Richard Connolly (composer)
|Born||10 November 1927|
|Origin||University of Sydney|
|Died||4 May 2022 (aged 94)|
|Occupations||Musician, composer, broadcaster|
Richard Connolly (10 November 1927 – 4 May 2022) was an Australian musician, composer and former broadcaster.
He was best known for having composed the theme song to the children's TV series Play School for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC); the lyrics were penned by Rosemary Milne. In 2017 the tune was added to the list of the top 10 Sounds of Australia list by the National Film and Sound Archive for being culturally, historically and aesthetically significant.
Connolly's published and performed works allowed him to be counted among Australia's most prolific composers of Catholic Church music, particularly the hymns he composed for the church in Australia which are now published and used inter-denominationally. His hymns were composed to accommodate and adorn the liturgical reforms of the Second Vatican Council.
He was noted for his collaborations with Australian poet James McAuley. His compositions were successful internationally, both in the Christian and secular fields.
Life and career
Connolly aspired to join the priesthood and, from 1946 and 1950, pursued theological studies in Rome. A few months before his planned ordination, however, he abandoned his studies and returned to Australia where he completed an arts degree at the University of Sydney. At that time, he was a member of Holy Spirit parish in North Ryde. In 1955, he was introduced to McAuley by Father Ted Kennedy who asked Connolly to compose hymns to sing at various points during Mass. Thus began a longstanding partnership between McAuley and Connolly. Their subsequent musical collaboration during the 1950s and 1960s contributed significantly to contemporary Australian hymnody. Their compositions were first released in a collection titled Hymns for the Year of Grace in 1963. In 1960 Connolly's work had anchored the Living Parish hymnbook, edited by Tony Newman and published by a group gathered around Roger Pryke, which would sell one million copies over the next decade, enabling congregations to sing hymns in a distinctively Australian voice. Many of the hymns published in both collections are still widely sung across various Christian denominations in Australia and internationally.
Connolly joined the ABC in 1956 and by 1960 worked in its education department, mainly in schools broadcasts. In 1967 he joined the Radio Drama and Features Department, becoming features editor. In 1971 he undertook a Churchill Fellowship in Italy and at Radio France and Bayerischer Rundfunk. He also spent several months working in the BBC's radio drama script unit. During this time, he also composed music for the BBC TV series The British Empire. He returned to Australia and was appointed Head of Radio Drama and Features at the ABC.
Connolly composed music for the first Australian visit of a pope, Pope Paul VI, at both Randwick Racecourse and St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney. For the cathedral's liturgy he composed a "papal entry and march" version of Psalm 85. In 1844, the bishops of Australia had chosen the Virgin Mary, under the title of "Mary, Help of Christians", as patroness for the Australian nation, and the words are nationalistically resonant for Australian Catholics. While he personally remained largely aloof from Catholic politics, Connolly's setting of these words in his hymn "Help of Christians, Guard this Land" became the battle hymn of the Catholic Right in Australia in the 1950s and 1960s.
In December 2009, he was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Arts by the University of Notre Dame Australia in recognition of his "extraordinary contributions to Catholic liturgical music in Australia". In his acceptance speech he said the hymns he had made with James McAuley were "the centrepiece of my liturgical work and, of all the things that I have made, apart from my family, the best".
Connolly fell ill prior to his ninetieth birthday on 10 November 2017, which he celebrated with his family at Sydney's Royal North Shore Hospital, but made a full recovery. He died in Sydney on 4 May 2022, aged 94.
A few of his hymn tunes have particularly Australian names. Connolly's tunes include the following:
- Araluen (In Faith and Hope and Love)
- Camilla (Help of Christians)
- Catherine (Holy Father, God of Might)
- (Come Lord Jesus)
- Cosmic Praise (Sing a new song)
- Forbes Street (O Jesus crucified)
- Helen (From many grapes and grains of wheat)
- Jeremy (Where there is Charity and love)
- Lindfield (May this Lenten discipline)
- Newtown (Come O Jesus)
- Sancta Sophia (Jesus in your heart we find)
- Ruggiero (By your kingly power)
- Sandy Bay (Father, we praise you)
- Travalli (By your priestly power)
- Venantius (Seek, O seek the Lord),
- 1967-68 "Go teach all nations" (Mass for schola, choir, organ, tympany and brass consort) for the Christian Brothers' Centenary Year, Sydney 1968
- Psalm 85 ('Song of the Church') – choir unison, organ and brass consort
- Give us Peace Mass (Congregational)
- 2002 Mass of St John the Apostle dedicated to the people of St John the Apostle Parish, Narraweena (Congregational)
- 2005, Missa Pax et Bonum; a choral and congregational Mass dedicated to the pastors, musicians and people of St Francis of Assisi Parish, Paddington, NSW, Australia (SATB Choir, 2 trumpets, 2 trombones and organ)
- 2007 Mass of Our Lady Help of Christians (congregational)
- 2009 Mass 'Common Things Divinely" (congregational). Published by Willow Publishing.
- 2010 Mass, Notre Dame. Published by Willow Publishing.
- 2012 Year of Grace. Published by Willow Publishing
- 2015 Psalms - Praise the Lord My Soul, 35 Psalm Settings for Sundays, Seasons, Feasts & Australian Occasions. Published by Willow Publishing.
- 2017 Motet Mater Boni Consilii (SATB Choir)
- "There's A Bear in There!" - the Play School theme for ABC TV known by generations of Australians.
- ^ "Second Hour: Richard Connolly :: Sunday Nights". Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
- ^ a b "Richard Connolly Death, Play School Song Composer, Richard Connolly Has Died". DeathObits.com. 5 May 2022. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
- ^ Featured Interview:Richard Connolly, ABC Sunday nights, 22 June 2003. Accessed 22 June 2007.
- ^ a b c Featured Interview:Richard Connolly, ABC Sunday nights, 22 June 2003. Accessed 22 June 2007.
- ^ R. Connolly, A funny way to go to Rome, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 35 (2014), 65-74.
- ^ Edmund Campion, Vatican II: historical reflections Catalyst-for-Renewal Archives; R. Connolly, Making hymns with James McAuley, Australasian Catholic Record 72 (1995), 387-98.
- ^ a b HYMNS OF GLORY: for Palm Sunday from Parramatta Catholic Cathedral, Sunday Morning – ABC TV Religion. Accessed 22 June 2007; R.J. Stove, Visions of ceremony: an interview with Richard Connolly, Quadrant 57 (10) (Oct 2013), 109-113.
- ^ "List of Fellows, 1971", Winston Churchill Memorial Trust website. Accessed 22 June 2007.
- ^ "Richard Connolly - 90 years young". Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- ^ Motherwell, Sarah (10 May 2022). "Richard Connolly, who composed the Play School theme song, dies aged 94". ABC News. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
- Catholic Worship Book (Full Music ed.). Collins Liturgical Publications (London), E.J. Dwyer Pty Ltd NSW. 1985. ISBN 0-00-599836-0.
- From the Great South Land of the Holy Spirit: A Heritage of Traditional Catholic Hymns
- Article on Vatican II renewal mentioning Richard Connolly and James McAuley
- Obituary for Fr Ted Kennedy noting his links with Connolly
- The choir of St Francis, Paddington, Australia, with sound file of Connolly's 2005 Mass
- Richard Connolly discography at Discogs
- Richard Connolly at IMDb
- R. J. Stove, "Visions of Ceremony: An interview with Richard Connolly", Quadrant, October 2013, pp. 109–113