State Border Guard Service of Ukraine

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
State Border Guard Service
Державна прикордонна служба
Service emblem
Service emblem
Service flag
Service flag
AbbreviationSBGS / ДПСУ
Agency overview
FormedJuly 31, 2003
Preceding agency
  • State Committee for Protection of the State Border of Ukraine
Employees42,000 (2016)[1]
Jurisdictional structure
National agencyUkraine
Operations jurisdictionUkraine
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
  • National border patrol, security, and integrity.
Operational structure
Headquarters26, Volodymyrska st, Kyiv[2]
Agency executive
  • Serhiy Deyneko[3], Head of the SBGS
Parent agencyMinistry of Internal Affairs
Child agency
Notables
Significant operations
Website
dpsu.gov.ua
The State Border Guard Service's headquarters in Kyiv

The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine (SBGS; Ukrainian: Державна Прикордонна Служба України, Derzhavna Prykordonna Sluzhba Ukrayiny; abbr. ДПСУ, DPSU) is the border guard of Ukraine. It is an independent law enforcement agency of special assignment, the head of which is subordinated to the President of Ukraine.

The Service was created on July 31, 2003, after the reorganization of the State Committee for Protection of the State Border. During wartime, units of the State Border Guard Service fall under the command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The State Border Guard Service includes the Ukrainian Sea Guard, which is the country's coast guard. It is also responsible for running Temporary Detention Centres, in which refugees are held.

Structure

Components

  • Ground Forces
  • Sea Guard
  • Aerial support

Directors (Commanders) of the Border Guard Service (Border Troops)

Units

A Ukrainian border guard post on the Ukrainian-Polish border
A Ukrainian border control exit stamp from Kyiv's Boryspil Airport
Typical border marker of Ukraine
Main Administrations
  • West Region (Lviv)
    • Lviv border detachment
    • Mostyska border detachment
    • Mukacheve border detachment
    • Chop border detachment
    • Chernivtsi border detachment
    • Clinic-hospital (Lviv)
    • Canine Training Center (Velyki mosty)
  • North Region (Zhytomyr)
    • Chernihiv border detachment
    • Zhytomyr border detachment
    • Lutsk border detachment
  • East Region (Kharkiv)
    • Luhansk border detachment
    • Donetsk border detachment
    • Kharkiv border detachment
    • Sumy border detachment
    • Kharkiv separate aviation squadron
    • Mariupol Sea Guard detachment (created in response to fears of Russian aggression in 2014)
  • South Region (Odessa)
    • Odessa border detachment
    • Kotovsk border detachment
    • Mohyliv-Podilsky border detachment
    • Bilhorod-Dnistrovsky border detachment
    • Izmail border detachment
    • Odessa Sea Guard detachment
    • Odessa separate aviation squadron
    • Izmail training detachment of Sea Guard
    • Clinic-hospital (Odessa)
  • Azov-Black Sea Region (Simferopol), reorganized due to the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea
    • Simferopol border detachment (moved to Kherson)
    • Berdiansk border detachment
    • Kerch Sea Guard detachment (moved to Mariupol)
    • Yalta Sea Guard detachment (disbanded)
    • Sevastopol Sea Guard detachment (moved to Odessa)
  • Separate controlled border checkpoint "Kyiv"
  • 10th Mobile border detachment

Supporting institutions

  • Separate Guard and Support Command
  • Main center of Communication, Automatization, and Information Protection
  • Information Agency
  • Main center of supporting development programs
  • Main Forensic Centre
  • State Archives
  • Training center
  • Science research institute
  • Khmelnytskyi National Academy
  • Central museum
  • Central hospital
  • Clinical sanatoriums: Prykordonyk, Arkadia
  • Children health center Pryberezhny
  • Center of health and recreation Pishchane
  • Academic ensemble of song and dance
  • Sports Committee

Temporary Detention Centres

Border Guards at the Belarus–Ukraine border, 2021.
Ukrainian Border Guard post in Kyiv Oblast shelled by Russian missiles in the first day of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, 24 February 2022.

History

Ukrainian border guards are the national successors of the Soviet Border Troops. They were formed from the approximately 17,000 Border Troops located in Ukraine in 1991. The organization was first titled the "Ukrainian Border Troops", which was later subordinated to the "Ukraine's State Committee for State Border Guarding".

From 1991 to at least 1993, the new borders with Russia and Belarus were not guarded; the Border Troops were only deployed along the western borders (minus Moldova) and on the Black Sea.[9] Another 9,000 personnel were added to the Border Troops at the expense of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and, by the end of 1993, border posts were established in the north along the Russian and Belarusian borders. In 1999, the authorized strength of the force was again increased to 50,000.

