The Ring (2002 film)

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The Ring
Theatrical release poster
Directed byGore Verbinski
Screenplay byEhren Kruger
Based on
Produced by
CinematographyBojan Bazelli
Edited byCraig Wood
Music byHans Zimmer
Distributed byDreamWorks Pictures
Release date
  • October 18, 2002 (2002-10-18)
Running time
115 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States[2]
Budget$48 million[3]
Box office$249.3 million[3]

The Ring is a 2002 American supernatural horror film directed by Gore Verbinski from a screenplay by Ehren Kruger, starring Naomi Watts, Martin Henderson, David Dorfman, Brian Cox, and Daveigh Chase. It is a remake of Hideo Nakata's 1998 Japanese horror film Ring, based on Koji Suzuki's 1991 eponymous novel. Watts portrays a journalist who investigates a cursed videotape that seemingly kills the viewer seven days after watching it.

The Ring was released theatrically on October 18, 2002, and received mostly positive reviews, with critics praising the atmosphere, visuals, and Watts's performance. The film grossed over $249 million worldwide on a $48 million production budget, making it one of the highest-grossing horror remakes. It is the first installment of the English-language Ring series, and is followed by The Ring Two (2005) and Rings (2017).

The Ring paved the way for English-language remakes of Asian horror films, such as The Grudge, Dark Water, Shutter, and The Eye.


At a suburban home in Seattle, Washington, two friends - Katie Embry and Becca Kotler - discuss their town’s resident legend of a cursed videotape, which kills the viewer after seven days. Katie claims she watched the tape a week ago with her boyfriend, Josh Turandot, and two other friends, Stacey Miller and Scott Conroy. Minutes later, an unseen force kills her.

At Katie's funeral, her aunt, Rachel Keller, asks Katie's mother, Ruth Embry, about her sudden death. Rachel begins investigating her death, learning that Josh, Stacey and Scott all died at 10 PM on the same night as Katie, all with disfigured appearances. Rachel travels to Shelter Mountain Inn where the four stayed, discovering the cursed videotape, which contains monotone, disturbing imagery, and watching it in Cabin 12. Once the tape ends, an unknown caller contacts Rachel, whispering "seven days".

Rachel recruits her ex-boyfriend Noah Clay, the father of her young son Aidan, to study the tape, copying it after he watches the original. Rachel begins experiencing supernatural phenomena throughout the week, haunted by a young girl with soaking wet long black hair. Investigating the tape's imagery leads Rachel to Moesko Island horse breeder Anna Morgan, who committed suicide after her prize-winning horses drowned themselves. After a strange nightmare, Rachel awakens to a hand-shaped burn mark on her left arm. She finds Aidan watching the tape, and discovers that Noah is also experiencing supernatural occurrences.

Rachel travels to Moesko Island to speak to Anna's widower, Richard. On the ferry journey, a horse leaps to its death after Rachel’s presence spooks it. Noah goes to Eola County Psychiatric Hospital to view Anna's medical files. Both separately discover Anna had an adopted daughter, Samara, who could psychically etch mental images onto surfaces and into people’s and animals’ minds. Rachel tries to discuss Samara with Richard, but he denies her existence.

Rachel speaks with Dr. Grasnik, the island's general practitioner, who explains Samara was adopted due to Anna's infertility, and that Anna had only been seeing "horrible things" when she was around Samara, thus recommending them to admit her to the Eola County Psychiatric Hospital. Later on, Rachel sneaks into the Morgan farmhouse, finds and plays a VHS tape of Samara in a psychotherapy session claiming her abilities are uncontrollable, and admitting to wanting to hurt her parents because they "love the horses more than they love her." Sometime after the taped psychotherapy sessions, Samara drove all the horses to suicide.

After the tape ends, Richard strikes Rachel with a horse bridle, taking the TV upstairs. Rachel follows him up the stairs and into the bathroom, where, having been severely mentally scarred by Samara and aware she still lives, he electrocutes himself in a flooded bathtub. Noah arrives, calming Rachel, and the two break into the barn, where Samara was kept isolated. They find a burnt image of a tree under the wallpaper of her barn bedroom, which Rachel recognizes from Shelter Mountain.

They return to the Inn at Cabin 12, still feeling stuck. Frustrated, Noah detaches the phone from the wall, knocking a vase of marbles to the floor. The marbles roll to a dip, which then uncovers burnt wood. Noah breaks through the floor with a fire axe, finding a stone well under the floorboards; the final image on the tape. Rachel falls in the well after the floor collapses, visualizing Anna suffocating Samara and throwing her down the well where she died seven days later, her last sight being the titular ring of daylight around the well's cap. Samara's corpse surfaces after Noah tells Rachel that the seven-day deadline has passed. The authorities assure the pair that it will be properly buried.

