Order of Merit (Chile)

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Order of Merit
(Orden al Mérito)
TypeOrder of merit
Established1817 (as Legion of Merit)
1906 (as Medal of the Merit)
1929 (as Order of Merit)
EligibilityForeigner citizens
Awarded forCivil actions in benefit of the Republic
StatusCurrent
FounderBernardo O'Higgins (1817)
Germán Riesco (1906)
Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (1929)
PresidentGabriel Boric
ChancellorAntonia Urrejola
Grades
  • Collar
  • Grand Cross
  • Grand Officer
  • Commander
  • Officer
  • Kinght
Precedence
Next (higher)None
Next (lower)Order of Bernardo O'Higgins

The Order of Merit (Spanish: Orden al Mérito) is a Chilean order and was created in 1929. Succeeding the Medal of the Merit, which was created during the term of the President Germán Riesco through the Minister of War decree No. 1350 on 4 September 1906. This new national distinction was created to recognize the meritorious service provided by foreign military personnel to Chilean officials. The order is only awarded to foreigners.

History

In 1817, Bernardo O'Higgins created the Legion of Merit, with the aim of recognizing the ones who have provided help to Chile, specially during its independence. In 1823, when O'Higgins fled the country after his abdication, the Legion was extinct.

Nevertheless, in 1906, Germán Riesco created the Medal of the Merit, with the same aim as the current Order: award those who gave civil services to the Republic. The first 200 military medals were minted in gold and silver, giving them the title of First and Second Class. They were minted at the Casa de la Moneda, having a tricolor ribbon. The order had three classes: First, Second, and Third Class; but later a new class was added (Grand Officer) that would be awarded to heads of state.

In 1929, the Medal was renamed as the Order of Merit, and the current regulations where enacted in 2000,[1] being slightly reformed in 2016.[2]

Grades

The President of Chile is the Gran Master of the Order. The Chancellor is the minister of Foreign Affairs.

  • CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Grand Cross BAR.svg
    Collar (Spanish: Collar)
  • CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Grand Cross BAR.svg
    Grand Cross (Spanish: Gran Cruz)
  • CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Grand Officer BAR.png
    Grand Officer (Spanish: Gran Oficial)
  • CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Commander BAR.png
    Commander (Spanish: Comendador)
  • CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Officer BAR.png
    Officer (Spanish: Oficial)
  • CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Knight BAR.png
    Knight (Spanish: Caballero)

Insignia

The Orders design is made up of a gold five-pointed star enamelled in while, backed by a gold laurel wreath. The central disc bears a representation of the national personification of Chile. The outer ring of the central disk is inscribed with "Republica de Chile" (Republic of Chile). The badge hangs from a gold Andean Condor, the national bird of Chile. The Star of the Grand Cross grade is made up of a ten-pointed highly curved star fronted by a gold laurel wreath. Placed on this is another five-pointed white-enamelled star with a central gold disc. The outer edge of the disc is enamelled in blue with the inscription; "Orden del Merito Chile" (Order of Merit Chile). The centre of the disc is emblazoned with a representation of the Coat of Arms of Chile. The badge of the Order is the same for the Collar, Grand Cross, Grand Officer and Commander grades, however the final two grades; the Officer and Knight, are the same basic design however instead of being enamelled in white, the star is enamelled in blue and red respectively. The Orders ribbon is made up of a blue field edged very thinly in red.[3] This is the reverse of the ribbon for the other Chilean order of chivalry; The Order of Bernardo O'Higgins.

Insignia
Collar of the Chilean Order of Merit.svg
Placa de la Orden al Merito de Chile.svg
Riband of the Grand Cross Grade of the Chilean Order of Merit.svg
Insignia of the Grand Officer Grade of the Chilean Order of Merit.svg
Collar Breast Star (Collar, Grand Cross and Grand Officer) Grand Cross Grand Officer and Commander
Star of the Commander Grade of the Chilean Order of Merit.svg
Officer's Cross of the Chilean Order of Merit.svg
Knight's Cross of the Chilean Order of Merit.svg
Order`s Badge (Collar, Grand Cross, Grand Officer and Commander) Officer's Cross Knight's Cross

Recipients

References and links

  1. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile. "Decreto 1817 – Aprueba Reglamento de la Orden "Al Mérito de Chile"". Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  2. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile. "Decreto 42 – Modifica decreto supremo n° 1.817, de 2000, que aprueba Reglamento de la Orden "Al Mérito de Chile"". Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  3. ^ "ODM of Chile: Order of Merit". www.medals.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2022.
  4. ^ Bortrick, William. "The Royal Family – HM Queen Elizabeth II". Burke's Peerage and Gentry. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 20 September 2022.