COVID-19 pandemic death rates by country

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article contains the current number of confirmed COVID-19 deaths per population by country. It also has cumulative death totals by country. For these numbers over time see the tables, graphs, and maps at COVID-19 pandemic deaths and COVID-19 pandemic by country and territory.

This data is for entire populations, and does not reflect the differences in rates relative to different age groups. For example, in the United States as of 27 April 2021, the reported case fatality ratios were 0.015%, 0.15%, 2.3%, and 17% for the age groups 0–17, 18–49, 50–74, and 75 or over, respectively.[1]

Data reliability

Variation between testing programmes worldwide results in different ascertainment rates per country: not every SARS-CoV-2 infection, nor every COVID-19-related death, will be identified, while on the other hand some deaths may be wrongly attributed to COVID (for example if all suspected COVID deaths are counted as Covid deaths, as Belgium was doing in September 2020, or when for several months after April 2020, England reported all deaths after a positive COVID-19 test "in order to be sure not to underestimate the number of COVID-19 related deaths", while Scotland reported all deaths within 28 days of such a positive test).[2][3] Therefore, the true numbers of infections and deaths[clarification needed] will exceed the observed (confirmed) numbers everywhere, though the extent will vary by country.[4] These statistics are therefore less suitable for between-country comparisons. As deaths are easier to identify than infections (which are regularly asymptomatic), the true case fatality rate (CFR) is likely lower than the observed CFR.

Causes of variation in true CFRs between countries, include variations in age and overall health of the population, medical care, and classification of deaths.[5]

Excess mortality statistics provide a more reliable estimate of all COVID-19-related mortality during the pandemic, though they include both "direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths".[6] They compare overall mortality with that of previous years, and as such also include the potentially vast number of deaths among people with unconfirmed COVID-19. Data from Russia illustrates how the true death rates from COVID-19 can be far higher than visible from confirmed COVID-19 deaths: in December 2020, based on overall excess mortality during the year, total COVID-19 deaths in Russia were estimated to be over 186,000,[7] while confirmed COVID-19 deaths were at 56,271.[8] For the Netherlands, based on overall excess mortality, an estimated 20,000 people died from COVID-19 in 2020,[9] while only the death of 11,525 identified COVID-19 cases was registered.[8] The official count of COVID-19 deaths as of December 2021 is slightly more than 5.4 million, according to World Health Organization's report in May 2022. WHO also said that the real numbers are far higher than the official tally because of unregistered deaths in countries without adequate reporting.[10]

Table of total cases, deaths, and death rates by country

Note: Table is automatically updated daily.[note 1] Data source is Our World in Data.[note 2][note 3]

