List of titles and honours of George VI

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

King George VI received numerous decorations and honorary appointments, both during and before his time as monarch of the United Kingdom and the dominions. Of those listed below; where two dates are shown, the first indicates the date of receiving the award or title, and the second indicates the date of its loss or renunciation.

Titles, styles, and honours

Styles of
George VI
Royal Monogram of King George VI of Great Britain.svg
Reference styleHis Majesty
Spoken styleYour Majesty

Titles and styles

George VI was from birth a Prince of the United Kingdom, and was subsequently created a royal duke. It was as a duke that he succeeded his brother, King Edward VIII, to the throne.

  • 14 December 1895 – 28 May 1898: His Highness Prince Albert of York
  • 28 May 1898 – 22 January 1901: His Royal Highness Prince Albert of York
  • 22 January 1901 – 9 November 1901: His Royal Highness Prince Albert of Cornwall and York
  • 9 November 1901 – 6 May 1910: His Royal Highness Prince Albert of Wales
  • 6 May 1910 – 3 June 1920: His Royal Highness The Prince Albert
  • 3 June 1920 – 11 December 1936: His Royal Highness The Duke of York[1]
  • 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952: His Majesty The King

Titles vested in the Crown

Certain titles are borne and held by the reigning sovereign.

Isle of Man Isle of Man
England Church of England

Other titles traditionally attributed to the reigning sovereign are Duke of Lancaster, to reflect that the Duchy of Lancaster is a private estate of the sovereign,[8][b] and Duke of Normandy in the sovereign's capacity as head of state of the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey.[2][c]

Titles held personally

George VI has held certain titles in a personal capacity, either by virtue of birth, or otherwise.

Flagge Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (1911-1920).svg
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Commonwealth of Nations

Title in the dominions and India

The Dominions were self-governing entities which had the as their respective head of state the same person as was the British sovereign.[17][18] These Dominions typically used the style and title of the sovereign as proclaimed in the United Kingdom, which, from the reign of Edward VII came to include the phrase, “and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas”,[e] signifying their reign over said Dominions.[20] However, the sovereign reigned in these Dominions in a capacity independent from their position as monarch of the United Kingdom, similar in meaning and usage to, but not the same as modern-day Commonwealth realms, in that they lacked a separate title for each Dominion, until the reign of Elizabeth II. George VI's reign in the Dominions does not completely match his reign in the United Kingdom and his role as monarch in the Irish Free State is debated.[21]

Per the terms of the Indian Independence Act, the imperial title was to be abolished. However, George VI issued a royal proclamation for that purpose and to that effect only on 22 June 1948, effectively reigning as king in the newly created Dominions of India and Pakistan whilst still bearing the imperial title for himself and his consort.[22]

The title of Kaisar-i-Hind was coined in 1876 by the orientalist G. W. Leitner as the imperial title for the sovereign[23] and was also employed in an official capacity, most notably to denote Crown property in India.[24] This title continues to persist as a placeholder to the modern day in official records dating to the British era, despite the prohibition and deprecation of the use of the said title and all its variants for any and all purposes.[25] Its usage is to be so understood as to denote the Government of India per the relevant provisions of the Government Grants Act,[26] read alongside and in the context of the Transfer of Property Act and the Repealing and Amending (Second) Act.[27][28]

Heraldry

As Duke of York, George VI bore the royal arms of the United Kingdom differenced with a label of three points argent, the centre point bearing an anchor azure—a difference earlier awarded to his father, George V, when he was Duke of York, and then later awarded to his grandson Prince Andrew, Duke of York. As king, he bore the royal arms undifferenced and as king of India, his heraldic badge was an imperial crown upon the Ashoka Chakra.

