Tesla Model Y

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Tesla Model Y
2020 Tesla Model Y, front 8.1.20.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerTesla, Inc.
Production2020–present
Assembly
Body and chassis
ClassCompact luxury crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutRear-motor, rear-wheel drive
Dual-motor, all-wheel drive (AWD models)
Related
Powertrain
Electric motorPermanent Magnet Synchronous Reluctance Motor
Battery75 kWh lithium ion
Electric range
  • 303 mi (488 km) Performance (EPA-rated)
  • 326 mi (525 km) Long Range AWD (EPA-rated)
  • 244 mi (393 km) Standard Range (EPA-rated)
Dimensions
Wheelbase113.8 in (2,891 mm)
Length187 in (4,750 mm)
Width75.6 in (1,920 mm)
Height63.9 in (1,623 mm)
Curb weight
  • Long Range AWD: 4,416 lb (2,003 kg) Performance AWD: 4,416 lb (2,003 kg) Standard Range RWD: 3,920 lb (1,780 kg) [2]

The Tesla Model Y is a battery electric compact crossover manufactured by Tesla, Inc. Tesla unveiled it in March 2019,[3] started production at its Fremont plant in January 2020,[4] and started deliveries on March 13, 2020.[5]

It is based on the Model 3 sedan platform.[6] The Model Y shares an estimated 75% of its parts with the Tesla Model 3,[7] which includes a similar interior design and electric powertrain. Model Y offers optional third-row seats for a seven-passenger seating capacity.[8][9][10] The Model Y fills a smaller and less expensive segment than the mid-sized Tesla Model X.[11]

There were four planned powertrain configurations for the Model Y: Standard Range Rear-Wheel Drive (RWD), Long Range Rear-Wheel Drive, Long Range with Dual Motor All-Wheel Drive (AWD), and Performance (with Dual Motor All-Wheel Drive).[12][13] The Long Range AWD model and the Performance model are currently being delivered.[14] The Standard Range RWD configuration was initially canceled in July 2020, due to the range (230 mi or 370 km EPA) being unacceptably low to CEO Elon Musk, but was orderable as of January 2021 (with 244 mi or 393 km of EPA range).[15][16] By February 7, 2021, the Long Range RWD appears to have been cancelled.[17] As of December 6, 2021, Tesla formally notified people who had pre-ordered the Long Range RWD that their chosen configuration is no longer available.[18]

History

Tesla Model 3 (left) and Tesla Model Y (right) side by side

In 2013, Tesla Motors filed to trademark "Model Y".[19]

In 2015, Elon Musk teased a Model 3-based Model Y with falcon-wing doors.[20]

In 2017, the Model Y's silhouette was teased to Tesla shareholders at the annual general meeting in June.[21] Elon Musk also announced that the Model Y would be produced in a new factory, as it was not likely that the Fremont plant would have room to accommodate another production line.[22]

In June 2018, a new silhouette was revealed by CEO Musk. With the new image, it was stated that the Model Y would be formally announced in March 2019.[23] The Model Y announcement had been planned for 2018; however, production problems with the Model 3 resulted in it being pushed to 2019.[24] In October 2018, Elon Musk revealed that he has approved the finalized design for the first production version of the Model Y, however production would not start until 2020.[25] On March 3, 2019, Elon Musk published multiple tweets, announcing the unveiling event and confirming some specifications.[26] Musk confirmed the vehicle would use standard doors, as opposed to the falcon-wing doors used on the Model X.[27]

On March 14, 2019, Elon Musk premiered the Tesla Model Y at an event at Tesla's design studio in Hawthorne, CA, where specifications were announced and the vehicle was shown. Test drives of multiple Model Y vehicles were also offered to attendees after the presentation.[3][28] Due to its larger size, the Y consumes more energy than the 3, and thus has shorter range. The Fremont factory was changed to accommodate production of the Y.[29]

In November 2019, Tesla announced that the Tesla Model Y would be the first vehicle to be assembled at the first European Gigafactory, Giga Berlin.[30][31]

On January 29, 2020, Tesla reported in its Q4 2019 earnings report that Model Y production had already started in the Fremont factory, that one can now place an order for their premium versions with all-wheel drive, and that delivery of Model Y would begin in Q1 2020.[32]

