Prithviraj Chavan

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Prithviraj Chavan
Prithviraj Chavan - India Economic Summit 2011.jpg
Chavan in 2011
17th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
11 November 2010 – 26 September 2014
DeputyAjit Pawar
Preceded byAshok Chavan
Succeeded byPresident's rule
Leader of the House Legislative Assembly
In office
11 November 2010 – 26 September 2014
DeputyAjit Pawar
SpeakerDilip Walse-Patil
Preceded byAshok Chavan
Succeeded byDevendra Fadnavis
Minister of State for Prime Minister's Office
In office
22 May 2004 – 25 September 2010
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
  • Parliamentary Affairs
  • Department of Personnel and Training
  • Department of Pension and Pensioners' Welfare
  • Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances
Member of Parliament Rajya Sabha
In office
13 March 2002 – 20 September 2010
Member of Parliament Lok Sabha
In office
3 May 1991 – 20 June 1999
Preceded byPremalakaki Chavan
Succeeded byShriniwas Patil
Member of Legislative Assembly, Maharashtra
Assumed office
19 October 2014
Preceded byVilasrao Balkrishna Patil
ConstituencyKarad South
Personal details
Born (1946-03-17) 17 March 1946 (age 76)
Indore, Indore State, British India
(present-day Madhya Pradesh, India)
Political partyIndian National Congress
Satvasheela Chavan
(m. 1976)
Residence(s)Kumbhargaon, Maharashtra
Alma materBITS, Pilani (B.E.)
University of California, Berkeley (M.S.)

Prithviraj Chavan (Marathi pronunciation: [prut̪ʱʋiːɾaːd͡ʑ t͡səʋʱaːɳ]) (born 17 March 1946) is an Indian politician who was the 17th Chief Minister of Maharashtra, a state in Western India. Chavan is a graduate of the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani and University of California, Berkeley in mechanical engineering. He spent time working in the field of aircraft instrumentation and designing audio recorders for anti-submarine warfare in the US before returning to India and becoming an entrepreneur in 1974. Referred to in the media as a technocrat with a clean, non-controversial image, a low-profile leader. Chavan served as the Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions. Chavan was also General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee (AICC), in-charge of many states, including Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Haryana, Gujarat, Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh.

Chavan was drawn into politics after meeting with Rajiv Gandhi. He has been involved in the Indian National Congress bureaucracy for most of his adult life, notably as a member of the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of the India's Parliament) and later architect of the civil nuclear liability bill. He was first elected to the Lok Sabha in 1991 and followed it up in subsequent elections. Chavan held five portfolios in the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government that includes the ministry of science and technology. He became chief minister of Maharashtra in 2010 at the insistence of Congress President Sonia Gandhi succeeding unrelated Ashok Chavan. He resigned as the chief minister of Maharashtra after the ruling NCP-Congress alliance split in the state.

Early life

Chavan was born in Indore, Central Provinces on 17 March 1946.[1] His parents were Dajisaheb Chavan and Premala. He is the eldest of three siblings. His younger sisters are Nirupama Ajitrao Yadav-Deshmukh and Vidyulata Venkatrao Ghorpade. Dajisaheb was a member of the Lok Sabha from the Karad constituency from 1957 to 1973 & served as a Minister in the cabinets of Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi. Upon Dajisaheb's death in 1973, Chavan's mother, Premala (affectionately known as Premalakaki (aunt Premala) contested from her late husband's constituency and was elected in the by election in 1973 and in the general elections of 1977, 1984, and 1989 serving till her death in 1991.

Chavan began his schooling at a local Municipal Marathi-medium school in Karad. After his father moved to Delhi, Chavan joined Nutan Marathi School in Delhi. Chavan graduated in Mechanical Engineering from the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani. After graduation in 1967, he won a UNESCO scholarship in Germany and later moved to pursue a Master of Science degree from the University of California, Berkeley. He wrote articles on computer science; engineering design; and also contributed to research in computerization. He also worked briefly in the US as a design engineer, working on defence electronics, anti-submarine warfare, computer storage systems, and computerisation of Indian languages.[2]

Political career

Prithviraj Chavan assumes the charge of Minister of State for PMO in New Delhi on May 24, 2004

Chavan started his political career in 1991 by winning his parents old seat of Karad to the Lok sabha. He went on to win the seat thrice, in 1991, 1996 and 1998 but lost in 1999.[3]

Chavan as 17th Chief Minister of Maharashtra

He served as a Minister of State for the ministries of Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and in charge of Prime Minister's Office. Earlier he also served as the Minister of State in charge of the Department of Atomic Energy. Chavan replaced Ashok Chavan as chief minister after the latter's involvement in the Adarsh Housing Society scam forced him to resign. Reasons for his choice reported by the media included the perception that he had a "clean image" and that he did not have his own faction of political supporters within the state.[4][5][6]

One of his first actions as Chief Minister was to play a role along with Civil Aviation minister Praful Patel, in convincing Jairam Ramesh, the Minister for Environment And Forests in obtaining environmental clearance for the planned second airport in Mumbai, Navi Mumbai International Airport.[7]

Personal life

Chavan married Satvasheela on 16 December 1976. They have a daughter, Ankita and a son named Jai. Ankita married on 29 November 2013 in Delhi.

Posts held

  • 1991-92 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • 1992-93 Member, Committee on Science and Technology, Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  • 1994-96 Member, Standing Committee on Finance and Planning.
  • 1996-99 Member, Committee on Provision of Computers to Members of Parliament.
  • 2000-01 Spokesperson, All India Congress Committee.
  • 2002-04 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Defence.
  • 2004-22 May 2009 and 28 May 2009 onward Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office.
  • 11 Nov 2010 - 25 Sept 2014 - Chief Minister of Maharashtra
  • 19 Oct 2014 - Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) in Maharashtra


  1. ^ "Shri Prithviraj Chavan" (PDF). National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Shri Prithviraj Chavan". India Today. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
  3. ^ Gupta, Smita (10 November 2010). "Prithviraj, with a clean image, takes up key political assignment". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  4. ^ "Clean yet invisible: Prithviraj Chavan quits as CM, did anyone notice?". Firstpost. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Maharashtra CM Prithviraj Chavan's rivals get key posts for Assembly polls". India Today. 16 August 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  6. ^ "Right man in the wrong polity". Tehelka. 28 April 2012. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Green signal for Navi Mumbai airport". The Hindu. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2014.

External links

Preceded by Chief Minister of Maharashtra
11 Nov 2010 – 26 September 2014
Succeeded by
President`s Rule
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