Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly

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Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Founded1957
Preceded byJammu and Kashmir Constituent Assembly
Leadership
Speaker
Vacant
since 31 October 2019
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Vacant
since 31 October 2019
Leader of the Opposition
Vacant
since 31 October 2019
Seats114 seats (90 seats + 24 seats reserved for Pakistan Occupied Kashmir)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
25 November to 20 December 2014
Next election
Next
Website
https://jkla.neva.gov.in/

The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly also known as the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha is the legislature of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir was dissolved by the Governor on 21 November 2018.[1]

Prior to 2019, the State of Jammu and Kashmir had a bicameral legislature with a legislative assembly (lower house) and a legislative council (upper house). The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, passed by the Parliament of India in August 2019, replaced this with a unicameral legislature while also re-organising the state into a union territory.

History

Praja Sabha

The first legislature of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, called the Praja Sabha, was established by the government of the Maharaja Hari Singh in 1934.[2] It had 33 elected seats, 30 nominated members and 12 ex-officio members.[3]

The first election in 1934 saw the Liberal Group headed by Pandit Ram Chander Dubey emerge as the largest party and the Muslim Conference as the second largest (with 14 seats).[4] Further elections were held in 1938 and 1947.

In 1939, the Muslim Conference party renamed itself to National Conference under the leadership of Sheikh Abdullah and opened its membership to people of all religions. It launched a Quit Kashmir movement in 1946 and boycotted the 1947 election.[5]

Post-accession

Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly in 2010

After the accession of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir to the Union of India in 1947, the Maharaja ceded powers to a popular government headed by Sheikh Abdullah. Elections for a constituent assembly were held in 1951, in which Abdullah's National Conference won all 75 seats.

In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly, which established a bicameral legislature consisting of an upper house, the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council and a lower house, the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly.[2]

In August 2019, a Reorganisation Act was passed by the Indian Parliament. The act reorganised the former state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories; Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on 31 October 2019. The union territory of Jammu and Kashmir has a unicameral Legislative Assembly. The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council was formally abolished on 16 October 2019.[6][7]

In March 2020, a three-member Delimitation Commission was formed, chaired by retired Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai, for the delimitation of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.[8] The commission published its interim report in February 2022.[9] The final delimitation report was released on 5 May 2022[10] and it came into force from 20 May 2022.[11]

Composition

The Legislative Assembly was initially composed of 100 members, later increased to 111 by the then Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir (Twentieth Amendment) Act of 1988.[2] Of these, 24 seats are designated for the territorial constituencies of the state that came under Pakistani control in 1947.[2][12][13] These seats remain officially vacant as per section 48 of the then state constitution and now also in The Constitution of India.[2][13] These seats are not taken into account for reckoning the total membership of the assembly, especially for deciding quorum and voting majorities for legislation and government formation.[2][13] Hence the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly remained 87 of which there are presently 83 seats after the separation of Ladakh as a union territory which had 4 seats. The Kashmir valley region has 46 seats, the Jammu region has 37 seats.

Delimitation started for all the constituencies of the assembly prior to the next Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly election.[8] The delimitation report has added additional 6 seats to the Jammu division and 1 seat to Kashmir division, thus taking the total tally to 90 seats.[14]

Tenure and functions

Members of the Legislative Assembly were elected for a six-year term up to 2019 and five-year term thereafter. The seats are filled by direct election from single member constituencies using the first past the post method. The assembly may be dissolved before the completion of the full term by the Lieutenant Governor upon the advice of the Chief Minister. The Lieutenant Governor may also convene special sessions of the legislative assembly.

Membership by party

Composition in June 2018

The assembly is currently dissolved. The composition of the assembly prior to dissolution was as follows:

  •   JKPDP (28)
  •   BJP (25)
  •   JKNC (15)
  •   INC (12)
  •   JKPC (2)
  •   CPI(M) (1)
  •   JKPDF (1)
  •   IND (3)
  •   NOM (2)

Office bearers

The Assembly is convened and administered by the Speaker. The leader of the house is usually the Chief Minister, who is the leader of the party (or coalition of parties) whose members constitute a majority. The leader of the opposition represents the party (or coalition of parties) that has won the second-largest number of seats.

