List of national independence days

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

  Independence-related national day
  Unification/revolution-related national day
  Other reasons for national day
  No official national day

An independence day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state, or after the end of a military occupation, or after a major change in government. Many countries commemorate their independence from a colonial empire.

Not all countries mark independence as a national holiday. Many, such as Australia, Canada, Denmark, New Zealand, Ireland, Luxembourg, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Taiwan, and Turkey mark other dates of significance.

List

List of independence days of countries around the world
Country Name of holiday Date of holiday Year of event Independence from Event commemorated and notes
 Afghanistan Afghan Independence Day (Afghan Victory Day) 19 August 1919  United Kingdom Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 or Treaty of Rawalpindi, an armistice between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War.[1]
Liberation Day 15 February 1989  Soviet Union Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan
 Albania Independence Day 28 November 1912  Ottoman Empire Albanian Declaration of Independence. The following day, 3 September 1943, 29 November, is celebrated as the Liberation Day and commemorates the end of the German occupation in 1944.[2]
 Algeria Independence Day 5 July 1962  France Algeria gained independence following the Algerian War and the Algerian independence referendum. France officially recognized independent Algeria on 3 July, but the Independence Day is celebrated on 5 July, the day of the fall of Algiers in 1830 and the beginning of French Algeria.[3][4]
 Angola Independence Day 11 November 1975  Portugal The Alvor Agreement, signed on 15 January 1975, granted Angola independence from Portugal on 11 November, ending the Angolan War of Independence.[5]
 Antigua and Barbuda Independence Day 1 November 1981  United Kingdom The effective date of the Antigua Termination of Association Order passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in July.[6][7]
 Argentina Independence Day 9 July 1816[8]  Spanish Empire Argentine Declaration of Independence.
 Armenia Republic Day 28 May 1918[9] Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic Declaration of Independence of Armenia (1918).
Independence Day 21 September 1991  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 1991 Armenian independence referendum.
 Azerbaijan Independence Day 28 May 1918  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Declaration of Independence of Azerbaijan
Day of Restoration of Independence 18 October 1991[10]  Soviet Union Adoption of the constitutional act "On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan"[10]
 The Bahamas Independence Day 10 July 1973  United Kingdom Effective date of The Bahamas Independence Order 1973[11]
 Bahrain Independence Day 16 December 1971  United Kingdom Ascension of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa to the throne.[12]
 Bangladesh Independence Day 26 March 1971  Pakistan Proclamation of Bangladeshi Independence
Victory Day 16 December 1971 Victory over Pakistan Armed Forces in the Bangladesh Liberation War
 Barbados Independence Day 30 November 1966  United Kingdom Effective date of the Barbados Independence Act 1966. Also the anniversary of the formal proclamation of Barbados as a Republic in the Commonwealth in 2021.
 Belarus Independence Day 3 July 1944  Nazi Germany The liberation of Minsk after several years of German occupation in 1944. Two other independence days – 25 March (proclamation of the Belarusian People's Republic in 1918) and 27 July (independence from the Soviet Union in 1990) – are commemorated unofficially.[13]
 Belgium National Day 21 July 1831 Netherlands Netherlands Ascension of Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to the throne.[14]
 Belize Independence Day 21 September 1981  United Kingdom Effective day of the Belize Act 1981.[15]
 Benin Independence Day 1 August 1960  France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on 11 July creating the independent Republic of Dahomey.[16]
 Bhutan National Day 17 December 1907
 Bolivia Independence Day 6 August 1825  Spain Bolivian Declaration of Independence.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Independence Day 1 March 1992  Yugoslavia 1992 Bosnian independence referendum.
 Botswana Independence Day 30 September 1966  United Kingdom Effective date of the Botswana Independence Act 1966.[17]
 Brazil Independence Day (Dia da Independência) 7 September 1822  Portugal Declaration of independence by Pedro I of Brazil (see Independence of Brazil).[18]
 Brunei National Day 23 February 1984  United Kingdom Brunei gained full independence effective 1 January 1984 under the Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation of 7 January 1979 between United Kingdom and Brunei.[19] However, the celebrations of the first National Day were delayed until 23 February and that day continues to be celebrated since.[20]
 Bulgaria Liberation Day 3 March 1878  Ottoman Empire Treaty of San Stefano which created the autonomous Principality of Bulgaria.[21]
Independence Day 22 September 1908[22] Bulgarian Declaration of Independence.[22]
 Burkina Faso Proclamation of Independence Day 11 December 1958  France Effective date when French Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community.
