Luke 24

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Luke 24
John 1 →
Papyrus 75a.gif
Luke 24:51-53, continued with John 1:1-16, on Papyrus 75, written about AD 175-225.
BookGospel of Luke
CategoryGospel
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part3

Luke 24 is the twenty-fourth and final chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.[1] This chapter records the discovery of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, his appearances to his disciples and his ascension into heaven.[2]

Text

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 53 verses.

Textual witnesses

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Verse 1

Greek text
Latin text
Luke 23:47-24:1 on Codex Bezae (Cambridge University Library MS. Nn.2.41; ~AD 400).

It was the day of Preparation, and the sabbath was beginning. The women who had come with him from Galilee followed, and they saw the tomb and how his body was laid. Then they returned, and prepared spices and ointments... But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb, taking the spices that they had prepared. They found the stone rolled away from the tomb

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges suggests that the words "certain other women" are a spurious late insertion, not being part of the text in the Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus, Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus or Codex Regius manuscripts.[3]

Tradition sites of Jesus' tomb
Left: outside of Garden Tomb; right: inside of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Verse 10

Ending of Luke and Beginning of John on the same page of Codex Vaticanus (c. 300–325)
Folio 41v of Codex Alexandrinus (c. 400-440) containing the ending of the Gospel of Luke.

"The women who had come with him from Galilee" included "Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them".

It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them, who told these things to the apostles.

The names of some women are mentioned in the canonical gospels, but only Luke's gospel mentions Joanna, implying that Luke receives his special information from "one (most likely Joanna) or more than one of" the women.[4] In Luke 8:1–3 Mary called Magdalene, Joanna the wife of Chuza, and Susanna are named as women who provided material sustenance to Jesus during his travels, along with other unnamed women.

While Matthew, Mark and John mentioned the names of the women present at the cross, Luke only refers them as "the women that followed him from Galilee" (Luke 23:49), but name the women at the end in the story of the women's visit to the empty tomb (Luke 24:10).[4] The two passages with the names of some women alongside the mention of the "twelve" and "apostles", respectively (Luke 8:1–3 and Luke 24:10), "form a literary inclusio" which brackets the major part of Jesus' ministry (leaving out only the earliest part of it).[4][a]

Verse 12

But Peter arose and ran to the tomb; and stooping down, he saw the linen cloths lying by themselves; and he departed, marveling to himself at what had happened.[5]
  • "Linen cloths": American biblical scholar Kim Dreisbach states that Greek: οθονια (othonia) is "a word of uncertain meaning ... probably best translated as a generic plural for grave clothes". The same word is used in John 19:40.[6]

Verses 13-35

Luke 24:13–35 describes Jesus' appearance to two disciples who are walking from Jerusalem to Emmaus, which is said to be 60 stadia (10.4 to 12 km depending on what definition of stadion is used) from Jerusalem. One of the disciples is named Cleopas (verse 18), while his companion remains unnamed.

Verse 51

Now it came to pass, while He blessed them, that He was parted from them and carried up into heaven.[7]

The words "and carried up into heaven" are not included in some ancient texts of the gospel.[8]

Verse 53

The end (explicit) of the Gospel of Luke in Codex Brixianus from 6th century.
and were continually in the temple praising and blessing God. Amen. [9]

Luke's gospel ends where it began,[10] in the temple.[11]

The King James Version ends with the word "Amen", following the Textus Receptus, but modern critical editions of the New Testament exclude this word, as do many modern English translations.[12] In a manuscript copy of Beza's, there are added words:

The Gospel according to Saint Luke was published fifteen years after the ascension of Christ,[13]

a tradition also known to the eleventh-century Byzantine bishop Theophylact of Ohrid.[14]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Luke has another bigger inclusio using Simon Peter as "both the first and the last disciple to be named in his Gospel" (Luke 4:38; Luke 24:34), similar to Mark.[4]

References

  1. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  2. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  3. ^ Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Luke 24, accessed 27 July 2018
  4. ^ a b c d Bauckham 2017, p. 131.
  5. ^ Luke 24:12 NKJV
  6. ^ The Definitive Shroud of Turin FAQ, accessed 27 July 2018
  7. ^ Luke 24:51
  8. ^ Footnote g in the New Revised Standard Version at Luke 24:51
  9. ^ Luke 24:53 KJV
  10. ^ Luke 1:9
  11. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), footnote at Luke 24:53
  12. ^ BibleGateway.com, Translations of Luke 24:53
  13. ^ Gill, J., Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible on Luke 24, accessed 28 July 2018
  14. ^ Theophylact of Ohrid, Preface to the Gospel of Matthew, accessed 28 July 2018

Bibliography

  • Bauckham, Richard (2017). Jesus and the Eyewitnesses (2nd ed.). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 9780802874313.

External links

Preceded by
Luke 23
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke
Succeeded by
John 1
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