|Book||Gospel of Luke|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||3|
Luke 23 is the twenty-third chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles. This chapter records the trial of Jesus Christ before Pontius Pilate, Jesus' meeting with Herod Antipas, and his crucifixion, death and burial.
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Papyrus 75 (AD 175-225)
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Bezae (c. 400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (c. 400)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. 450; extant verses 26-56)
Old Testament references
- Luke 23:34: Psalm 22:18
- Luke 23:36: Psalm 69:21
- Luke 23:46: Psalm 31:5a
- Luke 23:49: Psalm 38:11a; Psalm 88:8
New Testament references
- Luke 23:1-5,13-25: Matthew 27:1-2,11-26; Mark 15:1-15; John 18:28-19:16
- Luke 23:26,33-43: Matthew 27:32-44; Mark 15:20-32;John 19:17-24
- Luke 23:44-49: Matthew 27:45-56; Mark 15:33-41; John 19:28-30
- Luke 23:50-56: Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; John 19:38-42
- And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate.
- "The whole multitude of them" (also in NKJV): or 'the whole Council' (Greek: απαν το πληθος, hapan to plēthos) led Jesus to Pontius Pilate, the provincial governor (prefect) of Judaea.
Verse 3 in Greek
- ὁ δὲ Πιλάτος ἐπηρώτησεν αὐτόν, λέγων, Σὺ εἶ ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων;
- ὁ δὲ ἀποκριθεὶς αὐτῷ ἔφη, Σὺ λέγεις.
- Ho de Pilatos epērōtēsen auton, legōn, "Su ei ho basileus tōn Ioudaiōn?":
- Ho de apokritheis autō ephē, "Su legeis."
Verse 3 in Latin
- Pilatus autem interrogavit eum dicens tu es rex Iudaeorum
- at ille respondens ait tu dicis.
- So Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they requested.
This verse reads ο δε πιλατος επεκρινεν γενεσθαι το αιτημα αυτων in the Textus Receptus, matching the opening words of Mark 15:15, ο δε πιλατος ("so Pilate ..."), but the sentence begins καὶ Πιλᾶτος ... ("and Pilate ...") in critical texts such as Westcott-Hort. Pilate's "official decision"  was to comply with the request of the crowd. The word ἐπέκρινεν (epekrinen, "pronounced sentence") is specific to Luke, although it also appears in the apocryphal 2 Maccabees 4:47, where innocent men are condemned to death.
- Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore and the breasts which never gave suck.
- Now it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.
- And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’ ” Having said this, He breathed His last.
Jesus' crying "with a loud voice" is not, as in Mark 15:34, one of desolation (why have you forsaken me?), but of "secure confidence". Jesus quotes Psalm 31:5, rather than Psalm 22:1 which appears in Mark's gospel.
- And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.
"The women" that followed Jesus from Galilee (also in Luke 53:55) were "Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them" according to Luke 24:10. Matthew 27:55 lists "Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee", whereas Mark 15:40 names "Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the little and Joses, and Salome".
- And the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid.
According to Luke 24:10, "the women" (also in Luke 53:49) were "Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them". Matthew 27:61 lists "Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary", whereas Mark 15:47 names "Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Joses".
- Burial of Jesus
- Crucifixion of Jesus
- Holy Week
- Ministry of Jesus
- Pontius Pilate
- Related Bible parts: Psalm 22, Psalm 69, Jeremiah 15, Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 24, John 18, John 19
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Kirkpatrick 1901, p. 838.
- Kirkpatrick 1901, p. 839.
- Luke 23:1 KJV
- Luke 23:3 NRSV
- Luke 23:24: NKJV
- Meyer, H. A. W., Meyer's NT Commentary on Luke 23, accessed 23 August 2020
- Luke 23:24: J. B. Phillips' translation
- Englishman's Concordance: ἐπέκρινεν, accessed 23 August 2020
- 2 Maccabees 4:47: New American Bible, Revised Edition
- Farrar, F. W., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Luke 23, accessed 23 August 2020
- Luke 23:29 KJ21
- Hosea 9:14 ESV
- Luke 23:1: Geneva Bible
- Luke 23:44
- Franklin, E., Luke in Barton, J. and Muddiman, J. (2001), The Oxford Bible Commentary, p. 957
- Luke 23:46
- Luke 23:49 KJV
- Bauckham 2017, pp. 49, 131.
- Bauckham 2017, p. 49.
- Luke 23:55 NKJV
- Bauckham, Richard (2017). Jesus and the Eyewitnesses (2nd ed.). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 9780802874313.
- Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Luke 23 King James Bible - Wikisource
- English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Online Bible at GospelHall.org (ESV, KJV, Darby, American Standard Version, Bible in Basic English)
- Multiple bible versions at Bible Gateway (NKJV, NIV, NRSV etc.)
|Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke