Baranagar

Coordinates: 22°38′N 88°22′E / 22.64°N 88.37°E / 22.64; 88.37
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Baranagar
Baranagore
City
Etymology: Bengali: বরানগর
Baranagar is located in West Bengal
Baranagar
Baranagar
Location in West Bengal, India
Baranagar is located in India
Baranagar
Baranagar
Baranagar (India)
Baranagar is located in Asia
Baranagar
Baranagar
Baranagar (Asia)
Coordinates: 22°38′N 88°22′E / 22.64°N 88.37°E / 22.64; 88.37
Country India
State West Bengal
DivisionPresidency
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas[1]
RegionGreater Kolkata[3]
Railway stationBaranagar
Metro station
Established1869; 155 years ago (1869) (as North Suburban Municipality)
1889; 135 years ago (1889) (as Baranagar Municipality)[4]
Wards34[5]
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBaranagar Municipality
 • Municipality ChairmanAparna Moulik[6][7]
(AITC)
 • MLATapas Roy[8][9]
(AITC)
Minister for the department of planning and statistics and parliamentary affairs[10][11]
Area
 • Total7.12 km2 (2.75 sq mi)
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total245,313[2]
 • Rank18th (in West Bengal)[12]
187th (in India)
 • Density35,220/km2 (91,200/sq mi)
  • Rank5th in the world[13][14]
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
 • Literacy rate91.41%[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Telephone code+91 33[19]
Vehicle registrationWB-23, WB-24[20]
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum[21]
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBaranagar[21]
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,770 millimetres (70 in)
Avg. summer temperature31.7 °C (89.1 °F)
Avg. winter temperature22.2 °C (72.0 °F)
Sex ratio1000/943 (1.06)
(/)
Websitebaranagarmunicipality.org

Baranagar or Baranagore (/ˈbɑːrnɑːɡɑːr/[24][25][a] BAR-a-na-gar, Bengali: [ˈbɔraɦˌnɔɡor] [26][25][b]) is a city and a municipality in North Kolkata of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).[27] Baranagar is the fifth most densely populated city proper in the world.[13][14]

It is home to the Indian Statistical Institute, an institution of national importance devoted to the research, teaching and application of statistics, natural sciences and social sciences.[28] Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School is one of the oldest and most renowned schools in Baranagar and North Kolkata.[29][30]

Baranagar is a major industrial centre for the manufacture of agricultural and industrial machinery, chemicals, castor oil, and matches; Baranagar is also home to numerous cotton-processing companies, offset & digital printing companies and book publishers.

Etymology

The word Baranagar derives from the Bengali term Barahanagore (Bengali: বরাহনগর), meaning "City of the Hogs". (বরাহ: hog, নগর: city) Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export.[31]

There are several explanations for the etymology of this name:

  • Baranagar or Barahanagar, meaning the "big" (Bara or Barra) and "town or land" (nagar) of the "pig" (baraha).[23]

History

Dutch Kuthi in Baranagar

Baranagar Municipality was established in 1869; it is one of the oldest municipalities in India.[7] The Dutch had homes there in the seventeenth century.[32] Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export. Later it became the centre for the extensive jute trade, manufacturing gunny bags.[31] A major road (Surya Sen Road) parallel to the Hooghly river connects Baranagar Bazaar with Dakshineswar. In between temples such as Kaancher Mandir (i.e. Glass Temple),[33] Joy Mitra Kali Bari[34] and Pathbari are located.

Portuguese colonist first established their business camp here, which was in existence till 1862. Dutch settlers established their ‘Kuthi’ or office for business. Dutch supremacy ended with the arisen of British power in Bengal. M/s. Colvin Cow II Co. was the pioneer of industrial Baranagar. They founded a Sugar Mill near Alambazar. Later George Henderson founded Borneo Jute Factory at that site.[35] In 1859, the factory was renamed Baranagar Jute Factory and is still in existence. The Baranagar Jute Factory was the first mechanical Jute Factory in India. During the two World Wars, many engineering factories were set up in Baranagar, and the town became famous as Industrial City. To provide civic amenities, North Suburban Municipality was formed in 1869 consisting of Chitpur and Cossipore (presently under Kolkata M.C.), all mouzas of present Baranagar Municipal Area along with Kamarhati, Ariadaha and Dakshineswar mouzas of present Kamarhati Municipality. In 1881 North Suburban Municipality was divided into two parts, 1) Cossipore- Chitpur Municipality (later amalgamated with Kolkata Municipal area) and 2) Baranagar Municipality. On 01.08.1899, Kamarhati Municipality was formed, parting Kamarhati and Ariadaha Mouzas from Baranagar. In 1949 Dakshineswar Mouza was parted from Baranagar and merged with Kamarhati Municipality.[23]


