3000 metres

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Athletics
3000 metres
Ejigu, Dibaba Birmingham meeting 2010.jpg
A women's indoor 3000 m race in Birmingham featuring Sentayehu Ejigu and Tirunesh Dibaba.
World records
MenKenya Daniel Komen 7:20.67 (1996)
WomenChina Wang Junxia 8:06.11 (1993)

The 3000 metres or 3000-metre run is a track running event, also commonly known as the "3K" or "3K run", where 7.5 laps are run around an outdoor 400 m track, or 15 laps around a 200 m indoor track.

It is debated whether the 3000m should be classified as a middle-distance or long-distance event.[1] In elite-level competition, 3000 m pace is more comparable to the pace found in the longer 5000 metres event, rather than mile pace. The world record performance for 3000 m equates to a pace of 58.76 seconds per 400 m, which is closer to the 60.43 seconds for 5000 m than the 55.46 seconds for the mile. However, the 3000 m does require some anaerobic conditioning, and an elite athlete needs to develop a high tolerance to lactic acid, as does the mile runner. Thus, the 3000 m demands a balance of aerobic endurance needed for the 5000 m and lactic acid tolerance needed for the Mile.

In men's athletics, 3000 metres has been an Olympic discipline only as a team race at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. It has not been contested at any of the IAAF outdoor championships, but is occasionally hosted at annual elite track and field meetings. It is often featured in indoor track and field programmes and is the longest-distance event present at the IAAF World Indoor Championships.

In women's athletics, 3000 metres was a standard event in the Olympic Games (1984 to 1992)[2] and World Championships (1980 to 1993).[3] The event was discontinued at World Championship and Olympic level after the 1993 World Championships in AthleticsQu Yunxia being the final gold medal winner at the event. Starting with the 1995 World Championships in Athletics and the 1996 Olympic Games, it was replaced by 5000 metres, with other IAAF-organized championships following suit.

Skilled runners in this event reach speeds near vVO2max, for which the oxygen requirements of the body cannot continuously be satisfied,[4] requiring some anaerobic effort.

All-time top 25

The men's world record is 7:20.67 set by Daniel Komen of Kenya in 1996. Komen also holds the world indoor mark with 7:24.90 minutes set in 1998. The women's world record is 8:06.11 set by Wang Junxia of China in 1993. The world indoor women's record is 8:16.60 minutes, set by Ethiopian Genzebe Dibaba in 2014.


Outdoor men

  • Correct as of August 2022.[5]
Ath.# Perf.# Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 7:20.67 Daniel Komen  Kenya 01 September 1996 Rieti
2 2 7:23.09 Hicham El Guerrouj  Morocco 03 September 1999 Brussels
3 3 7:25.02 Ali Saïdi-Sief  Algeria 18 August 2000 Monaco
4 4 7:25.09 Haile Gebrselassie  Ethiopia 28 August 1998 Brussels
5 5 7:25.11 Noureddine Morceli  Algeria 02 August 1994 Monaco
6 7:25.16 Komen #2 10 August 1996 Monaco
7 7:25.54 Gebrselassie #2 08 August 1998 Monaco
6 8 7:25.79 Kenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia 07 August 2007 Stockholm
9 7:25.87 Komen #3 23 August 1996 Brussels
7 10 7:25.93 Thierry Ndikumwenayo  Burundi 10 August 2022 Monaco
11 7:26.02 Gebrselassie #3 22 August 1997 Brussels
12 7:26.03 Gebrselassie #4 10 June 1999 Helsinki
8 13 7:26.25 Yomif Kejelcha  Ethiopia 01 July 2021 Oslo [6]
9 14 7:26.62 Mohammed Mourhit  Belgium 18 August 2000 Monaco
10 15 7:26.64 Jacob Kiplimo  Uganda 17 September 2020 Rome [7]
16 7:26.69 Bekele #2 15 July 2007 Sheffield
11 17 7:26.81 Berihu Aregawi  Ethiopia 10 August 2022 Monaco
12 18 7:27.05 Jakob Ingebrigtsen  Norway 17 September 2020 Rome [8]
13 19 7:27.18 Moses Kiptanui  Kenya 25 July 1995 Monaco
14 20 7:27.26 Yenew Alamirew  Ethiopia 6 May 2011 Doha
21 7:27.42 Gebrselassie #5 09 July 1998 Oslo
22 7:27.50 Morceli #2 25 August 1995 Brussels
15 23 7:27.55 Edwin Soi  Kenya 06 May 2011 Doha
16 24 7:27.59 Luke Kipkosgei  Kenya 08 August 1998 Monaco
17 25 7:27.64 Mohamed Katir  Spain 13 July 2021 London [9]
18 7:27.66 Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya 06 May 2011 Doha
19 7:27.75 Tom Nyariki  Kenya 10 August 1996 Monaco
20 7:28.02 Stewart McSweyn  Australia 17 September 2020 Rome [10]
21 7:28.28 James Kwalia  Kenya 03 September 2004 Brussels
22 7:28.41 Paul Bitok  Kenya 10 August 1996 Monaco
23 7:28.45 Assefa Mezegebu  Ethiopia 08 August 1998 Monaco
24 7:28.48 Grant Fisher  United States 10 August 2022 Monaco
25 7:28.67 Benjamin Limo  Kenya 04 August 1999 Monaco