  • Speaker: Vacant
  • Secretary: Muzaffar Ahmad Wani.

Members of Legislative Assembly

The assembly is currently dissolved. The members of the assembly prior to dissolution were as follows:

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
1 Karnah Raja Manzoor Ahmad JKPDP
2 Kupwara Bashir Ahmad Dar JPC
3 Lolab Abdul Haq Khan JKPDP
4 Handwara Sajjad Lone JPC
5 Langate Engineer Rashid IND
6 Uri Mohammad Shafi JKN
7 Rafiabad Yawar Ahmad Mir JKPDP
8 Sopore Abdul Rashid Dar INC
9 Gurez Nazir Ahmad Khan JKN
10 Bandipora Usman Abdul Majid INC
11 Sonawari Mohammad Akbar Lone JKN
12 Sangrama Basharat Ahmed JKPDP
13 Baramulla Javid Hassan Baig JKPDP
14 Gulmarg Mohammad Abass Wani JKPDP
15 Pattan Imran Raza Ansari JKPDP
16 Kangan Altaf Ahmad JKN
17 Ganderbal Ishfaq Ahmad Sheikh JKN
18 Hazratbal Asia Naqash JKPDP
19 Zadibal Abid Hussain Ansari JKPDP
20 Eidgah Mubarik Ahmad Gul JKN
21 Khanyar Ali Mohd Sagar JKN
22 Habba Kadal Shamim Firdous JKN
23 Amira Kadal Syed Mohammad Altaf Bukhari JKPDP
24 Sonawar Mohammad Ashraf Mir JKPDP
25 Batmaloo Noor Mohammad Sheikh JKPDP
26 Chadoora Javaid Mustafa Mir JKPDP
27 Budgam Aga Syed Ruhullah Mehdi JKN
28 Beerwah Omar Abdullah JKN
29 Khan Sahib Hakeem Mohammad Yaseen Shah JKPDF
30 Charari Sharief Ghulam Nabi Lone JKPDP
31 Tral Mushtaq Ahmad Shah JKPDP
32 Pampore Zahoor Ahmad Mir JKPDP
33 Pulwama Mohammad Khalil Band JKPDP
34 Rajpora Haseeb Drabu JKPDP
35 Wachi Aijaz Ahmad Mir JKPDP
36 Shopian Mohammad Yousuf Bhat JKPDP
37 Noorabad Abdul Majid Padder JKPDP
38 Kulgam Mohammed Yousuf Tarigami CPM
39 Hom Shali Bugh Majeed Bhat Laram JKN
40 Anantnag Mehbooba Mufti[15] JKPDP
41 Devsar Mohammad Amin Bhat INC
42 Dooru Syed Farooq Ahmad Andrabi JKPDP
43 Kokernag Abdul Rahim Rather JKPDP
44 Shangus Gulzar Ahmad Wani INC
45 Bijbehara Abdul Rehman Bhat JKPDP
46 Pahalgam Altaf Ahmad Wani JKN
47 Nubra Deldan Namgail INC
48 Leh Nawang Rigzin Jora INC
49 Kargil Asgar Ali Karbalai INC
50 Zanskar Syed Mohammad Baqir Rizvi IND
51 Kishtwar Sunil Kumar Sharma BJP
52 Inderwal Ghulam Mohammad Saroori INC
53 Doda Shakti Raj BJP
54 Bhaderwah Daleep Singh BJP
55 Ramban Neelam Kumar Langeh BJP
56 Banihal Vikar Rasool Wani INC
57 Gulabgarh Mumtaz Ahmed INC
58 Reasi Ajay Nanda BJP
59 Gool Arnas Ajaz Ahmed Khan INC
60 Udhampur Pawan Kumar Gupta IND
61 Chenani Dina Nath BJP
62 Ramnagar Ranbir Singh Pathania BJP
63 Bani Ranbir Singh Pathania BJP
64 Basohli Lal Singh BJP
65 Kathua Rajiv Jasrotia BJP
66 Billawar Dr. Nirmal Kumar Singh BJP
67 Hiranagar Kuldeep Raj BJP
68 Samba Dr. Devinder Kumar Manyal BJP
69 Vijaypur Chander Prakash Ganga BJP
70 Nagrota Devender Singh Rana JKN
71 Gandhinagar Kavinder Gupta BJP
72 Jammu East Rajesh Gupta BJP
73 Jammu West Sat Paul Sharma BJP
74 Bishnah Kamal Verma JKN
75 RS Pura Gagan Bhagat BJP
76 Suchetgarh Sham Lal Choudhary BJP
77 Marh Sukhnandan Kumar BJP
78 Raipur Domana Bali Bhagat BJP
79 Akhnoor Rajeev Sharma BJP
80 Chhamb Kirshan Lal BJP
81 Nowshera Ravinder Raina BJP
82 Darhal Chowdhary Zulfkar Ali JKPDP
83 Rajouri Qamar Hussain JKPDP
84 Kalakote Abdul Ghani Kohli BJP
85 Surankote Chaudhary Mohammad Akram INC
86 Mendhar Javed Ahmed Rana JKN
87 Poonch Haveli Shah Mohammad Tantray JKPDP
Nominated Priya Sethi BJP
Nominated Anjum Fazili[16] JKPDP

