Mile run

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Athletics
Mile run
ArneAndersson&GunderHagg1942.jpg
Gunder Hägg (right) defeats Arne Andersson with a world record for the mile of 4:06.2 min in Gothenburg in 1942.
World records
MenMorocco Hicham El Guerrouj 3:43.13 (1999)
WomenNetherlands Sifan Hassan 4:12.33 (2019)

The mile run (1,760 yards[1] or exactly 1,609.344 metres) is a middle-distance foot race.

The history of the mile run event began in England, where it was used as a distance for gambling races. It survived track and field's switch to metric distances in the 1900s and retained its popularity, with the chase for the four-minute mile in the 1950s a high point for the race.

In spite of the roughly equivalent 1500 metres race, which is used instead of the mile at the World Championships and Olympic Games and is sometimes referred as the foremost middle-distance track event in athletics, the mile run is present in all fields of athletics, and since 1976, it is the only imperial distance for which World Athletics has on its books for official world records.

Although the mile is not featured at any major championships, the Wanamaker Mile, Dream Mile, Emsley Carr Mile and Bowerman Mile races are among the foremost annual middle-distance races outdoors, respectively.

The current mile world record holders are Hicham El Guerrouj of Morocco with a time of 3:43.13, and Sifan Hassan of The Netherlands with the women's record of 4:12.33.

The record for the fastest mile ever run on any terrain is held by Craig Wheeler, who ran a downhill mile in 1993 in a time of 3:24;[2] Wheeler's time is not an officially recognized record due to the downhill grade of the course he ran.

History

Although a statute mile today is equal to a length of 5,280 feet, the distance of the English mile gained its current definition of 1,760 yards through a statute of the Parliament of England in 1593.[3] Thus, the history of the mile run began in England and it initially found usage within the wagered running contests of the 18th and 19th century. Such contests would attract large numbers of spectators and gamblers – so many that the activity became a professional one for its more-established participants.[4]

The mile run was at the heart of the divide between professional and amateur sports in the late 19th century, as running was beginning to gain popularity in the sports world. Separate world record categories were kept for amateurs and professionals, with professional runners providing the faster times. High-profile contests between Britons William Cummings and Walter George brought much publicity to the sport, as did George's races against the American Lon Myers. The mile run was also one of the foremost events at the amateur AAA Championships.[4] Although the spotlight was shining on the running scene, the categories remained distinct but the respective rise in amateurism and decline of the professional sector saw the division become irrelevant in the 20th century.[5]

A statue commemorating Roger Bannister and John Landy's Miracle Mile in 1954.

The mile run continued to be a popular distance in spite of the metrication of track and field and athletics in general, replacing the imperial distance for the metric mile (1500 meters). It was the 1500 metres – sometimes referred to as the metric mile – which was featured on the Olympic athletics programme. The International Amateur Athletics Federation formed in 1912 and confirmed the first officially recognised world record in the mile the following year (4:14.4 minutes run by John Paul Jones).[6]

The fact that the mile run was the only imperial distance to retain its official world record status after 1976 reflects its continued popularity in the international (and principally metric) era.[7] Decades later, the distance is ubiquitous, whether run in high school gym classes or used for logging in miles for your average recreational runner.

The top men's middle-distance runners continued to compete in the mile run in the first half of the 1900s – Paavo Nurmi, Jack Lovelock and Sydney Wooderson were all world record holders over the distance.[6] In the 1940s, Swedish runners Gunder Hägg and Arne Andersson pushed times into a new territory, as they set three world records each during their rivalry over the decade.[8]

The goal of completing a sub-four-minute mile sparked further interest in the distance in the 1950s and to this day, many competitive runners are still chasing the ambitious barrier. Englishman Roger Bannister became the first person to achieve the feat in May 1954 and his effort, conducted with the help of Chris Brasher and Chris Chataway, was a key moment in the rise of the use of pacemakers at the top level of the sport – an aspect which is now commonplace at non-championship middle and long-distance races.[9][10] In fact, pacemakers, if performing effectively, can earn generous sums of money for their performances and accurate pacing duties.

