Radio Televisyen Malaysia

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Radio Televisyen Malaysia
(Department of Broadcasting, Malaysia)
(Jabatan Penyiaran Malaysia)
(RTM)
TypeCrown corporation
BrandingRadio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM)
Country
First air date
1 April 1946; 76 years ago (1946-04-01) (Radio Malaya)
28 December 1963; 58 years ago (1963-12-28) (Televisyen Malaysia)
AvailabilityNationwide
Radio stationsNational:

Regional:

HeadquartersAngkasapuri, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Broadcast area
Malaysia
Asia (Via satellites)
OwnerGovernment of Malaysia
ParentMinistry of Communications and Multimedia Malaysia
Key people
Dato' Haji Che Roslan bin Che Daud
Director-General of RTM
Launch date
1 April 1946; 76 years ago (1946-04-01) (Radio Malaya)
28 December 1963; 58 years ago (1963-12-28) (Televisyen Malaysia)
Former names
Radio Malaya (1946–63)
Radio Sarawak (1954–63)
Radio Sabah (1955–63)
Radio Malaysia (1963 – November 1969)
Televisyen Malaysia (1963 – November 1969)
Official website
www.rtm.gov.my

Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM), also known as the Department of Broadcasting, Malaysia (Malay: Jabatan Penyiaran Malaysia) is the national public broadcaster of Malaysia. Established on 1 April 1946 as Radio Malaya, it is the first and the oldest broadcaster in the country.[1] After Malaysia was formed on 16 September 1963, Radio Malaya was renamed Radio Malaysia. On 28 December the same year, television service in Malaysia began with the establishment of Televisyen Malaysia. In 1969, Radio Malaysia and Televisyen Malaysia merged to form the present day broadcast department.[2] Radio Televisyen Malaysia monopolised the free-to-air television until 1984 and radio until 1988, when private television and radio stations such as TV3 and Best FM begin to exist. Currently, it operates 6 television channels and 34 radio stations nationwide.

History

Voice of Malaysia logo.
RTM logo (2004–2021).

The birth of local broadcasting, 1921 to 1946

History of local broadcasting in Malaysia began in 1921 when an electrical engineer from the Johor Government, A.L. Birch, brought the first radio set into British Malaya. He then established the Johor Wireless Association in 1923 and commenced broadcasting through 300 meter waves. Similar associations were also established in Penang (Penang Wireless Association) in 1925 and in Kuala Lumpur (Malayan Wireless Association) in 1928.[3]

In 1930, Sir Earl from the Singapore Port Authority commenced its short wave broadcast every fortnight either on Sundays or Wednesdays. The same effort was emulated by the Malayan Wireless Association, broadcasting from Bukit Petaling, Kuala Lumpur, via 325 meter waves. Penang Wireless Association led by Khoo Sian Ewe launched Station ZHJ – Malaya's first radio station on 24 August 1934, which operates out of George Town, Penang. On 1 March 1937, Sir Shenton Thomas opened the Studio of British Broadcasting Corporation of Malaya and its transmitter at Caldecott Hill in Singapore. The Corporation was taken over by the Straits Settlements Government in 1940, subsequently nationalised and reorganised as the Malaya Broadcasting Corporation and was placed under the British Department of Information.[4]

During World War II in 1942, the Imperial Japanese Army took over and used the existing radio channels in Penang, Malacca, Kuala Lumpur, Seremban and Singapore to transmit Japanese propaganda. After the war in 1945, the British came back into power and reclaimed the stations.

Early history, 1946 to 1969

On 1 April 1946, Radio Malaya (the Department of Broadcasting, Malaya), predecessor of present day Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM), was established at Caldecott Hill in Singapore. Apart from its headquarters in Singapore, Radio Malaya also had broadcast stations in cities and towns across Malaya such as Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Seremban and Malacca.[5][6][7] In the British Crown Colonies of North Borneo (now Sabah) and Sarawak, Radio Sarawak was launched on 8 June 1954, while Radio Sabah was launched on 9 November 1955 after test broadcast since 1952.[8][9]

With the independence of Malaya on 31 August 1957, Radio Malaya was split into two separate stations: the original studios in Singapore was taken over by a new station called Radio Singapura and Radio Malaya moved to Kuala Lumpur going on air from the new location – the 5th to 6th floor of the Federal House on 1 January 1959. It would be later renamed Radio Malaysia on 16 September 1963, with the transmissions beginning with its trademark words Inilah Radio Malaysia (This is Radio Malaysia) on the day the Malaysia of today, a federation which consists of the States of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore (until 1965) was born. On the same day, Radio Sabah, Radio Sarawak and Radio Singapura became part of the Radio Malaysia network as state stations for Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore listeners respectively. Radio Malaysia's flagship international shortwave radio service, Voice of Malaysia (Malay: Suara Malaysia, VOM) was launched on 15 February the same year to promote the country.