Outdoor women

  • Correct as of May 2022.[11]
Ath.# Perf.# Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 8:06.11 Wang Junxia  China 13 September 1993 Beijing
2 2 8:12.18 Qu Yunxia  China 13 September 1993 Beijing
3 8:12.19 Wang #2 12 September 1993 Beijing
4 8:12.27 Qu #2 12 September 1993 Beijing
3 5 8:16.50 Zhang Linli  China 13 September 1993 Beijing
4 6 8:18.49 Sifan Hassan  Netherlands 30 June 2019 Stanford [12]
5 7 8:19.08 Francine Niyonsaba  Burundi 28 August 2021 Paris [13]
6 8 8:19.52 Ejgayehu Taye  Ethiopia 28 August 2021 Paris [14]
7 9 8:19.78 Ma Liyan  China 12 September 1993 Beijing
8 10 8:20.07 Konstanze Klosterhalfen  Germany 30 June 2019 Stanford [15]
9 11 8:20.27 Letesenbet Gidey  Ethiopia 30 June 2019 Stanford [16]
10 12 8:20.68 Hellen Onsando Obiri  Kenya 09 May 2014 Doha
11 13 8:21.14 Mercy Cherono  Kenya 09 May 2014 Doha
14 8:21.26 Ma #2 13 September 1993 Beijing
12 15 8:21.29 Genzebe Dibaba  Ethiopia 30 June 2019 Stanford [17]
13 16 8:21.42 Gabriela Szabo  Romania 19 July 2002 Monaco
14 17 8:21.53 Margaret Chelimo Kipkemboi  Kenya 28 August 2021 Paris [18]
15 18 8:21.64 Sonia O'Sullivan  Ireland 15 July 1994 London
16 19 8:21.84 Zhang Lirong  China 13 September 1993 Beijing
20 8:22.06 Zhang Linli #2 12 September 1993 Beijing
17 21 8:22.20 Paula Radcliffe  United Kingdom 19 July 2002 Monaco
18 22 8:22.22 Almaz Ayana  Ethiopia 14 June 2015 Rabat [19]
23 8:22.34 Ayana #2 03 September 2015 Zurich
24 8:22.44 Zhang Lirong #2 12 September 1993 Beijing
25 8:22.54 Obiri #2 25 September 2020 Doha
19 8:22.62 Tatyana Kazankina  Soviet Union 26 August 1984 Leningrad
20 8:22.92 Agnes Tirop  Kenya 25 September 2020 Doha [20]
8:22.92 Beatrice Chepkoech  Kenya 25 September 2020 Doha [21]
22 8:23.23 Edith Masai  Kenya 19 July 2002 Monaco
23 8:23.26 Olga Yegorova  Russia 17 August 2001 Zürich
24 8:23.55 Faith Kipyegon  Kenya 09 May 2014 Doha
25 8:24.41 Viola Kibiwot  Kenya 09 May 2014 Doha

Indoor men

  • Correct as of February 2022.[22]
Pos Time Athlete Place Date Ref
1 7:24.90  Daniel Komen (KEN) Budapest 6 February 1998
2 7:24.98  Getnet Wale (ETH) Liévin 9 February 2021 [23]
3 7:26.10  Selemon Barega (ETH) Liévin 9 February 2021 [24]
4 7:26.15  Haile Gebrselassie (ETH) Karlsruhe 25 January 1998
5 7:26.20  Berihu Aregawi (ETH) Karlsruhe 28 January 2022 [25]
6 7:27.80  Yenew Alamirew (ETH) Stuttgart 5 February 2011
7 7:27.98  Lamecha Girma (ETH) Liévin 9 February 2021 [26]
8 7:28.00  Augustine Choge (KEN) Stuttgart 5 February 2011
9 7:29.37  Eliud Kipchoge (KEN) Stuttgart 5 February 2011
10 7:29.94  Edwin Soi (KEN) Karlsruhe 12 February 2012
11 7:30.16  Galen Rupp (USA) Stockholm 21 February 2013
12 7:30.51  Kenenisa Bekele (ETH) Stockholm 20 February 2007
13 7:30.82  Adel Mechaal (ESP) Staten Island 6 February 2022 [27]
14 7:31.09  Tariku Bekele (ETH) Stuttgart 2 February 2008
15 7:31.66  Caleb Mwangangi Ndiku (KEN) Stockholm 21 February 2013
16 7:31.77  Birhanu Balew (BHR) Liévin 17 February 2022 [28]
17 7:32.02  Sammy Alex Mutahi (KEN) Stockholm 10 February 2010
18 7:32.41  Sergio Sánchez (ESP) Valencia 13 February 2010
19 7:32.43  Bernard Lagat (USA) Birmingham 17 February 2007
20 7:32.69  Markos Geneti (ETH) Birmingham 17 February 2007
21 7:32.78  Paul Kipsiele Koech (KEN) Stockholm 10 February 2010
22 7:32.87  Hagos Gebrhiwet (ETH) Boston 2 February 2013
23 7:32.89  Isiah Koech (KEN) Liévin 14 February 2012
24 7:32.98  Alberto García (ESP) Sevilla 22 February 2003
25 7:33.73  Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR) Liévin 23 February 2003
 Bouabdellah Tahri (FRA) Stockholm 10 February 2010

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal to or superior to 7:33.73.

Indoor women

  • Correct as of February 2022.[29]
Pos Time Athlete Date Place Ref
1 8:16.60  Genzebe Dibaba (ETH) 6 February 2014 Stockholm
2 8:22.65  Gudaf Tsegay (ETH) 24 February 2021 Madrid [30]
3 8:23.24  Dawit Seyaum (ETH) 17 February 2022 Liévin [31]
4 8:23.72  Meseret Defar (ETH) 3 February 2007 Stuttgart
5 8:23.74  Meselech Melkamu (ETH) 3 February 2007 Stuttgart
6 8:25.27  Sentayehu Ejigu (ETH) 6 February 2010 Stuttgart
7 8:25.70  Karissa Schweizer (USA) 27 February 2020 Boston [32]
8 8:26.41  Laura Muir (GBR) 4 February 2017 Karlsruhe [33]
9 8:26.66  Shelby Houlihan (USA) 27 February 2020 Boston [34]
10 8:26.77  Ejgayehu Taye (ETH) 17 February 2022 Liévin [35]
11 8:27.86  Liliya Shobukhova (RUS) 17 February 2006 Moscow
12 8:28.49  Anna Alminova (RUS) 7 February 2009 Stuttgart
13 8:28.71  Colleen Quigley (USA) 27 February 2020 Boston [36]
14 8:29.00  Olesya Syreva (RUS) 17 February 2006 Moscow
15 8:29.15  Berhane Adere (ETH) 3 February 2002 Stuttgart
16 8:29.28  Lemlem Hailu (ETH) 24 February 2021 Madrid [37]
17 8:29.41  Hellen Obiri (KEN) 18 February 2017 Birmingham [38]
18 8:30.53  Vivian Cheruiyot (KEN) 21 February 2009 Birmingham
19 8:30.76  Sifan Hassan (NED) 18 February 2017 Birmingham [39]
20 8:31.50  Jo Pavey (GBR) 3 February 2007 Stuttgart
21 8:31.62  Alicia Monson (USA) 29 January 2022 New York [40]
22 8:31.72  Beatrice Chepkoech (KEN) 17 February 2021 Toruń [41]
23 8:31.94  Gelete Burka (ETH) 16 February 2008 Birmingham
24 8:32.47  Konstanze Klosterhalfen (GER) 16 February 2019 Leipzig [42]
25 8:32.88  Gabriela Szabo (ROU) 18 February 2001 Birmingham