Augustine Choge running the Dream Mile in Oslo in 2008.

The 1960s saw American Jim Ryun, considered one of the world's most decorated middle-distance runners, set world records near the 3:50-minute mark and his achievements popularised interval workout techniques which are still heavily used today, especially for collegiate distance runners.[8] From this period onwards, African runners began to emerge, breaking the largely white, Western dominance of the distance; Kenya's Kip Keino won the mile at the 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games (which was among the last mile races to be held at a major multi-sport event as of 2021).[11]

Filbert Bayi of Tanzania became Africa's first world record holder over the distance in 1975, although New Zealander John Walker further broke Bayi's record a few months later to become the first man under 3:50 minutes for the event. The 1980s was highlighted by the rivalry between British runners Sebastian Coe and Steve Ovett, who improved the record five times between them, including two records at the Oslo Dream Mile race. Noureddine Morceli brought the mile record back into African hands in 1993 and Morocco's Hicham El Guerrouj set the current record of 3:43.13, which has stood since 1999.[6]

Mile run contests remain a key feature of many annual track and field meetings, including recreational, high school, and collegiate meets, with long-running series such as the Wanamaker Mile at the Millrose Games, Dream Mile at the Bislett Games, the British Emsley Carr Mile, and the Bowerman Mile at the Prefontaine Classic being among the most prominent. Aside from track races, mile races are also occasionally contested in cross country running and mile runs on the road include the Fifth Avenue Mile in New York City. However, in high school and collegiate cross country running, races are often measured in kilometers, with 5K and 8K being the most common.

Records

Morocco's Hicham El Guerrouj (left) is the world record holder for the outdoor mile.

Outdoor

Area Men's Women's
Time Athlete Time Athlete
World 3:43.13  Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR) 4:12.33  Sifan Hassan (NED)
Continental records
Africa 3:43.13  Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR) 4:16.71  Faith Kipyegon (KEN)
Asia 3:47.97  Daham Najim Bashir (QAT) 4:17.75  Maryam Yusuf Jamal (BHR)
Europe 3:46.32  Steve Cram (GBR) 4:12.33  Sifan Hassan (NED)
North, Central America
and Caribbean
3:46.91  Alan Webb (USA) 4:16.71  Mary Slaney (USA)
Oceania 3:47.48  Oliver Hoare (AUS) 4:19.89  Jessica Hull (AUS)
South America 3:51.05  Hudson de Souza (BRA) 4:30.05  Soraya Vieira Telles (BRA)

Indoor

Area Men's Women's
Time Athlete Time Athlete
World 3:47.01  Yomif Kejelcha (ETH) 4:13.31  Genzebe Dibaba (ETH)
Continental records
Africa 3:47.01  Yomif Kejelcha (ETH) 4:13.31  Genzebe Dibaba (ETH)
Asia 3:57.05  Mohamed Suleiman (QAT) 4:24.71  Maryam Yusuf Jamal (BHR)
Europe 3:48.87  Josh Kerr (GBR) 4:17.14  Doina Melinte (ROM)
North, Central America
and Caribbean
3:49.89  Bernard Lagat (USA) 4:16.85  Elle Purrier (USA)
Oceania 3:50.83  Ollie Hoare (AUS) 4:24.14  Kim Smith (NZL)
South America 3:56.26  Hudson de Souza (BRA) 4:42.24  Valentina Medina (VEN)

All-time top 25

Runners competing in the Women's Mile at the Adidas Boost Boston Games in 2019.

