Carol Lowery Delaney (born December 12, 1940) is an American anthropologist and author.
She specializes in the anthropological sub-discipline of cultural anthropology, focusing on gender and religion. Her original anthropological fieldwork was conducted in Turkey from 1979-1982. Additional fieldwork was conducted in Belgium, 1984–85, among Turkish immigrants. Recent research has focused on the religious beliefs of Christopher Columbus.
Delaney was Assistant Director of the Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard University, 1985-87. At Stanford University, she was Assistant Professor of Anthropology, 1987-1995; Associate Professor, 1995-2005; Emerita, 2005. At Brown University, she was Visiting Professor in Religious Studies, 2006 and 2007. From 2007 to the present, she served as a Research Scholar in that department and is also an Invited Research Scholar at the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.
- The Seed and The Soil: Gender and Cosmology in Turkish Village Society. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
- Naturalizing Power: Essays in Feminist Cultural Analysis. Co-edited with Sylvia Yanagisako. New York: Routledge Press, 1995.
- Abraham on Trial: The Social Legacy of Biblical Myth. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998. Finalist for National Jewish Book Award [category: Scholarship]; also a special mention for Victor Turner Prize of the Society for Humanistic Anthropology and inspiration for an opera of the same title by Andrew Lovett.
- Tohum ve Toprak Turkish translation, of The Seed and the Soil, with new introductory essay. Istanbul: IletisimYayinlari, 2001. Second printing, 2009.
- Investigating Culture: An Experiential Introduction to Anthropology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. 2003 in UK; 2004 in US. Second, revised edition, with Deborah Kaspin, 2011.
- Columbus and the Quest for Jerusalem. New York: Free Press/Simon and Schuster, 2011. One of “Best Books of 2011,” Times Literary Supplement. December 2, 2011.
- "Columbus’s Ultimate Goal: Jerusalem."
- “Untangling the Meanings of Hair in Turkish Village Society.” 
- "The Hajj: Sacred and Secular."
- "The Meaning of Paternity and the Virgin Birth Debate."
Fellowships and awards
- National Endowment for the Humanities, John Carter Brown Library at Brown University, 2004–05
- Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 1996–97
- Fellow, Harvard Divinity School, 1992–93
- Fellow, Stanford Humanities Center, 1989–90
- Mark Perry Galler prize for the most distinguished dissertation in the social sciences at the University of Chicago, 1985.
- Fulbright Advanced Research Fellowship, 1984–85
- Fulbright-Hays Dissertation Fellowship, 1981–82
- National Science Foundation, Dissertation Grant, 1981–82
- Fulbright Cultural Exchange Scholar, 1979–80
- Stanford Department of Anthropology page: https://www.stanford.edu/dept/anthropology/cgi-bin/web/?q=node/111
- Zussman, Mira (1993). "Carol Delaney, The Seed and the Soil: Gender and Cosmology in Turkish Village Society, Comparative Studies on Muslim Societies (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991). Pp. 373". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 25 (1): 177–179. doi:10.1017/S0020743800058414.
- Bible Review, April 2003, pps. 44-46. http://storebib-arch.org/BR-April-2003br-Vol-19-No-2/productinfo/6R032/[permanent dead link]
- National Jewish Post and Opinion, July 14, 1999
- Times Literary Supplement, April 2, 1999.
- Journal of the American Academy of Religion, vol. 69(4) 2001, pps.924-926. http://jaar.oxfordjournals.org/content/69/4.toc
- Investigating Culture: the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3804013
- Comparative Studies in Society and History, April, 2006.
- Anthropological Quarterly, 67(4): 159-72, 1994. Reprinted in Off With her Head: the Denial of Women’s Identity in Myth, Religion and Culture. Howard Eilberg-Schwartz and Wendy Doniger, eds., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
- American Ethnologist. 17(3):513-30, 1990.
- Man, 21(3):494-513,1986.