2023 Ecuadorian general election

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2023 Ecuadorian general election

← 2021 20 August 2023 (first round)
15 October 2023 (run-off)
Presidential election

Incumbent President

Guillermo Lasso

Snap general elections are scheduled to be held in Ecuador in 2023.[1] Though incumbent president Guillermo Lasso was eligible for a second term,[2] he announced on 18 May that he would not stand.[3][4]

The officials elected — to both the executive and legislative branches — will serve out the remainder of the current presidential and legislative terms (2021–2025). A regular election for a full four-year term is expected to follow in early 2025.[5]

On 18 May, Diana Atamaint, the president of the National Electoral Council (CNE), announced 20 August 2023 as the tentative date for the legislative election and the first round of the presidential vote. The CNE has until 24 May to finalize the electoral calendar.[6]


On 17 May 2023, a day after he presented his defense in an impeachment process against him, President Lasso invoked the muerte cruzada mechanism provided for in Article 148 of the 2008 Constitution to dissolve the National Assembly, bringing forward legislative and presidential elections.[7]

Electoral system

The president is elected using a modified two-round system, with a candidate required to get over 50% of the vote, or get over 40% of the vote and be 10% ahead of their nearest rival to be elected in the first round. The president is limited to two consecutive four-year terms.

Members of the National Assembly are elected by three methods. Fifteen are elected by closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency. Six are elected by overseas voters (two each from Canada/United States, Latin America and Asia/Europe/Oceania). The remaining 116 members are elected from multi-member constituencies by closed list proportional representation, with all seats allocated using the Webster method. Members of the National Assembly are limited to two four-year terms, regardless if they are consecutive or not. There are gender quotas for the party lists, meaning there is alternation between men and women. There are no quotas for minority representation.

Presidential candidates


Name Born Experience Announced Ref
2019 02 25 ecuador-2 (46296160975) (cropped).jpg

Otto Sonnenholzner

March 19, 1983 (age 40)

Guayaquil, Guayas

Vice President of Ecuador (2018–2020) May 18, 2023 [8]
SESIÓN NO. 841 DE PLENO DE LA ASAMBLEA NACIONAL. ECUADOR, 25 DE ENERO 2023 (52649298370) (cropped).jpg

Fernando Villavicencio

October 11, 1963 (age 59)

Alausí, Chimborazo

Member of the National Assembly (2021–2023) May 17, 2023 [9]

Daniel Noboa Azín

November 30, 1987 (age 35)

Guayaquil, Guayas

Member of the National Assembly (2021–2023) May 24, 2023 [10]

Publicly expressed interest

Publicly expressed interest[a]

Potential candidates

Potential candidates



  1. ^ The images in this gallery are in the public domain or are otherwise free to use. If a candidate is not included in this gallery, it is only because there are no high-quality, copyright-free photographs of them available on the Internet.


  1. ^ "Lasso quisiera gobernar nuevamente en 2025". Radio La Calle (in Spanish). 22 February 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Guillermo Lasso no descarta buscar la reelección en el 2025 – Radio Pichincha". Pichincha Comunicaciones EP (in Spanish). 22 February 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Presidente Guillermo Lasso reveló que no será candidato en estas elecciones". El Telégrafo. 19 May 2023. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  4. ^ a b Torres, Arturo; Schmidt, Samantha (19 May 2023). "After dissolving legislature, Ecuador's president says he's leaving, too". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  5. ^ "Ecuador deberá vivir un proceso eleccionario en pocos meses. ¿Guillermo Lasso se puede presentar a elecciones?". El Universo. 17 May 2023. Retrieved 18 May 2023.
  6. ^ "CNE tiene el 20 de agosto como fecha tentativa para realizar las elecciones generales anticipadas". El Universo. 18 May 2023. Retrieved 18 May 2023.
  7. ^ Valencia, Alexandra (17 May 2023). "Ecuador president dissolves legislature, bringing elections forward". Reuters. Retrieved 17 May 2023.
  8. ^ "Más actores políticos anuncian su intención de candidatizarse para presidente de Ecuador". Vistazo. Retrieved 18 May 2023.
  9. ^ "Fernando Villavicencio, el primer político que habla de una candidatura presidencial tras la muerte cruzada". El Universo. 17 May 2023. Retrieved 18 May 2023.
  10. ^ "Daniel Noboa anuncia su candidatura a la presidencia: "Soy un hombre de proyectos que no se rinde"". Vistazo. Retrieved 27 May 2023.
  12. ^ a b "Estos seis precandidatos se perfilan para buscar la Presidencia en las elecciones del 20 de agosto". El Universo. 22 May 2023.
  13. ^ "Revolución Ciudadana ya tiene en debate a sus posibles candidatos para las elecciones anticipadas". El Universo. 23 May 2023.
  14. ^ "Bolívar Armijos, desde la ruralidad buscará la Presidencia". www.expreso.ec. Retrieved 4 June 2023.
  15. ^ "«Soy un soldado de este proyecto; yo estaré en donde la historia me asigne»: Andrés Arauz". La Hora (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  16. ^ "Andrés Arauz: Mi interés no es la candidatura, es la Presidencia del Ecuador". El Universo (in Spanish). 23 May 2023. Retrieved 23 May 2023.
  17. ^ "Luisa González tiene apoyo de Vinicio Alvarado para ser candidata". Primicias (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 28 May 2023.
  18. ^ Redacción (23 May 2023). "Elecciones Ecuador 2023: entre Andrés Arauz, Carlos Rabascal y Luisa González está el candidato del correísmo a la Presidencia". www.ecuavisa.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 May 2023.
  19. ^ "Centro Democrático tiene al empresario guayaquileño Eduardo Maruri como su opción para la presidencia de la República". El Universo (in Spanish). 26 May 2023. Retrieved 28 May 2023.
  20. ^ "Izquierda Democrática respaldará la precandidatura de Otto Sonnenholzner a la presidencia". El Universo (in Spanish). 31 May 2023. Retrieved 31 May 2023.
  21. ^ "Pedro Freile apoya la candidatura de Jan Topic a la Presidencia de la República". El Universo. 22 May 2023.
  22. ^ "El PSC decide no presentar candidato presidencial y respalda a Jan Topic". www.expreso.ec. Retrieved 21 May 2023.
  23. ^ Alejandro Caceres (24 May 2023). "Marlon Santi propone a Leonidas Iza como candidato presidencial". El Comercio (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 May 2023.
  24. ^ "Leonidas Iza retira su precandidatura presidencial para los comicios anticipados de agosto". El Universo (in Spanish). 2 June 2023. Retrieved 4 June 2023.