Bihar Legislative Assembly
Bihar Legislative Assembly
|17th Legislative Assembly of Bihar|
Leader of the House Chief Minister
Deputy Leader of the House
Deputy Chief Minister
|Bihar State Assembly, Patna, Bihar, India|
The Bihar Legislative Assembly, also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha, is the lower house of the state where the first elections were held in 1952. The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr. Shri Krishna Singh became the first Leader of the House and the Chief Minister, Dr. Anugrah Narayan Singh was elected the first Deputy Leader of the Assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 325. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled as the Bihar Reorganisation Act, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. Among 243 seats 38 are Scheduled Castes and 2 are Scheduled Tribes reserved seats.
Bihar Legislative Assembly terms
Following are the dates of constitution and dissolution of the Bihar Legislative Assembly. First sitting date and date of completion of term for each Vidhan Sabha can be different from the constitution and dissolution dates (respectively).
|1st||20 May 1952||31 March 1957||1,776||First Sri Krishna Singh ministry|
|2nd||20 May 1957||15 March 1962||1,760||Second Sri Krishna Singh ministry 1957-1961|
|3rd||16 March 1962||16 March 1967||1,826|
|4th||17 March 1967||26 February 1969||712|
|5th||26 February 1969||28 March 1972||1,126|
|6th||29 March 1972||30 April 1977||1,858|
|7th||24 June 1977||17 February 1980||968|
|8th||8 June 1980||12 March 1985||1,738|
|9th||12 March 1985||10 March 1990||1,824|
|10th||10 March 1990||28 March 1995||1,844|
|11th||4 April 1995||2 March 2000||1,795|
|12th||3 March 2000||6 March 2005||1,830|
|13th||7 March 2005||24 November 2005||263|
|14th||24 November 2005||26 November 2010||1,829||Second Nitish Kumar ministry|
|15th||26 November 2010||20 November 2015||1,821||Third Nitish Kumar ministry (2010–14)|
Jitan Ram Manjhi ministry (2014-15)
Fourth Nitish Kumar ministry (2015-15)
|16th||20 November 2015||14 November 2020||1821||Fifth Nitish Kumar ministry (2015–17)|
Sixth Nitish Kumar ministry (2017-20)
|17th||16 November 2020||Incumbent||587||Seventh Nitish Kumar ministry|
The Bihar Legislative Assembly is not a permanent body and is subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people.
There are three sessions (Budget session, Monsoon session, Winter session) every year.
The Sessions of Legislative Assembly are presided by Speaker and The Speaker certifies that whether a bill is ordinary bill or money bill. Generally he does not participate in voting but he casts his vote in the case of tie. Vijay Kumar Sinha is the current Speaker of Bihar Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Assembly also has a Secretariat which is headed by Secretary. He is under the disciplinary control of Speaker. The function of Secretary is to assist the Speaker. Bateshwar Nath Pandey is the current Secretary of Bihar Legislative Assembly.
Composition of the seventeenth Bihar Legislative Assembly by alliance and party, after the election results in 2020
Members of Legislative Assembly
- Bihar Legislative Council
- Government of Bihar
- Patna Secretariat
- List of constituencies of the Bihar Legislative Assembly
- List of governors of Bihar
- List of chief ministers of Bihar
- List of deputy chief ministers of Bihar
- List of leaders of the opposition in the Bihar Legislative Assembly
- PTI (24 March 2021). "JDU's Maheshwar Hazari Elected Bihar Deputy Speaker Amid Assembly Boycott". NDTV. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- "Bihar poll dates announced: Some facts youn need to know about Bihar Legislative Assembly". www.oneindia.com. Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
- Etemaad (14 November 2020). "Bihar Governor Phagu Chauhan Formally Dissolved 16th Legislative Assembly". Retrieved 15 November 2020.
- Tewary, Amarnath (25 November 2020). "NDA nominee Vijay Kumar Sinha elected Bihar Assembly Speaker". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
- "All 3 VIP MLAs join BJP in Bihar making it the largest party in Assembly". The Hindu. 23 March 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
- "Lone Lok Janshakti Party MLA Raj Kumar Singh joins JD(U) in Bihar". Hindustan Times. 7 April 2021. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
- "BSP's lone MLA in Bihar Md Zama Khan joins ruling JD(U) after meeting with CM Nitish Kumar | Patna News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2022.