Mikhail Alexandrovich Ulyanov (Russian: Михаил Александрович Ульянов; 20 November 1927 – 26 March 2007) was a Soviet and Russian actor who was one of the most recognized persons of the post-World War II Soviet theatre and cinema. He was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1969 and a Hero of Socialist Labour in 1986 and received a special prize from the Venice Film Festival in 1982.
Mikhail Alexandrovich Ulyanov spent his childhood and youth in the town of Tara, Omsk Oblast. Although he had failed his exams in Schepkinskoe School and for the Moscow Art Theatre School, he moved to Omsk in 1944 to become an actor. After two years of studies in the studio at Omsk Drama he went to Moscow and entered the Schukin Theatre School in 1946.
Ulyanov worked in the Vakhtangov Theatre from 1950 and directed it from 1987. He played a wide range of characters on stage, with Rogozhin in Dostoevsky’s Idiot being the most remarkable of them. In 1979 he staged Vasily Shukshin’s epic novel I have come to give you freedom, where he starred as Stepan Razin. In 1985 Mikhail Ulyanov staged the satirical pamphlet The Child Buyer by the American playwright John Hersey.
As regards movies, he was frequently cast in the parts of staunch Communist leaders like Vladimir Lenin and Marshal Zhukov. His well-known character Yegor Trubnikov in Predsedatel (Chairman) (1964) became a Soviet classic and his most emblematic role.
The Brothers Karamazov, a 1969 film he co-directed, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film and was entered into the 6th Moscow International Film Festival. He also starred in Tema (1979) and Private Life (1982), the films that won top awards at the Berlin Film Festival and Venice Film Festival, respectively.
More recently, he was acclaimed for the roles of Julius Caesar in the screening of Shakespeare's play (1990), Pontius Pilate in the film adaptation of The Master and Margarita (1994), and an avenging veteran marksman in The Rifleman of the Voroshilov Regiment (1999), directed by Stanislav Govorukhin. He died on March 26, 2007 of intestinal disease.
- Oni byli pervymi (1956) as Aleksey Kolyvanov
- Ekaterina Voronina (1957) as Sutyrin
- The House I Live In (1957) as Dmitry Fedorovich Kashirin
- Dobrovoltsy (1958)
- Shli soldaty (1958)
- Gorod na zare (1959) as Belous
- Stuchis' v lyubuyu dver' (1959)
- A Simple Story (1960) as Andrey Egorovich Danilov
- Baltiyskoe nebo (1961) as Rassokhin
- Bitva v puti (1961) as Dmitriy Bakhiryev
- Molodo-zeleno (1962) as Lizlov
- Eto sluchilos v militsii (1963) (voice)
- Silence (1964) as Pyotr Ivanovich Bykov
- The Alive and the Dead (1964) as Sergei Filippovich, Army Commander
- The Chairman (1964) as Yegor Trubnikov
- Solange Leben in mir ist (1965) as Frolow
- Frozen Flashes (1967) as general Alexander Gorbatov
- The Brothers Karamazov (1969) as Dmitri Karamazov
- Unterwegs zu Lenin (1969) as Lenin
- Liberation (1969-1971, part 1-5) as Marshall Georgy Konstantinovitch Zhukov
- The Flight (1970) as general Gregory Lukyanovich Charnota
- Anflug Alpha I (1971) as General Arkatow
- Trotz alledem! (1972) as Lenin
- More v ogne (1972) as Georgiy Zhukov
- Yegor Bulychyov i drugiye (1972) as Yegor Bulychov
- Samyy posledniy den (1973) as Semyon Kolvalyov
- Blokada (1974, 1977, part 1, 2) as Zhukov
- Take Aim (1975) as marshal Georgy Zhukov
- Legenda o Tile (1977) as Klaas
- Soldiers of Freedom (1977, TV Mini-Series) as marshal Georgy Zhukov
- Pozovi menya v dal svetluyu (1978) as Nikolay
- Obratnaya svyaz (1978) as Ignat Maksimovich Nurkov
- The Theme (1979) as Kim Yesenin, writer
- Posledniy pobeg (1981) as Kustov
- Fevralskiy veter (1981)
- Fakty minuvshego dnya (1981)
- Private Life (1982) as Sergei Nikitich Abrikosov
- Without Witness (1983) as He
- Esli vrag ne sdayotsya... (1983) as Marshall Georgiy Zhukov
- Den komandira divizii (1983) as Zhukov
- Pobeda (1985) as Zhukov
- Marshal Zhukov, stranitsy biografii (1985)
- Battle of Moscow (1985) as marshal Georgy Zhukov
- Vybor (1988) as Vladimir Vasilyev
- Zakon (1989) as Zhukov
- Nash bronepoyezd (1989)
- Stalingrad (1990) as marshal Georgy Zhukov
- Dom pod zvyozdnym nebom (1991) as Bashkirtsev Andrey Nikolaevich, academician
- Sam ya - vyatskiy urozhenets (1992) as Alexandr Kirpikov
- Kooperativ Politbyuro ili budet dolgim proshchanie (1992)
- Everything Will Be Fine! (1995) as Grandpa
- Velikiy polkovodets Georgiy Zhukov (1995) as Georgi Zhukov
- Tayna Marchello (1997)
- Sochinenie ko Dnyu Pobedy (1998) as Dyakov
- The Rifleman of the Voroshilov Regiment (1999) as Ivan Fyodorovich Afonin
- Severnoe siyanie (2001) as Old man in the country house
- Antikiller (2002) as Father, criminal boss
- The Master and Margarita (2006) as Pontius Pilate (final film role)
Honours and awards
Ulyanov has won the following awards:
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1986)
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (17 October 1996) - For services to the state and an outstanding contribution to theatrical art
- Two Orders of Lenin (1986, ?)
- Order of the October Revolution (1977)
- Lenin Prize (1966) - for his performance as Yegor Ivanovich Trubnikov in the feature film "The Chairman"
- RSFSR State Prize, Stanislavsky (1975) - for his role in the play Druyanova "Day in and day out," AL Veytslera and A. Misharin
- USSR State Prize (1983) - for playing Sergei Nikitich Abrikosov in the movie "Private Lives" (1982)
- People's Artist of the RSFSR (1965)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1969)
- Honoured Worker of Culture of the Polish People's Republic (1974)
- "Golden Lion" (Venice Film Festival, 1982) for starring in the movie "Private Lives"
- Order "For honour and valour" - for service to the Russian people and the badge "Golden Olympus" (2005)
- Sole honorary title of "Superstar" (2005)
- Kinotavr Award nomination for "Prize for creative careers" (1997)
- Award "Golden Aries" in 1999 for "Best Actor"
- Russian Federation President Prize in Literature and Art in 1998
- Crystal Turandot Award (1997)
- Golden Mask (1999)
- Award "Idol" (1999)
- In 2008, Russia's new arctic oil tanker has been named "Mikhail Ulyanov"
- Peter Rollberg (2009). Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Cinema. US: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 714–715. ISBN 978-0-8108-6072-8.
- "Михаил Ульянов - наш строгий маршал, дедушка-заступник" (obituary), Izvestia, 31 March 2007 Archived 5 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine accessed 30 January 2011
- "The 42nd Academy Awards (1970) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- "6th Moscow International Film Festival (1969)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- "Ветераны хотят, чтоб Ульянова похоронили как великого полководца" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2021-08-11.
- "Умер Михаил Ульянов". Archived from the original on 2012-12-27. Retrieved 2016-02-04.