The next day, Rachel tells Aidan that liberating Samara has lifted the curse. A distressed Aidan chastises her, explaining "she never sleeps". After Samara's vengeful ghost kills Noah in his apartment, Rachel, upon finding his disfigured corpse, returns home and destroys the original tape, pondering Noah's death before realizing that unlike him, she copied the tape. As they copy the copy together, Aidan asks a silent Rachel what will happen to whoever watches the new tape.




The Ring went into production without a completed script.[4] Ehren Kruger wrote three drafts of the screenplay before Scott Frank came on to do an uncredited rewrite. Verbinski was initially inspired to do a remake of Ring after Walter F. Parkes sent him a VHS copy of the original Japanese film, which he describes as "intriguing", "Pulp" and "avant-garde".

Producer Neal Edelstein offered the remake to David Lynch to direct, but he turned it down.[citation needed] The original WGA-approved credits listed Hiroshi Takahashi (writer of the original 1998 screenplay for Ring) but his name is absent from the final print.

Several actresses were offered the role of Rachel Keller, including Jennifer Love Hewitt, but she turned it down.[5] But Gore Verbinski didn’t want any big stars playing the roles of Rachael Keller and Noah Clay.[6]

The film also sought to retain the minimalism that was prevalent throughout Ring and was decidedly set in Seattle, due to its "wet and isolated" atmosphere. Verbinski also admitted to not wanting to cast "big stars" as he wanted his film to be "discovered" and describes the wave of harsh criticism from hardcore fans of the original Japanese film as "inevitable" although he expressed desire for hardcore fans of the original to find the remake equally as compelling.[4]


The Ring was shot in 2001, primarily in Washington state in numerous locations, including Seattle, Port Townsend, Whidbey Island, Bellingham, Monroe, and Stanwood.[7] The Yaquina Head Lighthouse in Newport, Oregon was also used as a filming location,[8] as well as Oregon's Columbia River Gorge.


The film features an original score composed by Hans Zimmer (who would later collaborate on Gore Verbinski's other works). The soundtrack release did not coincide with the film's theatrical run. It was released in 2005, accompanying The Ring Two in an album that combined music from both The Ring and The Ring Two. The soundtrack contains a few themes associated with the characters, moods, and locations, including multiple uses of the Dies Irae theme.[citation needed] The score makes use of string instruments, pianos, and synthesizers.[citation needed]

The Ring / The Ring Two (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Film score by
ReleasedMarch 15, 2005

All music is composed by Hans Zimmer, Henning Lohner, and Martin Tillman.

The Ring / The Ring Two (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
1."The Well"Hans Zimmer, Henning Lohner11:24
2."Before You Die You See the Ring"Hans Zimmer7:09
3."This is Going to Hurt"Hans Zimmer, Martin Tillman2:48
4."Burning Tree"Hans Zimmer, Henning Lohner, Martin Tillman, Trevor Morris10:13
5."Not Your Mommy"Hans Zimmer, Henning Lohner, Clay Duncan3:59
6."Shelter Mountain"Hans Zimmer, Martin Tillman, Trevor Morris4:10
7."The Ferry"Hans Zimmer, Henning Lohner, Martin Tillman, Trevor Morris, Bart Hendrickson3:15
8."I'll Follow Your Voice"Hans Zimmer, Henning Lohner6:28
9."She Never Sleeps (remix)" 2:17
10."Let the Dead Get In (remix)" 3:59
11."Seven Days (remix)" 3:24
12."Television (remix)" 4:00
Total length:63:50



In order to advertise The Ring, many promotional websites were formed featuring the characters and places in the film. The video from the cursed videotape was played in late night programming over the summer of 2002 without any reference to the film. Physical VHS copies were also randomly distributed outside of movie theaters by placing the tapes on the windshields of people's cars.[citation needed]

Box office

The Ring opened theatrically in the United States on October 18, 2002, on 1,981 screens, and grossed $15,015,393 during its opening weekend.[3] The film went on to become a sleeper hit,[9] leading DreamWorks to expand its release to 700 additional theaters.[3] It ultimately grossed $129,128,133 in the United States.[3] In Japan, the film earned $8.3 million in the first two weeks of its release.[10] Worldwide, the film grossed a total of $249,348,933.[3]

