2024 Balochistan bombings

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2024 Balochistan bombings
Part of the Insurgency in Balochistan
LocationPishin District and Killa Saifullah, Balochistan, Pakistan[1]
Date7 February 2024
Target2024 elections campaign
Attack type
Bombing
Deaths28–30+[2]
Injured40+[2]
PerpetratorIslamic State – Khorasan Province[3]

On 7 February 2024, twin bombings killed at least 30 people in Balochistan Province of Pakistan,[4] targeting political campaign offices on the eve of the 2024 general election.[5] At least 40 people were reported injured.[2] The Islamic State (ISIS) claimed responsibility for both bombings, and said both attacks were carried out by motorbikes rigged with explosives.[6]

Background

In the runup to the general election on 8 February, several attacks targeting election-related facilities had occurred in Balochistan Province, some of which were claimed by the Baloch Liberation Army, which had urged a boycott of the vote.[4] More than two dozen attacks were reported across the province in the week before the bombings, while caretaker provincial home minister Muhammad Zubair Jamali said that almost 80% of Balochistan's 5,028 polling stations had been declared "sensitive".[5] Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Fazl) (JUI-F), whose offices were targeted in the second attack, had previously seen one of its rallies targeted by a suicide bombing claimed by the Islamic State – Khorasan Province in July 2023.[7]

Events

The first blast, caused by an IED which was planted on a motorbike, killed at least 16 people outside the office of independent candidate Asfand Yar Khan Kakar in Pishin.[8][9] ISIL claimed it was targeting an election gathering.[10][11] Pishin Deputy Commissioner Jumadad Mandokhail said that all the victims were supporters of Kakar, and that the bombing occurred in Khanozai bazar.[12] Another 23 people were injured. The injured were taken to the Medical Superintendent Tehsil Headquarters Hospital for treatment. The attack reportedly occurred while the candidate was meeting his polling agent, according to the BBC.[4] About an hour-and-a-half later, a second explosion at the offices of the JUI-F killed 12 people and injured 18, four critically, in a bazaar in the Qilla Saifullah District.[4][13][7] The deputy commissioner of Qilla Saifullah said the explosion originated from a device planted on a motorcycle parked near the office.[14] At the time of the explosion, there were a large number of workers inside the building according to police reports. Some of the injured were airlifted by helicopter to the provincial capital, Quetta.[5][2]

Aftermath

The Foreign Ministry announced the closure of the country's borders with Afghanistan and Iran until 9 February to ensure security during the election.[10]

The Islamic State claimed responsibility for both attacks in a statement posted on Telegram.[15][10] They released a statement on its affiliated Amaq News Agency taking responsibility for the bombings, claiming that the bombing in Pishin killed and wounded around 45 "apostates", and the bombing in Killa Saifullah killed and wounded another 35.[2] On 9 February, Inter-Services Public Relations, the media wing of the Pakistani military, issued a statement claiming the mastermind of the bombings was killed during an intelligence-based operation. According to them, Abdul Shakoor of ISIS, who allegedly planned to conduct further high-profile attacks in Balochistan, was killed during an exchange of fire in Killa Saifullah district.[16]

Reactions

Domestic

President Arif Alvi condemned the attacks and expressed sympathies to the families of the victims of the attack.[citation needed] Caretaker Prime Minister Anwaar ul Haq Kakar denounced the bombings and expressed condolences to the families of the dead, vowing that "every attempt to sabotage the law and order situation will be thwarted" and pledging the government's commitment to hold elections peacefully. The Balochistan provincial government announced three days of mourning but emphasized that the elections will take place as scheduled.[7][17] PML-N leader Nawaz Sharif condemned the attacks, saying that they "cannot dampen our spirits".[5] Former President Asif Ali Zardari and Pakistan People's Party Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari both condemned the attacks, expressing "deep sorrow and regret" over the loss of lives. Bilawal said that the planners of the attack should be "punished severely" according to the law, and that targeting civilians is a barbaric act.[18]

International

British High Commissioner to Pakistan Jane Marriott said that she was "appalled" by the attacks and condemned "those seeking to prevent people from voting".[14]

The Egyptian Foreign Ministry condemned the attacks and expressed condolences and sympathy to the government and people of Pakistan. It also reaffirmed its stance against terrorism, calling upon nations to cut off funding sources and to not allow safe havens for terrorists.[19]

