State legislative assemblies of India

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The State Legislative Assembly, or Vidhan Sabha,[1] or also Saasana Sabha, is a legislative body in the states and union territories of India. In the 28 states and 3 union territories with a unicameral state legislature, it is the sole legislative body and in 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being State Legislative Council. 5 union territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5-year terms by single-member constituencies. The Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members. A State Legislative Assembly may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the ruling majority party or coalition.[2]

Member of Legislative Assembly

To become a member of a State Legislative Assembly voters' list of the state for which they are contesting an election. They may not be a Member of Parliament and Member of the State Legislative Council at the same time. They should also state that there is no criminal procedures against him or her. A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of the state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of dissolution of state government and passing of money bills, in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Powers of legislative assemblies are given below:

  • A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and her/his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.
  • A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the State Legislative Council, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.
  • In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of the State Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, State Legislative Council can delay the legislation by a maximum of 4 months (3 months in the first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).
  • Legislative Assembly of the state has to power to create or abolish the State Legislative Council by passing a resolution to that effect by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting.[3]

Current State Legislative Assemblies

Assembly Image Seats Details Capital Seats in House Ruling party Opposition Party Current house
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Andhra Pradesh Secretariat.jpg List Amaravati 175 YSR Congress Party Telugu Desham Party Fifteenth
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List Itanagar 60 Bharatiya Janata Party Tenth
Assam Legislative Assembly List Dispur 126 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Fifteenth
Bihar Legislative Assembly Vidhan-sabha-bihar.jpg List Patna 243 Janata Dal (United) Rashtriya Janta Dal Seventeenth
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List Naya Raipur 90 Indian National Congress Bhartiya Janta Party Fifth
Delhi Legislative Assembly List New Delhi 70 Aam Aadmi Party Bhartiya Janta Party Seventh
Goa Legislative Assembly India Goa Assembly.jpg List Panaji 40 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Eighth
Gujarat Legislative Assembly SACHIVALAY PANORAMA.jpg List Gandhinagar 182 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Fourteenth
Haryana Legislative Assembly Secretariat Chandigarh.jpg List Chandigarh 90 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Fourteenth
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Himachal Pradesh e-Assembly.jpg List Shimla (summer)
Dharamshala (winter)
68 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Thirteenth
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
90 N/A
(President's rule)
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List Ranchi 81 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Bhartiya Janta Party Fifth
Karnataka Legislative Assembly Vidhana Souda , Bangalore.jpg Suvarna Vidhana Soudha.jpg List Bangalore (summer)
Belgaum (winter)
224 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Fifteenth
Kerala Legislative Assembly Niyamasabha Mandiram.JPG List Thiruvananthapuram 140 Communist Party of India (Marxist) Indian National Congress Fifteenth
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Madhyapradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg List Bhopal 230 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Fifteenth
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly Vidhan Bhavan1.jpg List Mumbai (summer)
Nagpur (winter)
288 Shiv Sena Nationalist Congress Party Fourteenth
Manipur Legislative Assembly List Imphal 60 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Twelfth
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List Shillong 60 National People's Party Indian National Congress Tenth
Mizoram Legislative Assembly Mizoram Assembly House.jpg List Aizawl 40 Mizo National Front Eighth
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List Kohima 60 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Naga People's Front Thirteenth
Odisha Legislative Assembly ORISSA SECRETARIAT.jpg List Bhubaneshwar 147 Biju Janata Dal Bhartiya Janta Party Sixteenth
Puducherry Legislative Assembly Pondicherry Legislative Assembly.jpg List Puducherry 33 All India N.R. Congress Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Fifteenth
Punjab Legislative Assembly Assembly 09.jpg List Chandigarh 117 Aam Aadmi Party Indian National Congress Sixteenth
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List Jaipur 200 Indian National Congress Bhartiya Janta Party Fifteenth
Sikkim Legislative Assembly Sikkim Assembly Gangtok.jpg List Gangtok 32 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha Tenth
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Fort St. George, Chennai 2.jpg List Chennai 234 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Sixteenth
Telangana Legislative Assembly Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg List Hyderabad 119 Telangana Rashtra Samithi Second
Tripura Legislative Assembly Ujjayanta palace Tripura State Museum Agartala India.jpg List Agartala 60 Bharatiya Janata Party Twelfth
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Vidhan Sabha Lucknow.jpg List Lucknow 403 Bharatiya Janata Party Samajwadi Party Eighteenth
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List Bhararisain (summer)
Dehradun (winter)
70 Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Fifth
West Bengal Legislative Assembly West Bengal State Legislative Assembly House, Kolkata.jpg List Kolkata 294 All India Trinamool Congress Bhartiya Janta Party Seventeenth
Total 4,121[4]

State Legislative Assemblies by ruling parties

Current ruling parties in India
  BJP (12)
  BJP Alliance (5)
  INC (2)
  INC Alliance (3)
  Unaligned Parties (8)
Ruling party States/ UTs Alliance
BJP & NDA (17)
BJP 12 NDA
YSRCP 1
JD(U) 1
BJD 1
TRS 1
NDPP 1
NPP 1
AINRC 1
MNF 1
SKM 1
INC & UPA (5)
INC 2 UPA
DMK 1
AAP 2
JMM 1
SHS 1
AITC 1 AITC
CPI(M) 1 LDF
Unaligned Parties (8)

The Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance is in power in 17 states/union territories; the Indian National Congress-led United Progressive Alliance is in power in 5 states/union territories; 8 states are ruled by other parties/alliances; and 5 union territories do not have a legislative assembly. The newly formed Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir hasn't had elections to form a government and President's rule has been imposed there.

Former State Legislative Assemblies

Assembly Seat Period active Abolished by
Ajmer Legislative Assembly Ajmer 1950–1956 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Bombay Legislative Assembly Bombay 1950–1960 Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.
Coorg Legislative Assembly Mercara 1950–1956 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Hyderabad Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 1952–1956 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
PEPSU Legislative Assembly Patiala 1950–1956 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

Notes

  • – In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. In addition to that, twenty-four more seats are reserved for the representatives from Pakistan-administered Kashmir and not counted normally.
  • – In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the members nominated by the Union Government of India.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Vidhan_Sabha". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers. 2014.
  2. ^ "State Legislative Assemblies" (PDF). www.india.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  3. ^ "Explainer: Why Jagan Reddy wants to abolish the legislative council in Andhra Pradesh".
  4. ^ "Election Commission of India". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 12 January 2017.

External links