Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
|Born||Princess Alexandra of Kent|
25 December 1936
Belgravia, London, England
(m. 1963; died 2004)
|Father||Prince George, Duke of Kent|
|Mother||Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark|
|Education||Heathfield School, Ascot|
|Royal family of|
the United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy (Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel; born 25 December 1936) is a member of the British royal family. She is the daughter of Prince George, Duke of Kent, and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark. She was a first cousin of the late British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, and since her mother was a first cousin of the queen's husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, she was also his first cousin once removed.
Princess Alexandra is the widow of businessman Sir Angus Ogilvy, to whom she was married from 1963 until his death in 2004. At the time of her birth, she was sixth in the line of succession to the British throne; as of September 2022, she is 56th.
Princess Alexandra was born on 25 December 1936 at 3 Belgrave Square, London. Her parents were Prince George, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George V and Queen Mary, and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, a daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark and Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia. She was named after her paternal great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra; her grandmother, Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia; and both of her maternal aunts, Countess Elizabeth of Törring-Jettenbach and Princess Olga of Yugoslavia. She received the name Christabel because she was born on Christmas Day, like her aunt Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester. Her birth was the last to have the tradition of having the Home Secretary present to verify the birth of potential heirs to the throne. Sir John Simon was present and was the last one to do so.
As a male-line granddaughter of the British monarch, she was styled as a British princess with the prefix Her Royal Highness. At the time of her birth, she was sixth in the line of succession to the British throne, behind her cousins Elizabeth and Margaret, her uncle the Duke of Gloucester, her father the Duke of Kent, and her elder brother Prince Edward. She was born two weeks after the abdication of her uncle King Edward VIII.
The Princess was baptised in the Private Chapel of Buckingham Palace, on 9 February 1937, and her godparents were King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (her paternal uncle and aunt); the Queen of Norway (her grand-aunt); Princess Nicholas of Greece and Denmark (her maternal grandmother); Princess Olga of Yugoslavia (her maternal aunt); the Princess Beatrice (her paternal great-grand-aunt); the Earl of Athlone (her paternal grand-uncle); and Count Karl Theodor of Törring-Jettenbach (her maternal uncle by marriage). Of her godparents, only the King and Queen and Lord Athlone were present.
Princess Alexandra spent most of her childhood at her family's country house, Coppins, in Buckinghamshire. She lived with her grandmother, Queen Mary, the widow of George V, during World War II at Badminton. Her father was killed in an aeroplane crash in Caithness, Scotland on 25 August 1942 while serving in the Royal Air Force. Princess Alexandra has the distinction of being the first British princess to have attended a boarding school, Heathfield School near Ascot. She then studied in Paris. She was also trained at Great Ormond Street Hospital.
Marriage and personal life
On 24 April 1963, she married The Hon. Angus James Bruce Ogilvy (1928–2004), second son of David Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie and Lady Alexandra Coke, at Westminster Abbey. Ogilvy presented Alexandra with an engagement ring made of a cabochon sapphire set in gold and surrounded by diamonds on both sides. The wedding ceremony was attended by the royal family and was broadcast worldwide on television, watched by an estimated 200 million people.
The bride wore a wedding gown of Valenciennes lace, with matching veil and train, designed by John Cavanagh. She made her way with her brother, the Duke of Kent, from Kensington Palace to the church. The bridesmaids included Princess Anne and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria, and the best man was Peregrine Fairfax. The Archbishop of Canterbury Michael Ramsey conducted the service. Angus Ogilvy declined the Queen's offer to be created an earl upon marriage, so their children carry no titles.
Angus Ogilvy was knighted in 1988 (when Princess Alexandra assumed the style of The Hon. Lady Ogilvy), later being sworn of the Privy Council in 1997. Princess Alexandra and Sir Angus had two children, James and Marina, and four grandchildren:
- James Robert Bruce Ogilvy (born 29 February 1964 in Thatched House Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey). He married Julia Caroline Rawlinson on 30 July 1988 at St Mary's Church in Saffron Walden, Essex. The couple have issue:
- Marina Victoria Alexandra Ogilvy (born 31 July 1966 in Thatched House Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey) she married Paul Julian Mowatt (Hendon, 28 November 1962) on 2 February 1990 and divorced on 15 October 1997. They have two children:
Marina's first pregnancy, which was announced in late 1989, caused a controversy as the couple were not married. This resulted in a feud with her parents who suggested she either marry her companion or have an abortion. In an interview with a tabloid at the time, Marina had claimed that her parents had cut off her trust fund and monthly allowance due to their disapproval of her conduct.