In Kuthighat (Baranagar), there is still an old house/lodge of Nigerian merchants.[36][37]

Notable residents

Spiritual Leaders

Academician and Writers

Sports

Entertainment

Others

Geography

Map
5km
3miles
none
River
Hooghly
Nilganj
N
Nilganj (N)
Karna Madhabpur
N
Karna Madhabpur (N)
Nimta
N
Nimta (N)
South Dumdum
M
South Dumdum (M)
North Dumdum
M
North Dumdum (M)
Dum Dum
MV
Dum Dum (M)
Baranagar
M
Belgharia
N
Belgharia (N)
Kamarhati
M
Kamarhati (M)
New Barrackpore
M
New Barrackpore (M)
Agarpara
N
Agarpara (N)
Sodepur
N
Sodepur (N)
Teghari
CT
Teghari (CT)
Chandpur
CT
Chandpur (CT)
Talbandha
CT
Talbandha (CT)
Muragachha
CT
Muragachha (CT)
Bilkanda
CT
Bilkanda (CT)
Ghola
N
Ghola (N)
Panihati
M
Panihati (M)
Khardaha
M
Khardaha (M)
Titagarh
M
Titagarh (M)
Bandipur
CT
Bandipur (CT)
Patulia
CT
Patulia (CT)
Ruiya
CT
Ruiya (CT)
Chak Kanthalia
CT
Chak Kanthalia (CT)
Barrackpore
Cantonment
Barrackpore Cantonment
Barrackpore
M
Barrackpore (M)
Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Satellite view of city Baranagar

Baranagar is located at 22°38′N 88°22′E / 22.64°N 88.37°E / 22.64; 88.37.[66] It has an average elevation of 12 metres (39 feet). It is situated east of the Hooghly River. Baranagar Municipal area lies between Sinthee More and Dunlop.

More particularly to say, the boundary of Baranagar is :- in the east – the Rail line from Sealdah towards Krishnanagar; in the west – the holy river Ganga, in the north – Dakshineshwar and PWD Road and in the south – Cossipore and Sinthee. Dakshineshwar Kali Temple lies just a quarter of a mile from this place. There are many Ganga ghats in Baranagar for example Pramanic ghat, Kuthighat, Kancher mandir or glass temple ghat etc.

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2. The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[67]

Climate

In summer, i.e. from April to June, the weather remains hot and temperatures range from a maximum of 35 °C (95 °F) to a minimum of 26 °C (79 °F).

Monsoon season prevails during beginning-June to mid-September. Also retrieving monsoon from mid-October till mid-November

The weather is quite pleasant, the summers and winters are moderate. The level of moisture increases during summers.[66]

Climate data for Baranagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
29.1
(84.4)
33.5
(92.3)
35.3
(95.5)
35.4
(95.7)
34
(93)
32.3
(90.1)
32.1
(89.8)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
30.3
(86.5)
27
(81)
31.7
(89.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
16.9
(62.4)
21.7
(71.1)
25.1
(77.2)
26
(79)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
25.8
(78.4)
23.9
(75.0)
19.6
(67.3)
14.5
(58.1)
22.2
(71.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20
(0.8)
40
(1.6)
40
(1.6)
60
(2.4)
140
(5.5)
280
(11.0)
400
(15.7)
340
(13.4)
280
(11.0)
140
(5.5)
20
(0.8)
10
(0.4)
1,770
(69.7)
Average rainy days 4 3 4 6 12 18 23 22 18 11 3 1 125
Source: Baranagar Weather[68]