Updated November 25, 2022.
COVID-19 pandemic cases and mortality by country[11]
Country Deaths / million Deaths Cases
World[a] 831 6,627,628 640,263,801
Peru 6,381 217,287 4,197,026
Bulgaria 5,606 38,022 1,286,305
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,009 16,199 400,448
Hungary 4,840 48,245 2,162,093
North Macedonia 4,570 9,568 344,710
Georgia 4,516 16,912 1,805,698
Montenegro 4,447 2,789 283,586
Croatia 4,287 17,282 1,252,367
Czech Republic 3,981 41,783 4,170,021
Slovakia 3,671 20,722 2,648,927
Moldova 3,639 11,913 594,754
San Marino 3,532 119 22,091
Lithuania 3,426 9,424 1,274,185
Romania 3,420 67,253 3,294,447
Gibraltar 3,366 110 20,184
Greece 3,291 34,178 5,360,506
Latvia 3,288 6,086 961,627
Slovenia 3,265 6,923 1,251,867
Brazil 3,201 689,342 35,105,241
United States 3,189 1,079,052 98,538,245
Chile 3,177 62,288 4,895,292
United Kingdom 3,138 211,845 24,364,555
Armenia 3,132 8,709 445,631
Italy 3,057 180,518 24,031,538
Ukraine 2,982 118,400 5,642,326
Poland 2,968 118,296 6,350,427
Paraguay 2,892 19,611 718,071
Argentina 2,856 130,017 9,723,924
Belgium 2,834 33,042 4,633,112
Trinidad and Tobago 2,786 4,266 185,237
Seychelles 2,781 298 49,862
Colombia 2,735 141,881 6,312,657
Russia 2,652 383,785 21,250,733
European Union[b] 2,605 1,172,912 176,491,331
Mexico 2,592 330,495 7,125,176
Serbia 2,525 17,353 2,420,189
Portugal 2,472 25,395 5,537,108
Spain 2,431 115,641 13,573,721
Tunisia 2,368 29,268 1,146,991
Austria 2,367 21,165 5,535,259
Bermuda 2,351 151 18,463
France 2,339 158,640 37,582,440
Saint Lucia 2,268 408 29,692
Suriname 2,252 1,392 81,228
Aruba 2,216 236 43,568
Liechtenstein 2,210 87 20,859
Uruguay 2,199 7,530 992,887
French Polynesia 2,118 649 76,827
Estonia 2,079 2,757 608,796
British Virgin Islands 2,042 64 7,305
Bahamas 2,031 833 37,471
Barbados 2,002 564 103,955
Ecuador 1,996 35,940 1,009,958
Sweden 1,993 21,034 2,626,686
Lebanon 1,954 10,732 1,220,272
Andorra 1,953 156 46,824
Panama 1,932 8,519 995,726
Grenada 1,889 237 19,616
Germany 1,887 157,388 36,348,477
Bolivia 1,819 22,244 1,110,413
Montserrat 1,812 8 1,403
Kosovo 1,796 3,202 272,204
Luxembourg 1,788 1,158 305,929
Monaco 1,781 65 15,285
Costa Rica 1,743 9,031 1,143,597
South Africa 1,709 102,395 4,039,858
Belize 1,697 688 69,012
Iran 1,633 144,633 7,559,467
Republic of Ireland 1,626 8,170 1,678,827
Switzerland 1,615 14,116 4,318,881
Namibia 1,589 4,080 169,946
Guyana 1,587 1,284 71,560
Antigua and Barbuda 1,556 146 9,106
Curaçao 1,543 295 45,559
Malta 1,516 809 115,750
Hong Kong 1,421 10,647 2,068,310
Caribbean Netherlands 1,404 38 11,544
Isle of Man 1,372 116 38,008
Cyprus 1,359 1,218 610,023
Finland 1,311 7,265 1,394,254
Netherlands 1,308 22,990 8,547,667
Denmark 1,276 7,508 3,348,972
Albania 1,264 3,594 333,305
Jordan 1,251 14,122 1,746,997
Israel 1,251 11,823 4,711,855
Canada 1,244 47,850 4,427,242
Jamaica 1,202 3,399 152,517
Turkey 1,185 101,203 16,919,638
Eswatini 1,183 1,422 73,770
Guatemala 1,117 19,943 1,151,582
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1,115 116 9,462
Palestine 1,087 5,708 703,036
New Caledonia 1,082 314 75,258
Malaysia 1,079 36,636 4,978,350
Botswana 1,060 2,790 326,344
Honduras 1,058 11,043 457,676
Bahrain 1,042 1,535 695,584
Dominica 1,017 74 15,760
Oman 1,011 4,628 399,027
Kazakhstan 982 19,053 1,485,635
Saint Kitts and Nevis 964 46 6,556
Azerbaijan 963 9,975 824,127
Libya 944 6,437 507,078
Fiji 944 878 68,375
Norway 797 4,332 1,468,135