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 8:29.99:

Medalists

Women's Olympic medalists

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1984 Los Angeles
details
Maricica Puică
 Romania
Wendy Smith-Sly
 Great Britain
Lynn Williams
 Canada
1988 Seoul
details
Tetyana Samolenko
 Soviet Union
Paula Ivan
 Romania
Yvonne Murray
 Great Britain
1992 Barcelona
details
Yelena Romanova
 Unified Team
Tetyana Dorovskikh
 Unified Team
Angela Chalmers
 Canada

Women's World Championships medalists

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1980 Sittard
details
 Birgit Friedmann (FRG)  Karoline Nemetz (SWE)  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR)
1983 Helsinki
details
 Mary Decker (USA)  Brigitte Kraus (FRG)  Tatyana Kovalenko-Kazankina (URS)
1987 Rome
details
 Tetyana Samolenko (URS)  Maricica Puică (ROU)  Ulrike Bruns (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Tetyana Dorovskikh (URS)  Yelena Romanova (URS)  Susan Sirma (KEN)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Qu Yunxia (CHN)  Zhang Linli (CHN)  Zhang Lirong (CHN)

Men's World Indoor Championships medalists

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  João Campos (POR)  Don Clary (USA)  Ivan Uvizl (TCH)
1987 Indianapolis
details
 Frank O'Mara (IRL)  Paul Donovan (IRL)  Terry Brahm (USA)
1989 Budapest
details
 Saïd Aouita (MAR)  José Luis González (ESP)  Dieter Baumann (FRG)
1991 Seville
details
 Frank O'Mara (IRL)  Hammou Boutayeb (MAR)  Robert Denmark (GBR)
1993 Toronto
details
 Gennaro Di Napoli (ITA)  Éric Dubus (FRA)  Enrique Molina (ESP)
1995 Barcelona
details
 Gennaro Di Napoli (ITA)  Anacleto Jiménez (ESP)  Brahim Jabbour (MAR)
1997 Paris
details
 Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)  Paul Bitok (KEN)  Ismaïl Sghyr (MAR)
1999 Maebashi
details
 Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)  Paul Bitok (KEN)  Million Wolde (ETH)
2001 Lisbon
details
 Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR)  Mohammed Mourhit (BEL)  Alberto García (ESP)
2003 Birmingham
details
 Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)  Alberto García (ESP)  Luke Kipkosgei (KEN)
2004 Budapest
details
 Bernard Lagat (KEN)  Rui Silva (POR)  Markos Geneti (ETH)
2006 Moscow
details
 Kenenisa Bekele (ETH)  Saif Saaeed Shaheen (QAT)  Eliud Kipchoge (KEN)
2008 Valencia
details
 Tariku Bekele (ETH)  Paul Kipsiele Koech (KEN)  Abreham Cherkos (ETH)
2010 Doha
details
 Bernard Lagat (USA)  Sergio Sánchez (ESP)  Sammy Alex Mutahi (KEN)
2012 Istanbul
details
 Bernard Lagat (USA)  Augustine Kiprono Choge (KEN)  Edwin Soi (KEN)
2014 Sopot
details
 Caleb Ndiku (KEN)  Bernard Lagat (USA)  Dejen Gebremeskel (ETH)
2016 Portland
details
 Yomif Kejelcha (ETH)  Ryan Hill (USA)  Augustine Kiprono Choge (KEN)
2018 Birmingham
details
 Yomif Kejelcha (ETH)  Selemon Barega (ETH)  Bethwell Birgen (KEN)

Women's World Indoor Championships medalists

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Debbie Scott (CAN)  Agnese Possamai (ITA)  PattiSue Plumer (USA)
1987 Indianapolis
details
 Tatyana Samolenko (URS)  Olga Bondarenko (URS)  Maricica Puică (ROU)
1989 Budapest
details
 Elly van Hulst (NED)  Liz McColgan (GBR)  Margareta Keszeg (ROU)
1991 Seville
details
 Marie-Pierre Duros (FRA)  Margareta Keszeg (ROU)  Lyubov Kremlyova (URS)
1993 Toronto
details
 Yvonne Murray (GBR)  Margareta Keszeg (ROU)  Lynn Jennings (USA)
1995 Barcelona
details
 Gabriela Szabo (ROU)  Lynn Jennings (USA)  Joan Nesbit (USA)
1997 Paris
details
 Gabriela Szabo (ROU)  Sonia O'Sullivan (IRL)  Fernanda Ribeiro (POR)
1999 Maebashi
details
 Gabriela Szabo (ROU)  Zahra Ouaziz (MAR)  Regina Jacobs (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
 Olga Yegorova (RUS)  Gabriela Szabo (ROU)  Yelena Zadorozhnaya (RUS)
2003 Birmingham
details
 Berhane Adere (ETH)  Marta Domínguez (ESP)  Meseret Defar (ETH)
2004 Budapest
details
 Meseret Defar (ETH)  Berhane Adere (ETH)  Shayne Culpepper (USA)
2006 Moscow
details
 Meseret Defar (ETH)  Liliya Shobukhova (RUS)  Lidia Chojecka (POL)
2008 Valencia
details
 Meseret Defar (ETH)  Meselech Melkamu (ETH)  Mariem Alaoui Selsouli (MAR)
2010 Doha
details
 Meseret Defar (ETH)  Vivian Cheruiyot (KEN)  Sentayehu Ejigu (ETH)
2012 Istanbul
details
 Hellen Obiri (KEN)  Meseret Defar (ETH)  Gelete Burka (ETH)
2014 Sopot
details
 Genzebe Dibaba (ETH)  Hellen Obiri (KEN)  Maryam Yusuf Jamal (BHR)
2016 Portland
details
 Genzebe Dibaba (ETH)  Meseret Defar (ETH)  Shannon Rowbury (USA)
2018 Birmingham
details
 Genzebe Dibaba (ETH)  Sifan Hassan (NED)  Laura Muir (GBR)
2022 Belgrade
details
 Lemlem Hailu (ETH)  Elle Purrier St. Pierre (USA)  Ejgayehu Taye (ETH)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games