On March 13, 2020, Tesla made their first deliveries of the Model Y, along with publishing its owner's manual.[5]

On August 13, 2020, it was reported that Tesla Fremont would soon activate the world's largest unibody casting machine for Model Y production, switching to casting the rear body in a single piece.[33] Elon Musk told an interviewer that the Berlin-made Model Y is "not just a copy of the Model Y. It’s actually a radical redesign of the core technology of building a car."[34] For the made-in-Berlin Model Y, rear and front portions of the frame will be a single-cast design. Injecting molten aluminum into a cast and having robots pull out the molded metal allows Tesla to combine several manufacturing steps.[35] This manufacturing process is expected to result in significant savings, including lower tool investments, reduced production time, lower number of robots, and a smaller production area.[36]

On June 5, 2020, Tesla launched the Model Y Online design studio for the Chinese market, allowing customers in China to place orders for the upcoming made-in-China Model Y.[37] First delivery of the model was made on January 18, 2021.[38]

Initial production of the made-in-China Model Y began in mid-December 2020 with 250,000 Model Y expected to be produced in 2021 in China alone.[39]

On September 8, 2020, Volkswagen Group Chairperson of the Board of Management, Herbert Diess, wrote about the Model Y: "This car is for us in many aspects (not in all!) a reference: user experience, updatability, driving features, performance of the top of the range models, charging network, range. Big advantage: Model Y was/is thought through as an electric car – as is the ID.3. Many of our competitors still using their ICE platforms. The result: They aren’t getting the best EVs."[40]

On October 7, 2020, Musk tweeted that Giga Berlin Model Y would get single-piece rear and front frame cast, structural battery pack, and new 4680 cells.[41][42]

On January 1, 2021, Tesla started selling the Model Y in China, and it sold out its planned production (an unknown quantity) for Q1 2021 within 6 days.[43]

On January 7, 2021, Tesla released the Standard Range Rear Wheel Drive Model Y as well as the optional 7-seat, third-row seating configuration.[44]

On July 25, 2021, CEO Elon Musk revealed that Tesla was planning to release an updated design for the Model Y by the end of 2021. In addition, Tesla planned to implement their new structural battery pack to improve range. These new cars would be manufactured by the two new Tesla production facilities in Austin, Texas and Berlin, Germany. If Tesla was not able to roll out the new 4680 battery cells by the end of 2021, they would use the standard battery cells until the 4680's are ready.[45]

Center-mounted 15.4-inch (39 cm) LCD touchscreen,[46] sporting the new UI design from Tesla's December 2020 "Holiday Update"[47]
A parked Model Y

Specifications

Specifications[48][49]
Battery Standard Range Long Range
Powertrain RWD RWD (cancelled)[17] AWD Performance
Base price
(US market, includes $1,200 delivery fee)
$43,190[50] $45–48,000 $60,190[51] $65,190[51]
Range (EPA) 244 miles (393 km)[16] 300 miles (483 km)[52] 326 miles (525 km)[32] 303 miles (488 km)[52]
Range (WLTP) 282 miles (455 km) [1] 336 miles (541 km)[53] 298 miles (480 km)[53] 319 miles (514 km) [2]
Acceleration
0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)
5.4 seconds 5.5 seconds advertised[52] 4.8 seconds advertised [53]
4.2 s with $2k USD software option
3.5 seconds advertised[53]
Top Speed 135 mph (217 km/h)[54] 130 mph (209 km/h)[52] 135 mph (217 km/h)[53] 155 mph (249 km/h)[53]
Consumption 13.8 kWh / 100 km[55] 15.8 kWh / 100 km[56]
First US Deliveries or Projected Cancelled Cancelled March 2020[32]
Drag coefficient 0.23[57]
Luggage 68 cu ft (1,926 L) max volume with rear seats down and entire trunk + front trunk (frunk)[58]