Critical reception

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 71% based on 207 reviews, with an average rating of 6.60/10. The site's critics consensus reads, "With little gore and a lot of creepy visuals, The Ring gets under your skin, thanks to director Gore Verbinski's haunting sense of atmosphere and an impassioned performance from Naomi Watts."[11] Metacritic assigned the film a weighted average score of 57 out of 100, based on 36 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[12] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B–" on an A+ to F scale.[13]

On Ebert & Roeper, Richard Roeper gave the film "Thumbs Up" and said it was very gripping and scary despite some minor unanswered questions. Roger Ebert gave the film "Thumbs Down" and felt it was boring and "borderline ridiculous"; he also disliked the extended, detailed ending.[14] IGN's Jeremy Conrad praised the movie for its atmospheric set up and cinematography, and said that "there are 'disturbing images'… but the film doesn't really rely on gore to deliver the scares… The Ring relies on atmosphere and story to deliver the jumps, not someone being cleaved in half by a glass door" (referencing a scene from Thirteen Ghosts).[15] Film Threat's Jim Agnew called it "dark, disturbing and original throughout. You know that you're going to see something a little different than your usual studio crap."[16] Verbinski was praised for slowly revealing the plot while keeping the audience interested, "the twists keep on coming, and Verbinski shows a fine-tuned gift for calibrating and manipulating viewer expectations."

Despite the praise given to Verbinski's direction, critics described the characters as weak. The Chicago Reader's Jonathan Rosenbaum said that the film was "an utter waste of Watts… perhaps because the script didn't bother to give her a character",[17] whereas other critics such as William Arnold from Seattle Post-Intelligencer said the opposite: "she projects intelligence, determination and resourcefulness that carry the movie nicely."[18] Many critics[who?] regarded Dorfman's character as a "creepy-child" "Sixth Sense cliché."[citation needed] A large sum of critics, like Miami Herald's Rene Rodriguez and USA Today's Claudia Puig found themselves confused and thought that by the end of the movie "[the plot] still doesn't make much sense".[citation needed]

The film ranked number 20 on the cable channel Bravo's list of The 100 Scariest Movie Moments. Bloody Disgusting ranked the film sixth in their list of the "Top 20 Horror Films of the Decade", with the article saying that "The Ring was not only the first American 'J-Horror' remake out of the gate; it also still stands as the best."[19]


Year Award Category Nomination (s) Results
2002 Saturn Awards Best Movie Horror Won
Best Actress Naomi Watts Won
2003 MTV Movie Awards Best Movie Nominated
Best Villain Daveigh Chase Won
Teen Choice Awards Best Movie Horror Won


A sequel, The Ring Two, was released in 2005. A short film titled Rings was also released in 2005, and is set between The Ring and The Ring Two. A third installment, also titled Rings, was released in 2017.


The success of The Ring opened the way for American remakes of several other Japanese horror films, including The Grudge and Dark Water.[10]

See also


  1. ^ "The Ring (15)". British Board of Film Classification. October 21, 2002. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  2. ^ "The Ring". American Film Institute. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "The Ring (2002)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 24, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Interview with Gore Verbinski". 2002. Archived from the original on March 2, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  5. ^ "The Most Interesting/Fun Horror Movie Facts". May 14, 2020.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 2, 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Lloyd, Sarah Anne (October 14, 2019). "Relive 'The Ring' in these spooky Seattle-area locations". Curbed. Archived from the original on May 24, 2022.
  8. ^ Seibold, Witney (December 28, 2021). "The Haunted History Of The Lighthouse From The Ring". /Film. Archived from the original on May 24, 2022.
  9. ^ "The Ring review". Empire. 2003. Archived from the original on May 24, 2022.
  10. ^ a b Friend, Tad. "Remake Man." The New Yorker, June 2, 2003.
  11. ^ "The Ring". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  12. ^ "The Ring". Metacritic. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  13. ^ "Find CinemaScore" (Type "Ring" in the search box). CinemaScore. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
  14. ^ Ebert, Roger (October 18, 2002). "The Ring Movie Review & Film Summary (2002)". RogerEbert. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  15. ^ Conrad, Jeremy (February 28, 2003). "The Ring". IGN. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  16. ^ "The Ring". FilmSpot. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 19, 2007.
  17. ^ "The Ring". The Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 19, 2007.
  18. ^ Arnold, William (October 12, 2002). "'The Ring' is plenty scary but the plot is a bit hairy". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  19. ^ "00's Retrospect: Bloody Disgusting's Top 20 Films of the Decade...Part 3". Bloody Disgusting. December 17, 2009. Retrieved March 1, 2019.

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