Men (outdoor)

  • Correct as of June 2022.[12]
Ath.# Perf.# Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 3:43.13 Hicham El Guerrouj  Morocco 7 JUL 1999 Rome
2 2 3:43.40 Noah Ngeny  Kenya
3 3 3:44.39 Noureddine Morceli  Algeria 05 SEP 1993 Rieti
4 3:44.60 Guerrouj #2 16 JUL 1998 Nice
5 3:44.90 Guerrouj #3 04 JUL 1997 Oslo
6 3:44.95 Guerrouj #4 29 JUN 2001 Rome
7 3:45.19 Morceli #2 16 AUG 1995 Zurich
8 3:45.64 Guerrouj #5 26 AUG 1997 Berlin
9 3:45.96 Guerrouj #6 05 AUG 2000 London
10 3:46.24 Guerrouj #7 28 JUL 2000 Oslo
4 11 3:46.32 Steve Cram  Great Britain 27 July 1985 Oslo
5 12 3:46.38 Daniel Komen  Kenya 26 August 1997 Berlin
6 13 3:46.46 Jakob Ingebrigtsen  Norway 16 June 2022 Oslo [13]
7 14 3:46.70 Vénuste Niyongabo  Burundi 26 August 1997 Berlin
8 15 3:46.76 Saïd Aouita  Morocco 2 July 1987 Helsinki
16 3:46.78 Morceli #3 27 AUG 1993 Berlin
9 17 3:46.91 Alan Webb  United States 21 July 2007 Brasschaat
18 3:46.92 Aouita #2 21 AUG 1985 Zurich
19 3:47.10 Guerrouj #8 07 AUG 1999 London
20 3:47.24 Ingebrigtsen #2 21 AUG 2021 Eugene
10 21 3:47.28 Bernard Lagat  Kenya 29 June 2001 Rome
22 3:47.30 Morceli #3 03 SEP 1993 Brussels
11 23 3:47.32 Ayanleh Souleiman  Djibouti 31 May 2014 Eugene [14]
12 24 3:47.33 Sebastian Coe  Great Britain 28 August 1981 Brussels
13 25 3:47.48 Oliver Hoare  Australia 16 June 2022 Oslo [15]
14 3:47.65 Laban Rotich  Kenya 4 July 1997 Oslo
15 3:47.69 Steve Scott  United States 7 July 1982 Oslo
16 3:47.79 José Luis González  Spain 27 July 1985 Oslo
17 3:47.88 John Kibowen  Kenya 4 July 1997 Oslo
Silas Kiplagat  Kenya 31 May 2014 Eugene
19 3:47.94 William Chirchir  Kenya 28 July 2000 Oslo
20 3:47.97 Dahame Najem Bashir  Qatar 29 July 2005 Oslo
21 3:48.17 Paul Korir  Kenya 8 August 2003 London
22 3:48.23 Ali Saidi-Sief  Algeria 13 July 2001 Oslo
23 3:48.28 Daniel Kipchirchir Komen  Kenya 10 June 2007 Eugene
24 3:48.37 Stewart McSweyn  Australia 1 July 2021 Oslo [16]
25 3:48.38 Andrés Manuel Díaz  Spain 29 JUN 2001 Rome

Women (outdoor)

