India national cricket team

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India
Nickname(s)Men in Blue
AssociationBoard of Control for Cricket in India
Personnel
Test captainRohit Sharma
One Day captainRohit Sharma
T20I captainSuryakumar Yadav
CoachGautam Gambhir
History
Test status acquired1931 (93 years ago) (1931)
International Cricket Council
ICC statusFull Member (1926)
ICC regionACC
ICC Rankings Current[3] Best-ever
Test 2nd 1st (1 April 1973)
ODI 1st 1st (January 2013)
T20I 1st 1st[1][2] (28 March 2014)
Tests
First Testv  England at Lord's, London; 25‍–‍28 June 1932
Last Testv  England at Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association Stadium, Dharamshala; 7‍–‍9 March 2024
Tests Played Won/Lost
Total[4] 579 178/178
(222 draws, 1 tie)
This year[5] 6 5/1
(0 draws)
World Test Championship appearances2 (first in 2019–2021)
Best result Runners-up (2019–21, 2021–23)
One Day Internationals
First ODIv  England at Headingley, Leeds; 13 July 1974
Last ODIv  South Africa at Boland Park, Paarl; 21 December 2023
ODIs Played Won/Lost
Total[6] 1,055 559/443
(9 ties, 44 no results)
This year[7] 0 0/0
(0 ties, 0 no results)
World Cup appearances13 (first in 1975)
Best result Champions (1983, 2011)
Twenty20 Internationals
First T20Iv  South Africa at Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg; 1 December 2006
Last T20Iv  Zimbabwe at Harare Sports Club, Harare; 14 July 2024
T20Is Played Won/Lost
Total[8] 232 152/69
(5 ties, 6 no results)
This year[9] 17 14/1
(1 tie, 1 no results)
T20 World Cup appearances9 (first in 2007)
Best result Champions (2007, 2024)
Official websitebcci.tv

Test kit

ODI kit

T20I kit

As of 19 July 2024

The India men's national cricket team represents India in men's international cricket. It is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), and is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status. India are the current Twenty20 World Champions.[10]

The team has played 579 Test matches, winning 178, losing 178, 222 draw and 1 tie. As of July 2024, India is ranked second in the ICC Test Championship on 120 rating points. India has played the finals of the ICC World Test Championship in the first two editions (2021 and 2023).

Test rivalries include the Border-Gavaskar Trophy (with Australia), Freedom Trophy (with South Africa), Anthony de Mello Trophy and Pataudi Trophy (with England).

The team has played 1,055 ODI matches, winning 559, losing 443, tying 9 and with 44 ending in a no-result. As of July 2024, India is ranked first in the ICC ODI Championship on 122 rating points. India have appeared in the World Cup final four times 1983, 2003, 2011, 2023 and won twice in 1983 and 2011. It was the second team (after the West Indies) to win the World Cup, and the first to win the competition on home soil after winning it in 2011. India have also won two ICC Champions trophies in 2002 and 2013. In addition, they have also won the ODI Asia Cup 7 times in 1984, 1988, 1990–91, 1995, 2010, 2018, 2023.

The team has played 232 Twenty20 International matches, winning 152, losing 69, tying 5 and with 6 ending in a no-result. As of July 2024, India is ranked first in the ICC T20I Championship on 267 rating points. India have won the ICC Men's T20 World Cup twice in 2007 and 2024. They have also won the Twenty20 Asia Cup in 2016 and Asian Games in 2022.

India are the reigning T20 World Cup Champions winning the championship in 2024 against South africa.

History

Early history (1700s–1918)

The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721.[11] It was played and adopted by Kolis of Gujarat because they were sea pirates and outlaws who always loot the British ships so East India Company tried to manage the Kolis in cricket and been successful.[12][13][14] In 1848, the Parsi community in Mumbai formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by Indians. After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877.[15] By 1912, the Parsis, Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims of Bombay played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year.[15] In the early 1900s, some Indians went on to play for the England cricket team. Some of these, such as Ranjitsinhji and Duleepsinhji were greatly appreciated by the British and their names went on to be used for the Ranji Trophy and Duleep Trophy – two major first-class tournaments in India. In 1911, an Indian men's cricket team, captained by Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played English county teams and not the England cricket team.[16][17]

C. K. Nayudu, India's first Test cricket captain

Test match status (1918–1970)

Elizabeth II with members of the Indian cricket team during their tour of England in 1952
Lala Amarnath batting during a match against Middlesex at Lord's, c. 1936[18]

India was invited to the International Cricket Council in 1926, and made their debut as a Test playing nation in England in 1932, led by CK Nayudu, who was considered the best Indian batsman at the time.[19] The one-off Test match between the two sides was played at Lord's in London. The team was not strong in their batting[20] at this point and went on to lose by 158 runs.[21] India hosted its first men's Test cricket series in 1933. England was the visiting team that played two Tests in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Calcutta (now Kolkata). The visitors won the series 2–0. The Indian team continued to improve throughout the 1930s and 1940s but did not achieve an international victory during this period. In the early 1940s, India did not play any men's Test cricket due to World War II. The team's first series as an independent country was in late 1947 against Don Bradman's Australian cricket team in England in 1948 (a name given to the Australia national cricket team of that time). It was also the first Test series India played which was not against England. Australia men's cricket team won the five-match series 4–0, with Bradman tormenting the Indian bowling in his final Australian summer.[22] India subsequently played their first Test series at home not against England, but against the West Indies in 1948. West Indies won the five Test series 1–0.[23] India recorded their first Test victory, in their 24th match, against England at Madras in 1952.[24] Later in the same year, they won their first Test series, which was against Pakistan.[25] They continued their improvement throughout the early 1950s with a series win against New Zealand in 1956. However, they did not win again in the remainder of the decade and lost badly to strong Australian and English sides. On 24 August 1959, India lost by an innings in the Test to complete the only 5–0 whitewash ever inflicted by England.[26] The next decade saw India's reputation develop as a team with a strong record at home. They won their first Test series against England at home in 1961–62 and also won a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. In this same period, India also won its first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in 1967–68.[27]

The key to India's bowling in the 1970s were the Indian spin quartetBishan Singh Bedi, E. A. S. Prasanna, B. S. Chandrasekhar and Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan. This period also saw the emergence of two of India's best ever batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath. Indian pitches have had the tendency to support spin and the spin quartet exploited this to create collapses in opposing batting line-ups.[28][29] These players were responsible for the back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies and in England, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar. Gavaskar scored 774 runs in the West Indian series while Dilip Sardesai's 112 played a big part in their one Test win.[30][31][32]

One-day cricket and ICC Cricket World Cup success (1970–1985)

The advent of men's One Day International (ODI) cricket in 1971 created a new dimension in the cricket world. However, India was not considered strong in ODIs at this point and batsmen such as the captain Gavaskar were known for their defensive approach to batting. India began as a weak team in ODIs and did not qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup.[33] Gavaskar infamously blocked his way to 36 not out off 174 balls against England in the first World Cup in 1975; India scored just 132 for 3 and lost by 202 runs.[34]

