Maharashtra Legislative Council

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Maharashtra Legislative Council

महाराष्ट्र विधान परिषद
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
6 years
Leadership
Ramraje Naik Nimbalkar, NCP
since 8 July 2016
Deputy Chairman
Neelam Gorhe, SHS
since 24 June 2019
Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray, SHS
since 28 November 2019
Ajit Pawar, NCP
since 24 February 2020
Subhash Desai
(Cabinet Minister), SHS
since 16 December 2019
Pravin Darekar, BJP
since 16 December 2019
General Secretary
Rajendra Bhagwat, IAS
Structure
Seats78 (66 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Maharashtra Legislative Council June 2022.svg
Political groups
Government
MVA (37)
  •   SHS (13)
  •   NCP (10)
  •   INC (10)
  •   PWPI (2)
  •   IND (2)

Opposition
NDA (26)

Vacant (15)

  •   Vacant (15)
Meeting place
Vidhan bhavan mumbai2.JPG
Website
http://www.maharashtra.gov.in
http://www.mls.org.in

The Maharashtra Vidhan Parishad or Maharashtra Legislative Council is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of Maharashtra state in western India.

Location

The seat of the Vidhan Parishad is situated at the Nariman Point area of South Mumbai in the capital Mumbai. The budget session and the monsoon session are convened in Mumbai whereas the winter session is convened in the auxiliary capital Nagpur.[1]

Composition of Legislative Council

Legislative Council shall consist of not less than 40 members or maximum one-third of the total number of members in the legislative assembly, chosen in the manner provided in this section.

  1. 30 members shall be elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly.
  2. 7 members are elected from amongst graduates from seven divisions of Maharashtra ( Mumbai, Amravati Division, Nashik Division, Aurangabad Division, Konkan Division, Nagpur Division and Pune Division)
  3. 7 members are elected from amongst teachers from seven divisions of Maharashtra ( Mumbai, Amravati Division, Nashik Division, Aurangabad Division, Konkan Division, Nagpur Division and Pune Division)
  4. 22 members are elected from amongst the local bodies of Maharashtra from 21 divisions of Maharashtra ( Mumbai (2 seats) and one seat each from Ahmednagar, Akola-cum-Washim-cum-Buldhana, Amravati, Aurangabad-cum-Jalna, Bhandara- Gondiya, Dhule-cum-Nandurbar, Jalgaon, Kolhapur, Nagpur, Nanded, Nashik, Osmanabad-cum-Latur-cum-Beed, Parbhani-Hingoli, Pune, Raigad-cum-Ratnagiri-cum-Sindhudurg, Sangli-cum-Satara, Solapur, Thane-cum-Palghar, Wardha-cum-Chandrapur-cum-Gadhchiroli and Yavatmal)
  5. 12 members having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters such as literature, science, art, co-operative movement and social service shall be nominated by the Governor

It is a continuous House and not subject to dissolution. However, one-third of its members retire every second year and are replaced by new members. As such a member enjoys a tenure of six years. The members of the Vidhan Parishad elect its chairman and deputy chairman.

Current Composition of Legislative Council

Party Members
Bharatiya Janata Party 25
Shiv Sena 13
Nationalist Congress Party 10
Indian National Congress 10
Peasants and Workers Party 2
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha 1
Independent 2
Vacant 15
Total 78

Constituencies and Members (78)

Following are recent members of Maharashtra Legislative Council[2]

Elected by the Legislative Assembly members (30)

Keys:   BJP (13)   SS (6)   NCP (5)   INC (4)   PWPI (1)   RSP (1)

# Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Pravin Darekar BJP 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
2 Ram Shinde BJP 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
3 Uma Khapre BJP 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
4 Shrikant Bharatiya BJP 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
5 Prasad Lad BJP 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
6 Ranjitsinh Mohite Patil BJP 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
7 Pravin Datke BJP 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
8 Gopichand Padalkar BJP 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
9 Ramesh Karad BJP 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
10 Nilay Naik BJP 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
11 Ram Patil Ratolikar BJP 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
12 Ramesh Patil BJP 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
13 Vijay Girkar BJP 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
14 Sachin Ahir SS 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
15 Aamshya Padavi SS 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
16 Uddhav Thackeray SS 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
17 Neelam Gorhe SS 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
18 Anil Parab SS 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
19 Manisha Kayande SS 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
20 Ramraje Naik Nimbalkar NCP 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
21 Eknath Khadse NCP 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
22 Shashikant Shinde NCP 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
23 Amol Mitkari NCP 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
24 Babajani Durani NCP 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
25 Bhai Jagtap INC 8-Jul-2022 7-Jul-2028
26 Rajesh Rathod INC 14-May-2020 13-May-2026
27 Dr. Wajahat Ather Mirza INC 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
28 Pradnya Rajeev Satav INC 23-Nov-2021 27-Jul-2024
29 Jayant Patil PWPI 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024
30 Mahadev Jankar RSP 28-Jul-2018 27-Jul-2024

Elected from Local Authorities' constituencies (22)

Keys:   BJP (9)   SS (5)   INC (3)   NCP (2)   Vacant (3)

# Constituency Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Mumbai Sunil Shinde SS 2-Jan-2022 1-Jan-2028
2 Mumbai Raj Hans Singh BJP 2-Jan-2022 1-Jan-2028
3 Dhule-Nandurbar Amrish Patel BJP 2-Jan-2022 1-Jan-2028
4 Nagpur Chandrashekhar Bawankule BJP 2-Jan-2022 1-Jan-2028
5 Akola-Washim-Buldhana Vasant Khandelwal BJP 2-Jan-2022 1-Jan-2028
6 Kolhapur Satej Patil INC 2-Jan-2022 1-Jan-2028
7 Aurangabad-Jalna Ambadas Danve SS 30-Aug-2019 29-Aug-2025
8 Osmanabad-Latur-Beed Suresh Dhas BJP 22-Jun-2018 21-Jun-2024
9 Amravati Pravin Pote BJP 22-Jun-2018 21-Jun-2024
10 Wardha-Chandrapur-Gadhchiroli Ramdas Ambatkar BJP 22-Jun-2018 21-Jun-2024
11 Nashik Narendra Darade SS 22-Jun-2018 21-Jun-2024
12 Parbhani-Hingoli Viplove Bajoria SS 22-Jun-2018 21-Jun-2024
13 Raigad-Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg Aniket Tatkare NCP 1-Jun-2018 31-May-2024
14 Jalgaon Chandulal Patel BJP 6-Dec-2016 5-Dec-2022
15 Bhandara-Gondia Parinay Fuke BJP 6-Dec-2016 5-Dec-2022
16 Pune Anil Shivajirao Bhosale NCP 6-Dec-2016 5-Dec-2022
17 Sangli-Satara Mohanrao Kadam INC 6-Dec-2016 5-Dec-2022
18 Nanded Amarnath Rajurkar INC 6-Dec-2016 5-Dec-2022
19 Yavatmal Dushyant Chaturvedi SS 5-Feb-2020 5-Dec-2022
20 Thane-Palghar Vacant
21 Ahmednagar Vacant
22 Solapur Vacant

Elected from Teachers' constituencies (7)

Keys:   BJP (1)   SS (1)   NCP (1)   INC (1)   PWPI (1)   IND (2)

# Constituency Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Pune Jayant Asgaonkar INC 7-Dec-2020 6-Dec-2026
2 Amravati Kiran Sarnaik Ind 7-Dec-2020 6-Dec-2026
3 Mumbai Kapil Waman Patil Ind 8-Jul-2018 7-Jul-2024
4 Nashik Kishor Darade SS 8-Jul-2018 7-Jul-2024
5 Aurangabad Vikram Kale NCP 8-Feb-2017 7-Feb-2023
6 Konkan Balaram Patil PWPI 8-Feb-2017 7-Feb-2023
7 Nagpur Nago Ganar BJP 8-Feb-2017 7-Feb-2023

Elected from Graduates constituencies (7)

Keys:   NCP (2)   INC (2)   BJP (2)   SS (1)

