Rajasthan Legislative Assembly
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly
|15th Legislative Assembly of Rajasthan|
|First past the post|
|7 December 2018|
|Vidhan Bhavan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India|
The assembly meets at Vidhana Bhavan situated in Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Members of the Legislative assembly are directly elected by the people for a term of 5 years. Presently, the legislative assembly consists of 200 members.
The formation of the House of People's Representatives in Rajasthan is significant in Indian Constitutional history since it was the result of the merging of 22 princely states of the former Rajputana with the Union of India.
As per the provision of Article 168 pf India's newly framed constitution, each state was required to form a legislature consisting of one or two Houses. Rajasthan chose unicameralism for its legislature, which is known as the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly.
The First Rajasthan Legislative Assembly (1952–57) was inaugurated on 31 March 1952. It had a strength of 160 members. The strength was increased to 190 after the merger of the erstwhile Ajmer State with Rajasthan in 1956. The Second (1957–62) and Third (1962–67) Legislative Assemblies had a strength of 176. The Fourth (1967–72) and Fifth (1972–77) Legislative Assembly comprised 184 members each. The strength became 200 from the Sixth (1977–80) Legislative Assembly onwards.
Party-wise Members in the 15th Assembly
|Indian National Congress||108|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||71|
|Rashtriya Loktantrik Party||3|
|Bharatiya Tribal Party||2|
|Communist Party of India||2|
|Rashtriya Lok Dal||1|
- On 16 September 2019, all the six BSP MLAs joined the Congress, thus taking the strength of the Congress to 106 seats in the assembly.
- On 24 October 2019, INC won Mandawa assembly constituency and RLP won Khinwsar assembly constituency in the bye polls held on 21 October 2019 which took their tally to 107 and 3 respectively.
- On 2 November 2021, INC won Dhariawad and Vallabhnagar constituency bypolls, taking their tally to 108.
Members of Legislative Assembly
Article 194 of the Indian Constitution specifies the powers, privileges, and immunities of the House of Legislature, as well as its members and committees.
Some of the important privileges are:
- Freedom of speech in the legislature
- Immunity for members from any proceedings in any court relating to anything said or any vote given by them in the legislature or any committee thereof
- Prohibition on courts inquiring into legislative processes
- Freedom from arrest in civil proceedings for the members during the continuance of the session of the House
- "Rajasthan: 13 Independent MLAs pass resolution to back CM Ashok Gehlot". India Today. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
- ANI (11 December 2018). "RLD announces support to Congress in Rajasthan". Business Standard India. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
- "BTP withdraws support to Congress in Rajasthan". The Hindu. 23 December 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
- "Rajasthan Legislative Assembly". rajassembly.nic.in. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
- Iqbal, Mohammed (17 September 2019). "In a setback to BSP, all six MLAs join Congress in Rajasthan". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
- "BJP suspends Rajasthan MLA for cross-voting in Rajya Sabha polls". The Hindu. 11 June 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 13 June 2022.