Demographics

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1901 25,432—    
1911 25,895+1.8%
1921 32,084+23.9%
1931 37,050+15.5%
1941 54,451+47.0%
1951 77,126+41.6%
1961 107,837+39.8%
1971 136,842+26.9%
1981 170,343+24.5%
1991 224,831+32.0%
2001 250,768+11.5%
2011 245,213−2.2%
Source: Census of India[69]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Baranagar had a total population of 245,213, of which 126,187 (51%) were males and 119,026 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 16,825. The total number of literates in Baranagar was 208,779 (91.41% of the population over 6 years), male literates are 110,118 (93.69%) and female literates are 98,661 (89%).[2]

As of 2001 India census,[70] Baranagar had a population of 250,615. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baranagar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Languages

Languages spoken in Baranagar City (2011)[71]

  Bengali (81.28%)
   Hindi (14.53%)
   Urdu (1.59%)
   Punjabi (1.17%)
   Odia (0.40%)
  Others (1.04%)
Religions in Baranagar[2]
Religion Percent
Hindus
94.95%
Muslims
2.96%
Sikhs
1.15%
Others†
0.94%
Distribution of religions
Includes Christians, Buddhists, Jains (~0.94%).
Literacy in Baranagar
Literacy Percent
Male
93.69%
Female
89%
All
91.41%

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[12]

Infrastructure

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Baranagar Municipal city covered an area of 7.12 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 160.23 km of roads and both open and closed drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 55 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had 49 primary schools, 33 middle schools, 33 secondary schools, many higher secondary schools and 2 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 2 cinema/theatres and 2 auditorium/ community halls. It had 20 bank branches.[72]

Economy

Baranagar is also economically enriched for "Baranagar Jute Mill".[73] Hessian, sacking, fabrics, carpets and bags from jute (Corchorus spp) are manufactured in here. It is one of the oldest jute mills. The service sector includes the rest of the economy. Baranagar is also home to numerous cotton-processing companies, offset & digital printers and Purushottam Publishers, an academic book publishing company.[74]

Transport

Railways

Baranagar Road railway station

Baranagar Road railway station is situated in Baranagar. It is a Kolkata suburban railway station. It is one of the oldest railway station. Sealdah - Dankuni line's trains pass through this station.[75]

Metro railways

Noapara metro station is situated at Noapara in Baranagar. It is Kolkata Metro's largest station.[76] The extension of Kolkata Metro Line 1 from Dum Dum to Dakshineswar was sanctioned in 2010–11. It was extended up to Noapara in 2013.[77] The subsequent work was held up because of the encroachments on railway land. Baranagar metro station is currently operational. Located adjacent to Baranagar Road railway station this station was inaugurated on 22 February 2021 and commercial run started on the following day.[78][79][80][81]

Road

Barrackpore Trunk Road (part of both SH 1 and SH 2) passes through Baranagar.[82] Belghoria Expressway also passes through Baranagar. Dunlop Crossing is one of the largest crossings near Kolkata which connects Kolkata with Northern suburban areas and Howrah, Hooghly.[83][84][85] Another important road is Gopal Lal Tagore Road which is connected to B.T. Road at Sinthee More (via Kashi Nath Dutta Road), at Tobin More (via Baghajatin Road) and also at Dunlop. Gopal Lal Tagore Road is also connected to Dakshineswar via Deshbandhu Road-Surya Sen Road (through Alambazar). Many buses ply along all these roads.[82]

Ferry

Ferry ghat at Kuthi Ghat in Baranagar

Transport in water pathway is held by boat, launch and bhutbhuti from Baranagar's Kuthi Ghat to Howrah and Belur of Howrah district, Cossipore and Bagbazar of Kolkata district, Uttarpara of Hooghly district, Dakshineshwar and Ariadaha of North 24 Parganas district on the river Ganges.[86][87][88]

Education

University

Indian Statistical Institute

Baranagar houses the headquarters of the Indian Statistical Institute at Bonhooghly.[28] It is an academic institute of national importance as recognised by a 1959 act of the Indian parliament. Established in 1931, this public university of India is focused on statistics.[89]

Colleges

Colleges of Baranagar are:

Schools

Baranagar Narendranath Vidyamandir
Sinthi R B T Vidyapith

Baranagar is also home to many schools providing quality education to the local and neighbourhood people.[93]

  • Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School[94][95] (Senior secondary boys' school)
  • Ramakrishna Mission Centenary Primary School, Baranagore[96] (Primary boys' school)
  • Central Modern School[97][98]
  • Bonhooghly High School
  • Baranagar Vidyamandir
  • Rajkumari School for Girls
  • Mayapith School
  • Baranagar Narendranath Vidyamandir
  • Baranagar Rajkumari Memorial Girls' High School
  • Khalsa Model Senior Secondary School
  • Ananda Ashram Sarada Vidyapith
  • Baranagar Netaji Colony Bharti Girls' Institution
  • Netaji High School
  • Baranagar Rameswar H.S. School
  • Baranagar Victoria School
  • Ashokegarh Adarsha Vidyalaya
  • Jyotinagar Bidyashree Niketan
  • Sinthi R B T Vidyapith
  • Mata Monmohini Secondary School
  • Baranagar Mayapith Girls' High School
  • G D Goenka Public School Dakshineswar (earlier: Delhi Public School North Kolkata)
  • Calcutta Public School, Bidhan Park
  • Baranagar Mohan Girls' High School
  • Alambazar Urdu High School
  • Jyotinagar Vidyashree Niketan

Health facilities

Following hospitals are located in Baranagar:

  • Baranagar State General Hospital[99]
  • Disha Eye Hospital[100]
  • National Institute for Locomotor Disability (NILD)[101]
  • Baine Hospital[102]
  • Baranagar Matri Sadan[103]
  • Indian Institute of Psychometry (IIP)[104]
  • Eskag Sanjeevani Multispeciality Hospital[105]

Culture

Durga Puja at Baranagar in 2018
Kali Puja at Baranagar Ramakrishna Mission in 2013

Baranagar Math near Pramanick ghat is the place where Swami Vivekananda and a few other disciples of Sri Ramakrishna Dev started their spiritual journey that culminated in forming the monastic order later located at Belur Math, the present headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission.[106] Other places worth visiting are Jay Mitra Kalibari, Pramanick Kalibari, and Kouleswar Mandir. Pathbari Mandir is a place where Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the great religious leader, set his foot on his way to Puri nearly five hundred years ago here.[107] In Baranagar a math has been set up very recently, called Alambazar Math in the heritage building where Swami Vivekananda first put up after coming back from abroad.[108] The Annapurna Temple and the newly built Omkarnath Temple are also other two attractions of the "Mahamilan Math".[109] Trailanga Swami Math is also here in Baranagar at Vidyayatan Sarani. There is also an old kalibari in Baranagar Bazar and one in Kutighat and Pramanicghat.

Baranagar has a gurdwara named "Dunlop Gurudwara" near Dunlop Bridge, a church named "St. James' Church, Baranagar"[110] near Sinthee More along with many mosques.

Baranagar is famous for Durga Puja. Popular Durga Puja organizations like Netaji Colony Lowland, Bandhudal Sporting club, Noapara Dadabhai Sangha, Karmi Sangha, Kalakar para, Ashokgarh Sarbojanin, Nainan Bandhav Samiti, Mullick Colony, Shibmandir maath, Satin sen Sangsad, Friend's association, Rabindranagar Yubak brinda - all lie in Baranagar. [111][112][113] In every winter, a circus is organised at 'Sinthi Circus Maidan' named "Ajanta Circus".[114] Annual fairs- textile and handloom fair in March-April season and Durga Puja Sharadiya fair in September-October season in Sinthi More Circus and mela ground.

Jhulanbari in Jhulantala and Pathbari are famous for celebrating the festival of Jhulan Jatra and Rash Jatra.

Baranagar also hosts some of the biggest Kali Puja of Kolkata. Haowa Shokal, Bonhoogly Yubak Sangha, Kalpataru seva samiti, Pally Shanti Sangha, Kalitala Maath and Baranagar Boro Ma are among the popular ones. The annual Saraswati Puja is also widely celebrated in the area.

Christmas celebrations at the Baranagar St.James Church also attracts thousands of visitors.

