List of kings of Numidia

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Genealogy of Numidian Kings[citation needed]

Numidia was an ancient Libyco-Punic kingdom located in the region of North Africa that today comprises northern Algeria and parts of Tunisia and Libya. The kingdom existed from the 3rd to the 1st century BC. Rome established it as a client kingdom after the Second Punic War and annexed it, first in 46 BC and again—-after a brief period of restored independence under King Juba II (30 BC – 25 BC)—-in 25 BC.

List of kings

All dates are BC.

Kings of the Massylii (Eastern Numidia)

The last ruler of the Massylii conquered the Masaesyli and created the unified Numidian kingdom.

Kings of the Masaesyli (Western Numidia)

Kings of Numidia

The Neopunic Micipsa inscription dedicated to "Mikiwsan (= Micipsa), king of the Massyli"

The three sons of Massinissa originally shared the kingdom, dividing responsibility. Micipsa later tried the same thing with his three heirs, but the result was a civil war. The Roman Republic defeated Numidia during the Jugurthine War. Gauda thus succeeded to a reduced Numidian kingdom. He divided the kingdom geographically between his two sons, establishing two different lines of Numidian kings. They were briefly displaced by a certain Hiarbas, but Roman intervention restored them.

Eastern Numidia

This was the main Numidian kingdom after 81.

Annexed to Rome as province Africa Nova (46–30).

Annexed to Rome as province Africa Proconsularis (25 BCE - 193 CE).

Western Numidia

This was a much smaller chiefdom than Eastern Numidia

Annexed to Rome as part of province Africa Nova (40–30).

Annexed to the Kingdom of Mauretania (25 BCE - 40 CE).


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