In 2003, new legislation was adopted, and this somewhat changed the legal status of the institution. In March 2003, the Border Troops became the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, and its status was legally changed from 'military formation' to 'special law-enforcement body.' The force was legally granted 50,000 personnel, including 8,000 civilian employees.

On 4 July 2012, a State Border Guard Service Diamond DA42 aircraft failed to make its scheduled radio contact with ground units. A Search and rescue mission revealed that the plane had crashed into a wooded mountainous area in Velykyi Bereznyi Raion, killing all 3 crew members on board. A further investigation was launched.[10]

During The War in Donbas on August 31, 2014, two Sea Guard Zhuk class patrol boats were struck by land-based artillery. In June 2, a border base in the outskirts of Luhansk was besieged by a troop of Luhansk People's Republic separatists. The Siege of the Luhansk Border Base resulted in 10 wounded Border Guards until they surrendered and withdrew.[11][12]

In 2022, during the Battle of Snake Island 13 Border Troops were attacked and captured by Russian warships. A unit of Border Guards was stationed in Mariupol and fought during the Siege of Mariupol. In 20 April, the Border Guards were stranded in a encircled pocket at the Mariupol sea port together with National Police of Ukraine, until they were resuced by the Azov Regiment and retreated into the Azovstal Iron and Steel Works.[13]

Military ranks

Uniform

Long Service Medal

Equipment

Model Image Origin Variant Number Details
MRAP
BBM Kozak-2.jpg Kozak  Ukraine
 Italy
Kozak-2 80 Ukraine is unable to produce the V-shape hull required so it will purchase them from Iveco Corporation.[clarification needed]
Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland at a Ukrainian State Border Guard Service (SBGS) Base in Kyiv, Oct. 8, 2014 09.jpg KRAZ Cougar  Canada
 Ukraine
9 Built under license at the KrAZ factory in Kremenchuk.
Vehicles
Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland at a Ukrainian State Border Guard Service (SBGS) Base in Kyiv, Oct. 8, 2014 13.jpg KrAZ-6322 «Солдат»  Ukraine Truck 50
КрAз 255 6x6 pic8.JPG KrAZ-255Б  Soviet Union Truck
45th Separate Engineer-Camouflage Regiment - transport truck (2).jpg КАMAZ 43114  Russia Truck
Ural 4320 of the Hungarian Army.JPG Ural-4320  Soviet Union Truck
ZiL-131 of the Ukrainian Army.JPG ZIL-131  Soviet Union Truck
Green ZiL-130 on Grunwaldzkie roundabout in Kraków (1).jpg ZIL-130  Soviet Union Truck
Ukranian ambulance in Iraq.JPEG GAZ-66  Soviet Union Truck
Машина ГАЗ компании ИДК.jpg GAZ-3307  Russia Truck
MAZ 5337.JPG MAZ-5337  Soviet Union Truck
MAZ-5549 (4713414911).jpg MAZ-5335  Soviet Union Truck
UAZ offroad vehicle in Ukraine.jpg UAZ-3151  Russia Off-road vehicle 100
UAZ Patriot.jpg UAZ-3163  Russia Off-road vehicle [14]
Tomb Raider 90.JPG Land Rover Defender  UK Off-road vehicle 55[15][16]
Niva2123RCN1.jpg Chevrolet Niva  Russia Off-road vehicle 100
2011 Volkswagen Amarok (2H) TDI400 Highline 4-door utility (2011-08-17) 01.jpg Volkswagen Amarok  Germany Off-road vehicle 20[17]
2016-2018 Toyota Land Cruiser (VDJ200R) VX wagon (2018-09-03) 01.jpg Toyota Land Cruiser 200  Japan Off-road vehicle 20[18]
Dacia Duster Ambiance 1.6 16V 4x2 Artiksweiß.JPG Dacia Duster  France
 Romania
Off-road vehicle 10[19]
Бронированные УАЗы.jpg UAZ-3303  Russia Off-road vehicle [20]
UAZ-452 Medical (EMS) 2006 G1.jpg UAZ-3962  Russia
Gaz-322132 TAXI.jpg GAZ-3221  Russia Bus
VW Transporter front 20080126.jpg Volkswagen Transporter  Germany Bus 10[19][21]
VW Crafter 2.0 TDI Facelift.JPG Volkswagen Crafter  Germany Bus 31
2006-2011 Ford Transit (VM) 140 T330 van (2011-11-18) 01.jpg Ford Transit  USA Bus 10[22]
Peugeot Boxer 100 HDi Tole 2010 (14362200005).jpg Peugeot Boxer  France Bus
Mercedes-Benz V 220 CDI Trend (W 638) – Frontansicht, 12. August 2013, Velbert.jpg Mercedes-Benz Vito  Germany
Богдан-А092 проспект Шевченка.jpg Богдан А092  Ukraine Bus
13-08-06-abu-dhabi-by-RalfR-032.jpg Toyota Coaster  Japan Bus
LAZ-695N in Lviv 02.jpg ЛАЗ-695  Soviet Union Bus [23][24]
Other vehicles
Straubing 001 (237).JPG Bombardier Outlander 400 MAX  Canada 100[25]
Polaris 700XC.jpeg Polaris 600 IQ Touring  Canada 50[26]
Мотоцикл Минск во Владивостоке ф1.JPG Minsk (motorcycle)  Belarus 183
Aircraft
Diamond DA40 (8736184864).jpg Diamond DA40  Austria TDI 5
OH-DAC Tour de Sky Oulu 20140810 02.JPG Diamond DA42  Austria M-NG 4
Антонов Ан-24 37309109, Измаил RP23129.jpg Antonov An-24  Soviet Union RV 1
AirbusHelicopter H125 of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.jpg Airbus H125  France 7 In total 24 helicopters to be received.[27]
Antonov An-26 blue 14-02.jpg Antonov An-26  Soviet Union 1
Mil Mi-8MT, Ministry of Emergency Situations of Ukraine AN2126427.jpg Mil Mi-8  Soviet Union T/MT/MTV 5