In contrast, India fielded a strong team in Test matches and was particularly strong at home, where their combination of stylish batsmen and beguiling spinners were at their best. India set a then Test record in the third Test against the West Indies at Port-of-Spain in 1976, when they chased 403 to win, thanks to 112 from Viswanath.[35] In November 1976, the team established another record by scoring 524 for 9 declared against New Zealand at Kanpur without any individual batsman scoring a century.[36] There were six fifties, the highest being 70 by Mohinder Amarnath.[37] This innings was only the eighth instance in Test cricket where all eleven batsmen reached double figures.[38]

Graph showing India's Test match results against all Test match teams from 1932 to September 2006

During the 1980s, India developed a more attack-minded batting line-up with stroke makers such as the wristy Mohammad Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and all-rounders Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri. India won the Cricket World Cup in 1983, defeating the favourites and the two-time defending champions West Indies in the final at Lord's, owing to a strong bowling performance. In spite of this, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Test matches without a victory. In 1984, India won the Asia Cup and in 1985, won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia. Apart from this, India remained a weak team outside the Indian subcontinent. India's Test series victory in 1986 against England remained the last Test series win by India outside the subcontinent for the next 19 years. The 1980s saw Gavaskar and Kapil Dev (India's best all-rounder to date) at the pinnacle of their careers. Gavaskar made a Test record 34 centuries as he became the first man to reach the 10,000 run mark. Kapil Dev later became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket with 434 wickets.[39] The period was also marked by an unstable leadership, with Gavaskar and Kapil exchanging the captaincy several times.[40][41]

Late 20th century (1985–2000)

The addition of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble to the national side in 1989 and 1990 further improved the team. The following year, Javagal Srinath, India's fastest bowler since Amar Singh made his debut. Despite this, during the 1990s, India did not win any of its 33 Tests outside the subcontinent while it won 17 out of its 30 Tests at home. After being eliminated by neighbours Sri Lanka on home soil at the 1996 Cricket World Cup semi-final, the team underwent a year of change as Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid, later to become captains of the team, made their debut in the same Test at Lord's. Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain in late 1996, but after a personal and team form slump, Tendulkar relinquished the captaincy and Azharuddin was reinstated at the beginning of 1998.[42]

With 619 wickets, Anil Kumble is the world's fourth highest wicket-taker in Tests and India's highest Test and ODI wicket-taker.[43]

After failing to reach the semi-finals at the 1999 Cricket World Cup, Tendulkar was again made captain, and had another poor run, losing 3–0 on a tour of Australia and then 2–0 at home to South Africa. Tendulkar resigned, vowing never to captain the team again.[44]

21st century

The team was further damaged in 2000 when former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja were implicated in a match-fixing scandal and given life and five-year bans respectively.[45][46] This period was described by the BBC as "the Indian cricket's worst hour".[47] However, the new core – Tendulkar, Dravid, Kumble and Ganguly – swore not to let this happen to them again, and led Indian cricket out of the dark times. The first three put aside personal ambitions to let Ganguly lead them into a new era.[48]

The Indian team underwent major improvements under the captaincy of Ganguly and the guidance of John Wright, India's first foreign coach.[49][50] In the Kolkata Test match, India became only the third team in the history of Test cricket to win a Test match after following on. Australian captain Steve Waugh labelled India as the "Final Frontier" because of his side's inability to win a Test series in India.[51] In 2002, India were joint-winners of the ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka and then went to the 2003 Cricket World Cup in South Africa, where they reached the final, only to be beaten by Australia. A convincing ODI series win in Pakistan in early 2006, following a loss in the Test series, gave India the world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second.[52]

In September 2007, India won the first-ever ICC Men's T20 World Cup held in South Africa, beating Pakistan by five runs in the final.[53] On 2 April 2011, India won the 2011 Cricket World Cup by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, thus becoming the third team after West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup twice.[54] India also became the first team to win the World Cup on home soil.[55] India defeated England in the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy final and captain M. S. Dhoni became the first men's cricket team captain in history to win the three major ICC trophies, namely the Cricket World Cup, ICC Men's T20 World Cup and ICC Champions Trophy.[56][57]

Indian players celebrating after taking a wicket against New Zealand in 2010

In the 2014 ICC Men's World Twenty20 hosted in Bangladesh, India narrowly missed out on another ICC trophy by losing to Sri Lanka in the final.[58] India was knocked out of the 2015 Cricket World Cup in the semi-final to eventual winners Australia.[59] India then began 2016 by winning the 2016 Asia Cup, remaining unbeaten throughout the tournament.[60] The team were favourites to win the 2016 ICC World Twenty20, which was being held at home, but lost in the semi-final to eventual champions West Indies.[61] India defeated Pakistan in their first game of the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy but lost to the same opponents in the final, the first time they had met at this stage of a tournament since 2007.[62][63]

The Indian team's next major global tournament was the 2019 Cricket World Cup where the team finished first in the group stage with seven wins and only one loss which came against host nation England.[64] They made the semis but lost to New Zealand by 18 runs.[65] Rohit Sharma was the highest run-scorer for the team with 648 runs. India played the 2021 ICC World Test Championship Final against New Zealand in Southampton in which they lost by eight wickets.[66] India qualified for the semi-finals in the 2022 T20 World Cup, but lost to England by ten wickets.

After a 3–1 series win against Australia on home soil.[67] India played the 2023 ICC World Test Championship final against Australia at The Oval in which they lost by 209 runs.[68] India went on to win the 2023 Asia Cup final against Sri Lanka in R. Premadasa Stadium by ten wickets .[69]Kuldeep Yadav was the player of the tournament with nine wickets. Meanwhile, the Indian men's cricket team secured a gold medal in 2022 Asian games due to higher seeding after the final against Afghanisthan was washed out.[70]

India had an unbeaten campaign in the 2023 Cricket World Cup, starting with a win over Australia with six wickets. They stormed into the final after a strong win against Sri Lanka by 302 runs, and then won their semi-final against New Zealand by 70 runs. The game was marked by Virat Kohli becoming the first to ever achieve 50 ODI Centuries, surpassing the previous record set by Sachin Tendulkar. As well, Mohammed Shami took the best bowling figues for an Indian in the ODI World Cup, 7/57. However, they were ultimately defeated in the final by Australia by the same margin of wickets they beat them with by wickets, six wickets. Virat Kohli was the highest run scorer of the ODI World Cup with 765 runs, the most ever in a single edition of the World Cup.[71]

India won the 2024 T20 World Cup by defeating South Africa in the final.[72] They became the third team after England and West Indies to win the cup twice and also the first team to win the tournament undefeated. Arshdeep Singh was the joint-highest wicket taker at 17 wickets. [73][74]

Governing body

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body for the Indian cricket team and first-class cricket in India. The Board has been operating since 1929 and represents India at the International Cricket Council (ICC). Its headquarters is situated in the 'Cricket centre' at Churchgate in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Amongst the richest sporting organisations in the world, it sold media rights for India's matches from 2006 to 2010 for $612,000,000.[75] Roger Binny is present BCCI president and Jay Shah is secretary.

The International Cricket Council determines India's upcoming matches through its future tours program. However, the BCCI, with its influential financial position in the cricketing world, has often challenged the ICC's program and called for more series between India, Australia and England which are more likely to earn more revenue as opposed to tours with Bangladesh or Zimbabwe.[76] In the past, the BCCI has also come into conflict with the ICC regarding sponsorships.[77]

Selection committee

Selection for the Indian cricket team occurs through the BCCI's zonal selection policy, where each of the five zones is represented by one selector and one of the members nominated by BCCI as the chairman of the selection committee. This has sometimes led to controversy as to whether these selectors are biased towards their zones.[78]

Until 18 November 2022, Chetan Sharma was the chief selector and Debashish Mohanty, Harvinder Singh and Sunil Joshi were members. The entire panel was sacked after the unsuccessful performance of the team in 2022 ICC Men's T20 World Cup.[79]

On 7 January 2023, Sharma was again appointed as the chief selector along with Shiv Sunder Das, Subroto Banerjee, Salil Ankola, and Sridharan Sharath.[80]

On 17 February 2023, Sharma resigned from his post after a sting operation by a private news channel saw him make several loose comments on the Indian team with Shiv Sunder Das replacing him and acting as an interim chief selector.[81]

On 4 July 2023, Ajit Agarkar was appointed as the new chief selector and replaced Sharma.[82] He joined Das, Banerjee, Ankola and Sharath on the selection committee.[83]

Team colours

India plays its Test cricket matches with the traditional cricket whites with navy blue caps and helmets. The uniforms worn in limited-overs matches have different shades of blue for ODIs and T20Is, with sometimes a splash of the colours that are present in the Indian flag.[84]

India's cricket kit during the World Championship of Cricket.

During the 1992 and 1999 Cricket World Cups, the Indian team's kit was sponsored by ISC and ASICS respectively,[85][86] but had been without an official kit sponsor until 2001. With no official kit sponsor for the Indian team, Omtex manufactured the shirts and pants for the team, while some players chose to wear pants provided to them by their individual sponsors like Adidas and Reebok until December 2005.

In December 2005, Nike outbid its competitors Adidas and Reebok, and acquired the contract for five years which started in January 2006 ahead of Indian team's tour to Pakistan.[87] Nike was a long time kit supplier to team India with two extensions for a period of five years each time; in 2011[88] and 2016[89] respectively.

After Nike ended its contract in September 2020,[90] MPL Sports Apparel & Accessories, a subsidiary of online gaming platform Mobile Premier League replaced Nike as the kit manufacturer in November 2020 ahead of Indian team's tour to Australia, which was supposed to run until December 2023.[91][92]

In November 2022, MPL Sports decided to exit the deal before the end of their contract and hand over their rights to Kewal Kiran Clothing Limited (KKCL).[93]

In January 2023, MPL appointed Kewal Kiran Clothing Limited (KKCL) and Killer Jeans (a brand owned by KKCL) as interim sponsors until May 2023.[94][95]

In February 2023, it was announced that Adidas will begin a five-year sponsorship deal in June 2023 ahead of ICC World Test Championship final, replacing KKCL.[96]

In May 2023, BCCI officially announced Adidas as their kit sponsor for the next five years running until March 2028.[97][98][99]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor [100]
1992 ISC
1999 ASICS ITC Limited
(Wills & ITC Hotels)
1993–2001
2001–2005 Omtex Sahara
2006–2013 Nike
2014–2017 Star India
2017–2019 OPPO
2019–2020 BYJU's
2020–2022 MPL Sports
2023 Killer Jeans
2023 – present Adidas Dream11
Sponsorship for ICC Tournaments
Tournament Kit Manufacturer Sleeve Sponsor
1975 Cricket World Cup
1979 Cricket World Cup
1983 Cricket World Cup
1987 Cricket World Cup
1992 Cricket World Cup ISC
1996 Cricket World Cup Wills
1998 ICC KnockOut Trophy
1999 Cricket World Cup ASICS
2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy
2002 ICC Champions Trophy Omtex
2003 Cricket World Cup Aamby Valley
2004 ICC Champions Trophy Sahara
2006 ICC Champions Trophy Nike
2007 Cricket World Cup
2007 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2009 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2009 ICC Champions Trophy
2010 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2011 Cricket World Cup
2012 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2013 ICC Champions Trophy
2014 ICC Men's T20 World Cup Star India
2015 Cricket World Cup
2016 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2017 ICC Champions Trophy OPPO
2019 Cricket World Cup
2021 ICC World Test Championship MPL Sports BYJU's
2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2022 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2023 ICC World Test Championship Adidas
2023 Cricket World Cup Dream11
2024 ICC Men's T20 World Cup

Sponsorship

Current Sponsors & Partners[101]
Team sponsor Dream11
Kit sponsor Adidas
Title sponsor IDFC FIRST Bank
Official partner(s) SBI Life
Campa
Atomberg Technologies


Official broadcaster Viacom18
(Sports18 & JioCinema)

Team sponsorship

Dream11 (Sporta Technologies Pvt. Ltd.) was announced as the sponsor for the team on 1 July 2023.[102] Their sponsorship is supposed to run until 31 March 2026 for a period of three years.[103]

Previously, BYJU's was the sponsor for the Indian team from 5 September 2019 until 31 March 2023, after OPPO handed over the rights to them.[104]

OPPO's sponsorship was supposed to run from 2017 until 2022, but they handed over to BYJU's. On 7 March 2022, BYJU's extended its sponsorship for one year.[105][106]

Previously, the Indian team has been sponsored by BYJU's from September 2019 until March 2023, OPPO from May 2017 until August 2019, Star India from January 2014 until March 2017,[107] Sahara India Pariwar from June 2001 until December 2013 [108][109] and ITC Limited (with Wills and ITC Hotels brands) from June 1993 until May 2001.[110][111]

Official partners

On 9 January 2024, BCCI announced Campa and Atomberg Technologies as official partners for its domestic & international season during 2024–26.[112]

On 20 September 2023, BCCI announced SBI Life as the official partner for its domestic & international season during 2023–26.[113]

In August 2023, IDFC First Bank replaced Mastercard as the current title sponsor for all international and domestic matches played in India for the 2023–26 season.[114]

The title sponsorship was initially given to Paytm for all matches played between 2015 and 2023 [115] but they handed over to Mastercard in 2022.