Independence Day 5 August 1960[23] Effective date of the agreement with France signed on 11 July and creation of the independent Republic of Upper Volta.[16]
 Burundi Independence Day 1 July 1962  Belgium Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship.[24][25]
 Cambodia Independence Day 9 November 1953  France Ceremony transferring military from French to Cambodian officials based on a military hand-over agreement reached on 17 October 1953.[26][27]
 Cameroon National Day 20 May 1960  United Kingdom
 France
Cameroon gained independence on 1 January 1960, but does not celebrate that date. Instead, it celebrates the National Day on 20 May commemorating the 1972 Cameroonian constitutional referendum.[28]
 Canada Canada Day 1 July 1867  United Kingdom Canada Day on 1 July commemorates the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.[29]
 Cape Verde Independence Day 5 July 1975  Portugal Effective date of the Agreement Between Portugal and Partido Africano para a Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) signed on 18 December 1974.[30]
 Central African Republic National Day 1 December 1958  France Effective date when Central African Republic became an autonomous republic of the French Community.[31]
Independence Day 13 August 1960[32] Effective date of the agreement with France signed on 12 July.[16]
 Chad Republic Day 28 November 1958[33] Effective date when Chad became an autonomous republic in the French Community.[34]
Independence Day 11 August 1960 Effective date of the agreement with France signed on 12 July.[16]
 Chile Independence Day (part of Fiestas Patrias) 18 September 1810  Spanish Empire Establishment of the Government Junta of Chile.[35] The following day, 19 September, is celebrated as the Army Day.[36] The two holidays collectively are known as Fiestas Patrias.[37]
 China National Day 1 October 1949 Republic of China (1912–1949) Republic of China Mao Zedong's formal proclamation of the establishment of the People's Republic of China
 Colombia Independence Day 20 July 1810  Spanish Empire Colombian Declaration of Independence
 Comoros Independence Day 6 July 1975  France Unilateral declaration of independence by the Chamber of Deputies of Comoros following the 1974 Comorian independence referendum.[38]
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Independence Day 30 June 1960  Belgium Effective date of the Treaty of Friendship, Assistance and Co-operation between Belgium and the Congo concluded on 29 June 1960.[39]
 Congo, Republic of the Republic Day 28 November 1958[40]  France Effective date when Congo became an autonomous republic in the French Community.[40]
Independence Day 15 August 1960  France
 Costa Rica Independence Day 15 September 1821  Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America.[citation needed]
 Croatia National Day 30 May[41] 1990[42]  Yugoslavia First session of the Croatian Parliament following the 1990 Croatian parliamentary election.[42] 8 October (when the parliament adopted a decision to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia in 1991) and 25 June (when the parliament voted for independence in 1991) were also celebrated as independence days. After the 2019 changes to the law on public holidays, 8 October is the Parliament Day and 25 June is the Independence Day, but they are memorial days and not public holidays.[41]
 Cuba Commencement of the Wars of Independence[43] 10 October 1868[44]  Spanish Empire Call to rebellion (known as Grito de Yara) by sugar planter Carlos Manuel de Cespedes that led to the Ten Years' War for independence.[45]
 Cyprus Independence Day 1 October 1960  United Kingdom Effective date of the London-Zürich Agreements was 16 August 1960, but the public holiday was moved to 1 October to avoid summer heat and tourist season.[46]
 Czech Republic Independence 28 October 1918  Austria-Hungary Independence declaration by the Czechoslovak National Council.[47] Official day of independence of the Czech Republic
Restoration Day 1 January 1993[48]  Czechoslovakia Effective date of the Peaceful Dissolution of Czechoslovakia into Czech Republic and Slovakia.[49]
 Djibouti Independence Day 27 June 1977  France
 Dominica Independence Day 3 November 1978  United Kingdom
 Dominican Republic Independence Day 30 November 1821  Spanish Empire Independence from Spain in November 1821.[50]
27 February 1844  Haiti Independence re-declared from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation. Start of the Dominican War of Independence.
Restoration Day 16 August 1865  Spanish Empire Independence restored from Spain in 1865 after brief return to colonial status.
 East Timor Proclamation of Independence Day 28 November 1975  Portugal East Timor Unilateral Declaration of Independence from the Portuguese rule in 1975.
 Ecuador Independence Day 10 August 1809  Spanish Empire Proclaimed independence on 10 August 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on 2 August 1810.