Attack on the State Assembly Complex

On 1 October 2001, armed terrorists belonging to Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorist group carried out an attack on the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly Complex in Srinagar using a car bomb and three suicide bombers.[17][18]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Amid contrasting claims, J&K Governor dissolves Assembly". The Hindu. 21 November 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 29 August 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Rai, Mridu (2004), Hindu Rulers, Muslim Subjects: Islam, Rights, and the History of Kashmir, C. Hurst & Co, p. 274, ISBN 1850656614
  4. ^ Copland, Ian (1981), "Islam and Political Mobilization in Kashmir, 1931-34", Pacific Affairs, 54 (2): 228–259, doi:10.2307/2757363, JSTOR 2757363
  5. ^ Choudhary, Dipti, "The Constitutional Development in the State of Jammu and Kashmir" (PDF), State autonomy under indian constitution a study with reference to the state of jammu and kashmir, Kurukhsetra University/Shodhganga, pp. 60, 69, hdl:10603/32675
  6. ^ "J&K administration orders abolition of legislative council, asks its staff to report to GAD". Financial express. PTI. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Abolition of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council in terms of Section 57 of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019" (pdf). jkgad.nic.in. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Delimitation of Constituencies in Jammu-Kashmir, Assam,Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland - Notification dated 06.03.2020 - Delimitation - Election Commission of India". eci.gov.in. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  9. ^ "Many seats redrawn in J&K delimitation draft". The Hindu. 5 February 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  10. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Delimitation report". The Hindu. 9 May 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  11. ^ "Orders of J&K Delimitation Commission take effect". Hindustan Times. 21 May 2022. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Delimitation adds seats to PoK quota". The Times of India. 7 July 2006. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
  13. ^ a b c "Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir" (PDF). Government of Jammu and Kashmir.
  14. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Delimitation report". The Hindu. 9 May 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  15. ^ "Mehbooba Mufti wins Anantnag by-election by 11,500 votes - The Economic Times". Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  16. ^ Excelsior, Daily (1 March 2015). "Fazili, Sethi nominated as MLAs".
  17. ^ Fidayeen storm J&K House, kill 29, The Tribune, 2001-10-02
  18. ^ Praveen Swami (13 October 2001). "An Audacious Strike". Frontline. Archived from the original on 28 November 2001.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)

External links