# Constituency Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Nagpur Abhijit Wanjarri INC 7-Dec-2020 6-Dec-2026
2 Aurangabad Satish Chavan NCP 7-Dec-2020 6-Dec-2026
3 Pune Arun Lad NCP 7-Dec-2020 6-Dec-2026
4 Mumbai Vilas Potnis SS 8-Jul-2018 7-Jul-2024
5 Konkan Niranjan Davkhare BJP 8-Jul-2018 7-Jul-2024
6 Amravati Dr. Ranjit Patil BJP 8-Feb-2017 7-Feb-2023
7 Nashik Dr. Sudhir Tambe INC 8-Feb-2017 7-Feb-2023

Governor Nominated (12)

# Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Vacant
2 Vacant
3 Vacant
4 Vacant
5 Vacant
6 Vacant
7 Vacant
8 Vacant
9 Vacant
10 Vacant
11 Vacant
12 Vacant

Officers

Chairperson

The Council is headed by a Chairperson, elected by members in a simple majority vote. The following is the list of Chairpersons of the Council.[3]

Denotes acting chairperson
Sr No Chairperson Party Tenure Reference
Pre-Independence Bombay Legislative Council (1937–47)
1 Mangal Das Pakvasa Congress 22 July 1937 16 August 1947
Post-Independence Bombay Legislative Council (1947–60)
2 Ramchandra Soman Congress 18 August 1947 5 May 1952
3 Ramarao Srinivasrao Hukkerikar 5 May 1952 20 November 1956
4 Bhogilal Dhirajlal Lala 21 November 1956 10 July 1960
Maharashtra Legislative Council (1960-)
5 Vitthal Sakharam Page Congress 11 July 1960 24 April 1978
6 Ram Meghe† 13 June 1978 15 June 1978
7 R. S. Gavai RPI 15 June 1978 22 September 1982
8 Jayant Shridhar Tilak Congress 23 September 1982 7 July 1998
9 Bhaurao Tulshiram Deshmukh† BJP 20 July 1998 24 July 1998
10 N. S. Pharande 24 July 1998 7 July 2004 [4]
11 Vasant Davkhare NCP 9 July 2004 13 August 2004
12 Shivajirao Deshmukh Congress 13 August 2004 16 March 2015 [5]
13 Ramraje Naik Nimbalkar NCP 20 March 2015 Incumbent [6]

Deputy Chairperson

Deputy Chairperson Party Tenure Reference
Neelam Gorhe Shiv Sena 24 June 2019[7] Incumbent

Leader of the House

The Council has a Leader of the House, who heads the government caucus. The office is provided for in the Legislative Council Rules, which defines it as "Chief Minister or any other Minister appointed by Chief Minister". The Rules further mandate that the Chairperson should conduct parliamentary business in consultation with the Leader.[8]

Leader of the House Party Tenure Reference
Eknath Khadse BJP 9 December 2014 7 July 2016 [9]
Chandrakant Patil 8 July 2016 2 July 2019 [10]
Subhash Desai (Acting) Shiv Sena 16 December 2019[11] 23 February 2020 [12]
Ajit Pawar NCP 24 February 2020 Incumbent

Deputy Leader of the House

The Council has a Deputy Leader of the House, who heads the government caucus. The office is provided for in the Legislative Council Rules, which defines it as "Chief Minister or any other Minister appointed by Chief Minister". The Rules further mandate that the Chairperson should conduct parliamentary business in consultation with the Leader.[13]

Deputy Leader of the House Party Tenure Reference
Subhash Desai Shiv Sena 16 December 2019[14] Incumbent

Leader of the Opposition

The Council's opposition parties elect a Leader of the Opposition. This is commonly the leader of the largest non-government party, and is recognized as such by the Chairman. The following is the list of Leaders of the Opposition in the Council.[15]