 Egypt Revolution Day 23 July 1952  United Kingdom
 El Salvador Independence Day 15 September 1821  Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America.[citation needed]
 Equatorial Guinea Independence Day 12 October 1968  Spain
 Eritrea Independence Day 24 May 1991  Ethiopia Eritrean War of Independence.
 Estonia Independence Day 24 February 1918  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Estonian Declaration of Independence.
Day of Restoration of Independence[51] 20 August 1991  Soviet Union[51] Estonian Restoration of Independence.
 Eswatini Independence Day (Somhlolo Day) 6 September 1968  United Kingdom Commemorates independence.[52] Also called Somhlolo Day or Subhuza Day, after the 19th-century leader Sobhuza I.[53]
 Fiji Fiji Day 10 October 1970  United Kingdom Instruments of Independence
 Finland Independence Day 6 December 1917  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Finnish Declaration of Independence
 Gabon Independence Day 16–17 August 1960  France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on 15 July.[16]
 Gambia, The Independence Day 18 February 1965  United Kingdom Effective date of the Gambia Independence Act 1964.
 Georgia Independence Day 26 May 1918  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Day of the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918.
National Unity Day 9 April 1991  Soviet Union
 Germany German Unity Day 3 October 1990  West Germany
 East Germany
 Soviet Union
It commemorates German reunification in 1990 when the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) were unified.
 Ghana Independence Day 6 March 1957  United Kingdom
 Greece Independence Day 25 March 1821  Ottoman Empire Declaration of independence 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence.
 Grenada Independence Day 7 February 1974  United Kingdom
 Guatemala Independence Day 15 September 1821  Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America.[citation needed]
 Guinea Independence Day 2 October 1958  France
 Guinea-Bissau Independence Day 24 September 1973  Portugal
 Guyana Independence Day 26 May 1966  United Kingdom
 Haiti Independence Day 1 January 1804  France
 Spain
Haitian Declaration of Independence.
 Honduras Independence Day 15 September 1821  Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America.[citation needed]
 Hungary Day of Hungarian Freedom (A magyar szabadság napja) Last Saturday of June 1991  Hungarian People's Republic
 Soviet Union
Restoration of Hungary's sovereignty after the withdrawal of Soviet troops in June 1991.[54][55]
 Iceland National Day 17 June 1944  Denmark Effective date of the dissolution of the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union following the 1944 Icelandic constitutional referendum.[56]
 India Independence Day (Swatantra Diwas) 15 August 1947  United Kingdom Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947.
 Indonesia Independence Day (Hari Kemerdekaan) 17 August 1945  Empire of Japan
 Netherlands
Proclamation of Indonesian Independence.
 Iran Iranian Islamic Republic Day 1 April 1979  Imperial State of Persia After holding a referendum, Iran officially became an Islamic republic in April 1979.[57]
 Iraq Independence Day 3 October 1932  United Kingdom
 Israel Independence Day (Yom Ha'atzmaut) Iyar 5 (On or between 15 April and 15 May, depending on the Hebrew calendar). 1948  United Kingdom
 Mandatory Palestine
League of Nations British Mandate for Palestine
Israeli Declaration of Independence on 14 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). Yom Ha'atzmaut is celebrated on the Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it occurs between 3 and 6 Iyar each year; this means that the holiday can fall any time between and including 15 April and 15 May, according to the Gregorian calendar.
 Ivory Coast Independence Day 7 August 1960  France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on 11 July.[16]
 Jamaica Independence Day 6 August 1962  United Kingdom Independence of Jamaica.
 Japan National Foundation Day 11 February 660 BCE
 Jordan Independence Day 25 May 1946  United Kingdom
 Emirate of Transjordan
Mandate for Palestine
Ascension of Abdullah I of Jordan to the throne.[56]
 Kazakhstan Independence Day 16 December 1991  Soviet Union
 Kenya Jamhuri Day 12 December 1963  United Kingdom
 Kiribati Independence Day 12 July 1979
 North Korea National Liberation Day of Korea

(Chogukhaebangŭi na)

15 August 1945  Empire of Japan Liberation from the Empire of Japan in 1945. See Japanese Occupation of Korea. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was founded in 1948.
 South Korea March 1st Movement (Samiljeol) 1 March 1919 Korean Declaration of Independence in 1919. This day is celebrated as Samiljeol, or Independence Proclamation Day.
National Liberation Day of Korea (Gwangbokjeol) 15 August 1945 Liberation from the Empire of Japan in 1945. See Japanese Occupation of Korea. The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919.