On 30 August 2019, following the conclusion of the expression of interest process for official partners' rights, the BCCI announced that Sporta Technologies Pvt. Ltd. (Dream11), LafargeHolcim (ACC Cements, and Ambuja Cements) and Hyundai Motors India Ltd. have acquired the official partners' rights for the BCCI International and Domestic matches during 2019–2023.[116]

Disney Star and Airtel have been title sponsors previously.[117][118]

Official broadcasters

Viacom18 is the official broadcaster until March 2028 for all the men's international and domestic matches played in India.[119][120] Sports18 telecasts the international and domestic matches on TV, while it is live streamed on JioCinema as OTT (over the top) platform.[121]

International grounds

There are numerous world-renowned cricket stadiums located in India. Most grounds are under the administration of various state cricket boards as opposed to being under the control of the BCCI. The Bombay Gymkhana was the first ground in India to host a full-scale cricket match featuring an Indian cricket team. This was between the Parsis and the Europeans in 1877. The first stadium to host a Test match in India was also the Gymkhana Ground in Bombay in 1933, the only Test it ever hosted. The second and third Tests in the 1933 series were hosted at Eden Gardens and Chepauk. The Feroz Shah Kotla Ground in Delhi was the first stadium to host a Test match after independence, a draw against the West Indies in 1948, the first of a five-Test series. There are 21 stadiums in India that have hosted at least one official Test match. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of world-class cricket stadiums in India.[122][123]

India currently has the world's largest cricket stadium.[124][125] The Narendra Modi Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Eden Gardens in Kolkata has hosted the most Tests, and also has the third-largest seating capacity of any cricket stadium in the world. Founded in 1864, it is one of the most historical stadiums in India, having hosted numerous historical and controversial matches.[126][127] Other major stadiums in India include the Arun Jaitley Cricket Stadium, which was established in 1883 and hosted memorable matches including Anil Kumble's ten wickets in an innings haul against Pakistan.[128]

The Bombay Gymkhana hosted the first Test match in India which is the only Test it has hosted to date.[129] Wankhede Stadium, established in 1974, has a capacity to hold 33,000 spectators and is currently the most popular venue in the city. It has hosted 24 Test matches. It was the unofficial successor of the Brabourne Stadium, which is also located in Mumbai. Mumbai is often considered the cricketing capital of India because of its fans and the talent it produces (see Mumbai cricket team). Thus the stadium regularly hosts major Test matches.[130] The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chepauk is also considered to be an important historical Indian cricket ground, established in the early 1900s, and it was the site of India's first Test victory.[131]

Captains

A total of 35 men have captained the Indian men's cricket team in at least one Test match, although only six have led the team in more than 25 matches, and six have captained the team in men's ODIs but not Tests. India's first captain of the men's cricket team was C. K. Nayudu, who led the team in four matches against England: one in England in 1932 and a series of three matches at home in 1933–34. Lala Amarnath, India's fourth captain of the men's cricket team and the first Indian to score a century in Test cricket while playing for India, led the team in its first Test match after Indian independence. He also captained the side to its first Test victory and first series win, both in a three-match series at home against Pakistan in 1952–53. From 1952 until 1961–62, India men's cricket team had a number of captains such as Vijay Hazare, Polly Umrigar and Nari Contractor.[132][133]

The Nawab of Pataudi, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, was the men's team's captain for 36 Test matches from 1961–62 to 1969–70, returning for another four matches against West Indies in 1974–75. In the early years of his captaincy tenure, the team was whitewashed in the West Indies, England and Australia. However, in 1967–68, Pataudi led India men's cricket team on its maiden New Zealand tour, which ended in India winning the Test series 3–1.[134] In 1970–71, Ajit Wadekar took over the captaincy from Pataudi. Under Wadekar's captaincy, India registered its first Test series win in the West Indies and England. India played its first men's ODI in 1974, also under his captaincy.[135] India won its first men's ODI under the captaincy of Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, against East Africa. Between 1975–76 and 1978–79, Bishan Singh Bedi captained the team in 22 men's Tests and four ODIs, winning six Tests and one ODI.[136][137]

Sunil Gavaskar took over as men's Test and ODI captain in 1978–79, leading India in 47 Test matches and 37 ODIs, winning nine Tests and 14 ODIs. He was succeeded by Kapil Dev in the 1980s, who captained for 34 Test matches, including four victories. Kapil Dev led India to victory in 39 of his 74 ODIs in charge, including the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Kapil Dev also captained India's 2–0 Test series victory in England in 1986. Between 1987–88 and 1989–90, India had three captains in Dilip Vengsarkar, Ravi Shastri and Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Vengsarkar took over the captaincy from Kapil Dev after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. Although he started with two centuries in his first series as captain, his captaincy period was turbulent and he lost the job following a disastrous tour of the West Indies in early 1989 and a stand-off with the Indian Cricket Board (BCCI).[138][139]

India has had six regular Test captains of the men's cricket team since Mohammad Azharuddin took charge in 1989. Azharuddin led the team in 47 Test matches from 1989–90 to 1998–99, winning 14, and in 174 ODIs, winning 90. He was followed by Sachin Tendulkar, who captained the men's cricket team in 25 Test matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s; Tendulkar was relatively unsuccessful[140][141] as a captain, winning only four Test matches and 23 ODIs.

Sourav Ganguly became the regular captain of the men's team in both Tests and ODIs in 2000.[142] He remained captain until 2005–06 and became the then most successful Indian captain, winning 21 of his 49 Test matches in charge and 76 of his 146 ODIs. Under his captaincy, India became the joint-winners of the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka, and the runners-up of the 2003 Cricket World Cup. India lost only three Tests at home under Ganguly and managed to draw Test series in England and Australia.

Rahul Dravid took over as men's Test captain in 2005. In 2006, he led India to its first Test series victory in the West Indies in more than 30 years.[143]

In September 2007, MS Dhoni was named as the new captain of the men's ODI and T20I teams, after Dravid stepped down from the post. Soon after taking up the captaincy, Dhoni led the team to the inaugural World men's Twenty20 title. Anil Kumble was appointed Test captain in November 2007, but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after captaining in 14 Tests. Dhoni succeeded him as the men's Test captain, making him the captain in all formats. Under the captaincy of Dhoni, the Indian men's cricket team held the number one position in the ICC Men's Test Team Rankings for 21 months (from November 2009 to August 2011), and set a national record for most back-to-back ODI wins (nine straight wins).[144] Dhoni also led the team to victory in 2011 Cricket World Cup and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. Thus, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies, namely- the ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC Men's T20 World Cup in 2007 and the ICC Champions Trophy in 2013.[145] However, the team performed poorly in away Tests from 2011 to 2014 and Dhoni retired from Test cricket in December 2014, with Virat Kohli being named as the new Test captain.[146] Dhoni resigned as captain of the ODI and T20I teams in January 2017 and Kohli succeeded him at the position.[147]

Under Kohli's captaincy, India was unbeaten in 19 Test matches, starting from a 3–0 series win over New Zealand and ending with a 2–1 series win over Australia. India also had an unbeaten streak of winning nine consecutive Test series, starting with a 3–0 series win over Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka and ending with a 1–0 series win over Sri Lanka at home. India also became only the third team after Australia and South Africa to have won their most recent Test series simultaneously against all the other Test-playing nations. As per winning percentage in Test matches, Kohli was India's second most successful Test captain, behind Ajinkya Rahane, having won more than 58% of Test matches (at least two games).[148]

In November 2021, Rohit Sharma was appointed as the new T20I captain of the Indian men's cricket team after Kohli resigned from the role.[149] Kohli led India one last time in T20Is at the T20 World Cup 2021. Under Rohit Sharma's first series as permanent captaincy, India whitewashed New Zealand at home in the T20I series 3–0.[150] In December 2021, Sharma was also appointed as the new ODI captain of the Indian men's cricket team, replacing Kohli ahead of their away series against South Africa.[151] Kohli later quit as Test captain as well, after their Test series loss to South Africa.[152] Sharma replaced Kohli as Test captain before the Test series against Sri Lanka[153] and is now the Full-Time Captain of the Indian men's cricket team. In 2024, after the team won the 2024 T20 World Cup, Rohit Sharma retired from the format, with Suryakumar Yadav being named as the new T20I captain.

Current squad

Rohit Sharma became captain of India's national cricket team in November 2021.

The BCCI released the list of their 2023–24 annual player contracts on 28 February 2024.[154] Players can still be upgraded to a Grade C annual player contract on a pro-rata basis by meeting the criteria of playing a minimum of three Tests or eight ODIs or ten T20Is in the specified period (1 October 2023 to 30 September 2024).

This is a list of every active player who is contracted to BCCI, has played for India since June 2023 or was named in the recent Test, ODI or T20I squads. Uncapped players are listed in italics.[155]

Last updated: 30 June 2024

Key
Symbol Meaning
CG Contract grade with BCCI
No. Shirt number of the player in all formats
Format Denotes the player recently played in which particular format, not his entire career
Name Age Batting style Bowling style Domestic team IPL Team CG Forms No. Captaincy Last Test Last ODI Last T20I
Batters
Ruturaj Gaikwad 27 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Maharashtra Chennai Super Kings C ODI, T20I 31 South Africa 2023 Zimbabwe 2024
Shubman Gill 24 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Punjab Gujarat Titans A Test, ODI, T20I 77 ODI, T20I (VC) England 2024 Australia 2023 Zimbabwe 2024
Shreyas Iyer 29 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Mumbai Kolkata Knight Riders Test, ODI, T20I 96 England 2024 South Africa 2023 Australia 2023
Yashasvi Jaiswal 22 Left-handed Right-arm leg spin Mumbai Rajasthan Royals B Test, T20I 64 England 2024 Zimbabwe 2024
Sarfaraz Khan 26 Right-handed Right-arm leg break Mumbai C Test 97 England 2024
Virat Kohli 35 Right-handed Right-arm medium Delhi Royal Challengers Bengaluru A+ Test, ODI 18 South Africa 2024 Australia 2023 South Africa 2024
Devdutt Padikkal 24 Left-handed Right-arm off spin Karnataka Lucknow Super Giants Test 37 England 2024 Sri Lanka 2021
Rajat Patidar 31 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Madhya Pradesh Royal Challengers Bengaluru C Test, ODI 87 England 2024 South Africa 2023
Rohit Sharma 37 Right-handed Right-arm off break Mumbai Mumbai Indians A+ Test, ODI 45 Test, ODI (C) England 2024 Australia 2023 South Africa 2024
Rinku Singh 26 Left-handed Right-arm off break Uttar Pradesh Kolkata Knight Riders C ODI, T20I 35 South Africa 2023 Zimbabwe 2024
Sai Sudharsan 22 Left-handed Right-arm leg break Tamil Nadu Gujarat Titans ODI, T20I 66 South Africa 2023 Zimbabwe 2024
Suryakumar Yadav 33 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Mumbai Mumbai Indians B ODI, T20I 63 T20I (C) Australia 2023 Australia 2023 South Africa 2024
All-rounders
Shahbaz Ahmed 29 Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Bengal Sunrisers Hyderabad ODI, T20I 47 Bangladesh 2022 Afghanistan 2023
Ravichandran Ashwin 37 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Tamil Nadu Rajasthan Royals A Test, ODI 99 England 2024 Australia 2023 England 2022
Shivam Dube 31 Left-handed Right-arm medium Mumbai Chennai Super Kings C ODI, T20I 25 Cricket West Indies 2019 Zimbabwe 2024
Ravindra Jadeja 35 Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Saurashtra Chennai Super Kings A+ Test, ODI 8 England 2024 Australia 2023 South Africa 2024
Harshit Rana 22 Right-handed Right arm fast medium Delhi Kolkata Knight Riders ODI
Hardik Pandya 30 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Baroda Mumbai Indians A ODI, T20I 33 England 2018 Bangladesh 2023 South Africa 2024
Riyan Parag 22 Right-handed Right-arm Leg spin Assam Rajasthan Royals ODI, T20I 12 Zimbabwe 2024
Axar Patel 30 Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Gujarat Delhi Capitals B Test, ODI, T20I 20 England 2024 South Africa 2023 South Africa 2024
Abhishek Sharma 23 Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Punjab Delhi Capitals T20I 4 Zimbabwe 2024
Washington Sundar 24 Left-handed Right-arm off spin Tamil Nadu Sunrisers Hyderabad C ODI, T20I 5 England 2021 South Africa 2023 Zimbabwe 2024
Tilak Varma 21 Left-handed Right arm off spin Hyderabad Mumbai Indians C ODI, T20I 72 South Africa 2023 Afghanistan 2024
Wicket-keepers
Srikar Bharat 30 Right-handed Andhra Kolkata Knight Riders C Test 14 England 2024
Dhruv Jurel 23 Right-handed Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan Royals C Test, T20I 16 England 2024 Zimbabwe 2024
Ishan Kishan 26 Left-handed Jharkhand Mumbai Indians ODI, T20I 32 Cricket West Indies 2023 Afghanistan 2023 Australia 2023
KL Rahul 32 Right-handed Karnataka Lucknow Super Giants A Test, ODI 1 England 2024 South Africa 2023 England 2022
Sanju Samson 29 Right-handed Kerala Rajasthan Royals C ODI, T20I 9 South Africa 2023 Zimbabwe 2024
Jitesh Sharma 30 Right-handed Vidarbha Punjab Kings C T20I 6 Afghanistan 2024
Rishabh Pant 26 Left-handed Delhi Delhi Capitals B ODI, T20I 17 Bangladesh 2022 New Zealand 2022 South Africa 2024
Pace bowlers
Khaleel Ahmed 26 Right-handed Left-arm fast-medium Rajasthan Delhi Capitals ODI, T20I 71 Cricket West Indies 2019 Zimbabwe 2024
Jasprit Bumrah 30 Right-handed Right-arm fast Gujarat Mumbai Indians A+ Test, ODI, T20I 93 Test (VC) England 2024 Australia 2023 South Africa 2024
Deepak Chahar 31 Right-handed Right-arm medium Rajasthan Chennai Super Kings T20I 90 Bangladesh 2022 Australia 2023
Yash Dayal 26 Right-handed Left-arm medium-fast Uttar Pradesh Royal Challengers Bengaluru F
Akash Deep 27 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium Bengal Royal Challengers Bengaluru F Test 41 England 2024
Tushar Deshpande 29 Right-handed Right-arm medium Mumbai Chennai Super Kings T20I 36 Zimbabwe 2024
Vidwath Kaverappa 25 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium Karnataka Punjab Kings F
Avesh Khan 27 Right-handed Right arm fast-medium Madhya Pradesh Rajasthan Royals C ODI, T20I 65 South Africa 2023 Zimbabwe 2024
Mukesh Kumar 30 Right-handed Right arm medium Bengal Delhi Capitals C Test, ODI, T20I 49 England 2024 South Africa 2023 Zimbabwe 2024
Prasidh Krishna 28 Right-handed Right arm fast-medium Karnataka Rajasthan Royals C Test, ODI, T20I 24 South Africa 2024 Australia 2023 Australia 2023
Umran Malik 24 Right-handed Right-arm fast Jammu and Kashmir Sunrisers Hyderabad F ODI 21 Cricket West Indies 2023 New Zealand 2023
Mohammed Shami 33 Right-handed Right-arm fast Bengal Gujarat Titans A ODI 11 Australia 2023 Australia 2023 England 2022
Arshdeep Singh 25 Left-handed Left-arm medium-fast Punjab Punjab Kings C ODI, T20I 2 South Africa 2023 South Africa 2024
Mohammed Siraj 30 Right-handed Right-arm fast Hyderabad Royal Challengers Bengaluru A Test, ODI, T20I 73 England 2024 Australia 2023 United States 2024
Shardul Thakur 32 Right-handed Right-arm medium Mumbai Chennai Super Kings C Test, ODI 54 South Africa 2023 Bangladesh 2023 Cricket West Indies 2022
Jaydev Unadkat 32 Right-handed Left-arm medium Saurashtra Sunrisers Hyderabad ODI 91 Cricket West Indies 2023 Cricket West Indies 2023 Bangladesh 2018
Vijaykumar Vyshak 27 Right-handed Right-arm medium Karnataka Royal Challengers Bengaluru F
Spin bowlers
Ravi Bishnoi 23 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Gujarat Lucknow Super Giants C T20I 56 South Africa 2022 Zimbabwe 2024
Yuzvendra Chahal 33 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Haryana Rajasthan Royals T20I 3 New Zealand 2023 Cricket West Indies 2023
Kuldeep Yadav 29 Left-handed Left-arm wrist spin Uttar Pradesh Delhi Capitals B Test, ODI, T20I 23 England 2024 South Africa 2023 South Africa 2024
Sai Kishore 27 Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Tamil Nadu Gujarat Titans T20I 60 Afghanistan 2023

Pay grade

BCCI awards central contracts to its players, their pay is graded according to the importance of the player. Players' salaries are as follows:[154]

  • Grade A+ – 7 crore (US$839,000)
  • Grade A – 5 crore (US$599,000)
  • Grade B – 3 crore (US$359,000)
  • Grade C – 1 crore (US$120,000)
  • Grade F – Fast Bowling Contracts
Match fees

Players also receive a match fee of 15 lakh (US$18,000) per Test match, 6 lakh (US$7,200) per ODI, and 3 lakh (US$3,600) per T20I.

Coaching staff

Position Name
Head coach India Gautam Gambhir[156]
Batting coach TBA
Bowling coach TBA
Fielding coach TBA
Assistant coach TBA
Physiotherapist India Kamlesh Jain

Coaching history

Tournament history

A red box around the year indicates tournaments played within India

Key
Champions
Runners-up
Semi-finals

ICC World Test Championship

World Test Championship record
Year League stage Final Host Final Final Position
Pos Matches Ded PC Pts PCT
P W L D T
2019–2021[157] 1/9 17 12 4 1 0 0 720 520 72.2 EnglandRose Bowl, England Lost to  New Zealand by 8 wickets Runners-up
2021–2023[158] 2/9 18 10 5 3 0 5 216 127 58.80 England The Oval, England Lost to  Australia by 209 runs Runners-up

ICC Cricket World Cup

World Cup record
Host and Year Round Position P W L T NR Squad
England 1975[159] Group Stage 6/8 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
England 1979[160] Group Stage 7/8 3 0 3 0 0 Squad
England Wales 1983[161] Champions 1/8 8 6 2 0 0 Squad
India Pakistan 1987[162] Semi-finals 3/8 7 5 2 0 0 Squad
Australia New Zealand 1992[163] Group Stage 7/9 8 2 5 0 1 Squad
India Pakistan Sri Lanka 1996[164] Semi-finals 3/12 7 4 3 0 0 Squad
England Republic of Ireland Netherlands Scotland Wales1999[165] Super Six 6/12 8 4 4 0 0 Squad
South Africa Zimbabwe Kenya 2003[166] Runners-up 2/14 11 9 2 0 0 Squad
Cricket West Indies 2007[167] Group Stage 9/16 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
India Sri Lanka Bangladesh 2011[168] Champions 1/14 9 7 1 1 0 Squad
Australia New Zealand 2015[169] Semi-finals 3/14 8 7 1 0 0 Squad
England Wales 2019[170] Semi-finals 3/10 10 7 2 0 1 Squad
India 2023[171] Runners-up 2/10 11 10 1 0 0 Squad
South Africa Zimbabwe Namibia 2027[172] Qualification to be decided
India Bangladesh 2031[173] Qualified as co-hosts
Total 2 Titles 13/13 96 63 30 1 2

ICC T20 World Cup

T20 World Cup record
Host and Year Round Position P W L T NR Squad
South Africa 2007[174] Champions 1/12 7 4 1 1 1 Squad
England 2009[175] Super 8s 7/12 5 2 3 0 0 Squad
Cricket West Indies 2010[176] Super 8s 8/12 5 2 3 0 0 Squad
Sri Lanka 2012[177] Super 8s 5/12 5 4 1 0 0 Squad
Bangladesh 2014[178] Runners-up 2/16 6 5 1 0 0 Squad
India 2016[179] Semi-finals 4/16 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
United Arab Emirates Oman 2021[180] Super 12s 6/16 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
Australia 2022[181] Semi-finals 3/16 6 4 2 0 0 Squad
Cricket West Indies United States 2024[182] Champions 1/20 9 8 0 0 1 Squad
India Sri Lanka 2026[183] Qualified as co-hosts
Australia New Zealand 2028[184] TBD
England Wales Republic of Ireland Scotland 2030[185] TBD
Total 2 Titles 9/9 53 35 15 1 2