Heat pump

The Model Y is Tesla's first car to use a heat pump instead of electric resistance for interior cabin heating.[59][60] Some electric vehicles from other manufacturers, including the Nissan Leaf, BMW i3 EV, Jaguar I-Pace, Audi e-tron, and Kia Niro, had already implemented heat pumps.[61] In cold weather, the Model Y heat pump can be up to 300% more efficient than other Tesla cars' use of electric resistance heating.[62] Because of this, the Model Y should be more energy efficient than other Tesla cars in cold weather.[63] Electric cars can lose 40% or more of their range in cold weather (at ambient temperatures below 20 °F or −7 °C) when heating the interior cabin.[63][64]

During his teardown of the Model Y,[65] auto analyst Sandy Munro found a component that has been referred to as the "octovalve", which appears to be the next iteration of the superbottle component used in the Model 3.[66] Musk has said that the new heat pump system/octovalve is one of the two most significant changes in the Model Y over the Model 3, the other being the new rear underbody casting.[67] The octovalve supports the Model Y heat pump as part of the car's thermal management system.[68][69]

Radar

Vehicles produced since May 2021 lack radar for adaptive cruise control. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has opened an investigation over phantom braking in these new vehicles.[70][71]

Production

Tesla originally announced plans at the unveil to assemble the Model Y at Giga Nevada (in Sparks, Nevada), along with the battery and drivetrain for the vehicles, unlike the Model 3, where drivetrains and batteries are assembled at Giga Nevada, with final assembly completed at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. Two months later, in May 2019, Tesla confirmed that they instead plan to shuffle production lines at the Tesla Fremont Factory to make space for Model Y production.[72] Later, Model Y would also be assembled at Giga Shanghai in China[73] and Giga Berlin in Germany.[30]

United States deliveries started in March 2020 for the Long Range AWD version and the Performance version. Later in 2020, Tesla began shipping cars to the Canadian and Mexican markets.

In November 2020, Tesla signed an agreement with LG Chem to supply battery cells for Model Y production in China.[74]

Safety

NHTSA (US)[75] IIHS (US)[76]
Overall Small overlap front, driver side Good
Frontal, driver Small overlap front, passenger side Good
Frontal, passenger Moderate overlap front Good
Side, driver Side Good
Side, rear passenger Roof strength Good
Side pole Head restraints & seats Good
Rollover / 9.70% Headlights Good / Acceptable (depending on trim)
Front crash prevention, vehicle-to-vehicle Superior
Front crash prevention, vehicle-to-pedestrian Superior
LATCH ease of use Acceptable