  • Correct as of July 2019.[17]
Ireland's Sonia O'Sullivan is the 12th fastest woman over the mile.
Ath.# Perf.# Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 4:12.33 Sifan Hassan  Netherlands 12 JUL 2019 Monaco [18]
2 2 4:12.56 Svetlana Masterkova  Russia 14 AUG 1996 Zürich
3 3 4:14.30 Genzebe Dibaba  Ethiopia 06 SEP 2016 Rovereto
4 4:14.71 Hassan #2 22 JUL 2018 London
5 4:14.74 Hassan #3 03 SEP 2021 Brussels
4 6 4:15.61 Paula Ivan  Romania 10 JUL 1989 Nice
5 7 4:15.8h Natalya Artyomova  Soviet Union 05 AUG 1984 Leningrad
8 4:16.05 Dibaba #2 06 JUL 2017 Lausanne
6 9 4:16.14 Gudaf Tsegay  Ethiopia 22 JUL 2018 London [19]
7 10 4:16.15 Hellen Obiri  Kenya 22 JUL 2018 London [19]
11 4:16.15 Obiri #2 09 JUL 2017 London
8 12 4:16.71 Mary Slaney  United States 21 AUG 1985 Zürich
12 Faith Kipyegon  Kenya 11 SEP 2015 Brussels [20]
14 4:17.00 Artyomova #2 20 SEP 1991 Barcelona
10 15 4:17.25 Sonia O'Sullivan  Ireland 22 JUL 1994 Oslo
11 16 4:17.30 Jenny Simpson  United States 22 JUL 2018 London [19]
12 17 4:17.33 Maricica Puica  Romania 21 AUG 1985 Zürich
18 4:17.44 Puica #2 16 SEP 1982 Rieti
13 19 4:17.57 Zola Budd  Great Britain 21 AUG 1985 Zürich
14 20 4:17.60 Laura Weightman  Great Britain 12 JUL 2019 Monaco [21]
15 21 4:17.75 Maryam Yusuf Jamal  Bahrain 14 SEP 2007 Brussels
16 22 4:17.87 Gabriela DeBues-Stafford  Canada 12 JUL 2019 Monaco [22]
17 23 4:18.03 Laura Muir  Great Britain 09 JUL 2017 London [23]
24 4:18.08 Slaney #2 09 JUL 1982 Paris
18 25 4:18.23 Doina Melinte  Romania 14 JUL 1990 Oslo
19 4:18.23 Gelete Burka  Ethiopia 07 SEP 2008 Rieti
20 4:18.42 Rababe Arafi  Morocco 12 JUL 2019 Monaco [24]
21 4:18.58 Axumawit Embaye  Ethiopia 12 JUL 2019 Monaco
22 4:18.65 Winnie Nanyondo  Uganda 12 JUL 2019 Monaco [26]
23 4:18.23 Ciara Mageean  Ireland 12 JUL 2019 Monaco
24 4:19.30 Gabriela Szabo  Romania 01 JUL 1998 Bellinzona
25 4:19.41 Kirsty Wade  United Kingdom 27 JUL 1985 Oslo


Men (indoor)

  • Correct as of February 2022.[27]
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 3:47.01 Yomif Kejelcha  Ethiopia 3 March 2019 Boston University Track and Tennis Center [28]
2 3:48.45 Hicham El Guerrouj  Morocco 12 February 1997 Indoor Flanders Meeting
3 3:48.87 Josh Kerr  Great Britain 27 February 2022 Boston University Track and Tennis Center [29]
4 3:49.44 Edward Cheserek  Kenya 9 February 2018 David Hemery Valentine Invitational [30]
5 3:49.78 Eamonn Coghlan  Ireland 27 February 1983 Meadowlands Arena
6 3:49.89 Bernard Lagat  United States 11 February 2005 Randal Tyson Track Center
7 3:49.98 Johnny Gregorek  United States 3 March 2019 Boston University Track and Tennis Center [28]
8 3:50.17 Cooper Teare  United States 11 February 2022 Chicago [31]
9 3:50.35 Cole Hocker  United States 11 February 2022 Chicago [31]
10 3:50.63 Matthew Centrowitz  United States 20 February 2016 Fort Washington Avenue Armory
11 3:50.70 Noureddine Morceli  Algeria 20 February 1993 Arena Birmingham
12 3:50.83 Oliver Hoare  Australia 29 January 2022 Fort Washington Avenue Armory [32]
13 3:50.92 Galen Rupp  United States 26 January 2013 Boston University Track and Tennis Center
14 3:50.94 Marcus O'Sullivan  Ireland 13 February 1988 Meadowlands Arena
Sam Prakel  United States 3 March 2019 Boston University Track and Tennis Center [33]
16 3:51.06 Nick Willis  New Zealand 20 February 2016 Fort Washington Avenue Armory
17 3:51.20 Ray Flynn  Ireland 27 February 1983 Meadowlands Arena
18 3:51.21 Lopez Lomong  United States 19 February 2013 Fort Washington Avenue Armory
19 3:51.26 Henry Wynne  United States 3 March 2019 Boston University Track and Tennis Center [33]
20 3:51.8 h Steve Scott  United States 20 February 1981 San Diego
21 3:52.02 Peter Elliott  Great Britain 9 February 1990 East Rutherford
22 3:52.03 Morgan Beadlescomb  United States 11 February 2022 Chicago [34]
23 3:52.10 Ciaran O Lionaird  Ireland 16 February 2013 New York
24 3:52.18 Rui Silva  Portugal 15 February 2001 Stockholm
25 3:52.22 Kyle Merber  United States 26 February 2017 Boston