Beginning in the late 1950s, Princess Alexandra carried out an extensive programme of engagements in support of the Queen, both in the United Kingdom and overseas. Taking part in roughly 120 engagements each year, Princess Alexandra was one of the most active members of the royal family. She made 110 engagements in 2012. However, in late June 2013, she cancelled her engagements due to arthritis. As of 2017, she is still listed as a working member of the royal family, attending numerous ceremonial and charitable engagements.
In 1959, she carried out an extensive tour of Australia, and attended the Queensland Centenary Celebrations. The Alexandra Waltz was composed for this visit by radio announcer Russ Tyson, and television musical director, Clyde Collins. It was sung for the princess by teen-aged Gay Kahler, who later changed her name to Gay Kayler. In 1961, Princess Alexandra visited Hong Kong and made a visit to Aberdeen Fish Market, Lok Ma Chau police station and So Uk Estate, a public housing complex. Princess Alexandra returned to Australia in 1967 for a private holiday, but also carried out engagements in Canberra and Melbourne. The Princess Alexandra Hospital in Brisbane is named in her honour.
Princess Alexandra represented the Queen when Nigeria gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 1 October 1960, and opened the first Parliament on 3 October. Later overseas tours included visits to Canada, Italy, Oman, Hungary, Norway, Japan, Thailand, Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands. Princess Alexandra launched the New Zealand Leander-class frigate HMNZS Waikato at Harland and Wolff, Belfast, Northern Ireland in 1965. Princess Alexandra opened the Victoria to Brixton section of London Underground's Victoria line on 23 July 1971.
Princess Alexandra opened the new hospital in Harlow, Essex, named in her honour on 27 April 1965. The Princess Alexandra Hospital NHS Trust was announced by the Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, in September 2019 to be part of the government's new health infrastructure programme to build a new hospital.
Princess Alexandra served as Chancellor of Lancaster University from its foundation in 1964 until she relinquished the post in 2004 (when she also accepted an honorary degree in Music). She also served as the first Chancellor of the University of Mauritius. She is also an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, Faculty of Anæsthetists of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, and the Royal College of Physicians. She is also the President of Alexandra Rose Day, which was founded in honour of her great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra. She was also patron of The Royal School, Hampstead. The Princess was president of WWF-UK until 2011.
Until it was abolished in 2013, Princess Alexandra received £225,000 per year from the Civil List to cover the cost of official expenses, although as with the other members of the royal family (except the Duke of Edinburgh) the Queen repaid this amount to the Treasury. Alexandra lives at Thatched House Lodge in Richmond, London, a Crown property purchased on a 150-year lease from the Crown Estate Commissioners by Sir Angus Ogilvy after their wedding in 1963. She also has use of a grace-and-favour apartment at St James's Palace in London.
The Princess is the patron of the Blackie Foundation Trust, a charity dedicated to the promotion of research and education in homoeopathy. She is also a patron of the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals; the English National Opera; the London Philharmonic Choir; the Florence Nightingale Foundation; the not-for-profit housing association Anchor; the charity Independent Age; St Christopher's Hospice in Sydenham, England; Core, a National charity in London dedicated to funding research into digestive diseases and which also publishes information leaflets on the most common diseases of the gut and liver; the Nature in Art Trust; and the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (LAMDA), the oldest drama school in the English-speaking world. She has been the patron of the Royal Alexandra Children's Hospital in Brighton since 1954. She is also the royal patron of Children and Families Across Borders (CFAB), a charity dedicated to reuniting children who have been separated from their families. She is patron of the Royal Central School of Speech & Drama in London, which received its royal style in 2012 during the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. In her role as president of Sightsavers UK, the Princess visited Washington D.C. in October 2016 to attend the Neglected Tropical Diseases NGDO Network conference partnership reception. In November 2016, one month ahead of Alexandra's 80th birthday, the Queen held a reception at Buckingham Palace in honour of the work of Alexandra's charities.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 25 December 1936 – 24 April 1963: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent
- 24 April 1963 – 31 December 1988: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Mrs Ogilvy
- 31 December 1988 – present: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
- 12 May 1937: King George VI Coronation Medal
- 2 June 1953: Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal
- 16 June 2003: Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (KG)[a]
- 1967: Order of the Dogwood
- 1962: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown
- 18 November 1982: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown
- : Grand Cross of the Order of Chula Chom Klao
- The Princess Alexandra Auditorium, Yarm School.