ICC Champions Trophy

Champions Trophy record
Host and Year Round Position P W L T NR Squad
Bangladesh 1998[186] Semi-finals 3/9 2 1 1 0 0 Squad
Kenya 2000[187] Runners-up 2/11 4 3 1 0 0 Squad
Sri Lanka 2002[188] Champions 1/12 5 3 0 0 2 Squad
England 2004[189] Group stage 7/12 2 1 1 0 0 Squad
India 2006[190] Group stage 5/10 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
South Africa 2009[191] Group stage 5/8 3 1 1 0 1 Squad
England Wales 2013[192] Champions 1/8 5 5 0 0 0 Squad
England Wales 2017[193] Runners-up 2/8 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
Pakistan 2025[194] Qualified
India 2029[195] Qualified as hosts
Total 2 Titles 8/8 29 18 8 0 3

Asia Cup

Asia Cup record
Host and Year Round Position P W L T NR
United Arab Emirates 1984[196] Champions 1/3 2 2 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 1986[197] Boycotted the tournament [198]
Bangladesh 1988[199] Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
India 1990–91[200] Champions 1/3 3 2 1 0 0
United Arab Emirates 1995[201] Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
Sri Lanka 1997[202] Runners-up 2/4 4 1 2 0 1
Bangladesh 2000[203] First round 3/4 3 1 2 0 0
Sri Lanka 2004[204] Runners-up 2/6 6 3 3 0 0
Pakistan 2008[205] Runners-up 2/6 6 4 2 0 0
Sri Lanka 2010[206] Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
Bangladesh 2012[207] First round 3/4 3 2 1 0 0
Bangladesh 2014[208] First round 3/5 4 2 2 0 0
Bangladesh 2016[209] Champions 1/5 5 5 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 2018[210] Champions 1/6 6 5 0 1 0
United Arab Emirates 2022[211] Super Fours 3/6 5 3 2 0 0
Pakistan Sri Lanka 2023[212] Champions 1/6 6 4 1 0 1
Total 8 Titles 15/16 65 43 19 1 2

Other tournaments

Asian Games

Asian Games record
Year Round Position P W L T NR
China 2010 Did Not Participate
South Korea 2014 Did Not Participate
China 2022[213] Gold Medal 1/14 3 2 0 0 1
Total 1 Title 1/3 3 2 0 0 1

Commonwealth Games

Commonwealth Games record
Year Round Position P W L T NR
Malaysia 1998[214] Group stage 9/16 3 1 1 0 1
Total 0 Title 1/1 3 1 1 0 1

Defunct tournaments

Other/Defunct Tournaments
Australian Tri-Series Asian Test Championship Austral-Asia Cup NatWest Series World Championship of Cricket Nehru Cup Hero Cup
  • India 1989: Semi-finalist

Honours

ICC

ACC

Others

Statistics

Tests

Head-to-head record

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied Draw % Won % Lost % Drew First Last
 Afghanistan 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 0.00 0.00 2018 2018
 Australia 107 32 45 1 29 29.90 42.05 27.10 1947 2023
 Bangladesh 13 11 0 0 2 84.61 0.00 15.38 2000 2022
 England 136 35 51 0 50 25.73 37.50 36.76 1932 2024
 New Zealand 62 22 13 0 27 35.48 20.96 43.54 1955 2021
 Pakistan 59 9 12 0 38 15.25 20.34 64.41 1952 2007
 South Africa 44 16 18 0 10 36.36 40.90 23.25 1992 2023
 Sri Lanka 46 22 7 0 17 47.82 15.21 36.95 1982 2022
 West Indies 100 23 30 0 47 23.00 30.00 47.00 1948 2023
 Zimbabwe 11 7 2 0 2 63.64 18.18 18.18 1992 2005
Total 579 178 178 1 222 30.74 30.74 38.34 1932 2024
Statistics are correct as of  India v  England, 5th Test, 7–9 March 2024.[216][217]

One-Day Internationals

Head-to-head record

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied No Result % Won First Last
Full Members
 Afghanistan 4 3 0 1 0 75.00 2014 2023
 Australia 151 57 84 0 10 37.74 1980 2023
 Bangladesh 41 32 8 0 1 78.04 1988 2023
 England 107 58 44 2 3 56.73 1974 2023
 Ireland 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2015
 New Zealand 118 60 50 1 7 54.09 1975 2023
 Pakistan 135 57 73 0 5 42.22 1978 2023
 South Africa 94 40 51 0 3 42.55 1988 2023
 Sri Lanka 168 99 57 1 11 63.37 1979 2023
 West Indies 142 72 64 2 4 50.70 1979 2023
 Zimbabwe 66 54 10 2 0 81.82 1983 2022
Associate Members
 Bermuda 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2007
East Africa 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 1975 1975
 Hong Kong 2 2 0 0 0 100.00 2008 2018
 Kenya 13 11 2 0 0 84.62 1996 2004
 Namibia 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2003 2003
   Nepal 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2023 2023
 Netherlands 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 2003 2023
 Scotland 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2007
 United Arab Emirates 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 1994 2015
Total 1055 559 443 9 44 52.98 1974 2023
Statistics are correct as of  India v  South Africa at Boland Park, Paarl, 21 December 2023.[220][221]

Twenty20 Internationals

Head-to-head record

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied Tie+Win Tie+Loss No Result % Won First Last
ICC Full Members
 Afghanistan 9 7 0 0 1 0 1 77.77 2010 2024
 Australia 32 20 11 0 0 0 1 62.50 2007 2024
 Bangladesh 14 13 1 0 0 0 0 92.30 2009 2024
 England 24 13 11 0 0 0 0 54.16 2007 2024
 Ireland 8 8 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2009 2024
 New Zealand 25 12 10 1 2 0 0 48.00 2007 2023
 Pakistan 13 9 3 0 1 0 0 69.23 2007 2024
 South Africa 27 15 11 0 0 0 1 55.55 2006 2024
 Sri Lanka 29 19 9 0 0 0 1 65.51 2009 2023
 West Indies 30 19 10 0 0 0 1 63.33 2009 2023
 Zimbabwe 13 10 3 0 0 0 0 76.92 2010 2024
ICC Associate members
 Hong Kong 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2022 2022
 Namibia 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2021 2021
   Nepal 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2023 2023
 Netherlands 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2022 2022
 Scotland 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 50.00 2007 2021
 United Arab Emirates 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2016 2016
 United States 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2024 2024
Total 232 152 69 1 4 0 7 65.52 2006 2024
Statistics are correct as of  India v  Zimbabwe at Harare, 14 July 2024.[224][225]

Players in bold text are still active with India in T20I format.