Season's bests

External links

Notes and references

  1. ^ Middle-distance running. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 2014-06-02.
  2. ^ Women's 3000 metres at the Olympic Games. Sport Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  3. ^ World Championships in Athletics. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  4. ^ Billat, Véronique L.; J. Pierre Koralsztein (August 1996). "Significance of the Velocity at VO2max and Time to Exhaustion at this Velocity" (PDF). Sports Med. 2: 90–108. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  5. ^ "All-time men's best 3000m". World Athletics. 10 August 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  6. ^ Jess Whittington (1 July 2021). "Warholm breaks world 400m hurdles record with 46.70 in Oslo". World Athletics. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  7. ^ Nicole Jeffery (17 September 2020). "Duplantis scales 6.15m in Rome, world's highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  8. ^ Nicole Jeffery (17 September 2020). "Duplantis scales 6.15m in Rome, world's highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  9. ^ "3000m Result" (PDF). sportresult.com. 13 July 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  10. ^ Nicole Jeffery (17 September 2020). "Duplantis scales 6.15m in Rome, world's highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  11. ^ "All-time women's best 3000m". iaaf.org. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  12. ^ Brian Russell (1 July 2019). "Hassan takes historic 3000m victory in Stanford – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  13. ^ "2021 Meeting de Paris – 3000 m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 28 August 2021. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  14. ^ "2021 Meeting de Paris – 3000 m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 28 August 2021. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  15. ^ Brian Russell (1 July 2019). "Hassan takes historic 3000m victory in Stanford – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  16. ^ Brian Russell (1 July 2019). "Hassan takes historic 3000m victory in Stanford – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  17. ^ Brian Russell (1 July 2019). "Hassan takes historic 3000m victory in Stanford – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  18. ^ "2021 Meeting de Paris – 3000 m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 28 August 2021. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  19. ^ "3000m Results". IAAF. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  20. ^ Jon Mulkeen (25 September 2020). "Obiri and McSweyn victorious in Doha as Wanda Diamond League draws to a close". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  21. ^ Jon Mulkeen (25 September 2020). "Obiri and McSweyn victorious in Doha as Wanda Diamond League draws to a close". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  22. ^ "All-time men's best 3000m indoor". IAAF. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  23. ^ Jon Mulkeen (9 February 2021). "Tsegay breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin with 3:53.09". World Athletics. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  24. ^ Jon Mulkeen (9 February 2021). "Tsegay breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin with 3:53.09". World Athletics. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  25. ^ Jess Whittington (28 January 2021). "Aregawi and Duplantis put on a show in Karlsruhe". World Athletics. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  26. ^ Jon Mulkeen (9 February 2021). "Tsegay breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin with 3:53.09". World Athletics. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  27. ^ "Lyles surges at start to win 60m at New York indoor meet". france24.com. 6 February 2022. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  28. ^ Jon Mulkeen (17 February 2022). "Ingebrigtsen breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin". World Athletics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  29. ^ "All-time women's best 3000m indoor". IAAF. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  30. ^ Phil Minshull (24 February 2021). "Holloway enters the record books in Madrid". World Athletics. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  31. ^ Jon Mulkeen (17 February 2022). "Ingebrigtsen breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin". World Athletics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  32. ^ Taylor Dutch (28 February 2020). "Karissa Schweizer Shatters the 3,000-Meter American Record in Boston". Runner's World. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Laura Muir smashes European 3000m record in Karlsruhe". athleticsweekly.com. 4 February 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  34. ^ Taylor Dutch (28 February 2020). "Karissa Schweizer Shatters the 3,000-Meter American Record in Boston". Runner's World. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  35. ^ Jon Mulkeen (17 February 2022). "Ingebrigtsen breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin". World Athletics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  36. ^ Taylor Dutch (28 February 2020). "Karissa Schweizer Shatters the 3,000-Meter American Record in Boston". Runner's World. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  37. ^ Phil Minshull (24 February 2021). "Holloway enters the record books in Madrid". World Athletics. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  38. ^ "3000m Results" (PDF). British Athletics. 18 February 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  39. ^ "3000m Results" (PDF). British Athletics. 18 February 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  40. ^ Brittany Hambleton (29 January 2022). "Nick Willis extends sub-4 streak to 20 years in the Wanamaker Mile". runningmagazine.ca. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  41. ^ "3000m Results" (PDF). domtel-sport.pl. 17 February 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  42. ^ Bob Ramsak (17 February 2019). "Indoor round-up: Ndama tallies 4672 pentathlon world lead in Miramas, world leads for Klosterhalfen and Schwanitz in Leipzig". IAAF. Retrieved 22 February 2019.

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