River Deep – Mountain High (album)

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River Deep – Mountain High
River.deep.mountain.high.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedSeptember 1966 (1966-09) (UK)
September 1969 (US)
RecordedMarch 1966
StudioGold Star Studios (Los Angeles, California)
Genre
Length37:06
Label
ProducerIke Turner, Phil Spector
Ike & Tina Turner chronology
The Soul of Ike & Tina
(1966)
River Deep – Mountain High
(1966)
The Ike & Tina Turner Show – Vol. 2
(1967)
Ike & Tina Turner chronology
Cussin', Cryin' & Carryin' On
(1969)
River Deep – Mountain High
(1969 reissue)
The Hunter
(1969)
Singles from River Deep – Mountain High
  1. "River Deep – Mountain High"
    Released: 1966
  2. "A Love Like Yours (Don't Come Knocking Everyday)"
    Released: 1966
  3. "I'll Never Need More Than This"
    Released: 1967
  4. "River Deep – Mountain High"
    Released: 1969 (reissue)
  5. "A Love Like Yours (Don't Come Knocking Everyday)"
    Released: 1970 (reissue)

River Deep – Mountain High is a studio album by R&B duo Ike & Tina Turner. It was originally released by London Records in the UK in 1966, and later A&M Records in the US in 1969. In 2017, Pitchfork ranked it at No. 40 on their list of the 200 Best Albums of the 1960s.[1]

Background and recording

After watching Ike & Tina Turner perform in a club on the Sunset Strip, producer Phil Spector invited them to perform on The Big T.N.T Show in 1965.[2] Spector wanted to produce for Tina Turner and sign the duo to his Philles label.[3] He negotiated a deal with Ike Turner for creative control over his sessions with Tina Turner, but Ike & Tina Turner were still signed to Loma Records, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Records. Spector negotiated a deal with their manager Bob Krasnow, also head of Loma, offering $20,000 to have them released from their contract.[3] Spector signed Ike & Tina Turner and the Ikettes to his label in April 1966.[4][5]

By the time Ike & Tina Turner signed to Philles, the album had already been recorded at Gold Star Studios in March 1966. Phil Spector produced six songs using his wall of sound technique, including the title track, which was the first of three singles. Ike Turner produced the remaining tracks which are mostly re-recordings of Ike & Tina Turner's earlier hits. The Ikettes, which included P.P. Arnold, provided backing vocals on the Turner produced side of the album.[6]

The first single "River Deep – Mountain High" was released in May 1966 and peaked at No. 88 on Billboard Hot 100.[7] The single was a hit in Europe, reaching No. 3 in the UK and No. 1 in Spain.[8][9] The second single, "I'll Never Need More Than This", was not included on the original album. It missed the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at No. 115 on Bubbling Under the Hot 100.[10] It reached No. 64 in the UK.[9] Tina Turner promoted the single on American Bandstand in 1967. The third single, "A Love Like Yours (Don't Come Knocking Everyday)", reached No. 16 in the UK.[9]

Releases

1966

River Deep – Mountain High was intended to be released on Phil Spector's Philles label as LP-4011 in the US, but it was shelved when the single "River Deep – Mountain High" did not do well on the charts. Only a few copies of LP-4011 were pressed, the covers never printed, before it was canceled by Philles. However, the single was successful in England. By popular demand, Spector released the album in the UK with liner notes written by Decca's promotion man Tony Hall. Hall included a quote from Spector stating, "We can only assume that England is more appreciative of talent and exciting music than the U.S."[11] Actor Dennis Hopper shot the cover of the album.[3] The album peaked at No. 27 in the UK.[9]

1969

The album was eventually released in the United States when it was reissued by A&M Records in 1969.[12] The reissue has a slightly different track listing. It substitutes "You're So Fine" with "I'll Never Need More Than This," which was released as a non-album track in 1967. Upon its release in the US, the album reached No. 102 on the Billboard 200 and No. 28 on the R&B Albums chart.[13][14]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[15]
Rolling Stoneneutral[18]
Tom Hull – on the WebA–[16]
The Village VoiceA–[17]

Billboard (September 13, 1969):

"River Deep-Mountain High" is one of Phil Spector's best compositions, and Ike & Tina Turner sing the original 1966 version, since revived by Eric Burdon, Deep Purple and others. A hit album in England, A&M and Phil Spector add this 'historic recording' to the Ike & Tina Turner sweepstakes. With the hits "A Fool in Love," "I Idolize You" and "It's Gonna Work Out Fine," this one looks like a big winner.[19]

Reissues

The album was reissued on CD by A&M in 1987. It has since been reissued on CD by various labels, most recently Universal Music in 2018.[20]