Television services under the name Televisyen Malaysia or Malaysia Television (Malaysia TV) started on 28 December 1963 in time for the national New Year celebrations in Kuala Lumpur and regional telecasts in the Klang Valley in Selangor state, with its first studios being located in Jalan Ampang.[10][11][12] The then 10-month-old Television Singapura (launched on 15 February 1963) became part of Televisyen Malaysia in January 1964 as its state station for Singapore viewers, a role served until 1965, when Singapore became independent. During its time as part of Malaysia, Singapore, like its three other partners–Sabah, Sarawak and Malaya had its own radio network, but Singapore was the only state to have its own television network. The state's radio and television broadcast right was included as an annex in the Malaysia Agreement which it garnered autonomy in this area, among others.

Post-merger, 1969 to 2001

Radio and TV operations merged on 11 October 1969 as the new Angkasapuri headquarters was inaugurated. Thus Radio Malaysia and Televisyen Malaysia's identities merged to become Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM). A second TV station also opened in the same year as its rebranding. Apart from its headquarters at Angkasapuri, RTM has branches in every state of Malaysia (except Selangor which is based in Angkasapuri) and the Federal Territory of Labuan. On 19 April 1971, Radio Malaysia's Malay language unit became the first radio station to broadcast 24 hours a day nationwide, thus becoming Rangkaian Nasional (National Network) in the process. On 20 June 1975, Radio Malaysia's first Stereo FM format radio station went on the air and initially focus on the Klang Valley area. RTM began broadcasting in colour since 1978 in Peninsular Malaysia and 1980 in Sabah and Sarawak. Televisyen Malaysia introduced daily morning transmissions on 1 March 1994 on TV1.[13][14]

21st century, 2001 to present

Permanent 24-hour broadcasting was introduced in 2006 on TV2 and in 2012 on TV1. Owing to the diminished effectiveness of a shortwave radio service over time with changing technology and media consumption habits, Voice of Malaysia was dissolved by the end of 2012. Three new TV channels were launched during the digital television broadcasting era: TV Okey on 21 March 2018, Berita RTM on 25 June 2020 and Sukan RTM on 1 April 2021.

Terrestrial stations

Radio stations

RTM offers 34 FM radio channels. 6 of them are national, while the other 28 are local. Each station has different frequencies, depending on the area of coverage.

Nationwide

Station Language Ref
Radio Klasik Malay [15]
Nasional FM Malay [16]
Asyik FM Malay and Aslian (Semai, Jakun, Temiar and Temuan) [17]
TraXX FM English [18]
Ai FM Chinese (Mandarin, Cantonese, Hokkien, Teochew and Hakka) [19]
Minnal FM Tamil [20]

Local

RTM's local radio network, formerly known as Radio 3, offers localised services to listeners across their respective states and federal territories. Most stations operate from 6:00 am to midnight daily, with simulcasts of Nasional FM taking place during downtime. Others like Sabah V FM, take simulcasts from another national radio network overnight. KL FM, however, operates 24 hours a day.

Station Language Ref
Perlis FM Malay [21]
Kedah FM Malay [22]
Langkawi FM Malay [23]
Mutiara FM Malay [24]
Perak FM Malay [25]
Kelantan FM Malay [26]
Terengganu FM Malay [27]
Pahang FM Malay [28]
Selangor FM Malay [29]
KL FM Malay [30]
Negeri FM Malay [31]
Melaka FM Malay [32]
Johor FM Malay [33]
Sarawak FM Malay [34]
Red FM English and Chinese (Mandarin, Foochow and Hakka) [35]
Wai FM Iban Iban [36]
Wai FM Bidayuh Bidayuh, Kayan and Kenyah [37]
Sri Aman FM Malay [38]
Sibu FM Malay, Chinese (Mandarin) and Iban [39]
Bintulu FM Malay [40]
Miri FM Malay, Chinese (Mandarin), Iban, Kayan and Kenyah [41]
Limbang FM Malay, Bisaya and Lun Bawang [42]
Labuan FM Malay [43]
Sabah FM Malay [44]
Sabah V FM English, Kadazan, Chinese (Mandarin and Hakka), Dusun, Bajau and Murut [45]
Keningau FM Malay, Murut and Dusun [46]
Sandakan FM Malay [47]
Tawau FM Malay [48]

Television Channels

RTM offers six terrestrial TV channels in Malaysia. While Malay and English are main languages used for its programmes, three out of six channels also offer vernacular language programmes for its non-Malay native population (widely known as Bumiputera), as well as Chinese and Indian minorities.