See also

References

  1. ^ Carlson, Kara. "Tesla's Austin factory started Model Y production late last year, company reveals". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  2. ^ "Model Y Wiki". Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  3. ^ a b Lambert, Fred (March 15, 2019). "Tesla unveils Model Y electric SUV with 300 miles range and 7-seats". Electrek. Archived from the original on March 15, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  4. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (January 29, 2020). "Tesla Beats Expectations, Declares a Profit, and Has Started Model Y Production". Car and Driver. Hearst. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Dow, Jameson (March 13, 2020). "Tesla Model Y specs: we finally know how big it is". electrek.co. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  6. ^ Nick Jaynes (January 29, 2016). "Tesla is working on multiple variations of the Model 3". Mashable. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  7. ^ Lambert, Fred (April 8, 2020). "Tesla Model Y teardown: shows some great improvements over Model 3 despite sharing 75% of parts". Electrek. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  8. ^ Miguel Cortina (March 15, 2019). "Tesla Model Y First Ride: A Compact Crossover For Canyon Roads". Motor Trend. Archived from the original on March 20, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  9. ^ Lambert, Fred (December 2, 2019). "Tesla Model Y: rare glimpse at third-row seats". Electrek. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  10. ^ Online, Tesla Owners (December 2, 2019). "I took better pictures of the third row seats... sheesh". Twitter. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  11. ^ Fred Lambert (August 2, 2017). "Tesla Model Y is coming to market sooner using Model 3 architecture, says Elon Musk". electrek. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  12. ^ "Tesla Press Information". Tesla. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  13. ^ "2021 Tesla Model Y: Preview, Pricing, Release Date". CarsDirect. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  14. ^ "Design Your Model Y | Tesla". www.tesla.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  15. ^ "Tesla Cancels Sub $40,000 Standard Range Tesla Model Y a| InsideEvs". www.insideevs.com. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  16. ^ a b Hoffman, Connor (January 8, 2021). "Tesla Model Y Adds Standard Range Model and Third-Row Option". Car and Driver. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  17. ^ a b Gurskiy, Denis (February 3, 2021). "It Looks Like Tesla Has Canceled the Long Range RWD Model Y". EVBite. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  18. ^ Mihalascu, Dan (December 6, 2021). "It's Official, Tesla Model Y Long Range RWD Not Going To Happen". Inside EVs. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  19. ^ Santiago Tiongco (April 11, 2016). "If Ford Did Not Block Trademark For Model E, Tesla Would Have Completed A Word After Model S, Model X". Tech Times. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  20. ^ Sebastian Anthony (October 7, 2015). "Elon Musk hints at Tesla Model Y with falcon-wing doors". art tech. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  21. ^ Samuel Gibbs (June 7, 2020). "Tesla teases new Model Y car as cheaper Model 3 nears production". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  22. ^ Tim Higgins (June 6, 2017). "Tesla CEO Elon Musk Signals New Factory for Model Y SUV". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on March 16, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  23. ^ LISA MARIE SEGARRA (June 6, 2018). "Elon Musk Shares a New Image of the Tesla Model Y". Fortune Magazine. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  24. ^ Fred Lambert (October 22, 2018). "Tesla Model Y: what to expect?". Electrek. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  25. ^ Sean O'Kane (October 24, 2018). "Tesla's Model Y crossover is ready for production, Elon Musk says". The Verge. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  26. ^ Musk, Elon (March 3, 2019). "Model Y unveil event on March 14 at LA Design Studio". @elonmusk. Archived from the original on March 3, 2019. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  27. ^ Musk, Elon (March 3, 2019). "Normal". @elonmusk. Archived from the original on April 7, 2019. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  28. ^ Alvarez, Simon (March 15, 2019). "Tesla Model Y test ride: first impressions of Tesla's latest 7-seat SUV (picture)". TESLARATI. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  29. ^ Field, Kyle (June 8, 2019). "Streamlining Manufacturing Of The Tesla Model 3 For The Model Y". CleanTechnica. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. the Model Y is notably larger than the Model 3 and has a larger frontal surface area as a result. Combined with its 8–10% heavier build, that will result in a lower efficiency than the 3
  30. ^ a b "Elon Musk: Tesla is going to build Giga Berlin". Electrek. November 12, 2019. Archived from the original on November 12, 2019. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  31. ^ Die Verleihung des Goldenen Lenkrads 2019: Das sind die besten Autos des Jahres!. AUTO BILD. November 12, 2019.
  32. ^ a b c "Q4 and FY2019 Update". Tesla. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  33. ^ "Tesla Fremont to Soon Activate World's Largest Unibody Casting Machine in Mass Model Y Production". TESMANIAN.