Kalpataru Utsav held on the New Year's day, the day on which Sri Ramkrishna Became Kalpataru and fulfilled the wishes of his desciples, also attracts thousands of devotees to Baranagar. Devotees visit the infamous Baranagar Math and Ramkrishna Maha Smashan in Baranagar and also the nearby Cossipore Udyanbati and Dakhineshwar Temple.

Recently in 2019, AlamBazar Shyam Mandir has been inaugurated by then Governor of Bengal Jagdeep Dhankhar.

Sports

Baranagar is the birthplace of famous sportspersons who have participated in Olympic Games e.g., archer Dola Banerjee,[115] Rahul Banerjee, Atanu Das.[116]

Many sport academies and sporting clubs are situated in Baranagar:[117]

Tourist attractions

Several educational institutions, religious places, pilgrims, heritage buildings, places of Baranagar are tourist attractions of many people.[123]

Besides these, many people come in Baranagar every year in Durga Puja period, in the time of "Ajanta Circus".

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ Typically pronounced /ˈbɑːrnɑːɡɑːr/ in the English-speaking world.
  2. ^ Typically pronounced [ˈbɔraɦˌnɔɡor] in the Bengali-speaking world.

References

  1. ^ "History of North 24 Parganas district". Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  3. ^ Singh, Ravi S (5 June 2019). "Centre shows urgency in TMC-ruled West Bengal; clears projects". m.tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 21 November 2019.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Baranagar Municipality - Right to Information Act". Baranagar Municipality. Archived from the original on 3 January 2022. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  5. ^ "Municipal General Election Results". Results of Municipal General Elections 2015. West Bengal State Election Commission. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Official District Administration site". Archived from the original on 15 January 2007.
  7. ^ a b "Welcome to www.baranagarmunicipality.org". Archived from the original on 7 July 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Tapas Roy, the MLA of Baranagar". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  9. ^ "2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election result of Baranagar". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Mamata cabinet to get 4 new members today". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Kolkata: Four new ministers sworn in". The Indian Express. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  13. ^ a b Census of India; Population Finder Population at the 2001-03-01 Census, final results. Retrieved on 13 March 2022.
  14. ^ a b Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal; Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001 Retrieved on 13 March 2022.
  15. ^ "Pin Code of Alambazar, Baranagar". pincode.india-server.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  16. ^ "Pin Code of Baranagar". pincode.india-server.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  17. ^ "Pin Code of Noapara, Baranagar". pincode.india-server.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Pin Code of Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Baranagar". pincode.india-server.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  19. ^ "India Dial Codes". dialcode.org.
  20. ^ "REGISTRATION OF VEHICLE". transport.wb.gov.in. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  21. ^ a b "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18 dated 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  22. ^ "Baranagar Police Station". barrackporecitypolice.in. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  23. ^ a b c d e Guha, Subhanil; Dey, Anindita (4 April 2016). "DEMOGRAPHICAL VIEW OF BARANAGAR MUNICIPALITY FROM 1991-2001" (PDF). oaji.net. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  24. ^ Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917], Peter Roach; James Hartmann; Jane Setter (eds.), English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 3-12-539683-2
  25. ^ a b Wells, John (3 April 2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Pearson Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  26. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh
  27. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority". kmdaonline.org. Archived from the original on 3 December 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  28. ^ a b c "ISI Kolkata Campus". Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  29. ^ a b "Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Baranagar, Kolkata". Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  30. ^ Mukherjee, Mita (29 June 2000). "MADHYAMIK HANDS CITY TOKEN PRESENCE ON MERIT LIST". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  31. ^ a b Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, pp 806–807, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  32. ^ "Municipal History". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  33. ^ "Kancher Mandir, Baranagar (Kolkata)". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  34. ^ Shilpa (14 October 2019). "Kripamayee Kali Temple, Baranagar". bharat temples.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  35. ^ “Industrial Railways and Locomotives of India and South Asia” compiled by Simon Darvill. Published by ‘The Industrial Railway Society’ 2013. ISBN 978 1 901556 82-7. Available at http://irsshop.co.uk/India. Reference: Entry WB125 page ....