Individual records

Sachin Tendulkar celebrating his 38th Test century during a match against Australia in 2008. He holds multiple world records including the world's leading run-scorer and century maker in both Tests and ODIs.[228]

Sachin Tendulkar, who began playing for India as a 16-year-old in 1989 and has since become the most prolific run-scorer in the history of both Test and ODI cricket, holds a large number of national batting records. He holds the record of most appearances in both Tests and ODIs, most runs in both Tests and ODIs and most centuries in Tests.[229] The highest score by an Indian is the 319 scored by Virender Sehwag in Chennai. It is the second triple century in Test cricket by an Indian, the first being a 309 also made by Sehwag although against Pakistan. The team's highest ever score was a 759/7 against England at MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai in 2016, while its lowest score was 36 against Australia in 2020.[230] In ODIs, the team's highest score is 418/5 against West Indies at Indore in 2011–12. India scored 413–5 in a match against Bermuda in 2007 World Cup which was the highest score ever in Cricket World Cup history at the time. In the same match, India set a world record of the highest winning margin in an ODI match of 257 runs.[231]

India has also had some very strong bowling figures, with spin bowler Anil Kumble being a member of the elite group of four bowlers who have taken 600 Test wickets.[232] In 1999, Kumble emulated Jim Laker to become the second bowler to take all ten wickets in a Test match innings when he took 10 wickets for 74 runs against Pakistan at the Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi.[233][234]

Many of the Indian cricket team's records are also world records, for example Tendulkar's century tally (in Tests and ODIs) and run tally (also in both Tests and ODIs).[235] Dhoni's 183 not out against Sri Lanka in 2005 is the world record score by a wicketkeeper in ODIs.[236] The Indian cricket team also holds the record sequence of 17 successful run-chases in ODIs,[237] which ended in a dramatic match against the West Indies in May 2006, which India lost by just one run.[238]

Tendulkar was the first batsman to score 200 runs (he was unbeaten on 200 from 147 deliveries including 25 fours and 3 sixes) in a single ODI innings, on 24 February 2010 against South Africa in Gwalior.[239] On 8 December 2011, this achievement was eclipsed by compatriot Virender Sehwag, who scored 219 runs from 149 deliveries (25 fours and 7 sixes) versus the West Indies in Indore.[240] On 13 November 2014 the record was broken by another Indian opening batsmen, Rohit Sharma, who scored 264 runs from 173 deliveries (33 fours and 9 sixes) against Sri Lanka in Kolkata, West Bengal. In 2013, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies- ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC World Twenty20 in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013.[241][242][243][244]

In 2014, Kohli became the first cricketer to win back-to-back Man of the Series awards in the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and 2016 ICC World Twenty20. Rohit is the most runs scorer in T20Is as of July 2024 and also hold joint most T20I centuries.[245] In 2017, Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest cricketer in history to reach 250 wickets.[246]

Fan following

Supporters of the Indian cricket team waving the Indian flag during match between India and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground

Owing to the massive Indian diaspora in nations like Australia, England and South Africa, a large Indian fan turnout is expected whenever India plays in each of these nations. There have been a number of official fan groups that have been formed over the years, including the Swami Army or Indian Army,[247] the Indian equivalent of the Barmy Army, that were very active in their support when India toured Australia in 2003/2004. They are known to attribute a number of popular Indian songs to the cricket team.[248]

Fan rivalry and cross-border tension has created a strong rivalry between the Indian and the Pakistani cricket teams. In tours between these two nations, cricket visas are often employed to accommodate for the tens of thousands of fans wishing to cross the border to watch cricket. This intense fan dedication is one of the major causes of the BCCI's financial success.[249]

Sudhir Kumar Chaudhary, a fan of the Indian cricket team, travels to all Indian home games with his body painted as the Indian flag.[250][251]

However, there are downsides to having such a cricket-loving population. Many Indians hold cricket very close to their hearts and losses are not received well by the Indian population. In some cases, particularly after losses to Pakistan or after a long string of weak performances, there have been reports of player effigies being burnt in the streets and vandalism of player homes.[252] In many cases, players have come under intense attention from the media for negative reasons, this has been considered one of the reasons for Ganguly being left out of the Indian team. At times, when a match is surrounded by controversy, it has resulted in a debacle. For example, when India slid to defeat against Australia at Brabourne Stadium in 1969, fans began throwing stones and bottles onto the field as well as setting fire to the stands, before laying siege to the Australian dressing rooms.[253] During the same tour, a stampede occurred at Eden Gardens when tickets were oversold and India fell to another loss; the Australian team bus was later stoned with bricks.[254] A similar event occurred during the 1996 Cricket World Cup, where India were losing the semi-final to Sri Lanka at Eden Gardens. In this case, the fan behaviour was directed at the Indian team in disappointment at their lacklustre performance. An armed guard had to be placed at the home of captain Mohammad Azharuddin to ensure his safety.[254] In 1999, a riot occurred in a Test against Pakistan at Eden Gardens after a collision with Pakistani paceman Shoaib Akhtar saw Sachin run out, forcing police to eject spectators and the game to be played in an empty stadium.In 2006, a string of low scores resulted in Tendulkar being booed by the Mumbai crowd when he got out against England.[255]

Often, fans engage in protests regarding players if they believe that regionalism has affected selection, or because of regional partisan support for local players. In 2005, when Ganguly was dropped from the team, Ganguly's home town Kolkata erupted in protests.[256] India later played a match against South Africa in Kolkata. The Indian team was booed by the crowd who supported South Africa instead of India in response to Ganguly's dropping.[257] Similar regional divisions in India regarding selection have also caused protests against the team, with political activists from the regional Kalinga Kamgar Sena party in Odisha disrupting the arrival of the team in Cuttack for an ODI over the lack of a local player in the team, with one activist manhandling coach Greg Chappell.[258] Similar treatment was handed to Sunil Gavaskar in the 1987 World Cup Semi Finals by crowds at Wankhede Stadium when he got bowled by Phillip DeFreitas.[255]

A successful string of results, especially victories against the arch-rival Pakistan or victories in major tournaments such as the World Cup are greeted with particular ecstasy from the Indian fans.[259][260][261]

See also

References

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Further reading

Bibliography

  • Majumdar, Boria (2018). Eleven Gods and a Billion Indians: The On and Off the Field Story of Cricket in India and Beyond. New Delhi: Simon & Schuster India. ISBN 978-93-86797-18-6.
  • Guha, Ramachandra (2020). The Commonwealth of Cricket. Fourth Estate. ISBN 978-93-90327-28-7.
  • Guha, Ramachandra (2003). A Corner of a Foreign Field. Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-330-49117-4.
  • Sen, Ronojoy (2015). Nation at Play. Contemporary Asia in the World. ISBN 978-0-231-16490-0.

Cited sources

Achievements
Preceded by World ODI Champions
1983 (First title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by World ODI Champions
2011 (Second title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
World T20 Champions
2007 (First title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by Champions Trophy Winners
2002 (First title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by Champions Trophy Winners
2013 (Second title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
Asian Champions
1984 (First title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by Asian Champions
1988 (Second title)
1990–91 (Third title)
1995 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by Asian Champions
2010 (Fifth title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by Asian Champions
2016 (Sixth title)
2018 (Seventh title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by Asian Champions
2023 (Eighth title)
Incumbent