Coat of Arms of Albert, Duke of York.svg
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom in Scotland (1837-1952).svg
Royal Coat of Arms of Canada (1921–1957).svg
Coat of arms as Duke of York Coat of arms as King of the United Kingdom (except Scotland) Coat of arms in Scotland Coat of arms in Canada

Military ranks

United Kingdom United Kingdom
Australia Australia

Foreign honours

Appointments
Country Date Appointment Post-nominal letters
 Yugoslavia 1918 – 2 December 1945 Grand Cross of the Order of the White Eagle[43]
 Denmark 30 November 1920 – 6 February 1952 Knight of the Order of the Elephant[44] RE
 San Marino 20 February 1937 – 6 February 1952 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of San Marino[45]
 Sweden 10 May 1937 – 6 February 1952 Knight of the Order of the Seraphim[46] RSerafO
 Thailand 2 February 1938 – 6 February 1952 Knight of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri[47] MCK
 Portugal 2 May 1939 – 6 February 1952 Grand Cross of the Sash of the Three Orders[48] BTO
 Yugoslavia 19 July 1939 – 2 December 1945 Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Kara George[49]
 Monaco 13 November 1947 – 6 February 1952 Grand Cross of the Order of Saint-Charles[50]
 France 2 April 1960 (posthumous) Member of the Ordre de la Libération[51]

Freedom of the City

Commonwealth realms

Honorific eponyms

A number of geographical features, roads, and institutions are named after George VI. These include King George Hospital in London; King George VI Reservoir in Surrey, United Kingdom; King George VI Highway and King George Boulevard in Surrey, British Columbia; Kingsway in Edmonton; George VI Sound in Antarctica; and the King George VI Chase, a horse race in the United Kingdom.

The fourth future Dreadnought-class submarine will be named as HMS King George VI.[60]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The role and position are “Supreme Governor of the Church of England” as opposed to “Defender of the Faith and Supreme Governor of the Church of England”, which is the title held.
  2. ^ The legal basis for the sovereign’s use of the title has been disputed. George VI’s father, George V was given legal advice that it was “extremely unlikely” that he was, in fact, the Duke of Lancaster.[9]
  3. ^ There is no basis in law for the title[10] and the legal basis of the monarch’s sovereignty is as successor to the Dukes of Normandy.[11] Jersey and Guernsey and the other Channel Islands were part of the Duchy of Normandy when the Duke of Normandy was also the king of England.[2] Under the Treaty of Paris (1259) the king of England renounced his claims to the Duchy but retained possession of the islands.[12]
  4. ^ George VI held his German titles by virtue of being a descendant of the Prince Consort. All German degrees, styles, dignities, titles, honors, and appellations were renounced on 17 July 1917 by George V for himself, his descendants, and all other descendants of Queen Victoria. An amendment to the House laws of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha barred any descendant of a member of the ducal house who was in 1917 a national of a country which waged war against the German Empire from succeeding to the ducal throne, effectively removing any remote succession rights that the British royalty still held by virtue of the partial renunciation by Edward VII when he was Prince of Wales.[citation needed]
  5. ^ Later dropped in its entirety in favour of “and of Her other Realms and Territories” during the reign of Elizabeth II.[19]

References

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  2. ^ a b c "Crown Dependencies". The Royal Family. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
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  10. ^ Matthews, Paul (June 1999). "Lé Rouai, Nouot' Duc". Jersey Legal Information Board. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011.
  11. ^ Alder, John (2013). Constitutional and Administrative Law. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-137-05000-7.
  12. ^ Patourel, John F. Le (1984). Feudal Empires. A&C Black. p. 201. ISBN 978-0-8264-3810-2.
  13. ^ "SCG – UNITED KINGDOM". Prince Andreas of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  14. ^ Archives, The National (17 July 2017). "The National Archives – Wettin to Windsor: changing the royal name". The National Archives blog. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
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  16. ^ "How we are run". The Commonwealth. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ Inter-Imperial Relations Committee Report, Proceedings and Memoranda (PDF). His Britannic Majesty’s Government. 1926. pp. 2–6.
  18. ^ Statute of Westminster, 1931 (PDF). England: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. pp. 1–3.
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  20. ^ "Page 7137 | Issue 27372, 5 November 1901 | London Gazette | The Gazette". www.thegazette.co.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
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  23. ^ B.S. Cohn, "Representing Authority in Victorian India", in E. Hobsbawm and T. Ranger (eds.), The Invention of Tradition (1983), 165–209, esp. 201-2.
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  27. ^ "The Transfer of Property Act, 1882".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ "The Repealing and Amending (Second) Act, 2017". 5 January 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  39. ^ a b "No. 34256". The London Gazette. 18 February 1936. p. 1057.
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  41. ^ a b "No. 34351". The London Gazette. 18 December 1936. p. 8187.
  42. ^ a b c "No. 84". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 2 June 1938. p. 1651.
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