 Kosovo Independence Day 17 February 2008  Serbia February 17th is celebrated as Independence Day in Kosovo, commemorating the declaration of independence from Serbia in 2008, marking a significant milestone in the nation's history.
 Kuwait National Day 25 February 1961  United Kingdom Independence actually occurred on 19 June 1961, but celebrate on 25 February each year to honor Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim, who is credited with ending the treaties with Britain and instigating democratic life in Kuwait.
 Kyrgyzstan Independence Day 31 August 1991  Soviet Union
 Latvia Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia 18 November 1918  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
 German Empire
Proclamation of independence on 18 November 1918. Latvia was part of Russian Empire prior to World War I, but its territory had been ceded to German Empire in March 1918.
Day of Restoration of Independence 4 May 1990  Soviet Union On the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia.
 Lebanon Independence Day 22 November 1943  Vichy France
 Lesotho Independence Day 4 October 1966  United Kingdom
 Liberia Independence Day 26 July 1847 American Colonization Society Liberian Declaration of Independence.
 Libya Independence Day 24 December 1951  United Kingdom
 Italy
 France
Independence from Italy on 10 February 1947, released from British and French on 24 December 1951.
 Liechtenstein National Day 15 August 1866  German Confederation
 Lithuania Statehood Restoration Day 16 February 1918  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
 German Empire
Act of Independence of Lithuania.
Independence Restoration Day 11 March 1990  Soviet Union Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania.
 Madagascar Independence Day 26 June 1960  France
 Malawi Independence Day 6 July 1964  United Kingdom
 Malaysia Independence Day/National Day (Hari Kemerdekaan/Hari Kebangsaan) 31 August 1957 Malayan Declaration of Independence.
Malaysia Day (Hari Malaysia) 16 September 1965 Malaysia Agreement
 Maldives Independence Day 26 July 1965  United Kingdom
 Mali Independence Day 22 September 1960  France
 Malta Independence Day 21 September 1964  United Kingdom
 Marshall Islands Constitution Day 1 May 1979  United States
 Mauritania Independence Day 28 November 1960  France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on 19 October.[16]
 Mauritius Independence Day 12 March 1968  United Kingdom
 Mexico Cry of Dolores Grito de Dolores
Independence Day Día de la Independéncia
16 September 1810  Spanish Empire Start of the Mexican War of Independence.
 Micronesia Independence Day 3 November 1986  United States Effective date of the Compact of Free Association.
 Moldova Independence Day 27 August 1991  Soviet Union Moldovan Declaration of Independence.
 Mongolia Independence Day 29 December[58] 1911  Qing dynasty[59][60] Independence declared in 1911 during the Xinhai Revolution. However, Mongolian independence was neither recognized by Qing China nor its successor state, the Republic of China. The Imperial Edict of the Abdication of the Qing Emperor issued in 1912 provided the legal basis for the Republic of China to inherit all Qing territories, including Mongolia.[61][62][63] The Republic of China later established de facto control over Mongolia in 1919. Mongolia subsequently re-asserted its independence in 1921.
 Montenegro Independence Day 21 May 2006  Serbia and Montenegro 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum.
 Morocco Proclamation of Independence Day 11 January 1944  France
 Spain
Proclamation of Independence.
Independence Day 18 November 1955 Return of Mohammed V of Morocco from exile.
 Mozambique Independence Day
Dia da Independência Nacional
25 June 1975  Portugal In September 1964 the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) began an armed guerilla campaign against the Portuguese. FRELIMO took control of Maputo in April 1974 in a coup. Independence for Mozambique was officially declared a year later on 25 June 1975.[64]
 Myanmar Independence Day 4 January 1948  United Kingdom Burmese Declaration of Independence.
 Namibia Independence Day 21 March 1990  South Africa
 Nauru Independence Day 31 January 1968  United Kingdom
 Australia
 New Zealand
End of Nauru's status as a United Nations trust territory. Also marks the date of the return of the Nauruans from Truk island after the Japanese occupation of Nauru during World War II.[65]
 Nicaragua Independence Day 15 September 1821  Spain Act of Independence of Central America.[citation needed]
 Niger Independence Day 3 August 1960  France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on 11 July.[16]
 Nigeria Independence Day 1 October 1960  United Kingdom
 North Macedonia Republic Day 2 August 1903  Ottoman Empire Republic Day: Recognition of the establishment of the short-lived Kruševo Republic during the Ilinden Uprising.
