfort, the English bride of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, the last native prince of Wales. Eleanor died shortly after giving birth to their only child, Gwenllian, who was taken prisoner as an infant following her father's death. Gwenllian was the only Welsh woman to be described as princess of Wales; Edward I had her raised in Sempringham Priory in Lincolnshire, far from where any Welsh rebels could find her, and once appealed to the pope to increase funds to the priory by writing that "...herein is kept the princess of Wales, whom we have to maintain."[2]

List

Image Name Birth Spouse Death Notes
Eglwys y Santes Fair, Biwmares, Ynys Mon, Church of St Mary and St Nicholas, Beaumaris, North Wales 61.jpg
Joan, Lady of Wales 1191 Llywelyn the Great 2 February 1237 Proposed to have been Princess of Wales
Isabella de Braose 1222 Dafydd ap Llywelyn 1248 Proposed to have been Princess of Wales
Eleanor de Montfort.png
Eleanor de Montfort 1252 Llywelyn ap Gruffydd 19 June 1282
Bedd y Dywysoges Elizabeth Ferrers, gwraig Dafydd ap Gruffudd 10.jpg
Elizabeth Ferrers 1250 Dafydd ap Gruffydd 1300 Proposed to have been Princess of Wales
Gwenllian Tribute.jpg
Gwenllian of Wales June 1282 7 June 1337 Daughter of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd;
imprisoned in a priory
[3]
Margaret Hanmer 1370 Owain Glyndŵr 1420 Later attributed[4]
Cofeb Catrin Glyndŵr.jpg
Catrin ferch Owain Glyndŵr Edmund Mortimer 1413 Daughter of Owain Glyndŵr;
imprisoned in the Tower of London
[5]

Spouse of the British (formerly English) heir apparent

Although not granted the title in her own right, the future Mary I was, during her youth, invested by her father, Henry VIII, with many of the rights and properties traditionally given to the prince of Wales, including use of the official seal of Wales for correspondence. For most of her childhood, Mary was her father's only legitimate child, and for this reason, she was often referred to as the princess of Wales, although Henry never formally created her as such. For example, Spanish scholar Juan Luis Vives dedicated his Satellitium Animi to "Dominæ Mariæ Cambriæ Principi, Henrici Octavi Angliæ Regis Filiæ".[6]

Welsh politicians suggested that George VI's eldest daughter, Princess Elizabeth, be granted the title on her 18th birthday, but he rejected the idea because he felt such a title belonged solely to the wife of a prince of Wales and the prince of Wales had always been the heir apparent.[7]

Camilla, Charles III’s second wife, was the Princess of Wales from 2005 to 2022, but did not use the title due to its popular association with her husband's first wife, Diana.[8]

List

Person Previous name Birth Marriage Became Princess of Wales Spouse Change in style Death
Joan of Kent.jpg
Joan of Kent 19 September 1328 10 October 1361 Edward of Woodstock 7 June 1376
Husband's death;
became Dowager Princess of Wales
7 August 1385
Anne Neville portrait.jpg
Anne Neville 11 June 1456 13 December 1470 Edward of Westminster 4 May 1471
Husband's death;
became Dowager Princess of Wales;
later became Queen Consort as the wife of Richard III
16 March 1485
Catalina de Aragón, por un artista anónimo.jpg
Catherine of Aragon 16 December 1485 19 May 1499 (by proxy)
14 November 1501
Arthur Tudor 2 April 1502
Husband's death;
became Dowager Princess of Wales;
later became Queen Consort as the wife of Henry VIII
7 January 1536
Caroline Wilhelmina of Brandenburg-Ansbach by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg
Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach 1 March 1683 22 August 1705 27 September 1714 George Augustus 11 June 1727
Husband acceded to throne as George II;
became Queen Consort
20 November 1737
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by Charles Philips cropped.jpg
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 30 November 1719 17 April 1736 Frederick Louis 31 March 1751
Husband's death;
became Dowager Princess of Wales
8 February 1772
Caroline of Brunswick.jpg
Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 17 May 1768 8 April 1795 George Augustus Frederick 29 January 1820
Husband acceded to throne as George IV;
became Queen Consort
7 August 1821
Josefine Swoboda - Queen Alexandra when Princess of Wales 1895.jpg
Alexandra of Denmark 1 December 1844 10 March 1863 Albert Edward 22 January 1901
Husband acceded to throne as Edward VII;
became Queen Consort
20 November 1925
PrincessofWales1902.jpg
Mary of Teck 26 May 1867 6 July 1893 9 November 1901 George Frederick Ernest Albert 6 May 1910
Husband acceded to throne as George V;
became Queen Consort
24 March 1953
Diana, Princess of Wales 1997 (2).jpg
Diana Spencer 1 July 1961 29 July 1981 Charles Philip Arthur George 28 August 1996
Divorced;
assumed the style of Diana, Princess of Wales
31 August 1997
CHOGM Commonwealth Big Lunch on April 17, 2018 - 007 (cropped).jpg
Camilla Shand[9] 17 July 1947 9 April 2005 8 September 2022
Known as Duchess of Cornwall;
husband acceded to throne as Charles III;
became Queen Consort
living
The Duke and Duchess Cambridge at Commonwealth Big Lunch on 22 March 2018 - 120 (cropped).jpg
Catherine Middleton 9 January 1982 29 April 2011 9 September 2022 William Arthur Philip Louis Incumbent living

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "King Charles III pays tribute to his 'darling mama' in first address". BBC.com. 9 September 2022.
  2. ^ Bliss, W. H., editor. Calendar of Papal Registers Relating To Great Britain and Ireland: Volume 1, 1198-1304. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.
  3. ^ "Gwenllian The Lost Princess of Wales". Historic UK. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  4. ^ Deborah Fisher, Princesses of Wales (University of Wales Press, 2005)
  5. ^ Issues of the Exchequer, Hen. III – Hen. VI, ed. F Devon (Record Commission, 1837), p. 327
  6. ^ "To the Lady Mary, Prince of Wales, Daughter of Henry VIII, King of England" [1]
  7. ^ Pimlott, Ben (2001). The Queen: Elizabeth II and the monarchy (Golden Jubilee ed.). London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-711435-4. OCLC 59496079.
  8. ^ "House of Commons – Royal Marriage". parliament.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  9. ^ Chris Leslie, Parliamentary Secretary, Department for Constitutional Affairs (4 April 2005). "Royal Marriage". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). United Kingdom: House of Commons. col. 1228W.

Bibliography

  • Princesses of Wales by Deborah Fisher. University of Wales Press, 2005.
  • 'Tystiolaeth Garth Celyn' Y Traethodydd 1998 ISSN 0969-8930

Further reading

  • Fryer, M.; Mary Beacock Fryer; Arthur Bousfield; Garry Toffoli (1983). Lives of the Princesses of Wales. Toronto: Dundern Press Limited. ISBN 978-0-919670-69-3.