The spokesperson of the Iranian embassy in Islamabad denounced the bombings and expressed condemnation over the loss of lives and injuries caused by the incident. He also conveyed Iran's solidarity with the Pakistani people.[20]

The Saudi Arabian Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemned the bombings "in the strongest terms", affirming its stance against terrorism and extremism and expressing solidarity with Pakistan and its people.[21]

The Emirati Ministry of Foreign Affairs affirmed the UAE's strong condemnation of such criminal acts and its permanent rejection of all forms of violence and terrorism. The ministry expressed its sincere condolences and sympathy to Pakistan's government and the victim's families, as well as its wishes for a speedy recovery to all those injured.[22]

Organizations

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres "strongly condemned" the bombings, and his spokesperson added that the attacks were "clearly related" to the elections being held the following day.[23]

Amnesty International voiced concern over the escalation of violence targeting election candidates and political entities, particularly in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa following the bombings. It condemned the violence, calling it a "blatant infringement on the democratic process" and a violation of human rights.[24]

References

  1. ^ "28 killed, several injured in bombings in Pakistan day before general elections". Arab News PK. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 10 February 2024. Retrieved 9 February 2024.
  2. ^ a b c d e "At least 30 dead in Balochistan explosions, day before Pakistan election". CNN. 8 February 2024. Archived from the original on 8 February 2024. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  3. ^ "Bomb Blasts Kill 30 in Pakistan Ahead of Thursday's Elections". Voice of America. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  4. ^ a b c d Fraser, Simon; Baloch, Saher (7 February 2024). "Pakistan election: Two deadly blasts in Balochistan day before vote". BBC News. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  5. ^ a b c d Baloch, Shah Meer (7 February 2024). "At least 30 killed in two bombings at election offices in Pakistan". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  6. ^ "Bomb blasts kill dozens day before Pakistan vote". BBC News. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  7. ^ a b c Sattar, Abdul; Ahmed, Munir (7 February 2024). "Bombings at Pakistani political offices kill at least 30 a day before parliamentary elections". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  8. ^ "Pakistan polls 2024: Blasts target candidates' offices, at least 30 killed on eve of election". The Times of India. 7 February 2024. ISSN 0971-8257. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  9. ^ Greenfield, Charlotte; Shahzad, Asif (7 February 2024). "Blasts near Pakistan candidates' offices kill 26 on eve of election". The Star. Archived from the original on 10 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  10. ^ a b c "Twin bombings kill at least 28 as Pakistan prepares for elections". Al Jazeera. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  11. ^ "28 killed as back-to-back blasts hit Balochistan on eve of general elections". Dawn News. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  12. ^ "26 perish in simultaneous Balochistan blasts". The Express Tribune. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 9 February 2024.
  13. ^ "Pakistan explosions: At least 30 killed in blasts outside election candidates' offices". Sky News. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  14. ^ a b "Deadly twin blasts target Pakistani candidate offices on election eve". France 24. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  15. ^ Baloch, Shah Meer (8 February 2024). "Islamic State claims responsibility for bombings on eve of Pakistan election". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 9 February 2024.
  16. ^ "Mastermind of deadly Balochistan blasts killed in Qilla Saifullah IBO". The Express Tribune. 9 February 2024. Archived from the original on 10 February 2024. Retrieved 9 February 2024.
  17. ^ "At least 26 killed, 50 injured as two separate blasts target political offices in Balochistan". Geo TV. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  18. ^ "Zardari, Bilawal condemn terror attacks in Balochistan". Business Recorder. 8 February 2024. Archived from the original on 8 February 2024. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  19. ^ "Egypt condemns Pakistan terrorist attacks on eve of general elections". Egypt Today. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 8 February 2024. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  20. ^ "Iran Strongly Condemns Baluchistan Terrorist Attack". Khyber News. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 8 February 2024. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  21. ^ "Saudi Arabia condemns militant attacks in Pakistan's Balochistan". Arab News PK. 8 February 2024. Archived from the original on 10 February 2024. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  22. ^ "UAE condemns terror attacks in Pakistan". Dubai Eye 103.8. Archived from the original on 9 February 2024. Retrieved 10 February 2024.
  23. ^ "UN 'Strongly' Condemns Pakistan Bomb Attacks On Election Eve". Barron's. Archived from the original on 10 February 2024. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  24. ^ "Amnesty 'alarmed' by pre-polls unrest in Pakistan". The Express Tribune. 7 February 2024. Archived from the original on 7 February 2024. Retrieved 8 February 2024.