Quảng Nam province

Coordinates: 15°33′N 108°03′E / 15.55°N 108.05°E / 15.55; 108.05
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Quảng Nam province
Tỉnh Quảng Nam
Hội An wreck  • Mỹ Sơn Tower  • Chiên Đàn Tower  • Khương Mỹ Tower  • Cù Lao Chàm Marine Park  • Phú Ninh Lake  • Tam Kỳ River  • Bằng An Tower
Official seal of Quảng Nam province
Location of Quảng Nam within Vietnam
Location of Quảng Nam within Vietnam
Coordinates: 15°33′N 108°03′E / 15.55°N 108.05°E / 15.55; 108.05
CountryVietnam Vietnam
RegionSouth Central Coast
Founded as Quảng Nam1471
Split from Quảng Nam – Đà Nẵng province1997
CapitalTam Kỳ
Divisions2 provincial cities, 1 town, 15 counties
 • Typesingle-party system
 • Secretary of Communist PartyNguyễn Ngọc Quang
 • Chairman of the People's CouncilNguyễn Ngọc Quang
 • Chairman of the People's CommitteeĐinh Văn Thu
 • Total10,438.4 km2 (4,030.3 sq mi)
 • Total1,945,812
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
 • EthnicitiesVietnamese, Hoa, Cơ Tu, Xơ Đăng, Giẻ Triêng, Co
 • TotalVND 91.677 trillion
US$ 3.915 billion
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes235
ISO 3166 codeVN-27

Quảng Nam (Vietnamese: [kwaːŋ˧˩ naːm˧˧] ) is a coastal province near northernmost part of the South Central Coast region, the Central of Vietnam. It borders Thừa Thiên Huế to the north, Đà Nẵng to the northeast, Kon Tum to the southwest, Quảng Ngãi to the southeast, Sekong of Laos to the west and the East Sea to the east.

Quảng Nam is known for being a tourist destination in the Hội An cultural site, alongside an export and manufacturing hub within central Vietnam.


Human habitation in the province has been continuous for 2,200 years, starting with the Sa Huỳnh culture.[3]

Quảng Nam was once the political and near the geographic centre of Champa and the province was gifted in 1307 in exchange for a marriage to a Vietnamese or Dai Viet princess.[3] For some time both the most powerful city-state and the busiest Cham port (at Hội An) were located in what is now Quảng Nam. Trade in luxury goods from the Central Highlands was the basis of this wealth and power.[4] As a result of warfare with Vietnam, the centre of political power of the Cham shifted south to Vijaya. The trade in luxuries continued for some time under the Nguyễn lords but declined gradually, especially under the Nguyễn dynasty and further in colonial Vietnam, when the economic focus shifted to the agriculture of the large river deltas.[4]

As the site contained several mountain passes, it has historically been a center for conflict between ruling powers and dynastic struggles. The site was the scene of heavy inter-dynastic fighting between the Trịnh–Nguyễn War and the point in which the Nguyen dynasty had escaped following their expulsion from their strongholds in the north.[5] Its primary city of Hội An was destroyed and rebuilt during the Tay Son rebellion.

Map of Quang Nam province in 1909
Map of La Qua (Quảng Nam) citadel during the Nguyễn dynasty

The province of Quang Nam has historically served as a trade site and was a major port region in Southeast Asia for trading high-grade silk, fabrics, paper, porcelain, areca nuts, pepper, Chinese medicines, elephant tusks, beeswax, mother-of-pearl and lacquer.[3] The Dutch brought Vietnamese slaves they captured from Nguyễn lord territories in Quảng Nam province to their colony in Taiwan.[6]

As a trade hub, Quang Nam would also serve as the site where Western influence would enter into Vietnam. Notably Alexandre de Rhodes who had written the alphabet, and also where a military alliance with France was signed between Nguyen dynasty monarchs fleeing the Tay Son Rebellion. The region would also see the start of French colonization during Cochinchina campaign and the Siege of Tourane.