Notes

Below is a list of other times superior to 3:50.55:

Women (indoor)

  • Correct as of February 2022.[35]
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 4:13.31 Genzebe Dibaba  Ethiopia 17 February 2016 Globen Galan
2 4:16.85 Elle Purrier  United States 8 February 2020 Millrose Games [36]
3 4:17.14 Doina Melinte  Romania 9 February 1990 Meadowlands Arena
4 4:17.26 Konstanze Klosterhalfen  Germany 8 February 2020 Millrose Games [37]
5 4:17.88 Jemma Reekie  Great Britain 8 February 2020 Millrose Games [38]
6 4:18.75 Laura Muir  Great Britain 16 February 2019 Arena Birmingham [39]
7 4:18.99 Paula Ivan  Romania 10 February 1989 Meadowlands Arena
8 4:19.73 Gabriela DeBues-Stafford Canada Canada 8 February 2020 Millrose Games [40]
9 4:19.89 Sifan Hassan  Netherlands 11 February 2017 Millrose Games
10 4:20.5 h Mary Decker-Tabb  United States 19 February 1982 San Diego Sports Arena
11 4:20.81 Josette Norris  United States 29 January 2022 Fort Washington Avenue Armory [41]
12 4:21.72 Gudaf Tsegay  Ethiopia 17 February 2022 Liévin [42]
13 4:21.79 Regina Jacobs  United States 8 January 2000 New Balance Mile Challenge
14 4:22.66 Shannon Rowbury  United States 31 January 2015 Wake Forest Invitational
15 4:22.86 Colleen Quigley  United States 9 February 2019 Fort Washington Avenue Armory [43]
16 4:22.93 Kate Grace  United States 11 February 2017 Millrose Games
17 4:23.00 Carla Sacramento  Portugal 24 February 2002 Meeting Pas de Calais
18 4:23.19 Gabriela Szabo  Romania 4 February 2001 Sparkassen Cup
19 4:23.33 Kutre Dulecha  Ethiopia 4 February 2001 Sparkassen Cup
20 4:23.49 Olga Komyagina  Russia 27 January 2008 Moscow
21 4:23.50 Axumawit Embaye  Ethiopia 21 February 2015 Arena Birmingham
22 4:23.53 Gelete Burka  Ethiopia 20 February 2010 Arena Birmingham
23 4:23.86 Kirsty Wade  Great Britain 5 February 1988 New York City
24 4:24.06 Jessica Hull  Australia 29 January 2022 Fort Washington Avenue Armory [44]
25 4:24.10 Kalkidan Gezahegne  Ethiopia 20 February 2010 Arena Birmingham

Notes

Below is a list of other times superior to 4:22.59:

Youth age records

Key:   Incomplete information

Boys

Age Time Athlete Nation Birthdate Date Place Ref
5 6:33.3 Daniel Skandera  United States 2 November 2007 23 July 2013 Santa Rosa
6 5:44.4 Daniel Skandera  United States 2 November 2007 5 August 2014 Santa Rosa
7 5:20.3 Daniel Skandera  United States 2 November 2007 9 June 2015 Santa Rosa
8 5:12.1 Daniel Skandera  United States 2 November 2007 9 August 2016 Santa Rosa
9 5:02.5 Daniel Skandera  United States 2 November 2007 27 June 2017 Santa Rosa
10 4:46.6 Daniel Skandera  United States 2 November 2007 24 July 2018 Santa Rosa
11 4:43.9 Daniel Skandera  United States 2 November 2007 1 November 2019 Oakland
12 4:36.80 Jeremy Kain  United States 18 August 2004 13 July 2017 Los Gatos
13 4:26.49 James Burke  United States 5 August 1997 21 May 2011 Schenectady
14 4:12.77 Marcus Reilly  United States 13 November 2005 7 November 2020 Fairhaven
15 4:05.77 Corey Campbell  United Kingdom 26 July 2006 20 May 2022 Stirling [45]
16 3:56.29 Jakob Ingebrigtsen  Norway 19 September 2000 15 June 2017 Oslo [46]
3:54.63 Victor Torres  United States 19 April 1989 14 June 2005 New York
17 3:50.90 Hamza Driouch  Qatar 16 November 1994 7 June 2012 Oslo [47]
18 3:49.77 Caleb Ndiku  Kenya 9 October 1992 4 June 2011 Eugene [48]
19 3:49.29 William Biwott Tanui  Kenya 5 March 1990 3 July 2009 Oslo [49]

Girls

Age Time Athlete Nation Birthdate Date Place Ref
6 6:36.0 Celine Struijvé  Netherlands 10 November 2012 17 September 2019 Epe
7 6:05.1 Kristina Wilson  United States 5 December 1963 5 June 1971
8 5:43.5 Imogen Stewart  Australia 27 July 2005 10 December 2013 Sydney
9 5:18.74 Imogen Stewart  Australia 27 July 2005 17 January 2015 Wollongong
10 5:04.19 Imogen Stewart  Australia 27 July 2005 16 January 2016 Wollongong
11 4:56.08 Imogen Stewart  Australia 27 July 2005 4 March 2017 Sydney
12 4:46.57 Imogen Stewart  Australia 27 July 2005 13 January 2018 Wollongong
13 4:44.73 Imogen Stewart  Australia 27 July 2005 22 December 2018 Sydney
14 4:40.1 i Mary Decker  United States 4 August 1958 16 March 1973 Richmond
15 4:35.16 Sadie Engelhardt  United States 21 August 2006 9 April 2022 Arcadia [50]
16 4:28.25 i Mary Cain  United States 3 May 1996 16 February 2013 New York
17 4:24.11 i Mary Cain  United States 3 May 1996 24 January 2014 Boston
18 4:24.10 i Kalkidan Gezahegne  Ethiopia 8 May 1991 20 February 2010 Birmingham
19 4:17.57 Zola Budd  United Kingdom 26 May 1966 21 August 1985 Zürich

