Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (priest)
|Died||17 August 1865 (aged 47)|
|Known for||Great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II|
Charles William Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck (8 November 1817 – 17 August 1865) was a clergyman of the Church of England, holding livings in Bedfordshire, and a great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II as well as great-great-grandfather of King Charles III.
Bentinck often gave his names as William Charles Cavendish Bentinck, resulting in his unique "W. C. C. Bentinck" signature. He rarely used the Cavendish-Bentinck surname.
Life and career
Born at Kensington, Bentinck was the elder son of Lieutenant Colonel Lord Charles Bentinck and of Anne Wellesley, formerly Lady Abdy. He had a younger brother, Arthur Cavendish Bentinck, and two sisters, Anne and Emily. His was frequently addressed as William or William-Charles to distinguish him from his father. Later in life, he presented his name as William Charles Cavendish Bentinck, resulting in his unique "W. C. C. Bentinck" signature. He rarely used the double-barreled Cavendish-Bentinck surname.
Bentinck's paternal grandparents were William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of Great Britain, and Dorothy Cavendish, a daughter of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, another Prime Minister, by his marriage to Lady Charlotte Boyle, a daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington. Bentinck's maternal grandparents were Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, and his wife Hyacinthe-Gabrielle Roland, a former actress at the Palais Royal. Wellesley, a Governor-General of India, was an older brother of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, another Prime Minister.
At birth, there was a remote possibility either Bentinck, or his brother, succeeding to the family's peerages, as their father's eldest brother, the 4th Duke of Portland, already had several sons, and their father had another older brother, Lord William Bentinck (1774–1839). Bentinck was educated at Merton College, Oxford, where his paternal grandfather the 3rd Duke had been Chancellor, matriculating on 1 June 1837, and later at New Inn Hall, Oxford, while his brother decided to follow a military career. Bentinck eventually took the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1845, promoted to Master of Arts in 1846.
After taking his degree, Bentinck confirmed his intention of becoming a Church of England clergyman and was appointed as Vicar of Husborne Crawley, Bedfordshire, a benefice in the gift of Francis Russell, 7th Duke of Bedford. On 23 November 1849, the Duke of Bedford also appointed him as vicar of Ridgmont, Bedfordshire. In both parishes, he was known as William Charles Cavendish Bentinck.
The likelihood of Bentinck becoming Duke of Portland increased, as his uncle William Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland died on 27 March 1854 and all four of his sons were unmarried or dead. The eldest, William, Marquess of Titchfield, had died in 1824, and Lord George on 21 September 1848. The eccentric Lord William (who succeeded his father as the 5th Duke of Portland) and the youngest son, Lord Henry, both remained unmarried. Bentinck himself was the next heir after Lord Henry, however, he was also childless at the time: his wife Sinetta had died at Ampthill on 19 February 1850, of mesentery, leaving Bentinck a widower with no surviving children.
Bentinck died on 17 August 1865, aged 47, at Ridgmont, and was buried at Croxton, Cambridgeshire. His cousin Lord Henry William died on 31 December 1870, and the 5th Duke followed on 6 December 1879. Thus, the next Duke was Bentinck's nephew William Cavendish-Bentinck, a son of Lt.-General Arthur Cavendish Bentinck, Bentinck's younger brother, who had died in 1877.
On 26 September 1839, while still an Oxford undergraduate, Bentinck married his first wife, Sinetta Lambourne, daughter of James Lambourne, a horse dealer with some claim to be the founder of Summertown, Oxford, where he lived, with his wife Sinetta Smith, a gypsy. Bentinck stated his address as Brook Street, while Sinetta gave hers as Southwick Street, Paddington. They soon had two sons, but both died in infancy:
- Charles William Cavendish Bentinck, born 1840, who died at 19 days old.
- Charles Cavendish Bentinck, born 1841, died 1842.
The cause of death for both children was "convulsions", and both were buried at All Souls, Kensal Green Cemetery, where Sinetta Bentick (written with this error on the grave) nee Lambourne was also interred.
On 13 December 1859, Bentinck married for the second time. His bride was Caroline Louisa Burnaby, a daughter of Edwyn Burnaby, of the landed gentry, and of Anne Caroline Salisbury. She bore him a further three children, all daughters:
- Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1862–1938)
- Ann Violet Cavendish-Bentinck (1864 – 5 May 1932)
- Hyacinth Sinetta Cavendish-Bentinck (1864 – 9 December 1916), who married Augustus Edward Jessop
In 1881, Bentinck's daughter Nina Cecilia married Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and became the mother of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900–2002) and the grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II.
|Ancestors of Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (priest)|
- 1861 England Census
- Charles Cavendish Archived May 13, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- Anne Wellesley Archived February 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Wellesley family genealogy". stirnet.com. 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013. (Subscription required)
- Foster, Joseph (1888–1892). . Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886. Oxford: Parker and Co – via Wikisource.
- Ridgmont Churches Archived 2016-09-26 at the Wayback Machine at Bedfordshire.government.uk, accessed 29 August 2016
- Census of 1851, Ridgmount, Bedfordshire
- Register of Deaths for Ampthill Registrar's District, 1850, vol. 6, p. 4
- John Badcock The Making of a Regency Village: Origin, History and Description of Summertown in 1832 (St Michael's Publications, Oxford, 1983). This is a transcript of notes made by Badcock in 1832 for the incoming vicar.