Cathedral of Mary Our Queen, Baltimore

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Cathedral of Mary Our Queen
Baltimore Metropolitan Cathedral.jpg
View of the front of the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen
39°21′31″N 76°37′34″W / 39.35861°N 76.62611°W / 39.35861; -76.62611Coordinates: 39°21′31″N 76°37′34″W / 39.35861°N 76.62611°W / 39.35861; -76.62611
Location5200 North Charles Street
Baltimore, Maryland Maryland
Country United States
DenominationRoman Catholic Church
Websitewww.cathedralofmary.org
History
StatusCathedral
DedicationBlessed Virgin Mary
ConsecratedOctober 13, 1959 (1959-10-13)
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Architectural typeCathedral
StyleEnglish Gothic/Neo-Gothic
GroundbreakingOctober 1954 (1954-10)
Completed1959 (1959)
Specifications
Capacity2,000 sitting
Length373 feet (114 m)
Width132 feet (40 m)
Number of spires2
Spire height163 feet (50 m)
Materialsbrick, limestone
Administration
ArchdioceseBaltimore
Clergy
ArchbishopThe Most Reverend William E. Lori
Bishop(s)The Most Reverend Bruce A. Lewandowski, The Most Reverend Adam J. Parker, and The Most Reverend Denis J. Madden
RectorReverend Father Louis A. Bianco
Assistant priest(s)Reverend Father Justin Gough
Deacon(s)Mr. William Senft, Mr. Frederick Bauerschmidt

The Cathedral of Mary Our Queen is a Catholic cathedral located in northern Baltimore, Maryland. The structure, remarkable in size, was completed in 1959.

The cathedral is the seat of the Archbishop of Baltimore, joining the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, on Cathedral Street at Mulberry Street, in downtown Baltimore. Because the archdiocese is the premier see of the United States and the downtown basilica was the nation's first Catholic cathedral, this second edifice now serves as co-cathedral.

Location

The cathedral is located in the Homeland area of northern Baltimore near Loyola University Maryland and St. Mary's Seminary and University, the first Catholic seminary in the United States. It was constructed using funds bequeathed by an Irish Baltimore merchant, Thomas J O'Neill. It is said to be "the only cathedral in the 2,000 year history of the Church that was donated by a single individual."[1]

History

Groundbreaking

Cathedral of Mary Our Queen from the south

In October 1954, ground was broken for the new cathedral. On the morning of October 13, 1959, a few days past the fifth anniversary of the groundbreaking, Bishop Jerome Sebastian consecrated the cathedral.

Building

The design is modified Gothic with Art Deco accents, constructed of brick faced with limestone, and uses a classical east-facing cruciform floor plan. The cathedral measures 373 feet (114 m) long, 132 feet (40 m) wide and 163 feet (50 m) to the top of the two spires and can accommodate 2,000 people.[2] The Cathedral features and extensive sculptural program executed by Joseph Coletti.[3]

Crypt

The crypt under the main floor of the cathedral is reserved for the remains of archbishops and auxiliary bishops of Baltimore. The list of bishops buried in the crypt:

  1. Bishop Jerome Aloysius Daugherty Sebastian, d. 1960
  2. Archbishop Francis Patrick Keough, d. 1961
  3. Cardinal Lawrence Shehan, d. 1984
  4. Bishop Thomas Austin Murphy, d. 1991
  5. Bishop Philip Francis Murphy, d. 1999[4]
  6. Archbishop William Donald Borders, d. 2010
  7. Bishop William Clifford Newman, d. 2017[5]

Additional

A cellphone antenna is concealed within one tower, generating revenue for the congregation and diocese.[6]

Pope John Paul II visited both the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen and the Basilica, as Pope in 1995 and in 1976 as Cardinal Karol Wojtyla. A plaque outside the Blessed Sacrament Chapel in the north transept commemorates the 1995 visit.

Organs

The rear gallery and some of the organ pipes

The cathedral has two organs. The original organs were Opus 9200 of the M. P. Moller Company of Hagerstown, Maryland. After 46 years of use and some considerable damage due to water and smoke the congregation decided to restore the cathedral organs in 2005. It chose Schantz Organ Co. of Ohio to restore and replace many parts of the original instruments. The restoration began with the removal of the Great Gallery organ and, after it was reinstalled and operable, work began on the Chancel organ.

In addition to new pipe work, voice work, new wind chests, Schantz built two new identical four-manual consoles: one for the Gallery and one for the Chancel allowing the organist to control both organs from either location. The chancel console can be moved around the sanctuary to suit various needs. In the original Moller installation, the Great Gallery organ console had four-manuals and could control over both the Gallery and Sanctuary organs. The Sanctuary organ console was two manuals, had complete control over the Sanctuary organ and the Gallery organ through "blind" controls. The Sanctuary console was replaced in 1974 due to a fire in the console which caused smoke damage to both organs' pipework. After the renovations, the Great Gallery organ holds 100 ranks and the Sanctuary organ holds 27.[7]

The first solo concert performance on the restored organ occurred July 5, 2007 by Cherry Rhodes as part of the closing ceremonies of the American Guild of Organists regional convention held in Baltimore.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Defend Life, April 11, 2017
  2. ^ "Cathedral of Mary Our Queen". Archdiocese of Baltimore. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  3. ^ Coletti, Joseph, The Sculpture of Joseph Coletti, introduction by Alan Priest, The Macmillian Company, New York, 1968 plates 101-113
  4. ^ "The Cathedral Crypt". Cathedral of Mary Our Queen. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  5. ^ "In Memoriam: Archbishop William D. Borders". Cathedral of Mary Our Queen. Archived from the original on 2014-10-25. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  6. ^ Margulius, David L. (May 1, 2003). "Cellphones Ring Out With the Help of a Steeple". The New York Times.
  7. ^ "Cathedral Music". Cathedral of Mary Our Queen. Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
  8. ^ "Our Convention — They Say It Best" (PDF). The Pipe & Pedal. American Guild of Organists Baltimore Chapter. August 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-11-15.

External links