Luke 19

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Luke 19
Trento-Santa Trinità-portal.jpg
The inscription of Luke 19:46 in Latin on the architrave at the portal of the church of Santa Trinità in Trento, Italy.
BookGospel of Luke
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part3

Luke 19 is the nineteenth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records Jesus' arrival in Jericho and his meeting with Zacchaeus, a parable and his arrival in Jerusalem.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.[2]


The Latin text of Luke 14:30–19:7 in Codex Gigas (13th century).

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 48 verses.

Textual witnesses

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Old Testament references

Jesus comes to Zacchaeus’ house

Painting showing Jesus holds up his hand to call Zacchaeus down from the tree while a crowd watches
Zacchaeus by Niels Larsen Stevns. Jesus calls Zacchaeus down from his height in the tree.
Photo of the actual Sycamore fig tree in Jericho today.
Zacchaeus' sycamore fig in Jericho

Zacchaeus (Greek: Ζακχαῖος, Zakchaios; Hebrew: זכי‎, "pure", "innocent" [4]) of Jericho was wealthy, a chief tax collector, mentioned only in the Gospel of Luke.[5] A descendant of Abraham, he was a poster child for Jesus' personal, earthly mission to bring salvation to the lost.[6] Tax collectors were despised as traitors (working for the Roman Empire, not for their Jewish community), and as being corrupt.

Parable of the minas

Now as they heard these things, He spoke another parable, because He was near Jerusalem and because they thought the kingdom of God would appear immediately.[7]

The journey which Jesus had embarked on "steadfastly" in Luke 9:51 is drawing towards its climax. Hugo Grotius held that "they" (who heard these things) refers to the disciples. Heinrich Meyer argues that "they" were the murmurers of verse 7.[8]

Jesus' entry to Jerusalem

As he drew near to the city, Jesus wept, anticipating the destruction of the Temple.[9] Lutheran biblical scholar Johann Bengel contrasts Jesus' reaction with the immediately preceding scene of rejoicing:

Behold before thee the compassionate King, amidst the very shouts of joy raised by His disciples!
Jesus weeps over Jerusalem, and yet compels no man by force.[10]

See also how Jesus wept at the death of his friend Lazarus (John 11:35).

Jesus in the Temple

Verse 46

[Jesus] Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.[11]

In expelling the dealers from the Temple, Jesus' words draw from both Isaiah 56:7 (a house of prayer for all nations) and Jeremiah 7:11 (a den of thieves). Matthew 21:13[12] and Mark 11:17 have the same quotations.

Verse 47

And He was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people sought to destroy Him.[13]

Luke reiterates at Luke 21:37 and 23:27 that Jesus taught in the Temple on a daily basis.

Verse 48

and [they] were unable to do anything; for all the people were very attentive to hear Him.[14]

Literally, the people “were hanging from him”, i.e. hung on His lips.[15] The Jerusalem Bible translates as "the people as a whole hung on his words".[16]

See also


  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 840. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  4. ^ Milligan, Jim. "Lexicon :: Strong's G2195 - Zakchaios". Blue Letter Bible. Sowing Circle.
  5. ^ Luke 19:1–10
  6. ^ Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge. "Jesus' Mission, According to His Own Testimony". Monergism. CPR Foundation.
  7. ^ Luke 19:11 NKJV
  8. ^ Meyer, H. A. W., Meyer's NT Commentary on Luke 19, accessed 9 August 2020
  9. ^ Luke 19:41–44
  10. ^ Bengel, J. A., Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament on Luke 19, accessed 11 July 2018
  11. ^ Luke 19:46: KJV
  12. ^ Huey, F. B. (1993). The New American Commentary - Jeremiah, Lamentations: An Exegetical and Theological Exposition of Holy Scripture, NIV Text. B&H Publishing Group. p. 106. ISBN 9780805401165.
  13. ^ Luke 19:47: NKJV
  14. ^ Luke 19:48: NKJV
  15. ^ Farrar, F. W. (1891), Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Luke 19, accessed 12 August 2020
  16. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), Luke 19:48

External links

Preceded by
Luke 18
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke
Succeeded by
Luke 20
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