Gujarat Legislative Assembly

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Gujarat Legislative Assembly
14th Legislative Assembly of Gujarat
Coat of arms or logo
State Emblem of Gujarat
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Preceded by13th Gujarat Legislative Assembly
Leadership
Speaker
Nimaben Acharya, BJP
since 27 September 2021
Deputy Speaker
Structure
Seats182
Gujarat Assembly May 2022.svg
Political groups
Government (111)
  •   BJP (111)

Opposition (64)

Others (3)

Vacant (4)

  •   Vacant (4)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
9 and 14 December 2017
Next election
December 2022
Meeting place
SACHIVALAY PANORAMA.jpg
23°13′9″N 72°39′25″E / 23.21917°N 72.65694°E / 23.21917; 72.65694Coordinates: 23°13′9″N 72°39′25″E / 23.21917°N 72.65694°E / 23.21917; 72.65694
Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, Gujarat Vidhan Sabha, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Website
www.gujaratassembly.gov.in

Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat, in the state capital Gandhinagar. Presently, 182 members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected from single-member constituencies (seats). It has a term of 5 years unless it is dissolved sooner. 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 constituencies for scheduled tribes. From its majority party group or by way of a grand coalition cabinet of its prominent members, the state's Executive namely the Government of Gujarat is formed.

History

Bhavsinhji Gohil, ruler of Bhavnagar State, established The Peoples' Representative Assembly consisting of 38 members appointed by him. His succeeding son, Krishnakumar Sinhji, formed the Bhavnagar legislative assembly in 1941 having 55 members, consisting of 33 elected members, 16 nominated members by him and 6 ex-officio members. They had power to ask questions, move resolutions, discuss the budget and introduce bills in the assembly. This assembly used to meet at least twice in a year. Porbandar state assembly had same powers. Sayajirao Gaekwad III, ruler of Baroda State, had formed the Baroda legislative assembly in 1908.[1]

Since 1921, representative were elected by the people of that area of the present Gujarat state except the princely states, and sent to the Bombay State legislative assembly. In 1952, Saurashtra State legislative assembly was constituted after the independence of India. It was functional till 31 October 1956. Saurashtra State was merged into the Bombay State under the States Reorganization Act, 1956.[1]

On 1 May 1960, the Bombay State was bifurcated into Gujarat and Maharashtra states which resulted in formation of Gujarat legislative assembly. The 132 members of the former Bombay legislative assembly, elected from the territorial constituencies of Gujarat, formed the first Gujarat legislative assembly. The number of the members was increased to 154 in 1962, 168 in 1967 and 182 in 1975.[1]

Location

After formation of Gujarat state in 1960, Ahmedabad was a capital of the state. The Assembly started functioning from the present day OPD building of Ahmedabad Civil Hospital. The new capital city, Gandhinagar was built in 1971. Later assembly was shifted to Central Library building, sector-17, Gandhinagar on 11 February 1971. The new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, was completed and inaugurated in 1982. Since then the Gujarat legislative assembly functions there.[1]

Building

President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy laid foundation stone of new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan on 20 March 1978. It was designed by H. K. Mewada, chief planner of Gandhinagar. The construction was completed in July 1982 and it is named after Vithalbhai Patel, the first Indian speaker of Central Legislative Assembly during the British period. It was inaugurated by the Governor Sharda Mukherjee on 8 July 1982.[1]

It is constructed with Reinforced concrete and the outer walls of the building is affixed with Dholpur light pink stones. The building is constructed on the 133 square metre platform amid a water pool having diameter of 200 metres. This central building was linked with the Ministerial Secretariat by bridges formerly but now new buildings are constructed in between known as Swarnim Sankul. The building is 33.45 metres high including its octagonal dome. The constructed area of building is 8100 square metres while the total built up area of square platform is 17689 square metres. It has four floors with total built up area of 43350 square metres or total carpet area of 16180 square metres. The entrance of the building is reached by a flight of steps.[2]

The Assembly hall is situated on the second floor. It is octagonal from inside. The octagonal roof is supported by eight V-shaped pillars and one pillar in the centre. These pillars tapers and forms octagonal dome on the hall. There is an arrangement of white floodlights on the top. The hall has a capacity of 232 seats though currently the assembly has only 182 elected members. The hall is viewed from the galleries on the third floor which has a capacity of 564 seats.[2]

There is a podium just under the Assembly hall which is used for ceremonies and functions. The downward floor of the Assembly hall makes an umbrella-like roof of the podium. The podium has some personal belongings of Mahatma Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel on display. There are oil paintings of several national leaders, independence activists and personalities on its walls.[2]

It was constructed at the cost of 6 crore.[2] The assembly building along with other government offices is in Sector 10 of Gandhinagar, a capitol complex spanning 370 acres.[1]

List of speakers

Name Term
Kalyanji V. Mehta 1 May 1960 – 19 August 1960
Mansinhji Rana 19 August 1960 – 19 March 1962
Fatehali Palejwala 19 March 1962 – 17 March 1967
Raghavji Leuva 17 March 1967 – 28 June 1975
Kundanlal Dholakia 28 June 1975 – 28 March 1977
Manubhai Palkhiwala (Acting Speaker) 28 March 1977 – 21 April 1977
Kundanlal Dholakia 21 April 1977 – 20 June 1980
Natwarlal Shah 20 June 1980 – 8 January 1990
Karsandas Soneri (Acting Speaker) 8 January 1990 – 19 January 1990
Barjorji Pardiwala 19 January 1990 – 16 March 1990
Shashikant Lakhani 16 March 1990 – 12 November 1990
Manubhai Parmar (Acting Speaker) 12 November 1990 – 11 February 1991
Himatlal Mulani 11 February 1991 – 21 March 1995
Harishchandra Patel 21 March 1995 – 16 September 1996
Chandubhai Dabhi (Acting Speaker) 16 September 1996 – 29 October 1996
Gumansinhji Vaghela 29 October 1996 – 19 March 1998
Dhirubhai Shah 19 March 1998 – 27 December 2002
Prof. Mangaldas Patel 27 December 2002 – 18 January 2008
Ashok Bhatt 18 January 2008 – 29 September 2010
Prof. Mangaldas Patel (Acting Speaker) 29 September 2010 – 23 February 2011
Ganpat Vasava 23 February 2011 – 26 December 2012
Vajubhai Vala (Acting Speaker) 26 December 2012 - 19 January 2013[3]
Neema Acharya (Acting Speaker)[3] 19 January 2013 – 22 January 2013
Vajubhai Vala 23 January 2013[4] - 30 August 2014[5]
Mangubhai C. Patel (Acting Speaker) 30 August 2014 – 9 November 2014
Ganpat Vasava 9 November 2014 – 7 August 2016
Parbatbhai Patel (Acting Speaker) 7 August 2016 – 22 August 2016
Ramanlal Vora[6] 22 August 2016 – 19 February 2018
Rajendra Trivedi 19 February 2018 – 13 September 2021
Dr. Nimaben Acharya 13 September 2021 – Incumbent

Members of Legislative Assembly

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
Kutch District
1 Abdasa Pradyumansinh Mahipatsinh Jadeja Bharatiya Janata Party Elected in by-election in 2020
2 Mandvi (Kachchh) Virendrasinh Jadeja Bharatiya Janata Party
3 Bhuj Nimaben Acharya Bharatiya Janata Party Speaker
4 Anjar Vasanbhai Ahir Bharatiya Janata Party
5 Gandhidham Maltiben Maheshwari Bharatiya Janata Party
6 Rapar Santokben Aarethiya Indian National Congress
Banaskantha District
7 Vav Geniben Thakor Indian National Congress
8 Tharad Gulabsinh Pirabhai Rajput Indian National Congress
9 Dhanera Nathabhai Patel Indian National Congress
10 Danta (ST) Kantibhai Kharadi Indian National Congress
11 Vadgam (SC) Jignesh Mevani Independent
12 Palanpur Mahesh Patel Indian National Congress
13 Deesa Shashikant Pandya Bharatiya Janata Party
14 Deodar Shivabhai Bhuriya Indian National Congress
15 Kankrej Kirtisinh Vaghela Bharatiya Janata Party
Patan District
16 Radhanpur Raghubhai Merajbhai Desai Indian National Congress
17 Chanasma Dilipkumar Thakor Bharatiya Janata Party
18 Patan Kiritkumar Patel Indian National Congress
19 Sidhpur Chandanji Thakor Indian National Congress
Mehsana District
20 Kheralu Ajmalji Valaji Thakor Bharatiya Janata Party
21 Unjha Vacant Death of Asha Patel[7]
22 Visnagar Rushikesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
23 Bechraji Bharatji Thakor Indian National Congress
24 Kadi (SC) Punjabhai Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
25 Mehsana Nitin Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
26 Vijapur Ramanbhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
Sabarkantha District
27 Himatnagar Rajubhai Chavda Bharatiya Janata Party
28 Idar (SC) Hitu Kanodia Bharatiya Janata Party
29 Khedbrahma (ST) Vacant Resignation by Ashwin Kotwal[8]
Aravalli District
30 Bhiloda (ST) Vacant Death of Anil Joshiyara[9]
31 Modasa Rajesndrasinh Thakor Indian National Congress
32 Bayad Jashubhai Shivabhai Patel Indian National Congress
Sabarkantha District
33 Prantij Gajendrasinh Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
Gandhinagar District
34 Dahegam Balrajsinh Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
35 Gandhinagar South Shambhuji Thakor Bharatiya Janata Party
36 Gandhinagar North C. J. Chavda Indian National Congress
37 Mansa Surekhkumar Patel Indian National Congress
38 Kalol Baldevji Thakor Indian National Congress
Ahmedabad District
39 Viramgam Lakhabhai Bharwad Indian National Congress
40 Sanand Kanubhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
41 Ghatlodia Bhupendrabhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party Chief Minister
42 Vejalpur Kishor Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
43 Vatva Pradipsinh Jadeja Bharatiya Janata Party
44 Ellis Bridge Rakesh Shah Bharatiya Janata Party
45 Naranpura Kaushik Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
46 Nikol Jagdish Panchal Bharatiya Janata Party
47 Naroda Balram Thawani Bharatiya Janata Party
48 Thakkarbapa Nagar Vallabhbhai Kakadiya Bharatiya Janata Party
49 Bapunagar Himmatsinh Patel Indian National Congress
50 Amraiwadi Jagdish Ishwarbhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
51 Dariapur Gyasuddin Shaikh Indian National Congress
52 Jamalpur-Khadia Imran Khedawala Indian National Congress
53 Maninagar Suresh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
54 Danilimda (SC) Shailesh Parmar Indian National Congress
55 Sabarmati Arvindkumar Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
56 Asarwa (SC) Pradipbhai Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
57 Daskroi Babu Jamna Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
58 Dholka Bhupendrasinh Chudasama Bharatiya Janata Party Election cancelled by high court but put on hold by Supreme Court
59 Dhandhuka Rajesh Gohil Indian National Congress
Surendranagar District
60 Dasada (SC) Naushadji Solanki Indian National Congress
61 Limdi Kiritsinh Rana Bharatiya Janata Party Elected in by-election in 2020
62 Wadhwan Dhanjibhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
63 Chotila Rutvik Makwana Indian National Congress
64 Dhrangadhra Parsotam Sabariya Bharatiya Janata Party
Morbi District
65 Morbi Brijesh Merja Bharatiya Janata Party Elected in by-election in 2020
66 Tankara Lalit Kagathra Indian National Congress
67 Wankaner Mohammad Javed Pirjada Indian National Congress
Rajkot District
68 Rajkot East Arvind Raiyani Bharatiya Janata Party
69 Rajkot West Vijay Rupani Bharatiya Janata Party
70 Rajkot South Govind Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
71 Rajkot Rural (SC) Lakhabhai Sagathiya Bharatiya Janata Party
72 Jasdan Kunwarjibhai Mohanbhai Bavaliya Bharatiya Janata Party
73 Gondal Geetaba Jayrajsinh Jadeja Bharatiya Janata Party
74 Jetpur Jayesh Radadiya Bharatiya Janata Party
75 Dhoraji Lalit Vasoya Indian National Congress
Jamnagar District
76 Kalavad (SC) Pravin Musadiya Indian National Congress
77 Jamnagar Rural Raghavjibhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
78 Jamnagar North Dharmendrasinh Jadeja (Hakubha) Bharatiya Janata Party
79 Jamnagar South R. C. Faldu Bharatiya Janata Party
80 Jamjodhpur Chirag Kalariya Indian National Congress
Devbhoomi Dwarka District
81 Khambhalia Vikram Madam Indian National Congress
82 Dwarka Vacant Disqualification of Pabubha Manek[10]
Porbandar District
83 Porbandar Babu Bokhiria Bharatiya Janata Party
84 Kutiyana Kandhal Jadeja Nationalist Congress Party
Junagadh District
85 Manavadar Jawaharbhai Chavda Bharatiya Janata Party
86 Junagadh Bhikhabhai Joshi Indian National Congress
87 Visavadar Harshad Ribadiya Indian National Congress
88 Keshod Devabhai Malam Bharatiya Janata Party
89 Mangrol (Junagadh) Babubhai Vaja Indian National Congress
Gir Somnath District
90 Somnath Vimalbhai Chudasama Indian National Congress
91 Talala Bhagvanbhai Barad Indian National Congress
92 Kodinar (SC) Mohanbhai Vala Indian National Congress
93 Una Punjabhai Vansh Indian National Congress
Amreli District
94 Dhari J. V. Kakadiya Bharatiya Janata Party Elected in by-election in 2020
95 Amreli Paresh Dhanani Indian National Congress
96 Lathi Virjibhai Thummar Indian National Congress
97 Savarkundla Pratap Dudhat Indian National Congress
98 Rajula Amarish Der Indian National Congress
Bhavnagar District
99 Mahuva (Bhavnagar) Raghavbhai Makwana Bharatiya Janata Party
100 Talaja Kanubhai Baraiya Indian National Congress
101 Gariadhar Keshubhai Nakrani Bharatiya Janata Party
102 Palitana Bhikhabhai Baraiya Bharatiya Janata Party
103 Bhavnagar Rural Parshottam Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
104 Bhavnagar East Vibhavari Dave Bharatiya Janata Party
105 Bhavnagar West Jitu Vaghani Bharatiya Janata Party
Botad District
106 Gadhada (SC) Atmaram Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
107 Botad Saurabh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
Anand District
108 Khambhat Mayur Raval Bharatiya Janata Party
109 Borsad Rajendrasinh Parmar Indian National Congress
110 Anklav Amit Chavda Indian National Congress
111 Umreth Govind Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
112 Anand Kantibhai Sodharparmar Indian National Congress
113 Petlad Niranjan Patel Indian National Congress
114 Sojitra Punambhai Parmar Indian National Congress
Kheda District
115 Matar Kesarisinh Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
116 Nadiad Pankaj Desai Bharatiya Janata Party
117 Mehmedabad Arjunsinh Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
118 Mahudha Indrajitsinh Parmar Indian National Congress
119 Thasra Kanitbhai Parmar Indian National Congress
120 Kapadvanj Kalabhai Dabhi Indian National Congress
121 Balasinor Ajitsinh Chauhan Indian National Congress
Mahisagar District
122 Lunawada Jigneshkumar Sevak Bharatiya Janata Party
123 Santrampur (ST) Kuberbhai Dindor Bharatiya Janata Party
Panchmahal District
124 Shehra Jethabhai Ahir Bharatiya Janata Party Deputy Speaker
125 Morva Hadaf (ST) Suthar Nimishaben Manharsinh Bharatiya Janata Party Elected in by-election in April 2021 necessitated after the disqualification of Bhupendrasinh Khant
126 Godhra C.K Raulji Bharatiya Janata Party
127 Kalol (Panchmahal) Sumanben Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
128 Halol Jaydrathsinhji Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
Dahod District
129 Fatepura (ST) Rameshbhai Katara Bharatiya Janata Party
130 Jhalod (ST) Bhavesh Katara Indian National Congress
131 Limkheda (ST) Shaileshbhai Bhabhor Bharatiya Janata Party
132 Dahod (ST) Vajesing Panada Indian National Congress
133 Garbada (ST) Chandrikaben Bariya Indian National Congress
134 Devgadhbaria Bachubhai Khabad Bharatiya Janata Party
Vadodara District
135 Savli Ketan Inamdar Bharatiya Janata Party
136 Vaghodia Madhu Shrivastav Bharatiya Janata Party
Chhota Udaipur District
137 Chhota Udaipur (ST) Mohan Rathwa Indian National Congress