Track listing

Original version (1966)
No.TitleWriter(s)ProducerLength
1."River Deep – Mountain High"Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich, Phil SpectorPhil Spector3:38
2."I Idolize You"Ike TurnerIke Turner3:46
3."A Love Like Yours (Don't Come Knocking Everyday)"Holland–Dozier–HollandPhil Spector3:05
4."A Fool in Love"Ike TurnerIke Turner3:13
5."Make 'Em Wait"Ike TurnerIke Turner2:22
6."Hold On Baby"Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich, Phil SpectorPhil Spector2:59
7."Save the Last Dance for Me"Doc Pomus, Mort ShumanPhil Spector3:02
8."Oh Baby!"Kent HarrisIke Turner2:46
9."Every Day I Have to Cry"Arthur AlexanderPhil Spector2:40
10."Such a Fool for You"Ike TurnerIke Turner2:48
11."It's Gonna Work Out Fine"J. Michael Lee, Joe SenecaIke Turner3:14
12."You're So Fine"Lance Finney, Willie Schofield, Bob WestIke Turner3:14


Reissue version (1969)
No.TitleWriter(s)ProducerLength
1."River Deep – Mountain High"Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich, Phil SpectorPhil Spector3:38
2."I Idolize You"Ike TurnerIke Turner3:46
3."A Love Like Yours (Don't Come Knocking Everyday)"Holland–Dozier–HollandPhil Spector3:05
4."A Fool in Love"Ike TurnerIke Turner3:13
5."Make 'Em Wait"Ike TurnerIke Turner2:22
6."Hold On Baby"Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich, Phil SpectorPhil Spector2:59
7."I'll Never Need More Than This"Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich, Phil SpectorPhil Spector3:33
8."Save the Last Dance for Me"Doc Pomus, Mort ShumanPhil Spector3:02
9."Oh Baby!"Kent HarrisIke Turner2:46
10."Every Day I Have to Cry"Arthur AlexanderPhil Spector2:40
11."Such a Fool for You"Ike TurnerIke Turner2:48
12."It's Gonna Work Out Fine"J. Michael Lee, Joe SenecaIke Turner3:14

Personnel

Credits adapted from liner notes.

Charts

Chart Year Peak
position
Australia (Go-Set)[21] 1970 29
UK Albums (OCC)[9] 1966 27
US Billboard Top LP's[14] 1969 102
US Billboard Soul LP's[13] 28
US Cash Box Top 100 Albums 101–140[22] 119
US Record World 100 Top LP's[23] 87

References

  1. ^ "The 200 Best Albums of the 1960s (9/10)". Pitchfork. August 22, 2017. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  2. ^ Loder, Kurt (March 1, 1985). "Tina Turner Stages a Rock-Solid Comeback". Chicago Tribune (in American English). Retrieved 2020-05-27.
  3. ^ a b c Fong-Torres, Ben (October 14, 1971). "Tales of Ike and Tina Turner". Rolling Stone (in American English). Retrieved 2020-05-27.
  4. ^ "Philips Signs Ike & Tina Turner" (PDF). Cash Box: 45. April 23, 1966.
  5. ^ "Ike & Tina to Philles" (PDF). Cash Box: 56. April 30, 1966.
  6. ^ Clark, Alice (December 1, 2015). "Call And Response: PP Arnold". Louder.
  7. ^ "Hot 100" (PDF). Billboard. June 18, 1966.
  8. ^ LOS40. "Cuando nací era número 1 de los 40: (19661217)Ike & Tina Turner–River deep - Mountain high". LOS40 (in Spanish).
  9. ^ a b c d e "Ike & Tina Turner". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  10. ^ "Bubbling Under The Hot 100" (PDF). Billboard. July 29, 1967.
  11. ^ Williams, Richard (2009). Phil Spector: Out of His Head. Omnibus Press. ISBN 9780857120564.
  12. ^ Thompson, Dave (2002). The Music Lover's Guide to Record Collecting. Hal Leonard. ISBN 9781617744921.
  13. ^ a b "Best Selling Soul LP's" (PDF). Billboard. December 12, 1969.
  14. ^ a b "Top LP's" (PDF). Billboard. October 25, 1969.
  15. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "River Deep Mountain High - Ike & Tina Turner: Review". AllMusic. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  16. ^ Hull, Tom (June 22, 2021). "Music Week". Tom Hull – on the Web. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  17. ^ Christgau, Robert (January 29, 1970). "Consumer Guide (7)". The Village Voice. New York City. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  18. ^ Marcus, Greil (May 17, 1969). "Records". Rolling Stone. San Francisco.
  19. ^ "Album Reviews" (PDF). Billboard. September 13, 1969.
  20. ^ "River Deep-Mountain High - Ike & Tina Turner | Releases". AllMusic.
  21. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 314. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  22. ^ "Top 100 Albums 101 To 140" (PDF). Cash Box: 56. October 18, 1969.
  23. ^ "100 Top LP's" (PDF). Record World. October 25, 1969. p. 40.

External links