Name Availability Language Programming Ref
TV1 Free-to-air, Satellite, IPTV Malay and English News [49]
TV2 Free-to-air, Satellite, IPTV Malay, English, Chinese (Mandarin), Indian (Tamil and Hindi), Korean and Turkish News, culture, entertainment and children [50]
OKEY Free-to-air, Satellite Malay, English, Bajau, Dusun, Kadazan and Iban News, culture, entertainment, children and education [51]
Berita RTM Free-to-air Malay, English, Chinese (Mandarin), Indian (Tamil), Bajau, Dusun, Kadazan and Iban News [52]
Sukan RTM Free-to-air Malay and English Sports
TV6 Free-to-air Malay Films, entertainment, variety and drama series from the RTM archives

Over-the-top media service

RTM Klik (formerly MyKlik and RTM Mobile) is RTM's Over-the-top media service (OTT). It covers viewers across multiple devices such as computers, tablets, smartphones.[53] The service's website contains all RTM television channels and radio stations, as well as online streaming channel RTM Parlimen which was launched on 1 July 2013.

RTM Parlimen broadcasts the parliamentary session from Monday to Thursday from 10 am to 1 pm in the morning session and from 2.30 pm to 5.30 pm or late in the afternoon/evening session. Apart from RTM Klik, RTM Parlimen can also be watched through the RTM Parlimen page channel.[54]

Online News Portal

  • One News (launched on 19 April 2013).[55][56]

See also

References

  1. ^ Amree Ahmad (7 June 2009). "Kita bakal 'mabuk' TV" (in Malay). Kosmo!. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  2. ^ Ifqdar Rahman (31 March 2016). "Festival 70 tahun RTM". Utusan Malaysia. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  3. ^ "RTM background".
  4. ^ Teh Liam Seng (19 March 2017). "The sound of history". New Straits Times. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  5. ^ "THE FUTURE OF RADIO MALAYA". Sunday Tribune. 12 January 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Radio Malaya played it!". Indian Daily Mail. 11 September 1952. p. 4.
  7. ^ "RADIO MALAYA, THE QUESTION OF CONTROL". Sunday Tribune. 5 January 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  8. ^ "Sabah fm info".
  9. ^ "Sarawak fm info".
  10. ^ "Talivisen sa-lewat2 akhir tahun 63". Berita Harian. 9 January 1962. p. 5. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  11. ^ "TALIVISHEN ALAT REVOLUSI MASHARAKAT — SENU". Berita Harian. 2 October 1964. p. 3. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  12. ^ "TV di-Malaysia: Banyak kemajuan sejak tahun '63". Berita Harian. 2 January 1969. p. 4. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  13. ^ "Early Morning viewing on TV1 and TV3 begins". 1 March 1994.
  14. ^ "RTM History 2006 Archive".
  15. ^ Radio Klasik's official page
  16. ^ Nasional FM's official page
  17. ^ Asyik FM's official page
  18. ^ TraXX FM's official page
  19. ^ Ai FM's official page
  20. ^ Minnal FM's official page
  21. ^ Perlis FM's official page
  22. ^ Kedah FM's official page
  23. ^ Langkawi FM's official page
  24. ^ Mutiara FM's official page
  25. ^ Perak FM's official page
  26. ^ Kelantan FM's official page
  27. ^ Terengganu FM's official page
  28. ^ Pahang FM's official page
  29. ^ Selangor FM's official page
  30. ^ KL FM's official page
  31. ^ Negeri FM's official page
  32. ^ Melaka FM's official page
  33. ^ Johor FM's official page
  34. ^ Sarawak FM's official page
  35. ^ Red FM's official page
  36. ^ Wai FM Iban's official page
  37. ^ Wai FM Bidayuh's official page
  38. ^ Sri Aman FM's official page
  39. ^ Sibu FM's official page
  40. ^ Bintulu FM's official page
  41. ^ Miri FM's official page
  42. ^ Limbang FM's official page
  43. ^ Labuan FM's official page
  44. ^ Sabah FM's official page
  45. ^ Sabah V FM's official page
  46. ^ Keningau FM's official page
  47. ^ Sandakan FM's official page
  48. ^ Tawau FM's official page
  49. ^ TV1's official page
  50. ^ TV2's official page
  51. ^ TV Okey's official page
  52. ^ RTM's news portal
  53. ^ RTM Klik's official page
  54. ^ RTM Parlimen's official page
  55. ^ One News official website
  56. ^ "RTM launches Internet news channel 'Portal 1news' ⋆ The Malaysian Times". www.themalaysiantimes.com.my. Archived from the original on 12 November 2018.

External links