Independence Day (Den na nezavisnosta) 8 September 1991  Yugoslavia
 Norway Constitution Day 17 May 1814  Denmark National Day: Independence and the Constitution of Norway (17 May 1814).
Independence Day 7 June 1905  Sweden Union Dissolution and Independence Day (7 June 1905).
 Oman National Day 18 November 1650  Portugal
 Pakistan Independence Day (Youm-e-Azadi) 14 August 1947  United Kingdom Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947;[66] see also: Pakistan Day (23 March).
 Palau Independence Day 1 October 1994  United States 9 July (1980) is Palau's Constitution Day usually commemorated with formal events. Independence Day celebrations are more elaborate and last several days.
 Panama Independence Day 28 November 1821  Spanish Empire Independence Act of Panama
Separation Day 3 November 1903  Colombia Panama was member of the "Gran Colombia" until 1903. The 1903 separation from Colombia is celebrated as an official holiday day on 3 November.
 Papua New Guinea Independence Day 16 September 1975  Australia
 Papua and New Guinea
 Paraguay Independence Day 14 and 15 May 1811  Spanish Empire[67]
 Peru Fiestas Patrias 28 July 1821  Spanish Empire
 Philippines Independence Day (Araw ng Kalayaan or Araw ng Kasarinlan) 12 June 1898 Philippine Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The Philippines achieved self-rule from the United States on 4 July 1946, and celebrated 4 July as Independence Day until 1964.[70]
Republic Day 4 July 1946  United States
 Poland Independence Day (Święto Niepodległości) 11 November 1918  Russian Republic
 Austria-Hungary
 German Empire
Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
 Portugal Restoration of Independence Day 1 December 1640  Spanish Empire Portugal was officially an autonomous state, but the country was in a personal union with the Spanish crown from 1580 to 1640 – date of the restoration of full Portuguese autonomy from Iberian Union with Spain.[71]
 Qatar National Day 18 December 1878  Ottoman Empire
 Romania National Independence Day
(Ziua Independenței Naționale)
10 May 1876  Ottoman Empire Romania's declaration of its independence and subsequent victory in the Romanian War of Independence, part of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878, against the Ottoman Empire.[72]
Great Union Day

(Ziua Unirii Mare)

1 December 1918 Unification of Romania on 1 December 1918
 Rwanda Independence Day 1 July 1962  Belgium Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Rwanda-Urundi Trusteeship.[24][25]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Independence Day 19 September 1983  United Kingdom
 Saint Lucia Independence Day 22 February 1979
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day 27 October 1979
 Samoa Independence Day 1 June 1962  New Zealand
 São Tomé and Príncipe Independence Day 12 July 1975  Portugal Effective date of the agreement with Portugal reached on 26 November 1974.[73][74]
 Senegal Independence Day 4 April 1960  France
 Serbia Statehood Day 15 February 1804 and 1835  Ottoman Empire The beginning of First Serbian Uprising in 1804, it evolved into a Serbian Revolution, war for independence from Ottoman Empire; and the adoption of the first Constitution in 1835.
 Seychelles Independence Day 29 June 1976  United Kingdom
 Sierra Leone Independence Day 27 April 1961
 Singapore National Day 9 August 1965  Malaysia Proclamation of Singapore.
 Slovakia Independence Day 28 October 1918  Austria-Hungary Independence declaration by the Czechoslovak National Council.[75]
Independence Day 17 July 1992 Czechoslovakia Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on 1 January 1993, after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
Restoration Day 1 January 1993  Czechoslovakia Effective date of the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia into Czech Republic and Slovakia.[76]
 Slovenia Statehood Day 25 June 1991  Yugoslavia Date of Slovenia's declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Independence and Unity Day 26 December 1990  Yugoslavia Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia.
 Solomon Islands Independence Day 7 July 1978  United Kingdom
 Somalia Independence Day 26 June 1960  United Kingdom
 Somaliland Independence Day 26 June 1960  United Kingdom
Independence Day 18 May 1990  Somalia
 Sri Lanka Independence Day 4 February 1948  United Kingdom Celebrates to commemorate the country’s political independence from British rule in 1948.[77] Event celebrated annually.
 Sudan Independence Day 1 January 1956  United Kingdom
 Egypt
 South Sudan Independence Day 9 July 2011  Sudan
 Suriname Independence Day 25 November 1975  Netherlands
  Switzerland Swiss National Day 1 August 1291  Holy Roman Empire Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
 Syria Evacuation Day 17 April 1946  France End of the French Mandate of Syria in 1946.
