Pan-Green Coalition

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Pan-Green Coalition
泛綠聯盟
Ideology
Political positionCenter-left (majority)[1]
Colours  Green
Legislative Yuan
63 / 113 (56%)
Pan-Green coalition
Traditional Chinese泛綠聯盟
Simplified Chinese泛绿联盟
Pan-Green force
Traditional Chinese泛綠軍
Simplified Chinese泛绿军
Pan-Green groups
Traditional Chinese綠營
Simplified Chinese绿营

The pan-Green coalition, pan-Green force or pan-Green groups is a nationalist political coalition in Taiwan (Republic of China), consisting of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Taiwan Statebuilding Party (TSP), Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU), Social Democratic Party (SDP), Green Party Taiwan, and Taiwan Constitution Association (TCA). The platform of the New Power Party is also very closely aligned with all the other Pan-Green parties.[2][3][4]

History

The name comes from the colours of the Democratic Progressive Party, which originally adopted green in part because of its association with the anti-nuclear movement. In contrast to the Pan-Blue Coalition, the Pan-Green Coalition favors Taiwanization and Taiwan independence over Chinese unification, although members in both coalitions have moderated their policies to reach voters in the center.

This strategy is helped by the fact that much of the motivation that voters have for voting for one party or the other are for reasons that have nothing to do with relations with China. This is particularly true among swing voters. For much of the 1990s, the parties which later formed the Pan-Green Coalition greatly benefited because they were less corrupt than the ruling Kuomintang (KMT). However, due to the controversies and the alleged corruption cases involving the former DPP nominated President Chen Shui-bian, the public perception of the Coalition is seemed to have been altered somewhat.

The Pan-Green Coalition formed in the aftermath of the 2000 presidential election, after which Lee Teng-hui was expelled from the Kuomintang and created his own party, the Taiwan Solidarity Union, which maintains a pro-independence platform.

The internal dynamics of the Pan-Green Coalition are different from those of the Pan-Blue coalition. Unlike the Pan-Blue coalition, which consists of relatively equal-sized parties with very similar ideologies, the pan-green coalition contains the DPP, which is much larger and more moderate than the TSU. So rather than coordinating electoral strategies, as in the case of the parties within the Pan-Blue coalition, the presence of the TSU keeps the DPP from moving too far away from its Taiwan independence roots. In local elections, competition tends to be fierce between Pan-Green candidates from different parties, and as a rule, joint candidates are not proposed.

The Green Party Taiwan is not to be considered as part of the Pan-Green Coalition; however, the Green Party has similar views with the Democratic Progressive Party, especially on environmental and social issues, and the Green Party are also allied with Social Democratic Party.

Member parties

Current members

Party Ideology Leader
Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)

民主進步黨

Social liberalism Tsai Ing-wen
Taiwan Statebuilding Party (TSP)

台灣基進

Progressivism Chen Yi-chi
Social Democratic Party (SDP)

社會民主黨

Social democracy Ting Yung-yan
Green Party Taiwan

台灣綠黨

Green politics Lee Keng-cheng and Chang Yu-jing
Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU)

臺灣團結聯盟

Left-wing populism Liu Yi-te
Taiwan Constitution Association (TCA)

制憲聯盟

Constitutionalism Huang Qianming

Former members

Party Ideology Leader
Taiwan Independence Party (TIP)

建國黨

Progressivism

Legislative strength

Legislative Yuan

Election Number of popular votes % of popular votes Districts At-large Aborigine Overseas Total Seats Member parties (extra-parliamentary parties bracketed)
1992 2,944,195 (Districts + Aborigine) 31.03 38 11 0 2
51 / 130
DPP
1995 3,132,156 (Districts + Aborigine) 33.20 41 11 0 2
54 / 164
DPP
1998 3,111,952 (Districts + Aborigine) 31.01 53 15 0 3
71 / 225
DPP + TIP
2001 4,250,682 (Districts + Aborigine) 41.15 77 19 0 4
100 / 225
DPP + TSU + (TIP)
2004 4,230,076 (Districts + Aborigine) 43.53 76 20 1 4
101 / 225
DPP + TSU + (TIP)
2008 4,043,781 (Party-list) 41.35 13 14 0 -
27 / 113
DPP + (TSU + TCA + Green)
2012 5,735,422 (Party-list) 43.57 27 16 0 -
43 / 113
DPP + TSU
2016 6,027,672 (Party-list) 49.48 49 18 1 -
68 / 113
DPP + (TSU + TIP + TCA + Green + SDP)
2020 5,650,427 (Party-list) 39.90 47 13 2 -
62 / 113
DPP + TSP + (Green + TSU + TIP)

Media

See also

References

  1. ^ Po Jen Yap, ‎Chien-Chih Lin, ed. (2021). Constitutional Convergence in East Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 30. ISBN 9781108831178.
  2. ^ "【政治事】時代力量十席「緊箍咒」 套到民進黨". Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
  3. ^ "時代力量傾向支持蔡英文 黃國昌:需承諾共推重要改革 | ETtoday政治新聞 | ETtoday新聞雲". www.ettoday.net.
  4. ^ 超越藍綠?台灣社運型政黨前進立法院

External links


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