|Book||Gospel of Luke|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||3|
Luke 19 is the nineteenth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records Jesus' arrival in Jericho and his meeting with Zacchaeus, a parable and his arrival in Jerusalem. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Papyrus 75 (AD 175-225)
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Bezae (~400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (~400)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (~450; extant verses 42-48)
Old Testament references
Jesus comes to Zacchaeus’ house
Zacchaeus (Greek: Ζακχαῖος, Zakchaios; Hebrew: זכי, "pure", "innocent" ) of Jericho was wealthy, a chief tax collector, mentioned only in the Gospel of Luke. A descendant of Abraham, he was a poster child for Jesus' personal, earthly mission to bring salvation to the lost. Tax collectors were despised as traitors (working for the Roman Empire, not for their Jewish community), and as being corrupt.
Parable of the minas
- Now as they heard these things, He spoke another parable, because He was near Jerusalem and because they thought the kingdom of God would appear immediately.
The journey which Jesus had embarked on "steadfastly" in Luke 9:51 is drawing towards its climax. Hugo Grotius held that "they" (who heard these things) refers to the disciples. Heinrich Meyer argues that "they" were the murmurers of verse 7.
Jesus' entry to Jerusalem
As he drew near to the city, Jesus wept, anticipating the destruction of the Temple. Lutheran biblical scholar Johann Bengel contrasts Jesus' reaction with the immediately preceding scene of rejoicing:
- Behold before thee the compassionate King, amidst the very shouts of joy raised by His disciples!
- Jesus weeps over Jerusalem, and yet compels no man by force.
Jesus in the Temple
- [Jesus] Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.
In expelling the dealers from the Temple, Jesus' words draw from both Isaiah 56:7 (a house of prayer for all nations) and Jeremiah 7:11 (a den of thieves). Matthew 21:13 and Mark 11:17 have the same quotations.
- And He was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people sought to destroy Him.
- and [they] were unable to do anything; for all the people were very attentive to hear Him.
- Ministry of Jesus
- Parables of Jesus
- Sycamore tree
- Related Bible parts: Isaiah 56, Jeremiah 7, Zechariah 9, Matthew 21, Matthew 25, Mark 11, John 2, John 12
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 840. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Milligan, Jim. "Lexicon :: Strong's G2195 - Zakchaios". Blue Letter Bible. Sowing Circle.
- Luke 19:1–10
- Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge. "Jesus' Mission, According to His Own Testimony". Monergism. CPR Foundation.
- Luke 19:11 NKJV
- Meyer, H. A. W., Meyer's NT Commentary on Luke 19, accessed 9 August 2020
- Luke 19:41–44
- Bengel, J. A., Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament on Luke 19, accessed 11 July 2018
- Luke 19:46: KJV
- Huey, F. B. (1993). The New American Commentary - Jeremiah, Lamentations: An Exegetical and Theological Exposition of Holy Scripture, NIV Text. B&H Publishing Group. p. 106. ISBN 9780805401165.
- Luke 19:47: NKJV
- Luke 19:48: NKJV
- Farrar, F. W. (1891), Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Luke 19, accessed 12 August 2020
- Jerusalem Bible (1966), Luke 19:48
- Luke 19 King James Bible - Wikisource
- English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Online Bible at GospelHall.org (ESV, KJV, Darby, American Standard Version, Bible in Basic English)
- Multiple bible versions at Bible Gateway (NKJV, NIV, NRSV etc.)
|Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke