Sikkim Legislative Assembly

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Sikkim Legislative Assembly
10th Legislative Assembly of Sikkim
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Preceded bySikkim State Council
Leadership
Speaker
Deputy Speaker
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Structure
Seats32
Sikkim Assembly June 2020.svg
Political groups
Government (31)
NDA (31)
  •   SKM (19)
  •   BJP (12)[1]

Others (1)

Elections
First past the post
Last election
11 April 2019
Next election
April 2024
Meeting place
Sikkim Assembly Gangtok.jpg
Sikkim Legislative Assembly, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
Website
Sikkim Legislative Assembly

The Sikkim Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Sikkim state in north-eastern India. The seat of the Legislative Assembly is at Gangtok, the capital of the Sikkim state.

History

Sikkim became the 22nd state of India by the 36th Amendment of the Indian Constitution in 1975. The Act provides that the Legislative Assembly of Sikkim shall consist of not less than thirty two members and that "the Assembly of Sikkim formed as a result of the elections held in Sikkim in April 1974 with 32 members elected in the said elections (hereinafter referred to as the sitting members) shall be deemed to be the legislative Assembly of the State of Sikkim duly constituted under the Constitution."

Sikkim is situated in the North East of India and has a geographical area of 7,096 square kilometres (2,740 sq mi) and a population of 6.1 lakhs. It was a tiny Himalayan kingdom, ruled by a hereditary monarchy for about 3 centuries from the 17 century CE to 1975. In 1950, the kingdom became a protectorate of the Government of India, and was vested with autonomy in its internal affairs while its defense, communications and external relations became the responsibility of India. The kingdom finally opted to become full-fledged state of the Indian Union with effect from 26 April 1975.

Kazi Lhendup Dorjee was the first Chief Minister of Sikkim state from 1975 to 1979. Nar Bahadur Bhandari and Pawan Kumar Chamling served long terms as Chief Minister. As of the 2019 Sikkim Legislative Assembly election, Prem Singh Tamang is the Chief Minister.

Speakers of the Assembly

Assembly Election Year Speaker[3] Political Party
1st 1974 Chatur Singh Rai[4] Sikkim National Congress
2nd 1979 Sonam Tshering Sikkim Janata Parishad
3rd 1985 Tulshi Ram Sharma Sikkim Sangram Parishad
4th 1989 Dorjee Tshering Sikkim Sangram Parishad
5th 1994 Chakra Bahadur Subba Sikkim Democratic Front
6th 1999 Kalawati Subba Sikkim Democratic Front
7th 2004 D.N. Takarpa Sikkim Democratic Front
8th 2009 K.T. Gyaltsen Sikkim Democratic Front
9th 2014 Kedar Nath Rai Sikkim Democratic Front
10th 2019 Lall Bahadur Das Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

Structure

Map of constituencies of Sikkim Vidhansabha

There are 32 members in the legislative assembly.[5] There are 12 seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST). These scheduled tribes include ethnic tribes such as Bhutia, Lepcha (Sherpa), Limbu, Tamang and other Sikkimese Nepali Communities, as specified during the merger of the Kingdom of Sikkim (monarchy) into India. 2 seats reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC).[6] One seat (Sangha) is reserved for the Buddhist monastic community of Sikkim.[7]

Members of Legislative Assembly

The tenth assembly was elected in 2019 Sikkim Legislative Assembly election. The current members are listed below:[8]

No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
1 Yoksam-Tashiding Sangay Lepcha Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
2 Yangthang Bhim Hang Limboo Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
3 Maneybong Dentam Narendra Kumar Subba Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
4 Gyalshing-Barnyak Lok Nath Sharma Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
5 Rinchenpong Karma Sonam Lepcha Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
6 Daramdin Mingma Narbu Sherpa Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
7 Soreng-Chakung Aditya Tamang Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
8 Salghari-Zoom (SC) Sunita Gajmer Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
9 Barfung (BL) Tashi Thendup Bhutia Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
10 Poklok-Kamrang Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA Won in 2019 bypoll necessitated after resignation by Pawan Kumar Chamling
11 Namchi-Singhithang Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim Democratic Front None
12 Melli Farwanti Tamang Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
13 Namthang-Rateypani Sanjit Kharel Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
14 Temi-Namphing Bedu Singh Panth Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
15 Rangang-Yangang Raj Kumari Thapa Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
16 Tumin Lingee (BL) Ugyen Tshering Gyatso Bhutia Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
17 Khamdong-Singtam Mani Kumar Sharma Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
18 West Pendam (SC) Lall Bahadur Das Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
19 Rhenock Bishnu Kumar Sharma Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
20 Chujachen Krishna Bahadur Rai Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
21 Gnathang-Machong (BL) Dorjee Tshering Lepcha Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
22 Namchaybong Em Prasad Sharma Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA Switched from SDF to SKM[2]
23 Shyari Kunga Nima Lepcha Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
24 Martam-Rumtek Sonam Venchungpa Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Won in 2019 bypoll necessitated after resignation by Dorjee Tshering Lepcha
25 Upper Tadong Gay Tshering Dhungel Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA Switched from SDF to SKM[2]
26 Arithang Arun Kumar Upreti Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
27 Gangtok Yong Tshering Lepcha Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Won in 2019 bypoll necessitated after resignation by Kunga Nima Lepcha
28 Upper Burtuk Dilli Ram Thapa Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
29 Kabi Lungchok Karma Loday Bhutia Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
30 Djongu (BL) Pintso Namgyal Lepcha Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from SDF to BJP[9]
31 Lachen-Mangan Samdup Lepcha Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA
32 Sangha Sonam Lama Sikkim Krantikari Morcha NDA

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sikkim BJP formally makes alliance with ruling Sikkim Krantikari Morcha". EastMojo. 19 September 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Day after 10 SDF MLAs joined BJP, 2 switch to ruling SKM in Sikkim". Hindustan Times. 14 August 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  3. ^ "Sikkim Legislative Assembly - Presiding Officers". Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  4. ^ "chatur singh-rai-first speaker of Sikkim".sikhim.blogspot.com
  5. ^ Sikkim Legislative Assembly
  6. ^ "Sikkim Assembly polls LIVE: Pawan Chamling's fate hangs in balance as voting begins". Zee news. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  7. ^ "32-Sangha constituency: Sikkim's intangible seat, where only monks contest and vote". The Hindu. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Sikkim Result Status". ECI. p. 1 to 4. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Hebbar, Nistula (13 August 2019). "10 Sikkim Democratic Front MLAs join BJP". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 8 June 2022.