Mauritius 795 1,034 271,867
Turks and Caicos Islands 787 36 6,446
Sri Lanka 769 16,797 671,610
Cuba 760 8,530 1,111,360
Anguilla 755 12 3,904
Belarus 746 7,118 994,037
Cabo Verde 694 412 62,892
El Salvador 667 4,230 201,785
Mongolia 627 2,134 991,461
Australia 614 16,075 10,627,363
Wallis and Futuna 603 7 3,415
Kuwait 601 2,569 662,617
Maldives 593 311 185,584
Taiwan 591 14,125 8,226,995
Iceland 587 219 206,803
South Korea 584 30,278 26,837,840
Indonesia 579 159,565 6,634,648
Iraq 570 25,363 2,463,021
Philippines 558 64,524 4,029,201
Faroe Islands 527 28 34,658
Cayman Islands 523 36 31,194
Brunei 501 225 253,406
Federated States of Micronesia 481 55 22,203
Thailand 461 33,106 4,702,330
Kyrgyzstan 451 2,991 206,511
Vietnam 439 43,170 11,513,173
Morocco 434 16,283 1,267,966
New Zealand 420 2,182 1,918,174
Marshall Islands 408 17 15,501
Japan 393 48,780 24,151,056
Nepal 393 12,019 1,000,865
Dominican Republic 390 4,384 648,456
Palau 387 7 5,684
India 374 530,604 44,672,048
Greenland 371 21 11,971
Myanmar 359 19,488 633,118
Zimbabwe 343 5,606 257,893
Sao Tome and Principe 338 77 6,278
Lesotho 306 706 34,490
Singapore 301 1,701 2,160,324
Saudi Arabia 259 9,454 825,332
Qatar 253 684 476,976
United Arab Emirates 248 2,348 1,043,390
Egypt 223 24,798 515,645
Solomon Islands 211 153 24,575
Mauritania 210 997 63,419
Venezuela 205 5,827 547,049
Zambia 200 4,019 333,721
Comoros 192 161 8,941
Afghanistan 190 7,833 205,506
Cambodia 182 3,056 138,046
Bangladesh 171 29,431 2,036,469
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 169 1 3,248
Djibouti 168 189 15,690
Algeria 153 6,881 271,050
Syria 142 3,163 57,392
Gambia 137 372 12,586
Malawi 131 2,685 88,073
Samoa 130 29 15,967
Pakistan 129 30,630 1,574,965
Gabon 128 306 48,972
Senegal 113 1,968 88,859
Tonga 112 12 16,182
Equatorial Guinea 109 183 17,182
Rwanda 106 1,467 132,681
Sudan 106 4,990 63,637
Kenya 105 5,684 341,319
Timor-Leste 102 138 23,336
Laos 100 758 216,568
Kiribati 99 13 3,430
Guinea-Bissau 83 176 8,848
Nauru 78 1 4,621
Somalia 77 1,361 27,286
Uganda 76 3,630 169,663
Haiti 74 860 33,846
Cameroon 70 1,965 123,993
Mozambique 67 2,224 230,590
Papua New Guinea 65 668 45,819
Republic of the Congo 64 386 25,375
Yemen 64 2,159 11,945
Ethiopia 61 7,572 494,428
Cook Islands 58 1 6,389
Liberia 55 294 8,014
Angola 54 1,923 104,491
Madagascar 47 1,411 67,054
Uzbekistan 47 1,637 245,763
Ghana 43 1,461 171,009
Vanuatu 42 14 11,981
Nicaragua 35 245 15,232
Guinea 33 464 38,153
Mali 32 742 32,757
Togo 32 290 39,326
Ivory Coast 29 830 87,883
Eritrea 27 103 10,189
Bhutan 26 21 62,488
Central African Republic 20 113 15,311
Burkina Faso 17 387 21,631
Democratic Republic of the Congo 14 1,452 93,837
Sierra Leone 14 126 7,758
Nigeria 14 3,155 266,283
Tanzania 12 845 40,471
South Sudan 12 138 18,348
Tajikistan 12 125 17,786
Benin 12 163 27,922
Niger 11 314 9,430
Chad 10 194 7,641
Macau 8 6 796
China[c] 3 5,232 1,380,570
Burundi 2 38 50,778
North Korea 0 6 1
Falkland Islands 1,930
Vatican City 0 29
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 2,162
Tuvalu 2,828
  1. ^ Countries which do not report data for a column are not included in that column's world total.
  2. ^ Data on member states of the European Union are individually listed, but are also summed here for convenience. They are not double-counted in world totals.
  3. ^ Does not include special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau) or Taiwan.