The province was split into two in 1962, with the southern half known as Quảng Tín province. The province was also the site of heavy fighting during the Vietnam War, until it was captured in the Hue–Da Nang Campaign. The two provinces were merged again after unification in 1976. In 1997 its former capital city of Da Nang was separated into its own administrative entity.


Quảng Nam comprises flat land along the coast and increasingly high elevations towards the west, with the highest elevations along the border to Laos and Kon Tum province. The highest peak is Ngọc Linh mountain at 2598m.[7] In contrast to the other provinces of the South Central Coast there are no hills or mountains near the coast[7] (with the exception of the Chàm Islands with a peak of 517m).

More than half of Quảng Nam's area is covered by forests,[8] making it one of the most forested provinces in Vietnam. Forests dominate in the west of the province and along the border to Quảng Ngãi province.[7] 111,900ha of land are used for agriculture,[8] mostly in the east of the province.

The Thu Bồn River system covers most of the province (except for the south-east), making it one of the largest river systems in central Vietnam.[7] It led to the rise of an ancient Cham city state that was once Champa's most influential city and also included one of its most important commercial ports at Hội An.

Administration map of Quangnam province

Administrative divisions

Quảng Nam subdivided into 18 district-level sub-divisions:

They are further subdivided into 13 commune-level towns (or townlets), 213 communes, and 18 wards.


Quảng Nam has two famous traditional products: the world's highest essential oil content Trà My cinnamon (aka Saigon Cinnamon) and Ngọc Linh ginseng. Quảng Nam is famous for its production of Saigon cinnamon.

The economy of Quảng Nam has been growing rapidly in recent years. GDP growth in 2010 was 12.7% and the goal for 2011 is 13.5%.[9] Growth has been between 12 and 15% in the years from 2005 to 2007, mostly driven by a booming industrial sector (growing more than 20% per year) and to a lesser extent the service sector.[8] GDP per capita in 2007 was 8.76 million Vietnamese đồng, 65.2% of the national average.[8]

Quảng Nam's economy has been diversified significantly during the first decade of the 21st century. Agriculture, forestry, and fishery made up 41.5% of the province's GDP in 2000[8] but only 21.4% in 2010.[9] This is only a relative decline. Growth of the first sector has been positive but overshadowed by industrial and service growth. It was between 2 and 4% between 2000 and 2007[8] and 4.5% in 2010.[9] The vast majority of the work force is still employed in this sector: 524,700 out of 778,300 as of 2007 (down from 548,700 in 2000).[8] Harvests of rice, which takes up 75% of the agricultural area, has increased from 329,900 tons in 2000 to 395,100 tons in 2007 (1.1% of the national rice output).[8] The cultivation of industrial crops has experienced a significant transformation. The production of some crops has declined significantly: sugar cane from 170,400t in 2000 to 46,500t in 2007, tobacco from 2200t to 900t, tea from 1935t to 821t, and coconut from 8741t to 3675t, while the output of other crops has been increased: peanuts from 10,700t to 16,900t, rubber from 0t to 186t, pepper from 22t to 205t, and cashew nuts from 362t to 2345t.[8] Given the recent significant expansion of rubber plantations, this crop is likely to grow further. So far, only peanut cultivation is significant in a national context, making up 3.35% of national output, while the other non-cereal crops contribute less than 1%.[8]

Industrial GDP has been the main driving force of Quảng Nam's economy in the first decade of the century. In 2010 it contributed 40.1% to the provincial GDP,[9] up from just 25.3% in 2000 and employed 99,600 workers in 2007, compared to 51,600 in 2000.[8] Industrial GDP has increased 2.48 times between 2000 and 2007[8] and continues to grow at around 20%.[9] Chu Lai Economic Zone is located in the south of the province along National Road 1 and is the site of many of the province's factories. A smaller industrial zone is located in Tam Kỳ with factories producing electrical equipment, garments, and processed wood. Major industrial export products include leather shoes (US$51.26 million in 2007), garments (US$31.33 million), wooden products (US$8.587 million), and paper materials (US$2.136 million).[8] Industrial products more oriented towards the domestic market include fish sauce (3.69 million liters), bricks (253 million pieces), fabric (52.5 million meters), and hand farming tools (2 million pieces).[8]

Quang Nam has the biggest gas warehouse in the central area: Total Gas & Power Co. Ltd's Ky Ha gas warehouse.