- The Alexandra Hospital in Redditch Worcestershire is named after the Princess which she opened on 2 April 1987.
- The Princess Alexandra Hospital in Harlow, Essex, was named by the Princess on 27 April 1965.
- The Princess Alexandra Hospital (formerly South Brisbane Hospital) was named by and in honour of the visit by the Princess to Queensland in 1959.
- The Princess Alexandra Gardens at Leeds Castle are named after her in honour of her involvement as Patron of the Leeds Castle Foundation
- Honorary academic degrees
- University of Queensland, Doctor of Laws
- University of Hong Kong, Doctor of Laws
- University of Mauritius, Doctor of Laws
- University of Liverpool, Doctor of Laws
- University of Lancaster, Doctor of Musical Arts
Honorary military appointments
- 1960–2010: Colonel-in-Chief, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
- 1977: Colonel-in-Chief, The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)
- 1955: Patron, Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
- 1998: Lady Sponsor, of HMS Kent (F78)[unreliable source?]
- 1957–1968: Colonel-in-Chief, of Durham Light Infantry
- 1968–2002: Deputy Colonel-in-Chief, of Light Infantry
- 1977–2006: Colonel-in-Chief, of King's Own Royal Border Regiment
- 2002–2007: Colonel-in-Chief, of Light Infantry
- 1975: Royal Honorary Colonel, of The Royal Yeomanry
- 1992: Deputy Colonel-in-Chief, of The Queen's Royal Lancers
- 2007: Royal Colonel, 3rd Battalion The Rifles
- 1966: Patron and Air Chief Commandant, of Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service
- 2000–2012: Honorary Air Commodore, of RAF Cottesmore
|James Ogilvy||29 February 1964||30 July 1988||Julia Rawlinson||Flora Vesterberg|
|Marina Ogilvy||31 July 1966||2 February 1990
Divorced 4 December 1997
|Paul Mowatt||Zenouska Mowatt|
Since Princess Alexandra's mother was a first cousin of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, she is a second cousin to King Charles III and his siblings, in addition to being their first cousin once removed because her father was Queen Elizabeth II's uncle.
|Ancestors of Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy|
- "No. 34354". The London Gazette. 28 December 1936. p. 8413.
- Panton 2011, p. 37.
- "Royal baby: Traditions and customs surrounding Prince William and Catherine's new baby princess". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 10 February 1937.
- "Members of the royal family attend christening of Princess Alexandra (1937)". British Pathé. 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021 – via YouTube.
- Mishael, Herbert (24 April 1963). "Princess Alexandra to wed Ancestral foe". The Age. London. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "Mayfair glamour girl not Margaret, but Alex". Pittsburgh Post Gazette. London. Associated Press. 19 January 1956. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- Panton 2011, p. 38.
- Chang, Mahalia (27 November 2017). "A Very Thorough History of British Royal Engagement Rings". Harper's Bazaar Australia. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- "Royal Spring Wedding". British Pathe News. 1963. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- Cathcart, Helen (1967). Princess Alexandra. London: W. H. Allen & Co.
- Murphy, Nichola (13 July 2021). "Princess Anne is a beautiful bridesmaid in unearthed royal wedding photos". Hello!. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
- "Royal baby for leap year day". BBC. 29 February 1964. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
The Ogilvy baby was one of several royal babies due within months of each other. The 9lb 6oz boy will be unique among them in having no title. Master Ogilvy is currently 13th in line to the throne but will soon be displaced to 16th
- "Princess Alexandra's granddaughter Flora Ogilvy marries Timothy Vesterberg". Tatler. 1 October 2020. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
- "One More Scandal For British Royalty". The New York Times. 17 October 1989. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
- "Unwed Pregnant Royal Cousin Petitions Queen". Los Angeles Times. 9 October 1989. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
- "Princess Alexandra steps down from public duties". Royal Central. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- "Princess Alexandra". Official website of the Royal Family. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
- Gay song for a princess, Woman's Day, 7 January 1963
- Acheson, Mark (29 June 2017). "Watch: Hong Kong's Royal visit in 1961". Portsmouth News. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- "Farewell To Hong Kong (1961)". YouTube. British Pathé. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021.