 Tajikistan Independence Day 9 September 1991  Soviet Union
 Tanzania Independence Day 9 December 1961  United Kingdom Independence as Tanganyika.
 Togo Independence Day 27 April 1960  France
 Tonga Emancipation Day 4 June 1970  United Kingdom Termination of protectorate status in 1970.
 Trinidad and Tobago Independence Day 31 August 1962 Effective date of the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962.
 Tunisia Independence Day 20 March 1956  France
 Turkmenistan Independence Day 27 September 1991  Soviet Union[78]
 Tuvalu Independence Day 1 October 1978  United Kingdom
 Uganda Independence Day 9 October 1962  United Kingdom
 Ukraine Independence Day 24 August 1991  Soviet Union Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
Day of Unity 22 January 1919  Russian SFSR
 Austria-Hungary
Unification of Ukraine on 22 January 1919.[79]
 United Arab Emirates National Day 2 December 1971  United Kingdom
 United States Independence Day or Fourth of July 4 July 1776  Kingdom of Great Britain United States Declaration of Independence
 Uruguay Independence Day 25 August 1825  Empire of Brazil Declaration of independence and union with the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata
 Uzbekistan Independence Day 1 September 1991  Soviet Union
 Vanuatu Independence Day 30 July 1980  United Kingdom
 France
 Vatican City Independence Day 11 February 1929  Kingdom of Italy Lateran Treaty
 Venezuela Independence Day 5 July 1811  Spanish Empire Venezuelan Declaration of Independence.
 Vietnam National Day 2 September 1945  Empire of Japan
 France
Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
 Yemen Independence Day 30 November 1967  United Kingdom Declaration of independence as Kingdom of Yemen
 Zambia Independence Day 24 October 1964  United Kingdom Effective date of the Zambia Independence Act 1964.
 Zimbabwe Independence Day 18 April 1980  United Kingdom Granting of independence by the United Kingdom in 1980

See also

References

  1. ^ Ahmed, Faiz (13 November 2019). "Learning from Afghanistan's Independence". Perspectives on History. American Historical Association. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Liberation Day in Albania in 2020". Office Holidays Ltd. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  3. ^ Bellisari, Andrew H. (March 2017). "The Evian Accords: An Uncertain Peace". Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective. History Departments at The Ohio State University and Miami University. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  4. ^ Haouchine, Asiya (19 March 2015). "Today in History: Algeria and the Évian Accords". Warscapes Magazine. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  5. ^ Kennes, Erik; Larmer, Miles (2016). The Katangese Gendarmes and War in Central Africa: Fighting Their Way Home. Indiana University Press. p. 102. ISBN 9780253021304.
  6. ^ "Antigua Termination of Association Order". Commons and Lords Hansard. UK Parliament. 14 July 1981. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Antigua (Termination of Association)". Commons and Lords Hansard. UK Parliament. 8 July 1981. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Argentina Public & Private Holidays (2020)". Edarabia. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  9. ^ Ghazaryan, Gevorg (28 May 2019). "3 republics in a century – Armenia celebrates Republic Day". JAM News. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  10. ^ a b Rehimov, Ruslan (18 October 2019). "Azerbaijan marks 28th anniversary of independence". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  11. ^ "The Bahamas Independence Order 1973". Political Database of the Americas. Center for Latin American Studies at Georgetown University. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  12. ^ Yarbakhsh, Elisabeth (2019). The Middle East and South Asia 2019–2020 (53rd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 42. ISBN 9781475852172.
  13. ^ Borowska, Paula (28 July 2014). "Belarus' Three Independence Days". Belarus Digest. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Why does Belgium celebrate its National Day on 21 July?". VRT NWS. 21 July 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  15. ^ Romero, M.A. (2011). "Belize The Struggle For Independence". ITM Ltd (Belize.com). Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Whiteman, Marjorie Millace, ed. (June 1963). Digest of International Law. Vol. 1. U.S. Department of State. pp. 575–579.
  17. ^ "Botswana Independence Act 1966". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  18. ^ Manchester, Alan K. (1951). "The Recognition of Brazilian Independence". The Hispanic American Historical Review. 31 (1): 80–96. doi:10.2307/2509132. JSTOR 2509132.
  19. ^ United Nations Department of Political Affairs, Trusteeship and Decolonization (December 1983). "Brunei" (PDF). Decolonization. 20: 3.
  20. ^ Mulliner, K (1985). "Brunei in 1984: Business as Usual after the Gala". Asian Survey. 25 (2): 214–219. doi:10.2307/2644305. JSTOR 2644305.