138 Jetpur (ST) Sukhrambhai Rathwa Indian National Congress Leader Of Opposition
139 Sankheda (ST) Abhesinh Tadvi Bharatiya Janata Party
Vadodara District
140 Dabhoi Shailesh Mehta 'Sotta' Bharatiya Janata Party
141 Vadodara City (SC) Manisha Vakil Bharatiya Janata Party
142 Sayajigunj Jitendra Sukhadia Bharatiya Janata Party
143 Akota Seema Mohile Bharatiya Janata Party
144 Raopura Rajendra Trivedi Bharatiya Janata Party
145 Manjalpur Yogesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
146 Padra Jashpalsinh Thakor Indian National Congress
147 Karjan Akshaykumar I. Patel Bharatiya Janata Party Elected in by-election in 2020
Narmada District
148 Nandod (ST) Premsinhbhai Vasava Indian National Congress
149 Dediapada (ST) Maheshbhai Vasava Bharatiya Tribal Party
Bharuch District
150 Jambusar Sanjaybhai Solanki Indian National Congress
151 Vagra Arunsinh Rana Bharatiya Janata Party
152 Jhagadia (ST) Chhotubhai Vasava Bharatiya Tribal Party
153 Bharuch Dushyant Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
154 Ankleshwar Ishwarsinh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
Surat District
155 Olpad Mukesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
156 Mangrol (Surat) Ganpat Vasava Bharatiya Janata Party
157 Mandvi (Surat) Anandbhai Chaudhari Indian National Congress
158 Kamrej V. D. Zalavadiya Bharatiya Janata Party
159 Surat East Arvind Rana Bharatiya Janata Party
160 Surat North Kantibhai Balar Bharatiya Janata Party
161 Varachha Road Kumarbhai Kanani Bharatiya Janata Party
162 Karanj Pravinbhai Ghoghari Bharatiya Janata Party
163 Limbayat Sangita Patil Bharatiya Janata Party
164 Udhna Vivek Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
165 Majura Harsh Sanghavi Bharatiya Janata Party
166 Katargam Vinodbhai Moradiya Bharatiya Janata Party
167 Surat West Purnesh Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
168 Choryasi Zankhana Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
169 Bardoli (SC) Ishwarbhai Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
170 Mahuva (Surat) (ST) Mohanbhai Dhodia Bharatiya Janata Party
Tapi District
171 Vyara (ST) Punabhai Gamit Indian National Congress
172 Nizar (ST) Sunil Gamit Indian National Congress
Dang District
173 Dang Vijaybhai R Patel Bharatiya Janata Party Elected in by-election in 2020
Navsari District
174 Jalalpore R. C. Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
175 Navsari Piyush Desai Bharatiya Janata Party
176 Gandevi (ST) Naresh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
177 Vansda (ST) Anantkumar Patel Indian National Congress
Valsad District
178 Dharampur (ST) Arvind Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
179 Valsad Bharat Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
180 Pardi Kanubhai Desai Bharatiya Janata Party
181 Kaprada (ST) Jitubhai H. Chaudhari Bharatiya Janata Party
182 Umbergaon(ST) Ramanlal Patkar Bharatiya Janata Party

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kalia, Ravi (2004). Gandhinagar: Building National Identity in Postcolonial India. University of South Carolina Press. pp. 26, 33, 36, 37, 115. ISBN 9781570035449.
  2. ^ a b c d "Gujarat Vidhan Sabha". Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Gujarat: Vala resigns as speaker to be made speaker". Daily News and Analysis. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  4. ^ Balan, Premal (23 January 2013). "Vaju Vala unanimously elected new speaker of Gujarat Assembly". Business Standard. Gandhinagar. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala to take oath as Karnataka Guv on Sept 1". One India News. 30 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Ramanlal Vora elected unopposed new Speaker of Gujarat Assembly". Business Standard News. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  7. ^ "BJP MLA Ashaben Patel dies of complications due to dengue". The Indian Express. 12 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  8. ^ "Gujarat Congress MLA Ashwin Kotwal resigns ahead of polls, joins BJP". Deccan Herald. 3 May 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  9. ^ "Senior Gujarat Congress MLA Anil Joshiyara dies of post-Covid-19 complications". The Indian Express. 14 March 2022. Retrieved 14 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Gujarat High Court sets aside 2017 election win of BJP MLA Pabubha Manek, calls for bye-polls". Scroll.in. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)