- "Princess Alexandra's Visit (1967)". British Pathé. YouTube. 13 April 2014. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- "History". Princess Alexandra Hospital. 15 March 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
- "HMNZS Waikato (Leander-class Frigate)". National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- Green, Oliver (1988). The London Underground – An Illustrated History. Ian Allan. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-7110-1720-7.
- "Chancellor's Installation". Lancaster University. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Port Louis – Princess Alexandra visits Mauritius – 1972". 8 December 2014.
- "HRH Princess Alexandra (b.1936), GCVO, in Evening Dress". Art UK. 1960. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
The painting is on display in the Alexandra Room in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow (Princess Alexandra became an Honorary Fellow in 1960).
- "Faculty of Anæsthetists of the Royal College of Surgeons of England". Anaesthesia. 22 (3): 537–539. July 1967. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2044.1967.tb02794.x. S2CID 221417865.
- "Honorary Fellows". Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "History". Alexandra Rose Charity. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
Our Patron is her great granddaughter, HRH Princess Alexandra.
- Carrier, Dan (5 July 2007). "Royal premiere for school's first song". Camden New Journal. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "New President for WWF-UK". London: WWF. 9 September 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- Kelso, Paul (6 March 2000). "The royal family and the public purse". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "The Royal Residences". Official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014.
- "Our Patron". PDSA. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
- "ENO board". English National Opera. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "News". LPC. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Princess Alexandra Attends Service to Commemorate the Life of Florence Nightingale". Westminster Abbey. May 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "HRH Princess Alexandra visits Augusta Court care home". Anchor. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Our people". Independent Age. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "HRH Princess Alexandra makes annual visit to St Christopher's Hospice". St Christopher's. 12 January 2018. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Core – The Digestive Disorders Foundation (Annual Report and Financial Statements)" (PDF). Core. 31 December 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Nature in Art – Trust". Nature in Art Trust. Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "LAMDA Trustees". London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Opening of LAMDA". Níall McLaughlin Architects. June 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- Collis 2010, p. 288.
- "Who we are". CFAB. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
HRH Princess Alexandra has been CFAB's Royal Patron since 2000. She was preceded by her sister-in-law HRH The Duchess of Kent, ...
- "Royal Central School of Speech and Drama – University of London (Financial Statements)" (PDF). Royal Central School of Speech and Drama. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Princess Alexandra visits Washington for NTDs conference". Sightsavers. October 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Reception to celebrate Princess Alexandra's patronages". Official website of the Royal Family. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008.
- Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage 2008, Debrett's, 2008, p. 97, ISBN 9781870520805
- "No. 42230". The London Gazette. 27 December 1960. p. 8869.
- "New members of the Order of the Garter announced". The official website of the British Royal Family. 23 April 2003. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Princess Alexandra - Biography". The official website of the British Royal Family. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
- "Knights of the Orders of Chivalry". Debrett's. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
Although HRH The Princess Royal and HRH Princess Alexandra, the Hon Lady Ogilvy, are both female they are actually included with the Royal Knights Companions and they bear the post-nominal letters KG (not LG).
- The Royal Family and the Armed Forces
- The Canadian Forces Decoration
- "This Day In History: November 21, 1966". 19 March 2018. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
- PAH Trust website
- Court Circular: June 25, 2019
- "Powder Horn" (PDF). The QOR of C. December 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "The Colonel-in-Chief". The Rifleman Online. Archived from the original on 19 June 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "No. 47235". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7119.
- "Colonel-in-Chief". The Canadian Scottish Regiment. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "No. 40656". The London Gazette. 16 December 1955. p. 7071.
- Ilse, Jess (30 June 2021). "What is a royal ship sponsor?". Royal Central. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
- The History of the Light Infantry
- "No. 47234". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7079.
- "No. 56777". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 December 2002. p. 14986.
- "No. 46542". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 April 1975. p. 4820.
- "No. 52834". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 February 1992. p. 2582.
- "Appointment of New Royal Colonels". Royal.UK. 28 February 2006. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- "No. 44159". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 November 1966. p. 11803.
- "No. 55974". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 September 2000. p. 10420.
- Collis, Rose (2010). The New Encyclopaedia of Brighton. (based on the original by Tim Carder) (1st ed.). Brighton: Brighton & Hove Libraries. ISBN 978-0-9564664-0-2.
- Panton, Kenneth J. (2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-8108-5779-7.
- Princess Alexandra at the Royal Family website
- Princess Alexandra Hospital, Australia
- Sardauna Hosts Princess Alexandra at Sokoto Durbar | Independence Celebrations | Oct. 1960