See also

References

  1. ^ Avakov announces large-scale "cleansing" among generals, UNIAN (17 August 2016)
  2. ^ "Official website of the authority.Contact Us". 2017.
  3. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №403/2019". Official website of the President of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  4. ^ Zelensky appoints new chief border guard, UNIAN (14 June 2019)
  5. ^ a b Poroshenko appoints Head of Operations Department Tsyhykal as State Border Service chief, Interfax-Ukraine (25 July 2017)
  6. ^ Zelensky dismisses Tsyhykal from post of Head of State Border Guard of Ukraine, 112.international (31 May 2019)
  7. ^ a b President appoints Nazarenko as new border chief, Interfax-Ukraine (23 October 2014)
  8. ^ Council of Europe Anti-Torture Committee visits Ukraine accessed 21-08-07
  9. ^ Leonid Polyakov, 'Paramilitary Structures in Ukraine,' Almanac on Security Sector Governance in Ukraine 2010, 143-144, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces.
  10. ^ Фотографии с места катастрофы самолета Diamond DA-42 в Закарпатье
  11. ^ Qena, Nebi (2014-06-04). "6 militants killed, 3 Ukrainian troops injured in Luhansk fighting". CTVNews. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
  12. ^ "500 separatists storm border control building in Luhansk, Ukraine". UPI. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
  13. ^ "Marines and "Azov" rescue 500 fighters from the port of Mariupol - media". Ukrayinska Pravda. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
  14. ^ Cпеціальні навчання мобільних підрозділів Archived 2015-02-15 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Державна прикордонна служба України отримала сучасну автомобільну техніку та обладнання майже на 135 мільйонів гривень Archived 2015-02-13 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ МИНОБОРОНЫ, СБУ, МВД И ГОСПОГРАНСЛУЖБА УКРАИНЫ ПОЛУЧИЛИ ОТ ГОСУДАРСТВА НОВЫЕ АВТОМОБИЛИ СКОРОЙ МЕДИЦИНСКОЙ ПОМОЩИ Archived 2015-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ «ЗакарпатевроТранс II» переоборудовал авто на спецзаказ от Госпогранслужбы Archived 2016-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Пограничникам подарили бронированные Volkswagen и Toyota Archived 2015-02-15 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ a b Львівські прикордонники отримали сучасну техніку від ЄС (фоторепортаж) Archived 2015-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Прикордонники їдуть на східний кордон
  21. ^ Украинские пограничники пересядут на новые busы Volkswagen
  22. ^ Автомобили Ford Transit - на защите границ Украины
  23. ^ bus ЛАЗ-695Н "ДПСУ" возле Южного вокзала
  24. ^ Закарпатці повернулися із пекла війни (ФОТО)
  25. ^ В Государственной пограничной службе Украины подвели годовые итоги и определили основные направления деятельности в 2013 году Archived 2014-03-22 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Харьковские пограничники отметили 20-летие Восточного управления погранслужбы
  27. ^ "Three more helicopters fly from France to Ukraine for Border Guard Service". en.interfax.com.ua. 22 December 2021.

External links