  36. ^ Biswas, Siddhartha (21 March 2020). "Baranagar - Peregrine's Progress". Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  37. ^ Deb, Soham (28 July 2020). "A heritage walk in this little-known gem made me aware of its links to Subhas Chandra Bose". Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  38. ^ a b c "History of Baranagar Municipality". Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  39. ^ "Brief history of Baranagar Math". Ramakrishna Mission, Baranagar. Archived from the original on 18 November 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  40. ^ "Ramakrishna Math, Mayal, Ichapur". Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  41. ^ "Guru's word was gospel to him". The Hindu. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  42. ^ "Swami Ramakrishnananda". Belur Math. 5 March 2021. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  43. ^ "Swami Brahmananda". Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  44. ^ "Rath route to boost Vaishnava site tourism". The Telegraph. 13 July 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Monastic Disciples of Sri Ramakrishna". Ramakrishna Math & Ramakrishna Mission Kamarpukur. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  46. ^ Swami, Resident (15 January 2011). "Swami Tathagatananda". Vedanta Society of New York. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  47. ^ a b "A treasured companionship". The Statesman. 8 July 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  48. ^ "Not fair". The Telegraph. 10 February 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  49. ^ "Saradindu Bandyopadhyay - Biographical Sketch". Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  50. ^ "Sanjib Chattopadhyay's Din Ani Din Khai". Blind Persons' Association. 28 February 2019.
  51. ^ "Everester dies in Nepal climb". www.telegraphindia.com.
  52. ^ Shuvro Ghoshal. "From Baranagar to Shanghai: The unsung journey of Indian archer Atanu Das". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  53. ^ "Dola Banerjee, biography". archeryworldcup.org. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011.
  54. ^ Roy, Anshuman (9 October 2010). "Dola & Co. hit bull's eye - Men's team of Rahul, Tarundeep and Jayanta settle for bronze". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  55. ^ Uttam Mandal. "যাদুগুরু গণপতি চক্রবর্তী ও তাঁর যাদু কথা" (in Bengali). risingbengal.in. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  56. ^ Zinia Sen (12 January 2017). "We had no food for days on end: Sabitri Chatterjee". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  57. ^ Sen, Zinia (12 January 2017). "Shiboprosad, Gunjan in love; set to marry next year!". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  58. ^ "Forgotten patriarch and patriot". The Statesman. 27 January 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  59. ^ "Tanmoy Bhattacharya". ourneta.com. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  60. ^ "নেই কোনও ঋণ, সস্ত্রীক প্রায় কোটি টাকার সম্পত্তি, হলফনামায় জানালেন বামনেতা তন্ময়" (in Bengali). Anandabazar Patrika. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  61. ^ a b "Barrackpore Subdivision - Eminent Personalities". Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  62. ^ "SILENT TEARS FOR KARGIL HERO ON BIRTHDAY ". The Telegraph. 6 August 1999. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  63. ^ Mukhopadhya, Ashok Kumar (15 August 2021). "মৃত্যুঞ্জয়ী". Ei Samay (in Bengali). Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  64. ^ Subodhchandra Sengupta & Anjali Basu, Vol I (2002). Sansad Bangali Charitavidhan (Bengali). Kolkata: Sahitya Sansad. p. 866. ISBN 81-85626-65-0.
  65. ^ Akhandananda, Swami (2013). From Holy Wanderings to Service of God In Man. Lulu Press. ISBN 978-13-04722-76-8.
  66. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Baranagar, India". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  67. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  68. ^ "Weather Information of Baranagar". meteovista.com. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  69. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  70. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  71. ^ 2011 census data censusindia.gov.in
  72. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  73. ^ "LIST OF INDIAN JUTE MILLS" (PDF). jutecomm.gov.in. Office of the Jute Commission. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  74. ^ Roy Chowdhury, Joy (September 2009). "Looking East". Kolkata. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  75. ^ "BARN/Baranagar Road railway station". India Rail Info. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  76. ^ "Kolkata's largest Metro station to open today". ndtv.com. NDTV. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  77. ^ "Metro Railway, Kolkata". Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  78. ^ "Dakshineswar Metro by 2019 Pujas: says Chairman, Railway Board". Rail News 6 March 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  79. ^ "Land cloud over Dakshineswar Metro set to lift". The Telegraph, 13 October 2017. Archived from the original on 25 July 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  80. ^ "Dakshineswar won't feature in Metro map by December 2019". The Times of India, 14 October 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  81. ^ Team, BS Web. "LIVE: Bengal has made up its mind for 'poriborton', says PM Modi in Hooghly". Business Standard. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  82. ^ a b Google maps
