Pontifical Biblical Institute

Coordinates: 41°53′56″N 12°29′01″E / 41.8988°N 12.4836°E / 41.8988; 12.4836
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Pontifical Biblical Institute
Latin: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum
Founder(s)Pope Pius X
Established1909; 114 years ago (1909)
MissionBiblical and ancient Near Eastern Studies
FocusCatholic, Jesuit
RectorMichael Kolarcik, SJ
Piazza della Pilotta
Rome, Italy
Coordinates41°53′56″N 12°29′01″E / 41.8988°N 12.4836°E / 41.8988; 12.4836
Biblical Institute, Rome
Biblical Institute, Jerusalem

The Pontifical Biblical Institute (also known as Biblicum) is a research and postgraduate teaching institution specialised in biblical and ancient Near Eastern studies. It is an institution of the Holy See entrusted to the Society of Jesus.


The Pontifical Biblical Institute was founded by Pope Pius X in the apostolic letter Vinea Electa in 1909 as a centre of advanced studies in Holy Scripture.[1] At first, the institute prepared students for exams at the Pontifical Biblical Commission. In 1916, it was licensed by Pope Benedict XV to grant academic degrees in the name of the commission. In 1928, it was licensed by Pope Pius XI to grant doctorates in affiliation with the Pontifical Gregorian University, independently of the commission.[2] In 1927, a branch was opened in Jerusalem by Alexis Mallon.[3] In 1932, the Oriental Faculty was founded.


All of its rectors have been Jesuit priests. Cardinal Bea is particularly noteworthy for having defended the university against charges of Modernism before the Second Vatican Council.

  • Leopold Fonck (1909-1924)
  • John J. O'Rourke (1924-1930)
  • Augustin Bea (1930-1949)
  • Ernest Vogt (1949-1963)
  • Roderick A. MacKenzie (1963-1969)
  • Carlo Maria Martini (1969-1978)
  • Maurice Gilbert (1978-1984)
  • Albert Vanhoye (1984-1990)
  • Klemens Stock (1990-1996)
  • Robert F. O'Toole (1996-2002)
  • Stephen Pisano (2002-2008)
  • José María Abrego de Lacy (2008-2014)
  • Michael Kolarcik (2014 to present) [4]


Among the prominent alumni of the Biblicum, the following were elevated to the episcopate and/or the cardinalate:

See also


  1. ^ "Biblicum from Vatican". Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  2. ^ "History". www.biblico.it. Archived from the original on 2019-02-13. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  3. ^ "House in Jerusalem". Archived from the original on 2016-01-19. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  4. ^ "Catholic". Archived from the original on 2016-03-18. Retrieved 2016-02-03.

External links