Asynchronous Server Gateway Interface

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
ASGI Specification
DeveloperASGI Team
Release date2019-03-04[1]
Licensepublic domain[2]

The Asynchronous Server Gateway Interface (ASGI) is a calling convention for web servers to forward requests to asynchronous-capable Python frameworks, and applications. It is built as a successor to the Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI).

Where WSGI provided a standard for synchronous Python application, ASGI provides one for both asynchronous and synchronous applications, with a WSGI backwards-compatibility implementation and multiple servers and application frameworks.


An ASGI-compatible "Hello, World!" application written in Python:

async def application(scope, receive, send):
    event = await receive()
    await send({"type": "websocket.send", ...})


  • Line 1 defines an asynchronous function named application, which takes three parameters (unlike in WSGI which takes only two), scope, receive and send.
    • scope is a dict containing details about current connection, like the protocol, headers, etc.
    • receive and send are asynchronous callables which let the application receive and send messages from/to the client.
  • Line 2 receives an incoming event, for example, HTTP request or WebSocket message. The await keyword is used because the operation is asynchronous.
  • Line 4 asynchronously sends a response back to the client. In this case, it is a WebSocket communication.

Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI) compatibility

ASGI is also designed to be a superset of WSGI, and there's a defined way of translating between the two, allowing WSGI applications to be run inside ASGI servers through a translation wrapper (provided in the asgiref library). A threadpool can be used to run the synchronous WSGI applications away from the async event loop.

See also


  1. ^ "Version History".
  2. ^ "Copyright". GitHub. Retrieved 2022-09-14.