  21. ^ "On March 3 Bulgaria celebrates National Liberation Day". Bulgarian National Radio. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Country Profile: Bulgaria" (PDF). Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. October 2006. p. 1. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  23. ^ "Independence Day in Burkina Faso in 2020". Office Holidays Ltd. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  24. ^ a b "Resolutions Adopted by the General Assembly from 7 to 28 June 1962". United Nations. p. 1. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  25. ^ a b Hamann, Hartmut; Berger, Antje C. (2019). "Burundi". In Minnerop, Petra; Wolfrum, Rüdiger; Lachenmann, Frauke (eds.). International Development Law: The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford University Press. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-19-883509-7.
  26. ^ Sok, Sorin (November 2011). "Cambodia's Border with Engagement from Power Countries" (PDF). Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace. p. 4. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  27. ^ Rust, William J. (2016). "A Shrewd Move (1953–1954)". Eisenhower and Cambodia: Diplomacy, Covert Action, and the Origins of the Second Indochina War Studies in Conflict, Diplomacy, and Peace. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813167459.
  28. ^ Anyangwe, Carlson (2008). Imperialistic Politics in Cameroun: Resistance and the Inception of the Restoration of the Statehood of Southern Cameroons. Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group. pp. 82–83. ISBN 978-9956-558-50-6.
  29. ^ "Dominion of Canada". thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  30. ^ United Nations Department of Political Affairs, Trusteeship and Decolonization (March 1975). "Developments in Cape Verde" (PDF). Decolonization. 2 (4): 32. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  31. ^ "Independence Day in Burkina Faso in 2020". Office Holidays Ltd. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  32. ^ "Independence Day in Central African Republic in 2020". Office Holidays Ltd. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Republic Day in Chad in 2020". Office Holidays Ltd. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  34. ^ Bureau of Intelligence and Research, United States Department of State (May 1965). Profiles of Newly Independent States. Geographic Bulletin. Vol. 1. Office of Media Services, Bureau of Public Affairs. p. 17.
  35. ^ Bizzarro, Salvatore (2005). Historical Dictionary of Chile (3rd ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 398. ISBN 9780810865426.
  36. ^ "2020 Holiday Calendar". U.S. Embassy in Chile. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  37. ^ "Fiestas Patrias in Chile – What is going on?". The Santiago Times. 5 September 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  38. ^ Lansford, Tom, ed. (2017). "Comoros". Political Handbook of the World 2016–2017. Vol. 1. CQ Press. p. 319. ISBN 978-1-5063-2718-1.
  39. ^ Baetens, Freya (2019). "Decolonization: Belgian Territories". In Minnerop, Petra; Wolfrum, Rüdiger; Lachenmann, Frauke (eds.). International Development Law: The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford University Press. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-19-883509-7.
  40. ^ a b Mehler, Andreas; Melber, Henning; Walraven, Klaas, eds. (2011). "Congo". Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2010. Vol. 7. BRILL. p. 239. ISBN 9789004205567.
  41. ^ a b Romić, Tea (14 November 2019). "Dan državnosti ponovno će se slaviti 30. svibnja, a uvodi se novi blagdan i neradni dan 18. studenog". Večernji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  42. ^ a b Šarić, Ljiljana (2012). "Croatia in search of a national day: Front-page presentations of national-day celebrations, 1988–2005". In Šarić, Ljiljana; Gammelgaard, Karen; Hauge, Kjetil Rå (eds.). Transforming National Holidays: Identity discourse in the West and South Slavic countries, 1985–2010. Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture. Vol. 47. John Benjamins Publishing. p. 127. ISBN 9789027272973.
  43. ^ "Holiday Calendar 2020". U.S. Embassy in Cuba. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  44. ^ "Cubans commemorate the 150th anniversary of the commencement of wars for independence". Asberth News Network. 24 October 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  45. ^ "This Day In Cuban History – October 10, 1868. Grito De Yara". The Cuban Studies Institute. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  46. ^ Faustmann, Hubert (2001). "Independence Postponed: Cyprus 1959–1960". The Cyprus Review. 13–14: 99.
  47. ^ Mutschlechner, Martin. "The Day of the Coup: 28 October 1918". The First World War and the End of the Habsburg monarchy. Translated by Abigail Prohaska. Schloß Schönbrunn Kultur- und Betriebsges.m.b.H. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  48. ^ "Basic information on the Czech Republic". Embassy of the Czech Republic in London. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  49. ^ "Czech Republic Slovakia: Velvet Revolution at 25". BBC. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  50. ^ "Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States". Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  51. ^ a b "Estonia celebrates the Day of Restoration of Independence". Estonian World. 20 August 2017. Archived from the original on 14 July 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  52. ^ "Eswatini National Day". U. S. Department of State. 6 September 2022. Retrieved 2 August 2023.