Sr No Leader of Opposition Party Tenure Reference
1 Madhavrao Bayaji Gaikwad CPI 14 July 1960 23 March 1962 [16]
2 V. B. Gogate BJS 27 July 1962 28 August 1966
3 Ramjeevan Choudhary 29 August 1966 21 July 1967
4 Uttamrao Patil 22 July 1967 26 March 1978
5 Arjunrao Kasture Congress (S) 27 March 1978 19 July 1978
6 Ram Meghe Congress 28 July 1978 9 July 1980
7 Ganesh Prabhakar Pradhan Congress (S) 9 July 1980 7 September 1982 [17]
8 Datta Meghe 7 September 1982 16 November 1984
9 Devidas Marotirao Karale 17 November 1984 12 December 1986
10 R. S. Gavai RPI 12 December 1986 20 December 1988 [18]
11 Vitthalrao Hande Shekapa 23 December 1988 20 December 1990
(10) R. S. Gavai RPI 20 December 1990 17 July 1991
12 Pramod Navalkar Shiv Sena 17 July 1991 2 July 1992 [19]
13 Anna Dange BJP 2 July 1992 30 July 1993
14 Sudhir Joshi Shiv Sena 30 July 1993 30 July 1994
(13) Anna Dange BJP 30 July 1994 18 March 1995
15 Sharad Pawar Congress 25 March 1995 21 May 1996 [20]
16 Chhagan Bhujbal 10 July 1996 9 June 1999 [21]
NCP 10 June 1999 17 October 1999
17 Nitin Gadkari BJP 23 October 1999 11 April 2005 [22]
18 Pandurang Pundalik Fundkar 11 April 2005 22 December 2011
19 Vinod Tawde 23 December 2011 20 October 2014 [23][24]
20 Dhananjay Munde NCP 22 December 2014 24 October 2019 [25][26]
21 Pravin Darekar BJP 16 December 2019 Incumbent [27]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Vidhan Mandal Margadarshika" (PDF) (in Marathi). Retrieved 23 June 2022.
  2. ^ http://mls.org.in/pdf2021/winter/list-of-council-member.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ "Legislative Council Chairpersons" (PDF) (in Marathi). Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  4. ^ "Senior BJP leader N S Pharande passes away". India Today. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Maharashtra Council Chairman Deshmukh loses floor test". The Hindu Business Line. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  6. ^ Shailendra Paranjpe (21 March 2015). "Shiv Sena-BJP reconcile, Ramraje Naik-Nimbalkar elected council chairman". Daily News & Analysis. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Maharashtra Legislative Council Rules" (PDF). 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Maharashtra Legislative Council Rules" (PDF). 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Senior BJP leader Eknath Khadse elevated as leader of house in Maharashtra Council". The Indian Express. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Council: Chandrakant Patil replaces Khadse as leader of house". Business Standard. 8 July 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  11. ^ Ashish Roy (5 December 2019). "6-week winter session reduced to 6 days". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Maharashtra:Ajit Pawar made leader of the Upper House". The Times of India. 25 February 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Maharashtra Legislative Council Rules" (PDF). 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Maharashtra Legislative Council Rules" (PDF). 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  15. ^ "Legislative Council Leaders of the Opposition" (PDF) (in Marathi). Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  16. ^ "Former legislator Madhavrao Gaikwad dies". The Indian Express. 12 November 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  17. ^ "'Plant a tree to remember me'". Pune Mirror. 29 May 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  18. ^ "R S Gavai, veteran Ambedkarite leader, dies at 86". The Indian Express. 26 July 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  19. ^ "Pramod Navalkar passes away". The Economic Times. 21 November 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  20. ^ "Fifteenth Lok Sabha Member's Bioprofile - Pawar, Shri Sharad Chandra Govindrao". Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  21. ^ Tripti Narain (30 September 2004). "MTurbulent journey of Chhagan Bhujbal". Zee News. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  22. ^ "Modi 2.0 Cabinet: Gadkari, the minister who earns plaudits from Opposition". Business Standard. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  23. ^ "BJP chooses 'young leader' Vinod Tawde as Opposition leader in council". The Hindustan Times. 17 December 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  24. ^ Shubhangi Khapre (24 December 2011). "BJP appoints Vinod Tawde as opposition leader in state council". Daily News & Analysis. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Maharashtra: NCP's Dhananjay Munde new LoP in legislative council". The Hindustan Times. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  26. ^ "NCP's Dhananjay Munde new LOP in Maharashtra Legislative Council". The Economic Times. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  27. ^ "BJP's Pravin Darekar new Leader of Opposition in Maharashtra Legislative Council". The New Indian Express. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2021.