George F. Gao

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George Fu Gao
高福
20200126 中国疾控中心主任高福接受媒体采访.jpg
26 January 2020, on a press conference of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Born (1961-11-15) 15 November 1961 (age 59)
Other namesGao Fu
Alma mater
Scientific career
FieldsVirology and immunology
Institutions

Gao Fu (Chinese: 高福; pinyin: Gāo Fú; born 15 November 1961), also known as George Fu Gao, is a Chinese virologist and immunologist. He has served as Director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention since 2017 and Dean of the Savaid Medical School of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences since 2015.

Gao is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and The World Academy of Sciences, as well as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Sciences and the US National Academy of Medicine. He was awarded the TWAS Prize in Medical Science in 2012 and the Nikkei Asia Prize in 2014.

Early life and education

Gao was born on 15 November 1961 in Ying County, Shanxi, China.[1] He entered Shanxi Agricultural University and was assigned to study veterinary medicine even though he did not want to be a veterinarian.[2]

After graduating in 1983, he entered the graduate school of Beijing Agricultural University, where he earned a master's degree in microbiology and veterinary epidemiology in 1986.[3] This enabled him to change his career direction to infectious disease research, and he joined the faculty of the university as a teaching assistant and later lecturer in virology.[2]

Education and career abroad

In 1991, Gao went to the United Kingdom to study at Oxford University, where he earned his Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1994 under the supervision of David H. L. Bishop and Ernest A. Gould.[3] After a three-month stint at the University of Calgary in Canada, he returned to Oxford as a postdoctoral researcher, working under John I. Bell, Andrew McMichael and Bent K. Jakobsen.[3]

In 1999, Gao moved to Harvard Medical School as a Wellcome Trust International Travelling Fellow and conducted research under Don Craig Wiley and Stephen C. Harrison until 2001. From 2001 to 2004, Gao taught at Oxford University, serving as a lecturer, doctoral supervisor, and group leader.[3]

Career in China

After 13 years abroad, Gao returned to China in 2004 to serve as Professor and Director of the Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).[2] In 2008 he was appointed Vice President of Beijing Institutes of Life Science and Director of the National Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microorganism and Immunology of the CAS. He has also been an adjunct professor at Oxford since 2010.[3]

Gao was appointed Deputy Director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention in April 2011. He was promoted to Director in August 2017, succeeding Wang Yu (王宇).[4][5]

In 2015, Gao was appointed Dean of the Savaid Medical School of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.[6] He also serves as Vice President of the National Natural Science Foundation of China.[7]

In 2020, Gao contributed to research on SARS-CoV-2.[8]

Other activities

Contributions

Gao's main research focus is on the mechanism of viral entry and release, especially the cross-species transmission (host jump) of the influenza virus. He also studies viral ecology, including the ecology of the flu virus in migratory birds and poultry markets.[11] He was the first to describe the cross-species transmission mechanism of the H5N1 avian flu virus.[12]

Gao's research also involves public and global health policy. During the peak of the 2014 Ebola outbreak, he spent two months leading the China Mobile Test Laboratory in Sierra Leone from September to November, playing a role that is described by the US National Academy of Sciences as "heroic" in fighting the epidemic.[11]

As of 2019, Gao has published 20 books or book chapters and over 500 peer-reviewed research papers,[11] including those on newly discovered pathogenic viruses such as the SARS virus and the H7N9 avian flu virus.[12]

Honours and recognition

References

  1. ^ 全世界一起做科学,全世界共享技术,全世界共享人类文明的成果. China Science Communication. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Watts, Geoff (28 July 2018). "George F Gao: head of China CDC signals a more global outlook". The Lancet. 392 (10144): 274. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31658-1. ISSN 0140-6736. PMID 30064643. S2CID 51889455.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Gao Fu". University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Gao Fu". Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  5. ^ 国家卫生计生委党组任命高福同志为中国疾病预防控制中心主任. chinacdc.cn (in Chinese). 4 August 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Professor George Fu Gao". Hong Kong Institute for Advanced Study, City University of Hong Kong. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Professor George F. Gao" (PDF). University of Hong Kong. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  8. ^ Wang, Chen; Horby, Peter W.; Hayden, Frederick G.; Gao, George F. (24 January 2020). "A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern". The Lancet. 395 (10223): 470–473. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30185-9. PMC 7135038. PMID 31986257.
  9. ^ Board of Directors Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND).
  10. ^ "Professor George F. Gao" (PDF). University of Hong Kong. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "George F. Gao". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  12. ^ a b Abe, Tesuya (15 May 2014). "Contagious enthusiasm". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e "George F. Gao, DPhil (Oxon), MSc". ICREID. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  14. ^ 关于公布2013年中国科学院院士增选和外籍院士选举结果的公告. CAS (in Chinese). 19 December 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  15. ^ 高福研究员当选爱丁堡皇家学会(RSE)外籍院士. CAS (in Chinese). 20 February 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  16. ^ Zhang Yan (张艳), ed. (25 December 2017). 中国疾控中心主任高福院士当选非洲科学院院士. The Paper (in Chinese). Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Prof. George Fu Gao Elected as Foreign Associate of NAS". CAS. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  18. ^ He Liping 贺梨萍 (22 October 2019). 高福当选美国国家医学科学院外籍院士,同批中唯一中国科学家. The Paper (in Chinese). Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  19. ^ "George F. Gao". German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. Retrieved 26 May 2021.

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Wang Yu (王宇)
Director of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
2017–present
Incumbent
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