  34. ^ "Elon Musk shares details on Tesla Model Y redesign, battery cell production in Giga Berlin".
  35. ^ "Tesla bets on aluminum casting for German plant". Automotive News Europe. September 8, 2020.
  36. ^ "Karosserie aus einem Guss: "Eine schöne und lohnenswerte Aufgabe"". www.fahrzeug-karosserie.de.
  37. ^ "Tesla Launches Model Y Online Design Studio For Chinese Market". InsideEVs.
  38. ^ Moss, Trefor (January 18, 2021). "Tesla Starts Delivering China-Made Model Y Crossover". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  39. ^ "Tesla Model Y initial production begins in Gigafactory Shanghai". Teslarati.
  40. ^ "Tesla Model Y leaves strong impression on VW's Herbert Diess after test drive".
  41. ^ "Giga Berlin Model Y will get single-piece rear and front frame cast". Twitter. October 7, 2020. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  42. ^ "Tesla Model Y from Giga Berlin will utilize 4680 cells and structural battery pack". Teslarati. October 7, 2020.
  43. ^ Insights, Benzinga EV (January 6, 2021). "Tesla Sells Out Of Q1 Supply Of Model Y In China Just Days After Opening Order Page: Report". Benzinga. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  44. ^ "Tesla launches Model Y with Standard Range RWD and 7-seat third-row option". Electrek. January 8, 2021.
  45. ^ "Tesla Model y: Elon Musk teases 'new design' to reach even more buyers".
  46. ^ "Tesla's Model 3 and Apple's iPhone have a few things in common". July 31, 2017. Archived from the original on July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  47. ^ Merano, Maria (December 25, 2020). "Tesla rolls out 2020 Holiday Update: New Driving Visualizations, Supercharger Display Improvements and more (Release Notes)". Retrieved April 30, 2021.
  48. ^ "Model Y". www.tesla.com. Tesla. Archived from the original on March 15, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  49. ^ "Tesla Model Y Complete Measurement With Interior Info". TESMANIAN.
  50. ^ "Tesla Model Y". Car and Driver.
  51. ^ a b Ramey, Jay (November 17, 2021). "The Tesla Model Y Is Somehow a $60,000 Car Now". Autoweek. Retrieved March 6, 2022.
  52. ^ a b c d "Model Y". US: Tesla. Archived from the original on March 15, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  53. ^ a b c d e f "Model Y". Tesla. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  54. ^ Porter, Jon (January 8, 2021). "Tesla's Model Y now available in cheaper Standard Range option". The Verge. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  55. ^ "Tesla Model Y Long Range Dual Motor". EV Database.
  56. ^ "Tesla Model Y Performance". EV Database.
  57. ^ Model Y Unveil, retrieved February 11, 2020
  58. ^ "Model Y Owner's Manual" (PDF). Tesla. p. 187.
  59. ^ Lambert, Fred (March 24, 2020). "Elon Musk: Tesla Model Y heat pump is some of the best engineering I've seen in a while". Electrek. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  60. ^ Erwin, Blane (March 26, 2020). "Model Y is the first Tesla with a heat pump. Here's why that's a big deal". Current Automotive. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  61. ^ "Can heat pumps solve cold-weather range loss for EVs?". Green Car Reports. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  62. ^ "Tesla Model Y Heat Pump: Deep Dive and Closer Look". Tesmanian. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  63. ^ a b Schmidt, Bridie (March 18, 2020). "Model Y has heat pump to solve issue of range in cold weather". The Driven. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  64. ^ "Tesla and other electric car batteries lose 40% of their range in extremely cold weather: AAA". MarketWatch. Associated Press. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  65. ^ "Model Y & Cybertruck Reviews". Munrolive.
  66. ^ Deveza, Ma. Claribelle (April 4, 2020). "Sandy Munro Finds Fun 'Octovalve' Tesla Model Y Easter Egg During Teardown". Tesmanian. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  67. ^ "Elon Musk discusses Model Y". Third Row Tesla. April 14, 2020. Event occurs at 1:25–7:30. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  68. ^ Alvarez, Simon (April 5, 2020). "Tesla proudly hides 'Octovalve' insignia in Model Y, hints at next-gen thermal system". Teslarati. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  69. ^ Ruffo, Gustavo Henrique (April 6, 2020). "Tesla Octovalve Is The Video Sandy Munro Has Not Captured Yet". InsideEVs. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  70. ^ Tesla Stops Putting Radar Sensors in New Model S and Model X EVs
  71. ^ Tesla investigated over 'phantom braking' problem
  72. ^ Kolodny, Lora (May 29, 2019). "Tesla is rejiggering its Fremont factory to build the Model Y SUV and a Model S refresh". CNBC. Archived from the original on June 2, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  73. ^ Capparella, Joey (March 15, 2019). "The Tesla Model Y Is the All-Electric Brand's Entry into the Compact-Crossover Fray". Car and Driver. Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  74. ^ Merano, Maria (November 23, 2020). "Tesla China signs contract with LG Chem for Model Y production". TESLARATI. Archived from the original on November 23, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  75. ^ "2021 TESLA MODEL Y 5-SEAT SUV RWD | NHTSA". www.nhtsa.gov. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  76. ^ "2021 Tesla Model Y 4-door SUV". IIHS-HLDI crash testing and highway safety. Retrieved March 16, 2022.

External links

This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article: Tesla Model Y. Articles is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.