National Route 1 runs through the east of the province. Both Tam Kỳ and Chu Lai Economic Zone are located along this road, while Hội An is around 10 km east of it.[10] National Road 14 runs from Thừa Thiên–Huế province through the west of Quảng Nam to Đắk Glei District in Kon Tum province in the Central Highlands. It is connected to National Road 1A by 14B in north and 14E in central Quảng Nam and the border to Laos through 14D. 57.7% of the roads in (national, provincial, or district) are paved with asphalt, which is somewhat above the median value of provinces in Vietnam. The value is much higher and significantly better than the median for provincially managed roads: 87.68%.[11] Only 29% of respondents to a survey of businesses in 2009 stated that road quality is good or very good (slightly above the median).[11]

Vietnam's North–South Railway runs through the provinces. Some, but not all, trains stop at Tam Kỳ Railway Station serving the provincial capital Tam Kỳ.

Da Nang International Airport is located in Da Nang just north of Quảng Nam. Another airport, Chu Lai Airport is located in Núi Thành District in the south of the province near Quảng Ngãi province, serving Chu Lai Economic Zone.

Places of interest

The province has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the ancient town of Hội An and the Mỹ Sơn temple complex. It also lies on the World Heritage Road which connects different World Heritage Sites in Central Vietnam.

Another popular tourist site is Cu Lao Cham (Cham Islands).[12]


  • Cao lầu
  • Mì Quảng
  • Tam Kỳ chicken rice
  • Tam Kỳ Jasmine tea
  • Banh dap (rice cake)
  • Banh vac (cake)
  • Banh it (cake)


  1. ^ a b Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014 Archived 2015-07-06 at the Wayback Machine, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
  2. ^ "Tình hình kinh tế, xã hội Quảng Nam năm 2018". Cục Thống kê tỉnh Quảng Nam. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Planet, Lonely. "History in Hoi An, Vietnam". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2020-11-28.
  4. ^ a b Hardy, Andrew (2009): "Eaglewood and the Economic History of Champa and Central Vietnam". in Hardy, Andrew et al. (ed): Champa and the Archaeology of Mỹ Sơn (Vietnam). NUS Press, Singapore
  5. ^ Dutton, George (2020), Pennock, Caroline Dodds; Antony, Robert; Carroll, Stuart (eds.), "Rebellion and Violence in Vietnam", The Cambridge World History of Violence: Volume 3: AD 1500–AD 1800, The Cambridge World History of Violence, vol. 3, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 429–448, ISBN 978-1-107-11911-6, retrieved 2020-11-28
  6. ^ Mateo, José Eugenio Borao (2009). The Spanish Experience in Taiwan 1626-1642: The Baroque Ending of a Renaissance Endeavour (illustrated ed.). Hong Kong University Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-9622090835. Archived from the original on 2023-01-20. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  7. ^ a b c d Atlat Dia li Viet Nam (Geographical Atlas of Vietnam). NXB Giao Duc, Hanoi: 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economic Statistical Data of 63 provinces and Cities, Vietnam. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  9. ^ a b c d e "Quảng Nam: Mục tiêu 2011 GDP tăng 13,5% so với năm 2010. Quang Nam Portal. 07. Jan 2011". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
  10. ^ Vietnam Road Atlas (Tập Bản đồ Giao thông Đường bộ Việt Nam). Cartographic Publishing House (Vietnam), 2004
  11. ^ a b "Provincial Competitiveness Index 2009". Archived from the original on 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
  12. ^ Vu, The Binh (2007). Vietnam Travel Atlas. Bui Viet Bac - The cultural Information Publishing House.

External links