  83. ^ "Bus route". The Calcutta Tramways Company [1978] Ltd. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  84. ^ "Bus Services".
  85. ^ "1 to 259 - Kolkata Private Buses". sites.google.com.[permanent dead link]
  86. ^ "Ferry Service". wbtc.co.in. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  87. ^ Team MP (21 October 2019). "Suvendu Adhikari flags off Kuthighat ferry service". millenniumpost.in. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  88. ^ Moulick, Amit (22 October 2019). "West Bengal floats ferry hope to bypass Tallah Bridge woes". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  89. ^ "UNSD Document – The Indian Statistical Institute Act 1959". United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  90. ^ "Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Mahavidyalaya | NAAC Accredited College". Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Mahavidyalaya.
  91. ^ "MSME - Development Institute, Kolkata". Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  92. ^ "Central Modern College of Education". Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  93. ^ "Affiliated Schools of West Bengal Board of secondary Education".
  94. ^ "Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Baranagore". Archived from the original on 21 October 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  95. ^ a b "Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Baranagar Mission". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  96. ^ "RAMAKRISHNA MISSION CENTENARY PRIMARY SCHOOL, BARANAGORE". Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  97. ^ "Central Modern School, Baranagar". Kolkata. December 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  98. ^ "Central Modern School, Baranagar". Kolkata. December 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  99. ^ "Baranagar State General Hospital". Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  100. ^ "Disha Eye Hospitals". 14 June 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  101. ^ "National Institute for Locomtor Disabilities (Divyangjan)". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  102. ^ "Baine Hospital". LABOUR COMMISSIONERATE, Labour Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  103. ^ "Baranagar Matri Sadan". mobida.in.
  104. ^ "IIP India". www.iipindia.co.in.
  105. ^ "ESKAG SANJEEVANI MULTISPECIALITY HOSPITAL". Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  106. ^ a b "RKM – Index". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  107. ^ "Sri Bhagavatacharya's residence, Baranagar Path Bari". thegaudiyatreasuresofbengal.com. 11 November 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  108. ^ a b "AlambazarMath". Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  109. ^ "Akhil Bharat Jai Guru Sampradaya". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  110. ^ "St. James' Church – Baranagar". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  111. ^ "Biswa Bangla Sharad Samman 2019, List of Winners" (PDF). wb.gov.in (in Bengali and English). Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  112. ^ Gupta, Saibal (4 October 2019). "West Bengal government announces 'Biswa Bangla Sarad Samman 2019'". m.timesofindia.com. The Times of India. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  113. ^ Bishwabijoy Mitra (17 October 2019). "City Pujas' effort to preserve idols". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  114. ^ Kumar, S. "Famous Circus Kolkata - Circus Show Tickets, Timings, Venue - Sinthee More Circus Maidan".
  115. ^ "Former archers Dola, Rahul to organise vaccination drive for state's sportspersons". 2 June 2021.
  116. ^ "Tokyo Olympics: Know Your Olympian - Atanu Das, Archery". 12 July 2021.
  117. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 January 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  118. ^ "Bandhudal Sporting Club | Homepage". www.bandhudalsportingclub.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  119. ^ Shamik Chakraborty. "Archery's Hope". Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  120. ^ "Baranagar Archery Club - Google Search". www.google.com.
  121. ^ "The goal of the goal is to run away". Ei Samay. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  122. ^ "Team info". t.justdial.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  123. ^ "Initiative to declare cities along the bank of Hooghly as heritage cities". All India Trinamool Congress. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  124. ^ a b "Tourist attractions in Baranagar". wbtourismgov.in. Department of Tourism Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  125. ^ "Barrackpore Subdivision - Heritage Sites". Retrieved 18 November 2019.

External links

Photos