Season's bests

  • "i" indicates performance on 200m indoor track

See also

References

  1. ^ It has always been customary to give horizontal distances in yards and vertical distances in feet
  2. ^ "Maniacs stand out a mile". The Independent. 20 July 1997. Archived from the original on 14 May 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  3. ^ Mile (unit of measurement). Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2011.
  4. ^ a b Bryant, John (2005). 3:59.4: The Quest to Break the 4 Minute Mile. Random House. ISBN 9780099469087.
  5. ^ McMillan, Ken. "Classic weekend notebook: Running for a good cause". Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  6. ^ a b c 12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine (p. 546, 549–50). IAAF. Retrieved on 12 June 2011.
  7. ^ World Outdoor Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 12 June 2011.
  8. ^ a b Mile - Introduction. IAAF. Retrieved on 12 June 2011.
  9. ^ 1954: Bannister breaks four-minute mile. BBC On This Day. Retrieved on 12 June 2011.
  10. ^ Butcher, Pat (4 May 2004). Completely off pace. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2011-06-12.
  11. ^ Commonwealth Games Medallists - Men. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 12 June 2011.
  12. ^ "World Records". International Association of Athletics Federations. 25 February 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  13. ^ Jon Mulkeen (16 June 2022). "Ingebrigtsen, Bol and Duplantis in record-breaking form in Oslo". World Athletics. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Bowerman Mile Results" (PDF). www.diamondleague-eugene.com. 31 May 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  15. ^ Jon Mulkeen (16 June 2022). "Ingebrigtsen, Bol and Duplantis in record-breaking form in Oslo". World Athletics. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  16. ^ Jess Whittington (1 July 2021). "Warholm breaks world 400m hurdles record with 46.70 in Oslo". World Athletics. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  17. ^ "All-time women's best Mile run". alltime-athletics.com. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  18. ^ Mike Rowbottom (12 July 2019). "Hassan breaks world mile record in Monaco with 4:12.33 - IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
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  20. ^ "Mile Run Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  21. ^ Mike Rowbottom (12 July 2019). "Hassan breaks world mile record in Monaco with 4:12.33 - IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  22. ^ Mike Rowbottom (12 July 2019). "Hassan breaks world mile record in Monaco with 4:12.33 - IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  23. ^ "Mile Run Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 9 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  24. ^ "Mile run Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 12 July 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  25. ^ "Mile run Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 12 July 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  26. ^ "Mile run Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 12 July 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  27. ^ "All-time men's best Mile Run indoor". World Athletics. 30 January 2022. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  28. ^ a b "Kejelcha breaks world indoor mile record with 3:47.01 in Boston". IAAF. 3 March 2019. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  29. ^ "Scantling and Crouser book Belgrade places with world-leading victories at US Indoor Championships". World Athletics. 28 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  30. ^ "Mile Run Invitational Results". lancertiming.com. 9 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  31. ^ a b "DeBues-Stafford breaks North American indoor 5000m record in Boston". World Athletics. 12 February 2022. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  32. ^ Brittany Hambleton (29 January 2022). "Nick Willis extends sub-4 streak to 20 years in the Wanamaker Mile". runningmagazine.ca. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  33. ^ a b "Mile run Results". runnerspace.com. 3 March 2019. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  34. ^ David Woods (12 February 2022). "Cole Hocker comes up half a second short in bid to break American mile record". indystar.com. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  35. ^ "One Mile - women - senior - indoor". Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  36. ^ "Purrier smashes North American indoor mile record at Millrose Games". World Athletics. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  37. ^ "Purrier smashes North American indoor mile record at Millrose Games". World Athletics. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  38. ^ "Purrier smashes North American indoor mile record at Millrose Games". World Athletics. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  39. ^ John Mulkeen (16 February 2019). "Tefera breaks world indoor 1500m record in Birmingham". IAAF. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  40. ^ "Purrier smashes North American indoor mile record at Millrose Games". World Athletics. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  41. ^ Brittany Hambleton (29 January 2022). "Nick Willis extends sub-4 streak to 20 years in the Wanamaker Mile". runningmagazine.ca. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  42. ^ Jon Mulkeen (17 February 2022). "Ingebrigtsen breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin". World Athletics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  43. ^ Rich Sands (10 February 2019). "Millrose Games Women — American 800 Record For Ajee' Wilson". trackandfieldnews.com. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  44. ^ "Jessica Hull, Eric Favour, Ollie Hoare Break National Record". discernsport.com. 29 January 2022. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  45. ^ "Monument Mile magic as Ben clocks 3:57 and age group Records fall". scottishathletics.org.uk. 21 May 2022. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  46. ^ "Dream Miles results" (PDF). 15 June 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  47. ^ "2012 Bislett Games--Oslo Diamond League". Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  48. ^ "2011 Prefontaine Classic Results". Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  49. ^ "Search Mile History – Mile History". Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  50. ^ Joe Curley. "Records fall after Ventura High freshman Engelhardt runs mile at Arcadia Invitational". eu.vcstar.com. Retrieved 26 May 2022.

External links

  1. ^ McMillan, Ken. "Classic weekend notebook: Running for a good cause". recordonline.com. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
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