Sikkim Legislative Assembly
Sikkim Legislative Assembly
|10th Legislative Assembly of Sikkim|
|Preceded by||Sikkim State Council|
Leader of the House
|First past the post|
|11 April 2019|
|Sikkim Legislative Assembly, Gangtok, Sikkim, India|
|Sikkim Legislative Assembly|
Sikkim became the 22nd state of India by the 36th Amendment of the Indian Constitution in 1975. The Act provides that the Legislative Assembly of Sikkim shall consist of not less than thirty two members and that "the Assembly of Sikkim formed as a result of the elections held in Sikkim in April 1974 with 32 members elected in the said elections (hereinafter referred to as the sitting members) shall be deemed to be the legislative Assembly of the State of Sikkim duly constituted under the Constitution."
Sikkim is situated in the North East of India and has a geographical area of 7,096 square kilometres (2,740 sq mi) and a population of 6.1 lakhs. It was a tiny Himalayan kingdom, ruled by a hereditary monarchy for about 3 centuries from the 17 century CE to 1975. In 1950, the kingdom became a protectorate of the Government of India, and was vested with autonomy in its internal affairs while its defense, communications and external relations became the responsibility of India. The kingdom finally opted to become full-fledged state of the Indian Union with effect from 26 April 1975.
Kazi Lhendup Dorjee was the first Chief Minister of Sikkim state from 1975 to 1979. Nar Bahadur Bhandari and Pawan Kumar Chamling served long terms as Chief Minister. As of the 2019 Sikkim Legislative Assembly election, Prem Singh Tamang is the Chief Minister.
Speakers of the Assembly
|Assembly||Election Year||Speaker||Political Party|
|1st||1974||Chatur Singh Rai||Sikkim National Congress|
|2nd||1979||Sonam Tshering||Sikkim Janata Parishad|
|3rd||1985||Tulshi Ram Sharma||Sikkim Sangram Parishad|
|4th||1989||Dorjee Tshering||Sikkim Sangram Parishad|
|5th||1994||Chakra Bahadur Subba||Sikkim Democratic Front|
|6th||1999||Kalawati Subba||Sikkim Democratic Front|
|7th||2004||D.N. Takarpa||Sikkim Democratic Front|
|8th||2009||K.T. Gyaltsen||Sikkim Democratic Front|
|9th||2014||Kedar Nath Rai||Sikkim Democratic Front|
|10th||2019||Lall Bahadur Das||Sikkim Krantikari Morcha|
There are 32 members in the legislative assembly. There are 12 seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST). These scheduled tribes include ethnic tribes such as Bhutia, Lepcha (Sherpa), Limbu, Tamang and other Sikkimese Nepali Communities, as specified during the merger of the Kingdom of Sikkim (monarchy) into India. 2 seats reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC). One seat (Sangha) is reserved for the Buddhist monastic community of Sikkim.
Members of Legislative Assembly
- List of constituencies of the Sikkim Legislative Assembly
- List of chief ministers of Sikkim
- List of states of India by type of legislature
- Vidhan Sabha
- "Sikkim BJP formally makes alliance with ruling Sikkim Krantikari Morcha". EastMojo. 19 September 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
- "Day after 10 SDF MLAs joined BJP, 2 switch to ruling SKM in Sikkim". Hindustan Times. 14 August 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
- "Sikkim Legislative Assembly - Presiding Officers". Retrieved 12 January 2022.
- "chatur singh-rai-first speaker of Sikkim".sikhim.blogspot.com
- Sikkim Legislative Assembly
- "Sikkim Assembly polls LIVE: Pawan Chamling's fate hangs in balance as voting begins". Zee news. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "32-Sangha constituency: Sikkim's intangible seat, where only monks contest and vote". The Hindu. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
- "Sikkim Result Status". ECI. p. 1 to 4. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.
- Hebbar, Nistula (13 August 2019). "10 Sikkim Democratic Front MLAs join BJP". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 8 June 2022.