Map of death rates

Total confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people by country:[12][note 3][note 4]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The table this note applies to is updated daily by a bot. For more info see Template:COVID-19 data/Cite.
  2. ^ Our World in Data (OWID). See Coronavirus Source Data for OWID sourcing info. Excerpt: "Deaths and cases: our data source. Our World in Data relies on data from Johns Hopkins University. ... JHU updates its data multiple times each day. This data is sourced from governments, national and subnational agencies across the world — a full list of data sources for each country is published on Johns Hopkins GitHub site. It also makes its data publicly available there."
  3. ^ a b "CSSEGISandData/COVID-19". GitHub. 5 August 2022. COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The CSV files are downloaded via the "Raw" links. The "Raw" link doesn't show up until you click the csv file link. This opens into a GitHub page with the data and the "Raw" link. See How to Use our Data for more info and links. See: Pandemic Data Initiative. See more sourcing history and info.
  4. ^ Our World in Data (OWID) maps and graphs on cases and deaths. Click on the download tab to download the image. The table tab has a table of the exact data by country. The source tab says the data is from the COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The image at the source is interactive and provides more detail. For example, for maps run your cursor over the color bar legend to see the countries that apply to that point in the legend. For graphs run your cursor over the graph for more info. See Coronavirus Source Data for more OWID sourcing info.

References

  1. ^ "Demographic Trends of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the US reported to CDC". 2021-04-27.
  2. ^ John Newton (12 August 2020). "Behind the headlines: Counting COVID-19 deaths". UK Health Security Agency. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  3. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Russia's case definition for a COVID-19 death, for example, relies solely on results from autopsy, unlike most European countries.6 Death must have been due directly to COVID-19, so it is not counted if a patient was found to have COVID-19 but it did not cause their death.6,7 This will lead to significant underreporting, especially as Russia has one of the highest numbers of COVID-19 cases worldwide and yet has a case fatality rate of only 1.7% as of 31 July 2020.3 Spain's definition requires a positive polymerase chain reaction or antibody test for COVID-19, with only hospital deaths included in the death count despite a significant number of deaths from COVID-19 in the community and care homes.8,9 Belgium, by contrast, has one of the broadest definitions for a COVID-19 death, including all suspected cases. Care home deaths in Belgium account for around half of all excess deaths, but only 26% of care home deaths were confirmed (rather than suspected) COVID-19,10 leading to possible overcounting relative to other countries.11
  4. ^ Verity, Robert (March 30, 2020). "Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis". The Lancet. Infectious Diseases. 20 (6): 669–677. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30243-7. PMC 7158570. PMID 32240634.
  5. ^ Aravindan, John Geddie (18 September 2020). "Why is Singapore's COVID-19 death rate the world's lowest". Reuters.
  6. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Under the assumption that the incidence of other diseases remains steady over time, then excess deaths can be viewed as those caused both directly and indirectly by COVID-19 and gives a summary measure of the 'whole system' impact. ... Despite this, when seeking to understand the full impact of deaths due to COVID-19 and explain why excess deaths vary, there is a need to distinguish the component parts – of direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths.
  7. ^ Agence France-Presse (December 28, 2020). "Russia admits to world's third-worst Covid-19 death toll". The Guardian.
  8. ^ a b "COVID-19 Data Explorer". Our World in Data.
  9. ^ "CBS: afgelopen jaar ruim 20.000 coronadoden". nos.nl (in Dutch). 7 April 2021.
  10. ^ Rigby, Jennifer (2022-05-05). "Almost three times as many died as a result of COVID than officially reported - WHO". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  11. ^ Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; Macdonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Dattani, Saloni; Roser, Max (2020–2022). "Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2022-11-25.
  12. ^ World map of cumulative confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people. From Our World in Data.

External links