Princess Caroline of Gloucester

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Princess Caroline of Gloucester
Born(1774-06-24)24 June 1774
Gloucester House, Piccadilly Street
Died(1775-03-14)14 March 1775 (age 8 months 18 days)
Gloucester House, Piccadilly Street[citation needed]
Caroline Augusta Maria
FatherPrince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
MotherMaria Walpole

Princess Caroline Augusta Maria of Gloucester (24 June 1774 – 14 March 1775) was an infant member of the British royal family, a great-grandchild of George II, niece of George III and daughter of Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, and his wife, Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, daughter of Sir Edward Walpole and his mistress Dorothy Clement.


Caroline was born at Gloucester House, Piccadilly Street, London. Her father was Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, third son of the Prince of Wales. Her mother was Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (previously the Countess Waldrave), née Walpole. She was christened, privately, twenty-nine days later as Caroline Augusta Maria— her godparents were Frederick I of Württemberg (her uncle by marriage), the Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (her paternal aunt and wife of the aforementioned) and the Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (her mother).


In early March 1775, Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, became seriously ill with smallpox.[1] He was so much "shaken in health"[1] that he decided to go abroad, thinking that a change of scenery would be beneficial.[1] Before he left, however, he wanted to make sure that none of children suffered so much, so he ordered the inoculation of Princess Sophia and Princess Caroline, which was performed on 3 March.[1] Princess Sophia, aged two at the time, survived and the inoculation had no known repercussion on her.[1] However, Princess Caroline, became seriously ill on 13 March,[1] having seizures and fits.[1] Princess Caroline of Gloucester died on 14 March, aged almost nine months. She was buried in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.



  1. ^ a b c d e f g Tait, p. 195


  • Tait, William (1859). Tait's Edinburgh Magazine. William Tait.