  53. ^ Trawicky, Bernard (2009). Anniversaries and Holidays. American Library Association. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-8389-1004-7.
  54. ^ "2001. évi XVII. törvény az ország szabadsága visszaszerzésének jelentőségéről és a magyar szabadság napjáról" [Act XVII of 2001 on the significance of regaining the country’s freedom and on the Day of Hungarian Freedom]. Hatályos Jogszabályok Gyűjteménye (in Hungarian). Wolters Kluwer Hungary Kft. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  55. ^ "Remembrance: the last foreign occupying soldier left Hungary 20 years ago" (PDF). Magyar Posta. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  56. ^ a b Bureau of Intelligence and Research, United States Department of State (May 1965). Profiles of Newly Independent States. Geographic Bulletin. Vol. 1. Office of Media Services, Bureau of Public Affairs. p. 6.
  57. ^ "Iran Islamic Republic Day". AnnivHol-2000. p. 55. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  58. ^ Xiaoyuan Liu – Reins of Liberation, p.6
  59. ^ Stephen Kotkin, Bruce A. Elleman – Mongolia in the twentieth century: landlocked cosmopolitan, p.74
  60. ^ David Sneath – The Headless State: Aristocratic Orders, Kinship Society, and Misrepresentations of Nomadic Inner Asia, p.36
  61. ^ Esherick, Joseph; Kayali, Hasan; Van Young, Eric (2006). Empire to Nation: Historical Perspectives on the Making of the Modern World. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 245. ISBN 9780742578159.
  62. ^ Zhai, Zhiyong (2017). 憲法何以中國. City University of HK Press. p. 190. ISBN 9789629373214.
  63. ^ Gao, Quanxi (2016). 政治憲法與未來憲制. City University of HK Press. p. 273. ISBN 9789629372910.
  64. ^ "Independence Day in Mozambique in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  65. ^ "Celebrating Nauru Independence Day". Commonwealth Business Communications LTD. 31 January 2023.
  66. ^ Bureau of Intelligence and Research, United States Department of State (May 1965). Profiles of Newly Independent States. Geographic Bulletin. Vol. 1. Office of Media Services, Bureau of Public Affairs. p. 7.
  67. ^ "Paraguay Independence Day". Archived from the original on 29 November 2015.
  68. ^ Macapagal, Diosdado, Proclamation No. 28 Declaring 12 June as Philippine Independence Day, Philippine History Group of Los Angeles, archived from the original on 12 May 2009, retrieved 11 November 2009
  69. ^ "Republic Act No. 4166". 4 August 1964. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  70. ^ In 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal signed a proclamation which declared Tuesday, 12 June 1962 as a special public holiday in commemoration of the declaration of independence from Spain on that date in 1898. That proclamation did not move the date of the Independence Day holiday in the Philippines.[68] The date of the holiday was moved in 1964, with the signing of Republic Act No. 4166.[69]
  71. ^ The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) occurred on 24 June 1128 (Battle of São Mamede) and was recognized on 5 October 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events is similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580 and 1640.
  72. ^ "9 Mai – Ziua Independenței de Stat a României". Agerpres (in Romanian). 9 May 2018.
  73. ^ "Acordo Portugal – MLSTP". Centro de Documentação 25 de Abril (in Portuguese). University of Coimbra. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  74. ^ Samest Blaustein, Albert P.; Sigler, Jay Adrian; Beede, Benjamin R., eds. (1977). Independence Documents of the World. Vol. 2. Oceana Publications Inc. p. 597. ISBN 0379007959.
  75. ^ Mutschlechner, Martin. "The Day of the Coup: 28 October 1918". The First World War and the End of the Habsburg monarchy. Translated by Abigail Prohaska. Schloß Schönbrunn Kultur- und Betriebsges.m.b.H. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  76. ^ "Czech Republic Slovakia: Velvet Revolution at 25". BBC. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  77. ^ "Sri Lanka Celebrates 72 Years of Nationhood". Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  78. ^ Edgar, Adrienne Lynn (2004). Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-691-11775-6. On October 27, 1991, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
  79. ^ "Holidays". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 20 April 2006. Retrieved 24 August 2008.